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This is the Book. No doubt about it. Guidance is in it for those who fear Allah.
They believe in the unseen. [They are] faithful in the ritual prayers. They donate from what We have provided for them.
They believe in what [revelation] is sent to you [Prophet Muhammed] and in what [revelation] was sent before your time. They believe in life after death.
They have guidance from their Lord. They will be successful.
Truly, some people refuse to believe. It doesn’t matter whether you warn them or not. They will never believe.
Allah has closed their hearts and their hearing. Veils are over their eyes. The punishment for them is huge.
Among humanity are some who say, “We believe in Allah and the last day,” but they are not true believers.
They want to trick Allah and those who truly believe. They are only tricking themselves, and they don’t even realize it.
Their hearts are sick, and Allah makes their sickness worse. A great punishment awaits them because of their dishonesty.
When they are told, “Do not make trouble upon the earth,” they say, “We are making things better!”
Be careful; they really are the ones who cause trouble, and they don’t even realize it.
When they are told, “Believe as others believe,” they answer, “Should we believe as the ignorant believe?” Truly, they are the ignorant ones, but they don’t know it.
When they meet true believers, they say, “We believe.” When they are alone with their unbelieving friends, they say, “We’re really part of this crowd; we were just fooling around.”
Allah mocks them and allows them to wander blindly in their sin.
They have traded guidance for error. They do not profit from their devices, and they are not guided.
The parable of (the hypocrites) is that of a man who kindled a fire. After it had shed light all around him, Allah took away the light. He left them all in utter darkness, unable to see.
Unhearing, unspeaking, and unseeing, they will never return.
Another [parable] is that of a rainstorm in the sky. Inside it are values of darkness, thunder, and lightning. They press their fingers into their ears to block out the awesome thunder. They are terrified of death, but Allah is always around the unbelievers.
The lightning nearly blinds them! Every time the light helps, they take a step, but when it gets dark again, they stand still. If Allah so willed, He could get rid of their senses of hearing and seeing, for Allah has power over all things.
O Humanity, adore your Lord who created you and those who came before you, so you may be righteous.
He has made the earth your resting place and the sky your canopy. He sent down rain from the sky and used it to make fruits as your food. Do not establish rivals against Allah now that you know better.
If you have doubts about what We revealed to Our servant [Prophet Muhammed], produce aChapter like it. Call your witnesses besides Allah if you are on the level.
If you cannot –and you cannot— then fear the fire whose fuel is people and stones. It is prepared for the unbelievers.
Give good news to those who believe and work righteousness. Their portion is gardens beneath which rivers flow. Every time they are fed with fruits from it, they will say, “This is like what we used to have.” They will be given similar things. They will have decent companions with whom they will abide eternally.
Truly, Allah does not mind using parables about anything. It doesn’t matter if the parable is about a gnat or something bigger. Believers know that it is the truth from their Lord. Unbelievers say, “What does Allah mean by this story?” By it, He causes many to stray, and He guides many. He does not cause anyone to stray except those who are mean.
Those who break Allah’s covenant after it has been approved, who break what Allah has ordered to be confirmed, and who create evil on earth are losers.
How can you reject faith in Allah? You know that once you were without life, and then He gave you life. He will cause you to die, and then He will again bring you to life. You will return to Him.
He created everything on earth for you. He turned to the sky and made it into seven layers. He has perfect knowledge of everything.
Recall that your Lord announced to the angels, “I will create a representative upon Earth.” They responded, “Why would You create someone who would create evil and shed blood? We celebrate Your praises and glorify Your holiness.” Allah answered, “I know things about which you know nothing.”
(Allah) taught Adam the names of all things. He placed (those things) before the angels and said, “Tell Me the names of these if you’re so smart.”
They answered, “Glory to You! We have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Truly, it is only You who is perfect in knowledge and wisdom.”
(Allah) said, “O Adam, tell them the names.” When (Adam) had done so, Allah said [to the angels], “Didn’t I tell you that I know secrets of Heaven and Earth, and I know what you reveal and what you conceal?”
We said to the angels, “Bow down to Adam,” and they bowed, except Iblis [Satan]. He refused and was haughty, and became one of those who rejected faith.
We said, “O Adam, you and your wife shall dwell in Paradise. Eat freely as you desire, but do not approach the tree that will lead you into sin.”
Then Satan made them fall from (Paradise). Satan caused them to be cast from that [perfect realm] in which they were. We said, “All [humanity], get out and live with bad feelings among yourselves. On Earth will be your dwelling place and your means of survival for a reckoned period of time.”
Adam received words [of guidance] from his Lord, and (his Lord) forgave him. He is the Responder and the Most Merciful.
We said, “All of you [all humanity], descend from here [the original Paradise]. You will receive guidance from Me. If you follow My guidance, you will have no fear or grief [in the hereafter].
Some people will reject faith and disagree with Our signs. They will always be among the people of the fire.”
O Children of Israel, remember My favor that I showed you. Fulfill your covenant with Me. I will fulfill My covenant with you. Fear none but Me.
Believe in what I reveal. It confirms that [Jewish Bible], which is already with you. Do not be the first to reject (the Qur’an). Do not exchange My signs for a small price. Fear Me alone.
Do not cover truth with lies. Do not hide the truth when you know it.
Be dedicated in the required prayer. Practice required charity. Bow your heads along with others who bow [in worship].
Do you encourage correct conduct for other people and forget it yourselves? Yet, you recite the (Bible). Will you not understand?
Seek help with patience and prayer. That may be hard for everyone except those who are humble.
They remember that they will meet their Lord and that they will return to Him.
O Children of Israel, remember My favor that I showed you. Remember that I preferred you above all others.
Guard yourselves against a day when one soul cannot help another. No one can stand up for him/her. No payment can be accepted. No help will be available.
Remember how We delivered you from the people of Pharaoh. They gave you difficult work. They were mean to you. They killed your sons while allowing girls to live. In that, the Lord allowed you to have a big test.
Remember that We divided the sea to save you. We drowned Pharaoh’s people within your very sight.
Remember that We gave Moses forty nights. In his absence, you worshiped a calf and made ugly sins.
Even then, We forgave you so you could show your gratitude.
Remember that We gave Moses the Book [of the Torah] and the criterion [the Ten Commandments] so you may be guided.
Remember that Moses said to his people, “O my people, you have deceived yourselves by worshiping the calf. Repent to your Creator and punish by death (those who do not repent). This is necessary in the sight of your Creator.” Then He accepted your repentance. Indeed, He is the Responsive, the Most Merciful.
Remember that you said, “O Moses, we shall not believe in you until Allah shows Himself to us.” You were seized as you beheld the lightning [of the Divine Presence].
We revived you from your death and gave you the opportunity to be grateful.
We provided for you the shade of clouds and sent you manna and quail. We said, “Eat of the good things We have provided you.” (Your rebellion) did Us no harm, but they [who complained] harmed their own souls.
Remember that We said, “Enter this town and enjoy what you find there as you desire. Enter the gate with humility expressed in your manner and words. We shall forgive your faults and magnify those who act properly.”
Sinners changed the command that had been given to them. We punished them with a plague from Heaven because of their consistent rebellion.
Remember that Moses prayed for water for his people. We said, “Hit the rock with your stick.” Water gushed from twelve springs. Each tribe knew its own place for water. Eat and drink of the things provided by Allah. Do not act wickedly over the earth, spreading corruption.
Remember that you said, “O Moses, we cannot stand to eat just one kind of food! Ask your Lord to give us what the earth grows. Ask Him to give us herbs, cucumbers, garlic, lentils, and onions.” (Moses) said, “Would you take a lesser thing in exchange for what is better? Go to any town, and you will find whatever you want.” They felt ashamed and disgusted. They brought Allah’s wrath upon themselves because they continued rejecting the signs of Allah. They killed the prophets without good reason. That is because they disobeyed and kept sinning.
Truly, the believers [in the Qur’an], those who are [practicing] Jews, the Christians, the Sabeans, and any others who believe in Allah and the last day and do what is right [are all okay]. They will find their reward with their Lord. They won’t have fear or grief [in the next life].
Remember We made a covenant with you. We raised Mount [Sinai] above you. Hold firmly to what We have given to you. Remember what is in it. Maybe you will be righteous.
You lost your way after that. If it had not been for the grace and mercy of Allah, you would certainly have been among the lost.
You knew those among you who disobeyed [the laws of] the Sabbath. We said to them, “Be despised apes.”
We made it an example for their time and later times. It was a lesson to those who have reverence.
Remember that Moses said to his people, “Indeed, Allah commands that you sacrifice a cow.” They said, “Do you ridicule us?” He said, “I seek refuge with Allah from being so ignorant.”
They said, “Ask for us for your Lord to explain which it is.” He said, “(Allah) says that it is a cow not old and not young but in between old and young. Now do as you are told.”
They said, “Ask for us for your Lord to tell us what color it should be.” He said, “(Allah) says that it should be a yellow cow. The color should be bright and admired by those who see it.”
They said, “Ask for us for your Lord to explain exactly which one it is. Cows all look alike to us. We want guidance if Allah wills.”
He said, “(Allah) says that it is not a cow trained to plow the soil or water the fields. It is healthy and with no blemish.” They said, “Finally you have told us the whole truth.” They sacrificed it, but they almost didn’t.
Remember that one of you killed a man. You argued about the crime. Allah was to uncover what you hid.
We said, “Hit the body with a piece of (the cow).” This is how Allah will bring the dead to life and show you His signs. Maybe you will use your brain.
From then on, your hearts got harder. They became like rocks, and even harder. Among rocks, some have rivers gushing from them. Some rocks split, and water comes out. Other rocks sink from fear of Allah. Allah does not ignore what you do.
Do you hope that they will believe you? Some of them heard the Word of Allah. (The Sadducees) knowingly changed it after they understood it.
When they meet people of faith, they say, “We believe.” When they meet each other, they say, “Do you talk to them about what Allah has revealed to you? [If you do,] they can then give better arguments about (Allah’s Word) before your Lord. Do you not understand?”
Don’t they know that Allah knows what they hide and what they show?
Among them are people who can’t read or write and don’t know the Book. They live by their own wishful thinking. They just make up things.
Shame on those who write a book themselves and say, “This is from Allah.” They try to make a little money from it. Shame on them because of what they write themselves. Shame on them for the money they make from it.
They say, “The fire will not touch us except for a few days.” Say, “Do you have a promise from Allah? He won’t break His promise. Or are you saying something about Allah that you don’t even know?”
Nonsense! Those who try to earn evil and are living in sin are companions of the fire. They will live there continuously.
Those who have faith and do good deeds are going to go to Paradise. They will live there forever.
Remember that We set a covenant with the Children of Israel: Worship no one but Allah. Show kindness to your parents, relatives, orphans, and the poor. Speak nicely to people. Be faithful in prayer, and practice routine charity. Then you failed, except the few among you, and you still backslide.
Remember that We set your covenant: Shed no blood among you, and do not cast your own people from your homes. You solemnly agreed to this. You know you did.
Afterward, you killed your own people and kicked some out of their homes. Now you give aid against them. You are guilty and sinful. If they come to you as captives, you ransom them, but it was not lawful for you to kick them out [in the first place]. Do you believe only part of the Book and then reject the rest? What is the reward for those among you who behave like this, other than disgrace in this life? On the Day of Resurrection, they will get the worst punishment. Allah does not ignore what you do.
Such people trade for the life of this world at the expense of the hereafter. Their punishment will not be lightened, and they will not be helped.
We gave Moses the Book [the Torah]. We sent messengers after him. We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, evidence [miracles] and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit. When a messenger comes to you with (a message) that you do not want, do you become arrogant? You call some imposters, and you kill others.
(Some arrogant Jews) said, “Our hearts are wrapped.” Nonsense! Allah has condemned them because of their blasphemy. They believe only a little.
A Book comes to them from Allah. It confirms [Scriptures] they already have. They had been asking for help against the unbelievers. When something familiar [in Scriptures] comes to them, they reject it. They should recognize this [Word of God]. Instead, they refuse to believe in it. The blame of Allah is on the unbelievers.
The price for which they have sold their souls is miserable. They deny what Allah has sent. They are jealous that Allah, out of His grace, would send it to anyone He wanted [instead of somebody they consider special]. Because of their attitude, they have caused Allah to be mad at them. The punishment is shameful for those who reject faith.
It is said to (some Jews), “Believe in what Allah has given.” They say, “We do believe in (the Scriptures) that were given to us.” They reject everything else, even though it is the truth confirming (the Scriptures) they have. Say, “Why then have you [historically] killed the prophets of Allah in the old days if you did believe?
Moses came to you with clear signs. You (worshiped) the calf afterward, and you behaved sinfully.
Remember that We made a covenant with you and raised above you Mount [Sinai]. We said, ‘Hold firmly to what We have given you and obey the law.’ They said, ‘We hear, and we disobey.’ Their hearts became obsessed with the calf because of their unfaithfulness.” Say, “Your faith is commanded by evil, if you are believers.”
Say, “If the final abode with Allah [Paradise] is only for you and not for anyone else, then seek death if you are sincere.”
They will never seek death, however, because of that which their hands have sent before them. Allah is well acquainted with the sinners.
You will find among them [ie, the unfaithful Jews], of all people, those most greedy for life –even more than the idolaters. Each one of them wishes that he/she could be given a thousand years to live. The grant of such life would not save him/her from punishment. Allah sees well all that they do.
Say, “Who is an enemy to Gabriel? Truly, he brings the (Qur’an) to your heart by Allah’s will. (The Qur’an) confirms (the Scriptures) that came before it. It is guidance and good news for the believers.
“Who is an enemy to Allah, His angels, the prophets, Gabriel and Michael? Truly, Allah is an enemy to the unbelievers.”
We have sent obvious signs to you. Only sinners reject them.
Isn’t it so that, every time they make a covenant, some people among them toss it aside? Most of them have no faith.
Whenever a messenger came to them from Allah, he confirmed (the Torah) that was with them. Some of the people of the Book pushed the Book of Allah behind their backs, pretending not to know it.
They followed what the evil ones sent during the reign of Solomon. Solomon was not evil, but the blasphemers were evil. They taught people black magic and things they learned in Babylon from the angels Harut and Marut. Neither of (the angels) taught anyone without saying, “We are a test for you, so do not blaspheme [by using science in the wrong way].” (Evil) people learned from (Harut and Marut) a way to cause trouble between a man and wife. They could not harm anyone, however, except as Allah allowed. They learned what harmed them instead of what helped them. They certainly knew that the traders of (magic) would share no happiness in the hereafter. Condemned was the price for which they sold their souls. If they only knew!
If they had kept the faith and had reverence, they would have gotten a better reward from their Lord. If they only knew!
O Believers, do not say [to the Prophet], “Listen to us!” Instead, say, “Be patient with us,” and then listen to him. A harsh penalty is for the unbelievers.
The unbelievers among the people of the Book and the idolaters never hope that anything good comes to you from your Lord. But Allah will choose whom He will for His grace. Allah is the owner of abounding grace.
If We abrogate a sign or cause it to be forgotten, We substitute something better or similar. Do you not realize that Allah is the Most Capable over everything?
Do you not know that the dominion of Heaven and Earth belongs to Allah? Besides Him, you have no support or helper.
Would you question your messenger as Moses was questioned in days gone by? Whoever chooses unbelief instead of faith has undoubtedly strayed from the Straight Way.
Many people of the Book wish they could make you turn back after you believed. They are jealous after they realize the truth [that Muhammed was successful]. Forgive them and ignore them until Allah finishes His mission. Allah has power over everything.
Establish the required prayer. Give the required charity. Whatever good you put forth for your souls will be found with Allah. Allah sees everything you do.
(Many people of the Book) say, “No one will enter Paradise unless he/she is a Jew,” or “…a Christian.” That is based on their own desires. Say to them, “So, prove it! If it’s true!”
Indeed! Whoever submits his/her whole self to Allah and does good deeds will be rewarded with his/her Lord. No fear or grief will be there.
The Jews say, “The Christians have no basis.” The Christians say, “The Jews have no basis.” Yet they study the same (Scriptures)! They sound similar to those who don’t know anything. Allah will judge among them in their disagreements on the Day of Judgment.
Who is worse than someone who tries to get people not to celebrate Allah’s name in the places of worship of Allah and who tries to ruin (the places of worship)? People are not supposed to enter (the places of worship) except in reverence. For them, there is nothing but disgrace in this world and an exceeding torment in the world to come.
To Allah belong the east and the west. Wherever you turn, Allah’s countenance is there. Truly, Allah is the All-embracing, the All-knowing.
They say, “Allah has begotten a son.” Glory to Him! Nonsense! To Him belongs all that is of Heaven and Earth. Everything renders worship to Him.
He is the Originator of the skies and Earth. When He decrees a matter, He says to it, “Be!” and it is.
Those without knowledge say, “Why does Allah not talk to us?” Or, “Why does a sign not come to us?” People before them said words like that. Their hearts are the same. We have certainly made the signs clear to any people who firmly believe.
Truly, We have sent you [Muhammed] with truth as a bringer of good news and a warner. You will not be asked about the companions of the blazing fire.
The Jews and Christians won’t be satisfied with you unless you follow their form of religion. Say, “The guidance of Allah is the only guidance!” If you were to follow their views after knowledge has come to you, you would not find a protector or helper against Allah.
Those for whom We have sent the Book study it as it should be studied. They believe in it. Those who reject it are the losers.
O Children of Israel, remember the favor I bestowed upon you and that I chose you over all other people.
Then guard yourselves against a day when one soul cannot comfort another. There will be no compensation, intercession, or assistance.
Remember that Abraham was tested by his Lord with certain commands, which he fulfilled. (God) said, “I will make you a leader for the nations.” (Abraham) pleaded, “And also my children?” He answered, “My covenant will not embrace the sinners.”
Remember that We made the House [of Prayer, the Kabah in Mecca] a place of assembly for people and a place of sanctuary. Take the example of Abraham as a position of prayer. We made a pact with Abraham and Ishmael. We wanted them to bless My House for those who walk around it, use it as a retreat, and bow and prostrate [in prayer].
Remember that Abraham said, “My Lord, make (Mecca) a City of Peace. Provide fruits for those who live there who believe in Allah and the Last Day.” (Allah) said, “For those who reject faith, I will allow them their pleasure for a while. Soon I will drive them to the torment of fire –an evil destination.
Remember that Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundations of the House. [Their prayer:] “Our Lord, accept our service. You are the All-hearing, the All-knowing.
Our Lord, make us those in submission to You. Of our descendants, make a people who submit to You. Teach us our rituals of worship. Accept our repentance. You are the Most Forgiving, the Most Merciful.
“Our Lord, send a messenger from among their own people. [May the messenger] be one who will recite Your signs to them, instruct them in Scripture and wisdom, and purify them. You are the Exalted in Might and Wisdom.”
Who shuns the religion of Abraham except one who fools him-/herself? We chose (Abraham) [for purity] in this world, and he will be among the righteous in the hereafter.
Recall when his Lord said to him, “Surrender your life to Me.” (Abraham) answered, “I surrender to the Lord of All the Worlds.”
Abraham left this legacy for his children. Jacob also said, “O my children, Allah has chosen to reveal the true faith to you. Do not die without having submitted to Allah.”
Can you testify about when death appeared before Jacob? He said to his children, “What will you worship after I am gone?” They answered, “We will worship your God and the God of your fathers –Abraham, Ishmael, and Isaac. He is the only God, and we submit ourselves to Him.”
These were people who have passed. They will be accountable for what they did, just as you will of what you do. You won’t be given credit for what they did.
They say, “In order to be guided, you must become Jews,” or, “…Christians.” Say, “No, [I choose] the faith of Abraham the upright. He was not of those who idolized [false] gods.”
Say, “We believe in Allah and the revelation given to us [in the Qur’an], and we believe in the revelations given to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and his descendants, Moses, Jesus, and the other prophets, from their Lord. We do not elevate one above another, and we submit to Allah.”
If (the people of the Bible) believe as you believe [that there is One God and that one must submit his/her whole self to God], then they are on the right track. If they decline, however, then they are only in opposition. Allah is enough for you against them. He is the Listener and the Intellect.
Our dye is of Allah, and who can dye better than Allah? We worship Him.
Say, “Will you argue with us about Allah even though He is our Lord and yours as well? We are each responsible for our own deeds, and we are loyal to Him.
Or do you claim that Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and his descendants were Jews or Christians? Do you know more than Allah? Who is more unjust than those who fail to share the testimony they have from Allah? Allah knows exactly what you do.
That was a people who have passed away. They are accountable for what they did. You are accountable for what you do. You will not be questioned about what they did.
The ignorant among the people will ask, “What has turned (the believers) from the traditional direction of prayer?” Answer, “To Allah belong east and west. He guides whom He will to the Straight Way.”
[By giving Muslims a new direction of prayer,] We have made you a moderate faith community, so that you may be witnesses for the nations. The messenger is a witness over all of you. We originally appointed the old direction of prayer as a test to see who would follow the messenger and who would give up. It seemed like a big deal except to those guided by Allah. Allah would never allow your faith to be annulled. To all people, Allah is the Kindest, the Most Merciful.
We saw you turning your face toward Heaven, so We turned you to a favorable direction. Turn your face in the direction of the Holy Mosque. Wherever you are, face in that direction. The people of the Book realize that this is truth from their Lord. Allah is never unaware of what they do.
If you [Muhammed] were to deliver the completed Qur’an to the people of the Book, they would not follow your direction of prayer, so do not follow theirs. (Jews and Christians) will not follow one another’s direction of prayer. Now that new knowledge has been given to you, do not follow their self-centered examples. If you did, you would clearly be wrong.
The people of the Book recognize this as clearly as they recognize their own children. Some of them consciously deny the truth.
Truth comes from your Lord, so do not be at all in doubt.
To each is a goal to which Allah directs him/her. Race to all that is good. Wherever you are, Allah will bring you all together. Truly, Allah has power over all things.
From wherever you begin, turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque. That is indeed the truth from your Lord. Allah does not ignore what you do.
From wherever you begin, turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque. Wherever you are, turn your faces in its direction. That’s to keep from having any disagreement among the people. Only those who like trouble will argue. Don’t be afraid of them. Fear Me. I will complete My favor to you, and you will be guided.
We have already sent to you a messenger of your own. He recited to you Our signs. He purified you and instructed you in the Book and wisdom and in new knowledge.
Remember Me, and I will remember you. Be thankful to Me, and do not be ungrateful to Me.
O Believers, seek help with patience and prayer. Truly, Allah is with those who are patient.
Of those who died in the way of Allah, do not say, “They are dead.” No, they are alive, although you do not perceive it.
Certainly, We will test you with something of fear and hunger and of some loss in things or lives or produce. Give good news to the patient ones.
When something bad happens, they say, “Truly, to Allah we belong, and truly, to Him we will return.”
They get blessings and mercy from their Lord. They receive guidance.
Safa and Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. Those who visit the (Holy Mosque) during the pilgrimage or at other times may walk around (the hills). They have not sinned [as pagans did in the past]. Whoever obeys his/her own good conscience can be assured that Allah is Appreciative and Aware.
(Some people try to) conceal the clarity We have sent and the guidance We made clear for the people of the Book. Allah’s condemnation is on them. They are also condemned by (angels and people) who [have the right to] condemn.
Exempt are those who repent and make amends and openly declare [the truth]. From them, I accept repentance. I am Responsive, Most Merciful.
Those who reject faith and then die rejecting [are lost]. They are condemned by Allah and by the angels and all humanity.
They will live in (condemnation) continuously. Their penalty will not be lessened. They will not be given a break from the punishment.
Your God is One God. No god is there except Him, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Signs are in all creation for wise people. Signs are in the skies and the earth. They are in the alternation of night and day. They are in the ships gliding across the sea for the benefit of humanity. Signs are in the rain Allah sends from the sky and the life it awakens from a silent earth. They are in the multitudes of creatures Allah has distributed abroad. Signs are in the changing winds, and in the clouds trailing like servants of the sky and earth.
Yet, some people revere others, besides Allah, as equal. They love (their idols) as they should love Allah. But people of faith have lots of love for Allah. If only the unrighteous could understand, they would envision the punishment. They would realize that Allah has all power, and Allah will intensely enforce the punishment.
Then the [sinful] role models will distance themselves from those [fans] who followed. They will see the penalty, and all their relationships will be stopped.
Those who followed will say, “If only we had one more chance, we would distance ourselves from them, just as they have now distanced themselves from us.” Thus, Allah will reveal to them their deeds as regrets. There will be no way for them to escape the fire [of Hell].
O Humanity, eat what is lawful and humane/ethical from the earth. Do not follow the footsteps of Satan. He is an avowed enemy to you.
He wants you to do what is wrong and shameful. He wants you to say things about Allah that you do not know.
(The idolaters) are told, “Follow what Allah has revealed.” Then (the idolaters) say, “No, we will follow the ways of our fathers.” Is that so, even though their fathers did not have wisdom and guidance?
Here is a simile about those who reject faith: Somebody who shouts like a goat herder to things that hear nothing but sounds and yells [without understanding the words]. They are unhearing, unspeaking, and unseeing. They have no understanding.
O Believers, eat humane/ethical things that We have given you. Be grateful to Allah, if you worship Him alone.
He has told you not to eat only carrion and blood and pork. [He does not want you to eat] any food on which any name other than Allah has been said. If someone must eat [what Allah has forbidden] out of necessity and not from disobedience, and if he/she eats just enough, then he/she has done nothing wrong. Truly, Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Some people hide Allah’s revelations in the Book. They buy them for a sad profit. They cause themselves to eat fire into their bellies. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection. He will not purify them. Their punishment will be awful.
They buy error instead of guidance. They buy punishment instead of forgiveness. Such bravery for the fire!
Allah sent the Book in truth. Truly, those who argue about the Book are in a mess.
It is not righteousness to turn your faces east or west. It is righteousness to believe in Allah, the last day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets. You must donate from your own wealth, out of your love for (Allah), for your relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, and those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves. You must establish the required prayer and practice required charity. You must fulfill contracts you have made. You must be patient in troubles and problems and stress. Such are those who are sincere. They are the righteous.
O Believers, the law of equality is intended for you in cases of murder: the free person for the free person, the slave for the slave, the female for the female. If (the criminal) is forgiven by the victim’s relative, then grant any reasonable demand with honor. This is a special consideration and a mercy from your Lord. After this, anyone that goes beyond limits will be painfully punished.
In the law of equality, life is saved, O people of understanding, so you may restrain yourselves.
Here is a rule for when death comes near to anyone who has belongings. That person should leave a will so that his/her things will go to parents and other next of kin. The will should be fair. This is a duty of the righteous ones.
If somebody changes (the will) after he/she has heard it, blame is on the person who made the change. Truly, Allah is All-hearing, All-knowing.
If anyone suspects that the person making the will has been unfair or wrong, he/she may come to an agreement [among all parties concerned]. There is nothing wrong with that. Truly, Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.
O Believers, fasting is made a rule for you. It was a rule for those before you. It is so that you may fear and obey Allah.
You must fast for a number of days. If you are sick or traveling, you may make up missed days later. If you are able to fast but it is too hard for you, you may be excused from the fast. Instead of fasting, you must provide food for someone in need. [As for] whoever freely gives more [fasting plus providing food for the poor], that is better for him/her. Fasting is the most beneficial.
Ramadan is the month in which was revealed the Qur’an. The Qur’an is guidance for humanity. It is evidence of that guidance and a criterion [for knowing right from wrong]. Every available person should spend the month fasting. A person who is sick or traveling may substitute other days. Allah wants to help you and not make things difficult for you to complete the given number of days for His glory and to increase your gratitude. You should be grateful for that.
When My servants ask you about Me, I am truly close. I listen to the prayer of everyone who prays to Me. May they also respond to Me. May they believe in Me so they may be led the right way.
In the nights, after fasting, you may go to your spouses. They are like your clothes, and you are like their clothes. Allah knows what [bad things] you used to do in secret. He responded to you and forgave you. Now, be intimate with (your spouses) and seek what Allah has ordained for you. Eat and drink until the white thread of dawn appears to you separate from its black thread. Complete your fast until night. Do not be intimate with your spouses while you are in retreat in the mosques. Those are the limits of Allah. Do not approach (what He has forbidden). Allah clarifies His signs to people, so they may become righteous.
Do not absorb your property among yourselves for vain reasons. Do not use it to bribe judges so that you may wrongfully and purposely absorb other people’s property.
They ask you about the new moons. Say, “They are only signs to mark parts of time for people. They are also [to mark time] for the pilgrimage. It doesn’t help you to enter your houses from their backs. It helps you to fear Allah. Enter homes through the proper doors. Be conscious of Allah so you may be successful.”
You must fight, in the way of Allah, those who attack you. Do not break the rules [of fair fighting]. Allah does not love those who go too far.
You must execute them wherever you overtake them. Expel them from those places from where they have expelled you. Turmoil and oppression are worse than killing [in self-defense]. Do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque, unless they first attack you there. If they attack you, you must fight them. Such is the consequence of those who suppress faith.
If they cease, Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Fight them until there is no more oppression and until the religion is free for Allah. If they stop fighting, let there be no more trouble, except against those who continue being oppressive.
The holy month is for the holy month [without violence], and violations will be met with equal acts [for self-defense]. If someone assaults you, you may defend yourselves in the same way. Be conscious of Allah and know that Allah is with those who fear Him.
Spend for the purpose of Allah. Do not cause your own hands to contribute to destruction. Do good things. Truly, Allah loves those who do good things.
Complete the formal pilgrimage or informal pilgrimage for Allah. If you cannot do it, send an offering for sacrifice –whatever you can. Do not shave your heads until the offering reaches its destination. If any of you are sick or has a scalp disease, he/she should compensate by either fasting, giving to charity, or offering a sacrifice. As soon as things are better, anyone who wishes to continue the informal or formal pilgrimage must make an affordable sacrifice. If he/she cannot afford it, he/she should fast three days during the pilgrimage and seven days after returning home –ten days in all. This [rule] is for those who don’t live near the Sacred Mosque. Fear Allah, and know that Allah is strict in punishment.
The months are well known for the formal pilgrimage. Anyone who undertakes the pilgrimage should allow no obscenity, no meanness, and no bickering during the pilgrimage. Allah knows whatever goodness you do. Pack provisions for the journey. Truly, the best provision is righteousness. Fear Me, O people of understanding.
It is not wrong for you to seek the bounty of your Lord. When you depart from [Mount] Arafat, glorify Allah at the sacred monument. Glorify Him as He has directed you, even though, before this, you were wrong.
Depart from wherever people depart. Ask for Allah’s forgiveness. Truly, Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.
When you have done your holy rites, glorify Allah as you used to glorify your fathers, except with greater celebration. Some people say, “Our Lord, bless us in this world.” They will not be blessed in the next world.
Some people say, “Our Lord, give us blessings in this world and the next, and keep us from the torture of the fire.”
They will be given what they have earned. Allah is quick to account.
Glorify Allah during the appointed [three] days. If anyone has to leave in two days, it is not a sin. If someone delays leaving, it is not a sin for whoever fears. Fear Allah and know that you all will be assembled before Him.
One type of person talks in a way that sounds good to you about the life of this world. He/she calls Allah to witness what is in his/her heart. He/she is really a difficult enemy.
When he/she turns around, his/her aim is to do bad things over the earth and to destroy crops and cattle. Allah does not love evil.
When it is said to him/her, “Fear Allah,” he/she arrogantly does more bad things. Hell is enough for him/her. An evil bed indeed!
One type of person would give his/her life to earn the pleasure of Allah. Allah is full of kindness to His servants.
O Believers, enter Islam [ie, submission] completely. Do not follow the footsteps of Satan. He is certainly your sworn enemy.
If you regress after clarity has come to you, know that Allah is Victorious, Perfectly Wise.
Will (the sinners) wait until Allah comes to them in canopies of clouds, along with angels? The matter [of judgment] will then be settled! All matters are referred to Allah.
Ask the Children of Israel how much evidence We sent them. Allah strictly punishes whoever finds a substitute [for Allah’s Word] after Allah’s favor has come to him/her.
The life of this world is alluring to those who reject faith. They scoff at the believers. The righteous will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. Allah provides without measure to those He will.
Humanity was one single nation. Allah sent prophets with glad tidings and warnings. With them, He sent the Book in truth. With it, people can learn about things about which they differ. After the clear signs had come to them, people differed only because of jealousy. Allah, by His grace, guided the believers to the truth of things about which they disagreed. Allah guides whom He will to a path that is straight.
Do you think that you should enter Paradise without difficulties like what came to those who passed this way before you? They faced suffering and adversity. They were so shaken that even the messenger and those who joined him in faith cried, “When will Allah’s help come?” Truly, the help of Allah is near!
They ask what they should spend [in charity]. Say, “Whatever you can spend with goodness for parents, relatives, orphans, those in need, and travelers. Allah knows whatever you do that is good.”
War [for national security] is ordained for you, even though you hate it. It is possible that something you hate is actually a good thing, and that something you like is bad for you. Allah knows, and you don’t know.
They ask you about fighting in the holy month. Say, “Fighting that month is offensive, but it is worse to Allah to hinder [people] from the path of Allah. [It is worse] to disbelieve in Him, to prevent access to the Sacred Mosque, and to chase people from it. Oppression is worse than killing [the enemies]. They will not stop fighting you until they make you deny your faith, if they can. If any of you deny your faith and die in disbelief, they will have their [good] deeds void in this life and the next. They will be companions of the fire continuously.
“Those who believed, suffered exile, and fought in Allah’s way have the hope of the mercy of Allah. Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
They ask you about intoxicants [eg, drugs, alcohol] and gambling. Say, “There are some sin in them and some benefit, but the sin is greater than the benefit.” They ask you how much to give [in charity]. Say, “As much as you can spare.” These are [examples of] how Allah clarifies His signs so you may consider…
…[consider] this life and the life after. They ask you about orphans. Say, “Arranging their affairs is best for them. If you mix their affairs with yours, they are like your relatives. Allah recognizes the offender from the reformer. He could have caused you problems. He is indeed Victorious, Perfectly Wise.”
Do not marry unbelieving women until they believe. A believing, slave woman is better than an unbeliever who is appealing to you. Do not let your daughters marry unbelievers until they believe. A believing, male slave is better than an unbeliever who is appealing to you. (Unbelievers) influence you to the fire. Allah beckons, by His grace, to Paradise and forgiveness. He makes His signs clear to humanity so they may remember.
They ask you about menstruation. Say, “It is painful. Leave women alone during menstruation. Do not be intimate with them until they are clean. When they are cleansed, you may be intimate with them as allowed for you by Allah. Truly, Allah loves those who constantly lean on Him. He loves those who keep themselves clean.”
Your wives are like your plantations. Approach your plantations as you wish. Always be mindful of [your responsibility to] the future. Fear and obey Allah. Be certain of your ultimate meeting with Him. Give good tidings to those who believe.
Do not use Allah’s name as an excuse in your oaths to keep you from doing goodness. Be righteous and make peace among people. Allah is the All-hearing, the All-knowing.
Allah will not make you accountable for carelessness in your oaths, but for the intention in your hearts. He is the Most Forgiving, the Most Tolerant.
For those who take an oath to abstain from their wives, they should wait four months. If they return [to their wives], Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.
If their intention is divorce, indeed, Allah is All-hearing, the All-knowing.
Divorced women should wait for three monthly cycles. It is not lawful for them to hide what [pregnancies] Allah has created in their wombs, if they have faith in Allah and the last day. Their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they want to get back together. Women have as many rights as responsibilities, in all fairness. Men have a measure [of responsibility] over women. Allah is Victorious, Perfectly Wise.
A divorce [from the same person] is allowed twice. After that, [a husband should either] retain [his wife] with dignity, or kindly let her go. It is not lawful for you [a husband] to take back any gifts except when both [husband and wife] fear that they would be unable to keep the limits set by Allah. If you do fear they would be unable to keep the limits set by Allah, no sin is on them if she gives something [ie, return a gift] for her freedom [from marriage]. These are limits set by Allah. Do not transgress them. If any do transgress the limits set by Allah, they are wrong.
If (a husband) divorces (his wife), he cannot, afterward, remarry her until she has been remarried and then divorced again. In that case, no sin is on them if they reunite as long as they feel they can keep the limits set by Allah. These are limits set by Allah. He clarifies for those who understand.
After you divorce women and they each fulfill their terms [of waiting], either retain them honorably or release them honorably. Do not retain them just to harm them so that you sin. Whoever does that truly wrongs himself. Do not take the signs of Allah in jest. Remember Allah’s blessings upon you and what is revealed to you of the Book and wisdom. He instructs you with it. Fear Allah and know that He is All-aware of everything.
After you divorce women and they each fulfill their terms [of waiting], do not keep them from marrying other men if they honorably agree among themselves. This is warning for whoever among you who believes in God and the last day. It is most virtuous and pure for you. God knows what you do not know.
[Divorced] mothers may nurse their infants for two entire years if they want to complete the period of nursing. The father of a child must adequately provide for (the child’s and mother’s) food and clothing. No person should be burdened with more than he/she is able to bear. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, and a father should not be made to suffer because of his child. The same goes for the heirs. Both [parents] may decide, by mutual consent and counsel, that the child be weaned from his/her mother. No blame is on you [fathers] if you entrust your children to foster mothers. No blame is on you when you adequately pay the (foster mothers’) fees. Remain conscious of God, and know that God sees all that you do.
If any die and leave wives behind, (the widows) shall [each] have a waiting period of four months and ten days. After they have fulfilled the waiting periods, no blame is there when they do with themselves as they will in a lawful manner [eg, become married again]. Allah is All-aware of whatever you do.
No blame is on you if you allude to a marriage proposal to [one of the] widows or if you are silent about such intent. Allah knows if you intend to propose marriage. Do not secretly plot marriage with them, but speak tactfully. Do not proceed with a marriage bond until the waiting period is over. Know that Allah knows what is in your minds. Beware of Him. Know that Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Tolerant.
No sin is there if you [husbands] divorce women with whom you have not yet become intimate and to whom you have not yet specified a dowry. Give something to them. The wealthy [shall provide] according to his means. The less fortunate [shall provide] according to his means. A reasonable gift is due from those who want to do the right thing.
If you divorce them before having become intimate but after having specified a dowry, give them half of what you have specified. Exceptions are if (the women) forgo their claim [on the dowries], or if the groom forgoes his claim [to the other half of the dowry]. (For the groom) to forgo what is due him is more in accord with righteousness. Do not neglect graciousness among you. Truly, Allah sees all that you do.
Attend obediently to your ritual prayers, especially the central prayer. Stand in humble worship before Allah.
If you have any concerns, you may pray while walking or riding. Whenever you can pray comfortably, remember Allah in the way He has taught, which you didn’t know before.
Those [men] among you who die and leave wives behind must leave wills for their wives. [The widows] should [each] have one year’s living expenses without having to leave [the deceased husbands’ homes]. If the (widows) leave [on their own], no blame is on you for whatever they may do with themselves in a lawful manner. Allah is Almighty, Perfectly Wise.
Divorced women should have an adequate provision. That is a duty upon the righteous.
Thus, Allah clarifies for you His signs so you may use your intellect.
Are you not aware of thousands of people who left their homes for fear of death? Allah said to them, “Die,” and then He restored them to life. Truly, Allah is unlimited in bounty to humanity. Most people are ungrateful.
Fight in the way of Allah. Know that Allah is All-hearing, the All-knowing.
Who will offer to Allah a handsome loan, so that He will replace it, multiplied many times? Allah denies and grants. To Him you will return.
Have you considered the leaders who were over the Children of Israel after the time of Moses? They said to a prophet [Samuel] who was among them, “Appoint a king for us so we may fight in the way of Allah.” He said, “If you were commanded to fight, is it possible that you would refuse to fight?” They answered, “How could we refuse to fight in the way of Allah, now that our homes and our families have been disrupted!” But when they were commanded to fight, they retreated, except for a small brigade. Allah has full knowledge of those who are wrong.
Their prophet [Samuel] announced to them, “Allah has appointed Saul as king over you.” (The Israelites) said, “How can he exercise authority over us when we are better suited than he to exercise authority? He does not even have the gift of abundant wealth. He replied, “Allah has chosen him above you. Allah has generously given him the gifts of knowledge and physical prowess. Allah grants His authority to whom He pleases. Allah is All-embracing, the All-knowing.
Also, their prophet said to them, “Surely, a sign of his authority is that the Ark [of the Covenant] shall be returned to you. With it is tranquility from your Lord. You will get back the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron. It will be carried by angels. Indeed, in this is a sure sign for you if you have faith.”
Saul set forth with the brigades. He said, “Allah will certainly test you at the river. Whoever drinks from it [like an animal] will not proceed with me. Only those who do not taste it will go, plus those who sip from the hand.” They all drank [like animals] except a few. After (Saul) and the faithful ones with him had crossed the river, some of them decided, “No, this day we will not be able to cope with Goliath [the giant] and his forces.” Some were convinced that they must meet Allah that day [through their deaths]. They said, “How often, by Allah’s will, has a small force vanquished a larger one? Allah is with those who patiently persevere.”
When they advanced to meet Goliath and his forces, they prayed, “Our Lord, pour loyalty upon us and make our tread certain. Help us against the unbelieving people.”
By Allah’s will, (Saul’s army) defeated them, and David slew Goliath. Allah gave (David) power and wisdom and taught him whatsoever He willed. If Allah had not curbed one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be filled with wickedness. Allah is filled with bounty for all the worlds.
Such as these are the verses of Allah. We recite them to you in truth. Truly, you [Prophet Muhammed] are one of the messengers.
We have blessed some messengers more than others. Allah spoke directly to some, and He elevated some of them. We gave Jesus son of Mary visible evidence [miracles], and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. If Allah had willed, people who came after (the messengers) would not have contended with one another after evident signs had come to them. They differed, some believing [the truth], while others did not believe. If Allah had willed, they would not have fought with one another. Allah does as He will.
O Believers, invest [in charity] from what We have given you before a day comes in which there will be no bargaining, no fellowship, and no intercession. Unbelievers are lost sinners.
Allah! No deity is there except Him –the Living, the Eternal, and the Independent One. Rest and sleep cannot appeal to Him. All things of Heaven and Earth are His. Who can intercede in His presence except in accordance with His will? He understands situations past, present, and future. No one grasps any of His knowledge except as He permits. His throne extends over the skies and the earth. He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. He is the Highest, the Magnificent.
Allow no coercion in religion. Truth is evident from error. Whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah has latched onto the most dependable grip that never breaks. And Allah hears and knows all.
Allah is the Protector of those who have faith. From the depths of darkness, He will guide them into light. Those who reject faith are patrons of the evil ones who divert from the light and lead into the depths of darkness. They will all be companions of the fire wherein they will continually dwell.
Are you not aware of a person who argued with Abraham about his Lord because Allah had given the man a kingdom? Abraham said, “My Lord is He who grants life and causes death.” (The king) said, “I grant life and cause death.” Abraham said, “Truly, Allah causes the sun to rise in the east. Maybe you can cause it to rise in the west.” The unbeliever was astonished. Allah does not guide people intent on doing wrong.
Consider this parable: A man passed through a ghost town all in ruins; even the roofs had fallen. He said, “Oh, how could Allah ever bring life back to this town?” Allah caused him to be dead for a hundred years, and then revived him. (Allah) asked [him], “How long have you been here?” He answered, “About a day or so.” Then (Allah) informed [him], “No, you’ve been here for a hundred years. Your food and drink show no signs of decay, but look at your donkey [which is decayed]; of it We will make a sign for you which will benefit all people. Watch how we bring the bones together and clothe them with flesh.” When this was shown to him, he said, “I now realize that Allah is in complete control!”
Abraham said, “My Lord, explain how You would exchange life for death.” “Do you not believe?” (Allah) asked. “Yes, but fulfill my understanding,” (Abraham) pled. [Allah instructed,] “Raise four birds and train them to come to you. Place a piece of (their dead bodies) on each hill, and then call to them. They will swiftly return to you. Know that Allah is Victorious, Perfectly Wise.”
The parable of those who invest their belongings for the sake of Allah is that of a grain of corn. It grows into seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allah gives multiple increases to whom He pleases. Allah is All-embracing, the All-knowing.
Some people invest their belongings for the sake of Allah. They do not follow their donations with reminders of their generosity or with insults. They have a reward with their Lord. They will suffer no fear or grief.
Kind words and discretion about faults are better than charity followed by injury. Allah is Independent, Most Tolerant.
O Believers, do not void your acts of charity by reminders of your generosity or by injury. Don’t be like those who donate in order to be seen by others and do not even believe in Allah or the last day. They are, in simile, a hard, barren rock on which is a little soil. Heavy rain falls on it, and nothing is left but a bare stone. They will not be able to do any good with their earnings. Allah does not guide those who reject faith.
The simile of those who invest their resources, seeking to please Allah and to strengthen their souls, is a lush and fertile garden. Heavy rain falls on it and causes it to yield a double increase of harvest. If it does not receive sufficient rain, a sprinkle is good enough for it. Allah sees well whatever you do.
Does anyone want a garden with date palms and vines, underground streams, and a variety of fruit? Do you then want to become elderly with disabled children? Do you then want (your garden) to be caught in a fiery whirlwind and burned up? Thus, Allah clarifies the signs so you may consider.
O Believers, donate from the good things you have earned and of the harvest of the earth, which We have produced for you. Do not select something inferior for donating that which you would not accept for yourself without complaint. Know that Allah is Independent, the Praised One.
Satan threatens you with poverty and tempts you to act inappropriately. Allah, however, promises you His forgiveness and grace. Allah is All-embracing, the All-knowing.
He grants wisdom to those He has chosen. The one who receives wisdom has received an abundant goodness. None remembers [God’s graciousness] except those of pure minds.
Whatever you invest in charity or devotion, you can be sure that Allah knows it all. The sinners, however, have no deliverer.
If you make known your acts of charity, it’s okay; but, if you keep them to yourself, just making sure that they get to those in need, that is better for you. (Allah) will erase some of your sins. Allah is well aware of all that you do.
It is not required of you to save (sinners), but Allah saves whom He pleases. Whatever good you give benefits your own souls, and you will only do so if you are seeking the face of Allah. Whatever good you give will be returned to you, and you will not suffer injustice.
Those in need include those who are restricted in service to Allah because they are immobile and cannot work. The ignorant person thinks that, because of their meekness, they are free from need. You will recognize them by their handicaps. They do not beg annoyingly from everybody. Whatever goodness you give, you can be assured that Allah knows it well.
Those who charitably invest their resources, by night and by day, privately and publicly, have their reward with their Lord. They will know no fear or grief.
Those who consume usury [eg, unfair interest] will not stand except as one who stands confused by Satan with his influence. That is because they claim that trade and usury are the same. Allah permits trade but forbids usury. As for whoever comes to Him, having accepted warning from His Lord and practicing restraint, [past guilt] is in the past [ie, forgiven]. His/her case is with Allah. As for who continue [in sin], they are companions of the fire. They will abide in it continuously.
Allah destroys usury and gives rewards for charity. Allah does not love any ungrateful sinner.
Truly, those who believe, perform righteous deeds, perform ritual prayer, and give the required charity will have their reward with their Lord. They will have no fear or grief.
O Believers, fear Allah and forsake any usury still due, if you are believers.
If you don’t [forsake usury], be advised that you are at war with Allah and His messenger. If you repent, then you will be entitled to your capital. Do not be unfair, and you will not be treated unfairly.
If the debtor is in [financial] difficulty, give a break until things get easier. If you remit [the debt] as an act of charity, that is better for you, if you realize it.
Beware the day on which you will be brought back before Allah. Every soul will be repaid in full for what he/she has earned. Nobody will be treated unfairly.
O Believers, when you do business with each other, put in writing any contracts about future obligations and schedules. Have a scribe accurately record the terms between you. A scribe may not refuse to write. Allah has taught him/her to write, so he/she must write. The one who incurs the liability should dictate. He/she should fear Allah the Lord, and not leave out anything about (the debt). If the liable person is mentally deficient or weak or is unable to dictate, his/her guardian should accurately dictate. Get two witnesses from among the men. If two men are not available, then get one man and select two women for witnesses. If one of them errs, the other can remind her. Witnesses must not refuse [to testify] if they are called. Do not neglect to put things in writing for its term, whether it is a small or large deal. That is fairer in the sight of Allah. It is more suitable as evidence. It is better to prevent doubts. If (the agreement) is simply an on-the-spot transaction, there is no blame if you don’t put it in writing. Have witnesses whenever you barter. Neither scribe nor a witness should suffer harm. If you do [such harm], it will certainly be sinful of you. Fear Allah, and Allah will teach you. Allah is well aware of everything.
If you are traveling and cannot find a scribe, seal the deal with a deposit. If one of you trusts another with the deposit of a thing, the trustee must fulfill his/her trust. May he/she fear Allah. Do not conceal any evidence. Whoever conceals it truly has a sinful heart. Allah knows whatever you do.
To Allah belongs all that is in the skies and on the earth. Whether you reveal or conceal what is in your minds, Allah calls you to account for it. He forgives whom He pleases and punishes whom He pleases. Allah has power over all things.
The messenger believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord. People of faith also believe. They all believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, and His messengers. [They say,] “We do not differentiate among His messengers.” They say, “We hear, and we obey, seeking Your forgiveness, our Lord. To You is the end of all journeys.
On no soul does Allah place a burden greater than it can bear. It gets every good that it earns, and it suffers every ill that it earns. “Our Lord, do not condemn us if we forget or fall into error. Our Lord, do not put upon us a burden like that which You put upon those before us. Our Lord, do not put upon us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Erase our sins and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Protector. Help us against those who challenge our faith.”
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