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4:1  O people, be conscious of your Lord, who created you from a single soul, and created from it its mate. From them both, He spread many men and women. Revere God, the one through whom you demand your mutual rights, and respect family relationships. God is always watchful over you.
4:2  To orphans, return their properties rightfully. Don’t substitute bad with good, nor absorb their wealth into your own. Indeed, it is a great sin.
4:3  If you fear you can’t treat orphaned girls fairly, then marry women that seems good to you: two, three, or four. But if you fear you won’t be fair, then only one, or those under your care. This is more likely to prevent you from committing injustice.
4:4  Give women their dowries as a free gift. But if they willingly forgo a part of it, then consume it with good cheer and gratitude.
4:5  Don’t entrust your properties, which God made a means of support for you, to the weak-minded. But provide for them from it, clothe them, and speak to them kindly.
4:6  And test the orphans until they reach the age of marriage. If you find them to be of good judgment, release their wealth to them. Don’t consume it wastefully and hastily before they grow up. Whoever is well-off, let him abstain; whoever is poor, let him consume reasonably. When you hand over their properties to them, call witnesses. God is sufficient as a Reckoner.
4:7  Men have a share in what parents and close relatives leave behind, and women have a share in what parents and relatives leave behind, be it little or much—a prescribed share.
4:8  When relatives, orphans, and those in need are present at the distribution, give them something from it, and speak kindly to them.
4:9  Those who worry about leaving behind weak offspring should fear God and say correct words.
4:10  Those who consume the wealth of orphans unjustly, are only ingesting fire into their bellies, and they will be subjected to a blazing Hellfire.
4:11  God instructs you regarding your children: for a male, the share is equivalent to that of two females. If there are more than two daughters, they get two-thirds of what he leaves behind. If there is only one daughter, she gets half. As for the parents, each gets one-sixth of what he leaves behind if he had a child. If he had no children and his parents are the sole inheritors, his mother gets a third. If he had siblings, his mother would get a sixth. This is after fulfilling any will or debt. You don’t know whether your parents or children are closer to you in benefit. These are God’s decrees. God is ever Knowing and Wise.
4:12  You get half of what your wives leave behind, if they had no children. If they had children, you get one-fourth of what they leave behind, after fulfilling any will or debt. They get a fourth of what you leave behind if you have no children. If you have children, they get one-eighth of what you leave behind, after fulfilling any will or debt. If a man or woman leaves neither parents nor children, but has a brother or sister, each of them gets a sixth. If there are more siblings, they share a third, after fulfilling any will or debt. Without causing harm. A command from God. And God is All-Knowing, Most Forbearing.
4:13  These are the limits set by God. Whoever obeys God and His Messenger, He will admit him into gardens through which rivers flow, to dwell there eternally. That is the supreme triumph.
4:14  However, whoever disobeys God and His Messenger, and transgresses His limits, will be thrown into a Fire, where he will dwell forever, and he will have a humiliating punishment.
4:15  If any of your women commit lewdness, call upon four witnesses from among you against them. If they testify, confine them to their homes until death claims them or until God ordains for them a way.
4:16  If two men among you commit it, then punish them. However, if they repent and reform, leave them alone. God is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
4:17  God accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and then repent shortly after that. To them, God will grant forgiveness. God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
4:18  However, repentance is not accepted from those who persist in wrongdoing, only to say, “Now I repent” when death is imminent, nor from those who die disbelieving. For them, We’ve prepared a severe punishment.
4:19  O you who believe, it’s not lawful for you to inherit women against their will. Nor should you coerce them to return anything you’ve given them—unless they commit a clear indecent act. Live with them in kindness. If you dislike them, you may dislike something in which God has placed much good.
4:20  If you wish to replace one wife with another, and you’ve given one of them a fortune, don’t take any of it back. Would you take it by slander and committing a blatant sin?
4:21  How could you take it back after having shared intimate relations and they received a solemn covenant from you?
4:22  Don’t marry the women your fathers had married, except what has already transpired; it’s an indecent act, shameful, and a vile path.
4:23  Forbidden to you are your mothers, daughters, sisters, paternal aunts, maternal aunts, brother’s daughters, sister’s daughters, nursing mothers, nursing sisters, mothers-in-law, and stepdaughters under your guardianship from wives with whom you’ve been intimate. If you haven’t been intimate with them, you are not blamed. Also the wives of your biological sons, and marrying two sisters simultaneously, unless it has already occurred. God is Oft-Forgiving, Merciful.
4:24  And all married women, except those whom you rightfully possess. This is a decree from God for you. Beyond these, all others are lawful, provided you seek them with your wealth in a legal marriage, not in fornication. When you wish to enjoy them, give them their bridal gifts, as an obligation. You commit no wrong by mutually agreeing to any adjustments to these gifts. God is All-Knowing, Most Wise.
4:25  Those among you who can’t afford to marry free, believing women, may marry believing maids under your care. God is well aware of your faith; you are of one another. Marry them with their guardians’ permission, and give them their rightful dowries, in pursuit of virtue, not immorality or secret affairs. If they commit adultery after their marriage, their punishment is half that of free women. This is for those who fear falling into sin, but it’s better for you to be patient. God is Forgiving and Merciful.
4:26  God wants to clarify for you, and to guide you to the ways of those who came before you, and to accept your repentance. God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
4:27  God intends to accept your repentance, but those who follow their desires desire you to deviate in a great deviation.
4:28  God intends to lighten your burdens; man was created weak.
4:29  O you who believe, don’t consume each other’s wealth unjustly, but trade by mutual consent. And don’t kill yourselves, for God is Merciful to you.
4:30  Whoever commits such acts out of aggression and injustice, We will throw him in a Fire. And that’s easy for God.
4:31  If you avoid the major sins you’re forbidden, We will erase your misdeeds and admit you into a noble entrance.
4:32  Don’t covet what God favored some over others with. Men have a share in what they’ve earned, and women have a share in what they’ve earned. Ask God for His bounty, for God has full knowledge of everything.
4:33  To everyone, We’ve appointed beneficiaries in what parents and near relatives leave behind. As for those with whom you’ve pledged, give them their share. God is a witness to all things.
4:34  Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, as God has given some more than others, and because they spend from their wealth. Righteous women are loyal, guarding in absence what God would have them guard. Those whose misconduct you fear, advise them, separate from them in bed, and then strike them. If they obey you, seek no means against them. God is Exalted, Supreme.
4:35  If you fear a breach between a couple, appoint an arbitrator from his family and another from hers. If they desire reconciliation, God will reconcile them. God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
4:36  Worship God and associate nothing with Him. Honor your parents, relatives, orphans, those in need, near and distant neighbors, companions, travelers, and servants. God doesn’t love the arrogant and boastful.
4:37  Those who are stingy, encourage stinginess, and conceal what God has given them from His bounty—for the unbelievers, We’ve prepared a humiliating torment.
4:38  Those who spend their wealth to be seen by people, without faith in God and the Last Day. Whoever takes Satan as an ally—what a terrible ally!
4:39  What harm would befall them if they believed in God and the Last Day, and donated from what God has provided them? God is fully aware of them.
4:40  God doesn’t do injustice, even as much as an atom’s weight; while if there is a good deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.
4:41  How will it be, when We summon a witness from every community, and We bring you as a witness against these people?
4:42  On that Day, those who disbelieved and defied the Messenger will wish they were leveled with the earth. They won’t be able to conceal anything from God.
4:43  O you who believe, don’t approach prayer while intoxicated, until you know what you’re saying, nor while unclean—except when travelling—until you have bathed. If you are ill, on a journey, have relieved yourselves, or have been intimate with women, and can’t find water, find clean sand and wipe your faces and hands with it. God is Ever-Pardoning, Most Forgiving.
4:44  Haven’t you seen those who were given a portion of the Scripture, who buy deviation and want you to lose the way?
4:45  But God is better aware of your enemies, and God is a sufficient protector, and God is a sufficient helper.
4:46  Among those who are Jewish, some distort words out of their contexts and say, “We hear and disobey,” and “Hear, but don’t listen,” and “Ra’ina,” twisting their tongues and defaming the religion. If they had said, “We hear and we obey,” and “Listen,” and “Unzurna,” it would’ve been better for them and more upright. But God has cursed them for their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few.
4:47  O you who were given the Scripture, believe in what We’ve revealed, confirming what’s already with you, before We obliterate faces and turn them backward or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers. God’s command is always executed.
4:48  God doesn’t forgive the association with Him, but He forgives anything less than that to whom He wills. Whoever associates partners with God has devised a grave sin.
4:49  Did you see those who claim purity for themselves? Instead, God purifies whom He wills, and they won’t be wronged even by the width of a thread.
4:50  See how they invent lies against God. That in itself is a clear sin.
4:51  Did you notice those who were given a portion of the Scripture? They believe in superstition and oppressive powers, even saying to the disbelievers, “These are better guided on the path than the believers.”
4:52  They are the ones whom God has cursed. Whomever God curses—you won’t find a helper for him.
4:53  Do they own a share of the sovereignty? If so, they wouldn’t give others even a speck.
4:54  Or do they envy people for what God has granted them from His bounty? We gave the family of Abraham the Scripture, wisdom, and a grand kingdom.
4:55  Some of them believed in it, while others held back from it. Hell is a sufficient inferno.
4:56  Those who disbelieve in Our verses, We will scorch them in a Fire. Every time their skins are roasted through, We substitute them with new skins so they may taste the punishment. Indeed, God is ever Exalted in Might and Wise.
4:57  As for those who believe and do righteous deeds—We will admit them into gardens through which rivers flow, where they will abide forever. There, they will have purified spouses, and We will admit them into abundant shade.
4:58  God instructs you to return trusts to their rightful owners, and when you judge between people, judge with fairness. God’s instructions to you are excellent. God is All-Hearing, All-Seeing.
4:59  O you who believe, obey God, the Messenger, and those of authority among you. If you disagree on something, refer it to God and the Messenger if you truly believe in God and the Last Day. This is the best way and will result in the best outcome.
4:60  Did you notice those who claim to believe in what was revealed to you, and in what was revealed before you, yet they seek judgment from oppressive sources of law? Satan aims to lead them far astray.
4:61  When it is said to them, “Come to what God revealed, and to the Messenger,” you see the hypocrites turning away from you completely.
4:62  How about when a disaster strikes them because of what they’ve done? Then they come to you, swearing by God, “We intended nothing but goodwill and conciliation.”
4:63  Those are the ones whom God knows what’s in their hearts. So, turn away from them, admonish them, and speak to them profound words.
4:64  We sent no messenger except to be obeyed by God’s permission. If they, after wronging themselves, had come to you, sought God’s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked for their forgiveness, they would have found God Accepting of repentance, Most Merciful.
4:65  But no, by your Lord, they won’t believe until they seek your arbitration in their disputes, then find no resistance within themselves to your decisions and fully submit themselves.
4:66  Had We commanded them, “Lay down your lives,” or “Abandon your homes,” only a few would have complied. If they had done what they were advised, it would’ve been better for them and strengthened their conviction.
4:67  Then We would’ve rewarded them from Our presence generously.
4:68  And We would’ve guided them to a straight path.
4:69  Whoever obeys God and the Messenger will be among those whom God has blessed: the prophets, the truthful, the martyrs, and the righteous. What excellent companions they are!
4:70  This is the grace from God, and sufficient is God as the All-Knowing.
4:71  O you who believe, take your precautions and advance in units or advance altogether.
4:72  Among you, is he who hesitates. If a disaster strikes you, he would say, “God has favored me, for I wasn’t martyred with them.”
4:73  Yet, should a bounty from God come your way, he would grieve, as if there had been no affection between you and him, saying, “I wish I had been with them, so I could have achieved a great victory.”
4:74  Therefore, let those who trade this worldly life for the Hereafter fight in God’s path. Whoever fights in God’s path, whether he is slain or victorious, We will grant him a great reward.
4:75  Why shouldn’t you fight in God’s path, when helpless men, women, and children implore, “Our Lord, take us out from this city of oppressive people, and appoint for us from You a protector and appoint for us from You a helper.”?
4:76  Those who believe fight in the cause of God, while those who disbelieve fight in the cause of tyranny. So, fight against Satan’s allies; surely, Satan’s strategies are weak.
4:77  Didn’t you see those who were told, “Hold back your hands, establish prayer, and give in charity”? Yet, when fighting was prescribed for them, a group among them feared people as they should fear God, or even more so. They said, “Our Lord, why did You decree fighting upon us? Couldn’t You have postponed it for us for a little while?” Say, “The enjoyment of this world is fleeting, but the Hereafter is better for the righteous, and you won’t be wronged in the slightest.”
4:78  Wherever you may be, death will overtake you, even if you are in fortified towers. If they receive good, they say, “This is from God,” but if misfortune strikes them, they say, “This is from you.” Say, “All is from God.” What is wrong with these people, they hardly understand any statement?
4:79  Whatever good befalls you is from God, and whatever ill befalls you is from yourself. We sent you as a messenger to the people, and God is sufficient as a witness.
4:80  Whoever obeys the Messenger has obeyed God. As for those who turn away, We didn’t send you as their overseer.
4:81  They profess obedience. But when they leave your presence, a group among them plans during the night something contrary to what you say. God writes down what they plan by night. So, turn away from them, and put your trust in God. God is sufficient as a Trustee.
4:82  Why don’t they contemplate the Quran? Had it been from any other than God, they would’ve found much discrepancy in it.
4:83  When news of security or fear reaches them, they broadcast it. But if they had referred it to the Messenger and those of authority among them, those who can draw correct conclusions would’ve understood it. Were it not for God’s grace and mercy upon you, you would’ve followed Satan, save a few.
4:84  So, fight in the path of God—you are accountable only for yourself—and rouse the believers. Perhaps God will restrain the might of the unbelievers. God is the strongest in enforcing punishment and the most severe in assault.
4:85  Whoever intercedes for good will have a share therein, and whoever intercedes for evil will bear a part of its burden. God oversees everything.
4:86  When you are greeted, respond with a better greeting, or return it. God takes account of everything.
4:87  God—there is no deity but Him. He will gather you on Resurrection Day, about which there is no doubt. And who is more truthful than God in speech?
4:88  Why are you divided over the hypocrites, when God Himself cast them off due to their deeds? Do you seek to guide those whom God has led astray? For those whom God misguides, you will find no way for them.
4:89  They wish you to disbelieve as they disbelieve, so you become equal. So, take not from among them allies until they emigrate in God’s path. If they turn away, capture and execute them wherever you find them; and take no ally or helper from among them.
4:90  Except for those who take refuge with a people with whom you have a treaty, or those who come to you, their hearts unwilling to fight you or their people. Had God willed, He could’ve given them power over you, and they would’ve fought you. But if they withdraw from you, don’t fight you, and offer you peace, God gives you no grounds against them.
4:91  You will find others who seek safety from you and their people. Yet, whenever they are returned to temptation, they fall into it. If they don’t withdraw from you, offer you peace, and restrain their hands, seize and kill them wherever you find them. Against these, We have given you clear authority.
4:92  It’s not for a believer to kill a believer, except by mistake. Whoever kills a believer accidentally, the compensation is to free a believing captive and pay compensation to his family, unless they remit it as a charity. If he belonged to a people hostile to you, yet was a believer, the atonement is to free a believing captive. If he belonged to a people with whom you have a treaty, compensation must be paid to his family, and a believing captive must be freed. If one lacks the means, fasting for two consecutive months—is a penance from God. God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
4:93  But whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, where he will abide eternally. God’s wrath is upon him. He has cursed him and prepared for him a tremendous punishment.
4:94  O you who believe, when you set out in the cause of God, be discerning. And don’t say to one who greets you with peace, “You are not a believer,” pursuing the perishable goods of worldly life. You were like them before, until God bestowed His favor upon you. So, be discerning; God is always aware of what you do.
4:95  Those believers who sit idle, other than those with a disability, aren’t on par with those who strive in God’s path with their wealth and lives. God has given preference to the strivers with their wealth and lives over the inactive. Yet, to both, God promises good. However, God favors the strivers over the inactive, with a distinguished reward.
4:96  Degrees of rank from Him, forgiveness, and mercy. God is always Forgiving and Merciful.
4:97  The angels will take the souls of those who died wronging themselves saying, “What was your condition?” They will reply, “We were oppressed in the land.” They will then say, “Wasn’t God’s earth vast enough for you to emigrate?” For such individuals, their dwelling will be Hell—a terrible destination.
4:98  Except for the oppressed among men, women, and children, who can’t devise a plan nor find a way.
4:99  For these individuals, God may extend His forgiveness. God is Pardoning and Forgiving.
4:100  Whoever emigrates for God’s cause will find many places of refuge and abundance on earth. Whoever leaves his home, migrating towards God and His Messenger, and then death overtakes him—God assures his reward. God is ever Forgiving, Most Merciful.
4:101  While traveling through the land, you are not at fault for shortening your prayers, particularly if you fear an attack from the unbelievers. The unbelievers are your clear adversaries.
4:102  When you’re among them, leading them in prayer, let a group of them stand with you, armed. After they’ve prostrated, they should withdraw, allowing another group that has not yet prayed to come forward and pray with you. They should remain vigilant and keep their weapons ready. Those who disbelieve wish that you would neglect your weapons and your baggage, so they can launch a surprise attack. If rain or illness prevents you, there’s no blame upon you for setting aside your weapons. However, remain cautious. God has prepared a humiliating punishment for the unbelievers.
4:103  Once the prayer is concluded, remember God while standing, sitting, or lying on your sides. When you are secure, establish the prayer. Prayer is a mandatory obligation for believers at prescribed times.
4:104  Don’t weaken in pursuit of the enemy. If you are suffering, they, too, are suffering. And you expect from God what they don’t expect. God is Knowing and Wise.
4:105  We revealed the Scripture to you in truth, so that you may judge between people as directed by God. Don’t be an advocate for the treacherous.
4:106  Seek forgiveness from God, for God is ever Forgiving, Most Merciful.
4:107  And don’t argue for those who deceive themselves. God doesn’t love the deceitful sinner.
4:108  They hide from people, but they can’t hide from God. He is with them when they plan at night with words He disapproves of. God encompasses all their actions.
4:109  Here you are, arguing on their behalf in this life, but who will argue on their behalf before God on Resurrection Day, or who will be their advocate?
4:110  Whoever commits a sin or wrongs himself, and then seeks God’s forgiveness, will find God to be Forgiving and Merciful.
4:111  Whoever earns a wrong earns it against himself. God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
4:112  Whoever commits wrongdoing or a sin, and then blames an innocent person, has burdened himself with deceit and blatant sin.
4:113  If it wasn’t for God’s grace and mercy, a group from among them would’ve attempted to mislead you. However, they only mislead themselves. And they can’t harm you in the least. God revealed the Scripture and wisdom to you, and He taught you what you didn’t know. God’s grace upon you is immense.
4:114  No good comes from much of their private conversations, except those who enjoy charity, kindness, or reconciliation among people. Whosoever does this seeking God’s approval, We will grant him a great reward.
4:115  Whoever opposes the Messenger, after the guidance has been made clear to him, and follows a path other than that of the believers, We will leave him in the direction he has chosen and consign him to Hell—a dreadful destination.
4:116  God doesn’t forgive the association of partners with Him, but He forgives anything less than that to whomever He wills. Whoever associates partners with God has strayed far off course.
4:117  They invoke, in His stead, only female deities. They invoke none other than a defiant devil.
4:118  God cursed him. He said, “I will take a portion of Your servants.”
4:119  “I will mislead them, I will entice them, I will command them to slit the ears of cattle, I will command them and they will change the creation of God.” Whoever takes Satan as a friend instead of God has suffered an evident loss.
4:120  Satan makes promises to them and arouses desires in them. But Satan promises them nothing but deceit.
4:121  Their abode will be Hell, and they will find no refuge from it.
4:122  However, those who believe and do righteous deeds, We will admit them into gardens through which rivers flow, where they will reside forever. This is God’s true promise, and who is truer in speech than God?
4:123  It’s not according to your wishful thinking, nor the wishful thinking of the People of the Bible. Whoever does mischief will be recompensed for it, and he will find no protector or helper against God.
4:124  And whoever works righteousness, male or female, and is a believer—these will enter Paradise, and they won’t be wronged even as much as a speck.
4:125  Who is better in religion than one who surrenders his whole being to God, acts virtuously, and follows the monotheistic creed of Abraham? God chose Abraham as a cherished friend.
4:126  Everything within the heavens and the earth belongs to God, and God encompasses all things.
4:127  They ask you for a legal ruling concerning women. Say, “God gives you a legal ruling about them, as well as what was communicated to you in the Scripture concerning orphan girls whom you deny what’s prescribed for them and yet you wish to marry, and concerning the vulnerable among children. You are urged to treat orphans with fairness.” Whatever good you do, God is fully aware of it.
4:128  If a woman fears ill-treatment or estrangement from her husband, there is no fault in them if they reconcile. Reconciliation is always preferable, yet human nature gravitates towards selfishness. If you behave with righteousness and reverence, God is Ever-Aware of what you do.
4:129  You will never be able to treat women with perfect fairness, no matter how sincere your intentions. Therefore, don’t incline excessively towards one and leave the other hanging. And if you act righteously and practice pietys—God is ever Forgiving, Most Merciful.
4:130  If they do separate, God will suffice each from His bounty. God is All-Encompassing, All-Wise.
4:131  Everything in the heavens and on earth belongs to God. We’ve instructed those who were given the Scripture before you, and also you, to fear God. If you disbelieve, know that everything in the heavens and on earth belongs to God. God is Independent and Praiseworthy.
4:132  Everything in the heavens and on earth is God’s, and God is enough to rely upon.
4:133  If He wills, He can eliminate you, O people, and bring about others. God has the power to do this.
4:134  Whoever seeks the rewards of this world—with God is the reward of this world and the Hereafter. God is All-Hearing, All-Seeing.
4:135  O you who believe, stand firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even if against yourselves, or your parents, or your relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, God is more worthy of both. So, don’t follow personal inclination to avoid justice. If you distort or refuse—God is fully aware of what you do.
4:136  O you who believe, believe in God and His Messenger, and the Scripture He revealed to His Messenger, and the Scripture He revealed before. Whoever denies God, His angels, His Scriptures, His messengers, and the Last Day, has strayed far away.
4:137  Those who believe, then disbelieve, then believe, then disbelieve and increase in disbelief—God will neither forgive them nor guide them on any path.
4:138  Give news to the hypocrites that they will have a painful torment.
4:139  Do those who make allies of unbelievers over believers seek honor and strength through them? All glory and power belong to God alone.
4:140  He revealed to you in the Scripture that when you hear God’s verses being denied and ridiculed, don’t sit with them until they change the topic, lest you become like them. God will gather the hypocrites and the unbelievers in Hell, all together.
4:141  Those who eagerly await your downfall: when God’s victory is granted to you, they question, “Were we not with you?” Yet, if the unbelievers have a moment of success, they ask, “Didn’t we stand by your side and protect you from the believers?” On the Day of Resurrection, God will judge between you. God won’t allow the unbelievers to triumph over the believers.
4:142  The hypocrites seek to deceive God, but He causes them to be deceived. When they rise for prayer, they do so lethargically, merely to be seen by others, and they barely remember God.
4:143  They are indecisive, neither with these nor with those. You will find no path for those whom God leads astray.
4:144  O you who believe, don’t favor unbelievers over believers. Do you wish to provide God with clear evidence against yourselves?
4:145  The hypocrites will occupy the lowest depths of the Fire, and you will find no one to help them.
4:146  Except for those who repent, reform their ways, firmly adhere, and sincerely dedicate their faith to God. These will be among the believers, and God will grant the believers a magnificent reward.
4:147  What would God do with your punishment if you are grateful and believe? And ever is God Appreciative and Knowing.
4:148  God doesn’t approve of negative talk in public, except when someone has been wronged. God is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
4:149  Whether you publicly declare a good deed or hide it, or pardon an evil act—God is Pardoner and Competent.
4:150  Those who disbelieve in God and His messengers and seek to make a distinction between God and His messengers, saying, “We believe in some and disbelieve in others,” and aim to tread a middle path.
4:151  These are the true disbelievers, and We prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.
4:152  But those who believe in God and His messengers, and make no distinction between any of them, to them, We will grant their rewards. God is Forgiving and Merciful.
4:153  The People of the Scripture demand that you send down upon them a book from the heavens. They demanded even more of Moses, saying, “Show us God visibly.” A thunderbolt struck them for their audacity. Then, they worshiped the calf even after clear signs had come to them. Still, We forgave them. Furthermore, We granted Moses evident authority.
4:154  We held the mountain over them as a testament to their covenant, and We commanded them, “Enter the gate humbly.” We also commanded: “Violate not the Sabbath”, and We took a solemn pledge from them.
4:155  Yet, they broke their pledge, denied God’s revelations, unjustly killed the prophets, and said, “Our hearts are sealed.” God sealed them due to their disbelief, so they believe only a little.
4:156  They disbelieved and slandered Mary with a tremendous slander.
4:157  And they declared, “We killed the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, the Messenger of God.” Yet, in reality, they neither killed nor crucified him—but it was made to appear to them so. Those who argue this are full of doubts, lacking any definitive knowledge, and relying solely on conjecture. Certainly, they didn’t kill him.
4:158  Rather, God raised him up to Himself. God is Mighty and Wise.
4:159  There are none of the People of the Scripture but must believe in him before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection, he will bear witness against them.
4:160  For the wrongdoings of the Jews and their frequent straying from God’s path, We prohibited them from certain good things that were previously allowed.
4:161  And their taking up of usury while they were prohibited from it, and unjustly consuming people’s wealth. We prepared a severe punishment for those who persist in disbelief.
4:162  However, those among them deeply rooted in knowledge, and the believers, believe in what was revealed to you and what was revealed before you. Those who perform prayers, give charity and believe in God and the Last Day—upon them, We will bestow a great reward.
4:163  We revealed to you as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him. We also revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the Tribes, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon. And to David, We gave the Psalms.
4:164  We’ve told you the stories of some messengers, while of others, We haven’t. God spoke directly to Moses.
4:165  Messengers as bearers of good news and warning, so that people would have no excuse before God after the messengers. God is All-Powerful, All-Wise.
4:166  God Himself bears witness to what He revealed to you. He revealed it with His knowledge, and the angels also bear witness. Yet, God is sufficient as a Witness.
4:167  Those who disbelieve and hinder others from God’s path have gone far astray.
4:168  For those who disbelieve and commit injustice, God will neither forgive nor guide them onto any path.
4:169  Except the path to Hell, where they will dwell forever. This is easy for God.
4:170  O people, the Messenger has brought you the truth from your Lord. So believe, it is better for you. If you disbelieve—to God belongs everything in the heavens and the earth. God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
4:171  O People of the Bible, don’t exaggerate in your religion, and say only the truth about God. Jesus Christ, the son of Mary, is the Messenger of God, His Word bestowed upon Mary, and a spirit of Him. So believe in God and His messengers, and don’t say, “Trinity.” Cease—it is better for you. God is but One God. Exalted is He—He is far above having a son. To Him belongs all that’s in the heavens and on earth, and God is enough as a Trustee.
4:172  The Messiah would never disdain to be a servant of God, nor would the closest angels. Whosoever is disdainful of his worship and is arrogant, He will gather them all to Himself.
4:173  Those who believe and perform righteous deeds—He will reward them in full and give them more from His grace. But as for those who disdain His worship and behave arrogantly, He will punish them with a grievous punishment, and they won’t find for themselves any protector or helper apart from God.
4:174  O people, clear proof has come to you from you Lord, and We sent down to you a clear light.
4:175  Those who believe in God and cling to Him, He will admit them into His mercy and favor, and He will guide them towards Himself on a Straight Path.
4:176  They seek a verdict from you. Say, “God gives you a verdict concerning those without direct heirs. If a man dies childless and has a sister, she inherits half of what he left behind. If she dies childless, he inherits from her. If there are two sisters, they receive two-thirds of what he left behind. If there are brothers and sisters, the male gets the share of two females.” God makes this clear for you, lest you go astray. God is fully aware of everything.