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Muhammad Asad
AND WHEN you go forth [to war] on earth, you will incur no sin by shortening your prayers if you have reason to fear that those who are bent on denying the truth might suddenly fall upon you: for, verily, those who deny the truth are your open foes
The Clear Quran, Dr. Mustafa Khattab
When you travel through the land, it is permissible for you to shorten the prayer—˹especially˺ if you fear an attack by the disbelievers. Indeed, the disbelievers are your sworn enemies.
Safi Kaskas
When you believers are travelling, you will not be blamed for shortening your prayers if you fear that the unbelievers may harm you. They are your sworn enemies.

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Source Arabic and Literal tools
Arabic
وَإِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَقْصُرُوا مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ إِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَن يَفْتِنَكُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنَّ الْكَافِرِينَ كَانُوا لَكُمْ عَدُوًّا مُّبِينً
Transliteration
Wa-itha darabtum fee al-ardi falaysa AAalaykum junahun an taqsuroo mina alssalati in khiftum an yaftinakumu allatheena kafaroo inna alkafireena kanoo lakum AAaduwwan mubeenan
Transliteration-2
wa-idhā ḍarabtum fī l-arḍi falaysa ʿalaykum junāḥun an taqṣurū mina l-ṣalati in khif'tum an yaftinakumu alladhīna kafarū inna l-kāfirīna kānū lakum ʿaduwwan mubīna
Word for Word
Dr. Shehnaz Shaikh, Ms. Kauser Katri, and more
And when you travel in the earth then not upon you (is) any blame that you shorten [of] the prayer if you fear that (may) harm you those who disbelieved. Indeed, the disbelievers are for you an enemy open.

Generally Accepted Translations of the Meaning
Muhammad Asad
AND WHEN you go forth [to war] on earth, you will incur no sin by shortening your prayers if you have reason to fear that those who are bent on denying the truth might suddenly fall upon you: for, verily, those who deny the truth are your open foes
M. M. Pickthall
And when ye go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your) worship if ye fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. In truth the disbelievers are an open enemy to you
Yusuf Ali (Saudi Rev. 1985)
When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers May attack you: For the Unbelievers are unto you open enemies
The Clear Quran, Dr. Mustafa Khattab
When you travel through the land, it is permissible for you to shorten the prayer—˹especially˺ if you fear an attack by the disbelievers. Indeed, the disbelievers are your sworn enemies.
Safi Kaskas
When you believers are travelling, you will not be blamed for shortening your prayers if you fear that the unbelievers may harm you. They are your sworn enemies.
Wahiduddin Khan
When you [believers] are travelling in the land, you will not be blamed for shortening your prayers, if you fear the disbelievers may harm you. They are your avowed enemies
Shakir
And when you journey in the earth, there is no blame on you if you shorten the prayer, if you fear that those who disbelieve will cause you distress, surely the unbelievers are your open enemy
Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar
And when you traveled on the earth, there is no blame on you if you shorten the formal prayer if you feared that you would be persecuted by those who were ungrateful. The ones who are ungrateful, they had been for you a clear enemy.
T.B.Irving
It will not be held against you when you travel out into the world should you shorten prayer, if you fear those who disbelieve may harass you. Disbelievers are open enemies of yours.
Abdul Hye
When you travel in the earth, there is no sin on you to shorten your prayer if you fear that those who have disbelieved will harm you. Surely, the disbelievers are for you open enemies.
The Study Quran
When you travel upon the earth, there is no blame upon you for shortening your prayers if you fear that the disbelievers may attack you; verily the disbelievers are your manifest enemy
Dr. Kamal Omar
And when you moved on the earth (i.e., either you are on a journey, or you are in encounter with your enemy), then (there is) no blame on you that you may shorten or reduce from Prayer. If (and when) you (O Muslims) did apprehend that those who have disbelieved may put you to test (by disturbing you or attachead of state you in a surprise attack, since) definitely, the disbelievers are to you an evident enemy —
Farook Malik
When you travel in the earth, there is no blame on you if you shorten your prayers, especially when you fear that the unbelievers may attack you, since the unbelievers are your open enemies
Talal A. Itani (new translation)
When you travel in the land, there is no blame on you for shortening the prayers, if you fear that the disbelievers may harm you. The disbelievers are your manifest enemies
Muhammad Mahmoud Ghali
And when you strike in the earth, (i.e., journey in the earth) then there is no fault in you that you shorten the prayer in case you fear that the ones who have disbelieved may make an attempt on you; (Literally) surely the disbelievers have been for you an evident enemy
Muhammad Sarwar
When you are on a journey, it is no sin to shorten your prayers if you are afraid of the mischief of the unbelievers. The unbelievers have always been your sworn enemie
Muhammad Taqi Usmani
When you travel on the earth, there is no sin on you in shortening your Salah, if you fear that the disbelievers would put you in trouble. Surely, the disbelievers are an open enemy for you
Shabbir Ahmed
When you are traveling through the earth, there is no blame on you if you shorten the congregations of prayers, if you fear that the rejecters of the Truth may attack you. Verily, the rejecters are an open enemy to you
Dr. Munir Munshey
You incur no sin, if you shorten ´the salat´ while traveling through the land, for fear of an attack by the unbelievers. Indeed, the unbelievers are your professed enemies
Syed Vickar Ahamed
And when you travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if you shorten your prayers, for fear the disbelievers may put you in trial (attack you): Surely, the disbelievers are open enemies to you
Umm Muhammad (Sahih International)
And when you travel throughout the land, there is no blame upon you for shortening the prayer, [especially] if you fear that those who disbelieve may disrupt [or attack] you. Indeed, the disbelievers are ever to you a clear enemy
[The Monotheist Group] (2011 Edition)
And if you are on the offensive in the land, then there is no harm that you shorten the contact-method, if you fear that the disbelievers will try you. The disbelievers are to you a clear enemy
Abdel Haleem
When you [believers] are travelling in the land, you will not be blamed for shortening your prayers, if you fear the disbelievers may harm you: they are your sworn enemies
Abdul Majid Daryabadi
And when ye are journeying in the earth there shall be no fault in you that ye shorten the prayer if ye fear that those who disbelieve shall molest you, verily the infidels are ever unto you an avowed enemy
Ahmed Ali
When you travel in the land there is no sin if you curtail your service of prayer if you fear the unbelievers may harass you, for indeed your open enemies are the infidels
Aisha Bewley
When you are travelling in the land, there is nothing wrong in your shortening your salat if you fear that those who are kafir may harass you. The kuffar are your clear-cut enemies.
Ali Ünal
(O believers!) When you go forth on the earth, there is no blame on you that you shorten the (Prescribed) Prayers, if you fear that those who disbelieve might cause you harm (by attacking you). Assuredly, the unbelievers are a manifest enemy to you
Ali Quli Qara'i
When you journey in the land, there is no sin upon you in shortening the prayers, if you fear that the faithless may trouble you; indeed the faithless are your manifest enemies
Hamid S. Aziz
And when you travel about in the earth, it is no crime to you that you shorten your prayer for fear that unbelievers will set upon you. Verily, the unbelievers are your obvious foes
Ali Bakhtiari Nejad
When you travel throughout the earth there is no blame on you if you shorten your mandatory prayer if you are afraid that those who disbelieved may harm you. Indeed the disbelievers are your obvious enemy
A.L. Bilal Muhammad et al (2018)
When you travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if you shorten your prayers, for fear the unbelievers may attack you. For the unbelievers are to you open enemies
Musharraf Hussain
When you are travelling in the land, you can shorten the prayer without feeling guilty, if you fear being attacked by the disbelievers; the disbelievers are your open enemies
Maududi
When you go forth journeying in the land, there is no blame on you if you shorten the Prayer, (especially) if you fear that the unbelievers might cause you harm. Surely the unbelievers are your open enemies
[The Monotheist Group] (2013 Edition)
And if you go forth in the land, then there is no harm that you shorten from the contact prayer, if you fear that the rejecters will try you. The rejecters are to you a clear enemy.
Mohammad Shafi
And when you are on a journey on the earth, no sin upon you if you shorten the prayer out of fear that those who suppress the truth may cause you mischief. Indeed, the suppressors of truth are your open enemy

Controversial or status undetermined works
Ahmed Raza Khan (Barelvi)
And when you journey in the land, there is no sin of you that you offer your some prayer by shortening it, if you fear that the infidels will afflict you. Undoubtedly, the infidels are your open enemies.
Rashad Khalifa
When you travel, during war, you commit no error by shortening your Contact Prayers (Salat), if you fear that the disbelievers may attack you. Surely, the disbelievers are your ardent enemies.
Hasan Al-Fatih Qaribullah
And when you are journeying in the land, there is no fault in you that you shorten the prayer if you fear that those who disbelieve will afflict you. Indeed, the unbelievers are a clear enemy for you
Maulana Muhammad Ali
And when you journey in the earth, there is no blame on you if you shorten the prayer, if you fear that those who disbelieve will give you trouble. Surely the disbelievers are an open enemy to you
Muhammad Ahmed - Samira
And if you (P) moved in the Earth/land, so offense/guilt is not on you, that you shorten/reduce from the prayers if you feared that those who disbelieved betray/torture you , that the disbelievers are/were to you an evident, an enemy. (NOTE: THE CONDITION FOR REDUCTION OR SHORTENING OF PRAYERS DURING TRAVEL IN THE PRECEDING VERSE
Bijan Moeinian
When you travel [either migrating or setting forth towards a military campaign], you may shorten your daily prayers, if you fear that your enemies may [take advantage of your devotion to worship the Lord and] attack you. Beware [and take all necessary precaution;] the disbelievers are your most vicious enemies
Faridul Haque
And when you travel in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail some of your obligatory prayers; if you fear that disbelievers may cause you harm; undoubtedly the disbelievers are open enemies to you
Sher Ali
And when you journey in the land, it shall be no blame on you if you shorten the Prayer, if you fear that those who disbelieve will cause you trouble. Verily the disbelievers are an open enemy to you
Dr. Mohammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
And when you travel in the land, there will be no sin on you if you shorten the Prayer (i.e., offer two instead of four mandatory cycles), if you fear that the disbelievers are likely to afflict you with distress. Assuredly, the disbelievers are your open enemies
Amatul Rahman Omar
And when you are journeying in the land there is no blame on you that you shorten the Prayer, if you fear that those who disbelieve may give you trouble. Verily, the disbelievers are your open enemies
Muhsin Khan & Muhammad al-Hilali
And when you (Muslims) travel in the land, there is no sin on you if you shorten your Salat (prayer) if you fear that the disbelievers may attack you, verily, the disbelievers are ever unto you open enemies

Non-Muslim and/or Orientalist works
Arthur John Arberry
And when you are journeying in the land there is no fault in you that you shorten the prayer, if you fear the unbelievers may afflict you; the unbelievers are for you a manifest foe
George Sale
When ye march to war in the earth, it shall be no crime in you if ye shorten your prayers, in case ye fear the infidels may attack you; for the infidels are your open enemy
Edward Henry Palmer
And when ye knock about in the earth, it is no crime to you that ye come short in prayer, if ye fear that those who disbelieve will set upon you; verily, the misbelievers are your obvious foes
John Medows Rodwell
And when ye go forth to war in the land, it shall be no crime in you to cut short your prayers, if ye fear lest the infidels come upon you; Verily, the infidels are your undoubted enemies
N J Dawood (2014)
It is no offence for you to shorten your prayers when travelling the road if you fear that the unbelievers may attack you. The unbelievers are your veritable foe

New, Partial, or In Progress Translations
Linda “iLHam” Barto
When you travel across the land, it is not wrong for you to shorten the ritual prayer if you are afraid that the unbelievers will assault you. Truly, the unbelievers are your sworn enemies.
Sayyid Qutb
When you go forth on earth, you will incur no sin by shortening your prayers, if you have reason to fear that the unbelievers may cause you affliction. Truly, the unbelievers are your sworn enemies.
Ahmed Hulusi
And when you are traveling throughout the land, there is no harm in shortening your salat (prayers) if you fear the deniers of the reality may harm you. Indeed, those deniers or concealers of the reality are clear enemies to you.
Sayyed Abbas Sadr-Ameli
And when you are journeying in the land, it is not sin for you that you shorten the prayer, if you fear that those who disbelieve afflict you. Verily, the infidels are your manifest enemy.
Al-muntakhab fi tafsir al-Qur'an al-Karim
And if you journey into a foreign land, be it in the cause of Allah or for any other purpose, you incur no guilt if you should shorten your prayer (one time kneeling, twice prostrating performed twice instead of three or four times), that is if you fear you might be exposed to a willfully inflicted injury by those who are an open enemy of the faith. Therefore, be cautious; the infidels are indeed your avowed enemy
Mir Aneesuddin
And when you go striking in the earth, then there is no sin on you if you shorten (something) from the worship (salat), if you fear that those who do not believe will persecute you. The infidels are certainly your n enemies.

Obsolete and/or older editions
Yusuf Ali (Orig. 1938)
When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers May attack you: For the Unbelievers are unto you open enemies
OLD Literal Word for Word
And when you travel in the earth then not upon you (is) any blame that you shorten [of] the prayer if you fear that (may) harm you those who disbelieved. Indeed, the disbelievers are for you an enemy open