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Alif, Lam, Ra. (Only Allah and the Messenger [blessings and peace be upon him] know the real meaning. This) is (that) Book whose Verses are firmly founded; then they have been explained in detail by (the Lord) Who is All-Wise, All-Aware
That do not worship anyone but Allah. Verily, I am a Warner from Him (Allah) to you and a Bearer of glad tidings
And that you should seek forgiveness from your Lord, then repent before Him (with true hearts). He will keep you glad and gratified with an excellent provision till an appointed term, and will reward for merit everyone enjoying merit (i.e., He will bestow reward and ranks corresponding to one’s amount of righteous deeds and dedicated services). And if you turn away, then I fear for you the torment of a Mighty Day
You are to return to Allah and He has mighty control over everything
Bear in mind! These (disbelievers) fold up their breasts so that they may hide (the state of their hearts) from Him (Allah). Beware! When they cover (their bodies) with their clothes, (even then) He knows all those matters which they hide and which they lay open. Surely, He knows best (the secrets of) the hearts
And there is no moving creature (living being) on the earth but (that) its sustenance is (a bountiful obligation) upon Allah. And He knows its resting-place and (also) the place where it is to be entrusted. Everything is (recorded) in the enlightening Book (the Protected Tablet [al-Lawh al-Mahfuz])
And He (Allah) is the One Who created the heavens and the earth (the higher and the lower strata of the universe) in six days (i.e., six phases or aeons of creation and evolution). And (before the creation of the earth) His Throne of Authority operated on water, (and from that He brought forth all manifestations of life and created you,) so that He put you to trial to evaluate which of you would be best in action. And if you say: ‘You will be raised after death,’ the disbelievers will certainly say: ‘This is nothing (else) but an obvious magic.
And if We defer their torment for a few fixed days, they will definitely say: ‘What has held it back?’ Beware! The day when that (torment) comes upon them, (then) that will not be averted from them, and that (chastisement) which they used to make fun of will beset them
And if We make man taste mercy from Us, then withdraw it from him (for some reason), he becomes highly disappointed (and) ungrateful
And if We make him taste (some) favour after the suffering that afflicted him, then he is sure to say: ‘Gone are all my troubles.’ Surely, he (becomes) most exultant and boastful
Except for those who remain steadfast and continue doing pious deeds. For them is forgiveness and great reward
How may it be that you omit a portion of what has been revealed to you, and that your (sanctified) breast feels straitened (by the idea that) the disbelievers say: ‘Why has any treasure not been sent down to him (the Messenger [blessings and peace be upon him]), or why has any angel not come with him’? (O Glorious Messenger! That is impossible.) You are but a Warner. (You are neither to tempt someone nor persecute.) And Allah is a Guardian over everything
Do the disbelievers say: ‘The Messenger has fabricated this (Qur’an) himself’? Say: ‘Bring then ten forged Chapters like this, and call (to your help) whom you can except Allah if you are truthful.
(O Muslims!) So, if they do not accept your challenge, then firmly believe that the Qur’an has been revealed with Allah’s knowledge, and that there is no other God but He. So, will you (now) stick to Islam (firm-footed)
Those who lust after the worldly life (only) with its beauty (and embellishment), We pay them back in full for their works here in this world, and their (worldly recompense) is not diminished in the least
They are the people for whom there is no (share) in the Hereafter except the Fire (of Hell). And (as for reward in the Hereafter) all (the works) they did in the world have come to nothing, and (all that) they used to do is null and void (because their account is cleared by paying them in full measure in the life of the world, and nothing remains in their balance for the Hereafter)
He who holds fast to a clear proof from his Lord, and a testimony (the Qur’an) too has come from his Lord for his strength and support, and prior to that the Book of Musa ([Moses], the Torah), a guide and a mercy (too had come)—so, it is they who believe in it (the Qur’an). Can (such a person be equal to) the one who denies (the Qur’an) from amongst (the disbelieving) sects, whilst his abode is the Fire of Hell? So, (O listener,) be not in any doubt about it. Surely, this (Qur’an) is the truth from your Lord, but most people do not believe
And who can be a greater wrongdoer than the one who fabricates a lie against Allah? Such people will be brought before their Lord and the witnesses will say: ‘These are the ones who foisted a lie upon their Lord.’ Know that Allah’s curse is upon the wrongdoers
Those who hinder (others) from the path of Allah and look for crookedness in it. And it is they who deny the Hereafter
They have no capability at all to frustrate (Allah) on earth, nor are there any helpers for them apart from Allah. The torment will be doubled for them (because) they had neither courage to hear (the truth) nor vision to see (it)
It is they who ruined their souls, and the lies they used to invent are (all) gone from them
This is absolutely true that it is certainly they who will be the greatest losers in the Hereafter
Verily, those who believe and persist in pious works and humble themselves before their Lord, it is they who are the people of Paradise. They will live there forever
The example of the two parties (the disbelievers and the believers) is like the blind and the deaf (versus) the seeing and the hearing. Are both cases equal? Will you not take advice (even) then
And surely, We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people. (He said to them:) ‘I am (raised and appointed as) a plain Warner to you
That you worship none but Allah. Indeed, I fear the torment of a grievous day (coming) upon you.
So the disbelieving chiefs and nobles of his people said: ‘You appear to us but a human like ourselves, and we have not seen any (honourable person) following you except the most inferior and lowest of (our society) having superficial opinion (who have become your followers without using discretion). Nor do we find in you any merit and superiority over us (i.e., power and authority, wealth and riches, or the worthy people joining your party, or for that matter, any such prominent feature). Instead, we consider you to be liars.
Nuh (Noah) said: ‘O my people, what is your view: if I stick to a clear proof from my Lord and He has also granted me His (exceptional) mercy from Himself, but that has been veiled from you (like the blind), can we force it upon you coercively whilst you despise it
And, O my people, I do not (also) demand from you any wealth for (promoting and preaching this message). My reward is only (a bountiful obligation) upon Allah. Nor shall I drive away (for your sake) these (poor and backward) people who have accepted faith. (Do not consider them inferior; it is they who are in fact superior and respectable.) Surely, they are those who will be blessed with meeting with their Lord, and truly I find you an ignorant (and insensible) people
And, O my people, if I drive them away, then who will come to my help (to rescue me) from (the wrath of) Allah? Do you not reflect
And I do not say (this) to you: I have treasures of Allah (i.e., I am a wealthy person); nor do I know of the unseen on my own (without Allah’s Revelation). Nor do I say: I am an angel (not a man. My message is not based on charismatic claims). Nor do I say pertaining to those who are inferior in your eyes: Allah will not award them any good at all (that is Allah’s command and everyone’s share). Allah knows best what is in their hearts. (If I were to say that,) surely I shall be amongst the wrongdoers the same moment.
They said: ‘O Nuh (Noah), indeed you have disputed with us and disputed much. So now bring upon us that (torment) which you promise us if you are (really) truthful.
Nuh (Noah) said: ‘Allah alone will bring upon you that (torment) if He so wills and you cannot hinder (Him)
And even if I resolve to counsel you, my counsel (too) will not benefit you if Allah wills to lead you astray. He is your Lord and you will be returned to Him alone.
(O Glorious Messenger!) Do they say: ‘The Messenger has fabricated this (Qur’an) himself’? Say: ‘If I have fabricated it, then I shall have to bear (the resulting torment of) my sin. And I am free of the sin that you are perpetrating.
And it was revealed to Nuh (Noah): ‘None of your people will (now) believe (any more) except those who have (so far) believed. So you should not grieve over their (belying and mocking) activities
And build an Ark before Our Eyes in compliance with Our instructions, and do not converse with Me (about anything) pertaining to the wrongdoers. They will surely be drowned.
And Nuh (Noah) set himself to building the Ark. And whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they would scoff at him. Nuh (Noah) would say (in reply): ‘If you are mocking us (today), we shall also mock you (tomorrow) as you are mocking us
So you will soon learn upon whom the torment comes (in the world) that will humiliate him and (then whom) the eternal torment befalls (in the Hereafter too).
Until when Our command (of torment) came and the oven started gushing (like fountains, then) We said: ‘(O Nuh [Noah],) place aboard the Ark a pair of animals (male and female) of every species, and (take in) your family except those against whom the command (of destruction) has already gone forth, and whoever has believed (also take him with you).’ And, except a few, none had believed with him
Nuh (Noah) said: ‘Get into the Ark; in the Name of Allah will it sail and anchor. Surely, my Lord is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.
And the Ark kept sailing, carrying them through (violent) waves towering like mountains. Then Nuh (Noah) called out to his son, who had separated from him (and was standing with the disbelievers): ‘O my son, get aboard with us and do not stay with the disbelievers.
He said: ‘(Instead of embarking on the Ark) I shall just now take shelter on some mountain. That will save me from the Deluge.’ Nuh (Noah) said: ‘None can save today from Allah’s punishment except someone to whom He (Allah) shows His mercy.’ In the meanwhile, a (violent) wave came between both (father and son). So he was one of the drowned
(And when all were drowned and annihilated except Nuh’s [Noah’s] Ark) it was commanded: ‘O earth, swallow up your water and, O sky, cease pouring.’ And the water was dried and the command was executed and the Ark came to rest on Mount al-Judi and it was said: ‘Far away are the unjust (from mercy)!
And Nuh (Noah) called out to his Lord and submitted: ‘O my Lord, indeed my son (too) was a part of my family, and certainly Your promise is true, and You are the Greatest of all rulers.
(Allah) said: ‘O Nuh (Noah), indeed he is not included in your family because his actions were not righteous. So do not ask Me a question (about matters) of which you have no knowledge. I admonish you lest you should become amongst the unwise.
Nuh (Noah) submitted: ‘O my Lord, I seek refuge with You from asking You that of which I have no knowledge. And if You forgive me not and bestow (not) mercy on me, (then) I shall be of the losers.
He was commanded: ‘O Nuh (Noah), get down (from the Ark) with peace and blessings from Us on you and on the (kingdoms, classes and) species that are with you. And there will (also) be (classes and) species (in the future again) whom We shall provide with (the worldly favours); then a painful torment will come upon them from Us.
This (narration) is of the accounts of the unseen that We reveal to you. Neither you nor your people knew them before this. So observe patience. Surely, it is the Godfearing with whom it ends well
And to the people of ‘Ad (We sent) their (kinship) brother Hud. He said: ‘O my people, worship Allah. You have no God other than Him. You merely invent a lie against Allah (of having a partner)
O my people! I do not demand of you any recompense for this (promotion and preaching of the message). My reward is (a bountiful obligation) upon Him Who has created me. Do you not apply your mind
And, O people, seek forgiveness of your Lord (for your sins), then turn towards Him (with true hearts). He will send upon you copious rain from the sky and will add strength to your strength. So, do not turn away from Him becoming sinners.
They said: ‘O Hud, you have not brought us any clear proof. Neither are we going to forsake our gods at your behest, nor are we to believe in you
We can say nothing except that one of our gods has afflicted you with (mental) disorder.’ Hud said: ‘Indeed, I call Allah to witness, and you too bear witness that I have no concern with those whom you associate as partners with Allah
Except for Him (Allah), join in to hatch (some) plot against me, all of you (including your false gods), then grant me no respite (as well)
Surely, I have put my trust in Allah, Who is my Lord (as well as) your Lord. And there is not a moving (living) creature, but He holds it by its forelock (i.e., is completely in the grip of His mighty control). Surely, my Lord is (found by treading) the straight road (of truth and justice)
If even then you turn away, I have literally brought you (all those commandments) with which I have been sent to you. And my Lord will appoint some other people in your place as your successors, and you can do Him no harm at all. Surely, my Lord is the Protector of everything.
And when Our command (of torment) came to pass, (then) We saved Hud and the believers with him because of Our mercy, and We delivered them from severe punishment
And these are (the people of) ‘Ad who denied the Revelations of their Lord and disobeyed their Messengers and followed the dictates of every oppressive (and arrogant) enemy of the truth
A curse was set to chase them in this world, and (will chase them) on the Day of Resurrection (as well). Bear in mind that (the people of) ‘Ad denied their Lord. Beware! Far away (from mercy) are the ‘Ad, the people of Hud
And (We sent) to (the people of) Thamud their (kinship) brother Salih. He said: ‘O my people, worship Allah. You have no God apart from Him. He is the One Who raised you up from the earth and settled you therein. So, beg His forgiveness and then turn to Him in repentance. Surely, my Lord is Near, Granting prayers.
They said: ‘O Salih, only you have been the centre of hopes amongst our people before this. Are you forbidding us to worship those (idols) which our forefathers used to worship? We are really caught in a disquieting doubt about (the Oneness of Allah) towards which you are calling us.
Salih said: ‘O my people, just think, if I cling to a clear proof from my Lord, and I have been blessed with a (special) mercy from Him, (then after that) if I disobey Him (by holding back His commandments from you), then who can help me escape from (the torment of) Allah? So, you can add to me nothing except inflicting loss
And, O my people, this is a (peculiarly created) she-camel of Allah, (which is) a sign for you. So leave her free to graze in Allah’s earth, and do her no harm lest an imminent torment should seize you.
Then they (hamstrung and) slaughtered her. Salih said: ‘(Now) luxuriate in your abodes (only) for three days. This is a promise which will (never) become untrue.
Then, when Our command (of torment) came to pass, We saved Salih and the believers with him through Our mercy and (also delivered them) from the humiliation of that day. Surely, your Lord alone is Powerful, Sovereign
And a dreadful blast overtook the wrongdoers. So morning found them (dead), lying prone in their homes
As if they had never dwelled there. Remember! (The people of) Thamud denied their Lord. Beware! Far away (from mercy) are (the people of) Thamud
And indeed, Our deputed angels came to Ibrahim (Abraham), bearing glad tidings. They greeted him, saying: ‘Peace (be on you),’ and Ibrahim (Abraham) reciprocated: ‘Peace (be on you).’ Then he did not take any time and brought (them) a roasted calf (out of hospitality)
Then, when (Ibrahim [Abraham]) saw that their hands did not stretch towards that (dish), he took them as strangers and felt a little fear of them in (his) heart. They said: ‘Do not be afraid. We have been sent to the people of Lut (Lot).
And his wife (Sara) who was standing (beside him) laughed. So We conveyed to his (wife) the glad tidings of the birth of Ishaq (Isaac) and beyond Ishaq of Ya‘qub (Jacob)
She said: ‘Amazing! Shall I bear a child whilst I have grown old and my husband (too) is an old man? This is extremely astonishing indeed!
The angels said: ‘Are you wondering at Allah’s command? O people of the house, (showered) upon you are mercy and blessings of Allah. Indeed, He (is) Praiseworthy, Glorious.
So when fear disappeared from Ibrahim (Abraham) and the glad tidings reached him, he disputed (with) Our (angels) about the people of Lut (Lot)
Assuredly, Ibrahim (Abraham) was most forbearing, sobbing and submissive and turning to Us under all circumstances
(The angels said:) ‘O Ibrahim (Abraham), leave off this (matter). Surely, the command of (torment from) your Lord has now come to pass, and the torment is about to seize them which cannot be averted.
And when Our deputed angels visited Lut (Lot), he felt worried on their arrival and on account of them his strength sank and he said: ‘This is a day of great distress.’ (The angels were extremely handsome, and Lut [Lot] was aware of the evil habit of his people, so he was perturbed for fear of possible mischief.
(So, that which he feared took place.) The people of Lut ([Lot], hearing about the arrival of the guests,) came to him running. And they were already addicted to evil-doing. Lut (Lot) said: ‘O my (disobedient) people, here are my (people’s) daughters. They are pure and lawful for you (through marriage). So, fear Allah and do not humiliate me in the presence of my guests (because of your indecency). Is there not amongst you even a single man of upright character?
They said: ‘You know well that we have nothing to do with your (people’s) daughters. And you certainly know what we desire.
Lut (Lot) said: ‘Would that I had the power to resist you, or I could seek shelter (today) in some unassailable fort!
(Thereupon the angels) said: ‘O Lut (Lot), we are the messengers of your Lord. These people shall never be able to get at you. So leave during a part of the night with your family and let not any of you look (back); but (do not take) your wife (with you). The same (torment) that will come upon them is going to reach her (too). Surely, the time appointed for their (torment) is the morning. And is the morning not near?
Then, when Our command (of chastisement) came to pass, We turned the town upside down, and We rained upon it stones and pebbles of baked clay which incessantly teemed down (layer upon layer)
Which were marked by your Lord. And this (torment of stones) is not far away from the wrongdoers (even now)
And We (sent) to (the people of) Madyan their (kinship) brother Shu‘ayb. He said: ‘O my people, worship Allah. You have no God but He. And do not give short measure and weight. Indeed, I see you prosperous, but I fear for you the torment of a day which is about to encompass (you)
And, O my people, give full measure and full weight with justice, and do not give people their things less than their due. And do not spread destruction in the land by becoming mischief-mongers
That which is left over from Allah’s provision (only that) is better for you if you have faith. And I am not a guardian over you.
They said: ‘O Shu‘ayb, does your prayer only command you that we forsake those (gods) which our fathers have been worshipping, or that we refrain from doing with our wealth what we like? Surely, you (alone) must be the most tolerant and guided one!
Shu‘ayb said: ‘O my people, tell me if I adhere to the clear proof from my Lord, and He has also granted me pure and fine means of living from His presence (then why should I not preach the truth)? I (also) do not want that, following you, I myself start doing (against the truth) the same that I am forbidding you. All I desire is to reform (you) as far as I can, and my capability comes only from Allah’s (help). So I have put my trust in Him alone and I turn towards Him alone
And, O my people, let not your enmity and hostility against me incite you (due to which) there comes upon you the (torment) that befell the people of Nuh (Noah), or the people of Hud, or the people of Salih. And (the days of) the people of Lut (Lot) have not passed far before you
And seek forgiveness from your Lord, then turn to Him in repentance (with true hearts). Indeed, my Lord is Ever-Merciful, Most Loving
They said: ‘O Shu‘ayb, we do not understand most of your words, and we know you as a weak person in society. And were it not for your family, we would stone you. (This is what we are conceding for, otherwise) you enjoy no respect in our eyes.
Shu‘ayb said: ‘O my people, is my family more venerable to you than Allah? And you have (as if) cast Him (Allah) behind your backs. Surely, my Lord has encompassed (all) your works
And, O my people, keep working in your place; I am doing my work. Soon will you come to know whom that torment seizes which will humiliate him, and who it is that is a liar. And wait on, and I (too) wait along with you.
And when Our command (of torment) came, We saved Shu‘ayb and the believers with him through Our mercy, but a dreadful blast seized the wrongdoers. So they reached the morning (as dead) lying prostrate in their homes
As if they had never put up there. Listen! (The people of) Madyan are doomed as were doomed (the people of) Thamud
And indeed, We sent Musa (Moses too) with Our signs and a clear proof
To Pharaoh and his chiefs. The chiefs of the people obeyed the command of Pharaoh, although Pharaoh’s command was not right
On the Day of Resurrection, he will lead his people, and will ultimately bring them down into the Fire of Hell. And how evil that place is to be ushered into
And the curse has been made to chase them in this world, and (this will chase them) on the Day of Resurrection (as well). What an evil gift has been bestowed upon them
(O Glorious Messenger!) That is some of the news We are relating to you of (those) towns some of which still exist and (some) were totally annihilated
And We did not wrong them, but they (themselves) wronged their souls. So, their false gods whom they worshipped besides Allah proved to them of no help when the command (of the torment) of your Lord came forth. And those (gods) could add only to their destruction and devastation
And that is how your Lord grips: He seizes the communities when they (become) tyrannous and corrupt. Surely, His grip is agonizing and fierce
Indeed, these (episodes) contain lessons of warning for him who fears the chastisement of the Last Day. This (Day of Rising) is the Day when entire mankind will be gathered together, and it is this Day when all will be made present
And We are not deferring it but for an appointed term (which has already been fixed)
When that Day comes, not a soul will be able to speak without His permission. Then some of them will be unfortunate and others fortunate
So those who will be unfortunate will be (put) into Hell; there they will be given to screaming and wailing
They will abide in it till the heavens and the earth (which will then exist) last except as your Lord wills. Surely, your Lord executes what He wills
And those who will be fortunate will be in Paradise. They will abide in it forever till the heavens and the earth (which will then exist) endure except as your Lord wills. This is a bounty which will never be withdrawn
So, (O listener,) do not have any doubt at all about those which they worship. They do not worship (on the basis of any reason or insight), but they worship only as their ancestors have done contiguously before. And certainly, We will pay them their full share (of torment) which will not be diminished in the least
And indeed, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book. Then differences arose concerning it. And had there not been a decree from your Lord that had gone forth before, the judgment between them would surely have been passed. And they are certainly caught in a disquieting doubt about it (the Qur’an)
Your Lord will doubtlessly pay them in full for their works. He is certainly Well Aware of whatever they are doing
So remain firm-footed as you have been commanded, and he too who has turned (to Allah) in your companionship (must persevere). And, (O people,) do not revolt. Indeed, He monitors whatever you do
And incline not towards those who are engaged in oppression (and exploitation) lest the Fire (of Hell) should touch down at you, and there will be no protector for you apart from Allah; then help (too) will not be extended to you
And establish Prayer at the two ends of the day and in some parts of the night. Surely, good actions erase the evil ones. This is an admonition for those who accept admonition
And be steadfast. Surely, Allah does not let the reward of the pious go to waste
So why were there not amongst the communities, that preceded you, men of superior morality and wisdom, who would stop people from mischief-mongering in the land, except a few of them whom We delivered? And the unjust stuck to (the same path of) luxury and lustfulness they were addicted to. And they were (regular) criminals
And your Lord is not such that He would destroy the towns wrongfully, whilst their dwellers are pious
And had your Lord so willed, He would have made mankind one Umma (Community. But He has not done so by force. On the contrary, He has given free choice to all to adopt a religion.) And (now) these people will always hold divergent views
Except for him on whom your Lord has bestowed His mercy, and that is what He has created them for. And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled: ‘Surely, I will fill Hell with all the (disbelieving) jinn and men.
And We are relating to you all the news of the Messengers whereby We strengthen your (most purified) heart. And in this (Chapter), there has come to you the truth and advice and a lesson of warning (and also a reminder) for the believers
And say to those who do not believe: ‘Work on in your place, and we are doing (what our station demands)
And wait on; we (too) are waiting.
And (all) the unseen of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah alone, and He is the One towards Whom every act is returned. So keep worshipping Him and keep trust in Him alone. And your Lord is not unmindful of the deeds that all of you do
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