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20:1  T.H
20:2  We have not sent down the Koran unto thee, that thou shouldest be unhappy
20:3  but for an admonition unto him who feareth God
20:4  Being sent down from Him who created the earth, and the lofty heavens
20:5  The Merciful sitteth on his throne
20:6  Unto him belongeth whatsoever is in heaven and on earth, and whatsoever is between them, and whatsoever is under the earth
20:7  If thou pronounce thy prayers with a loud voice, know that it is not necessary in respect to God; for he knoweth that which is secret, and what is yet more hidden
20:8  God! There is no god but he: He hath most excellent names
20:9  Hast thou been informed of the history of Moses
20:10  When he saw fire, and said unto his family, tarry ye here; for I perceive fire: Peradventure I may bring you a brand thereout, or may find a direction in our way by the fire
20:11  And when he was come near unto it, a voice called unto him, saying, O Moses
20:12  Verily I am thy Lord: Wherefore put off thy shoes; for thou art in the sacred valley Towa
20:13  And I have chosen thee; therefore hearken with attention unto that which is revealed unto thee
20:14  Verily I am God; there is no god beside me: Wherefore worship me, and perform thy prayer in remembrance of me
20:15  Verily the hour cometh: I will surely manifest the same, that every soul may receive its reward for that which it hath deliberately done
20:16  Let not him who believeth not therein, and who followeth his lust, prevent thee from believing in the same, lest thou perish
20:17  Now what is that in thy right hand O Moses
20:18  He answered, it is my rod whereon I lean, and with which I beat down leaves for my flock; and I have other uses for it
20:19  God said unto him, cast it down, O Moses
20:20  And he cast it down, and behold, it became a serpent, which ran about
20:21  God said, take hold on it, and fear not: We will reduce it to its former condition
20:22  And put thy right hand under thy left arm: It shall come forth white, without any hurt. This shall be another sign
20:23  That we may shew thee some of our greatest signs
20:24  Go unto Pharaoh: For he is exceedingly impious
20:25  Moses answered, Lord, enlarge my breast
20:26  and make what thou hast commanded me easy unto me
20:27  And loose the knot of my tongue
20:28  that they may understand my speech
20:29  And give me a counsellor of my family
20:30  namely, Aaron my brother
20:31  Gird up my loins by him
20:32  and make him my collegue in the business
20:33  That we may praise thee greatly
20:34  and may remember thee often
20:35  for thou regardest us
20:36  God replied, now hast thou obtained thy request, O Moses
20:37  And we have heretofore been gracious unto thee
20:38  another time; when we revealed unto thy mother that which was revealed unto her, saying
20:39  put him into the ark, and cast him into the river, and the river shall throw him on the shore; and my enemy and his enemy shall take him and bring him up; and I bestow on thee love from me, that thou mightest be bred up under my eye
20:40  When thy sister went and said, shall I bring you unto one who will nurse the child? So we returned thee unto thy mother, that her mind might be set at ease, and that she might not be afflicted. And thou slewest a soul, and we delivered thee from trouble; and we proved thee by several trials: And afterwards thou didst dwell some years among the inhabitants of Madian. Then thou camest hither according to our decree, O Moses
20:41  and I have chosen thee for my self
20:42  Wherefore go thou and thy brother with my signs; and be not negligent in remembering me
20:43  Go ye unto Pharaoh, for he is excessively impious
20:44  And speak mildly unto him; peradventure he will consider, or will fear our threats
20:45  They answered, O Lord, verily we fear lest he be precipitately violent against us, or lest he transgress more exorbitantly
20:46  God replied, fear not; for I am with you: I will hear and will see
20:47  Go ye therefore unto him, and say, verily we are the messengers of thy Lord: Wherefore send the children of Israel with us, and do not afflict them. Now are we come unto thee with a sign from thy Lord: And peace be upon him who shall follow the true direction
20:48  Verily it hath been revealed unto us, that a punishment shall be inflicted on him who shall charge us with imposture, and shall turn back. And when they had delivered their message
20:49  Pharaoh said, who is your Lord, O Moses
20:50  He answered, our Lord is he who giveth all things: He hath created them, and directed them by his providence
20:51  Pharaoh said, what therefore is the condition of the former generations
20:52  Moses answered, the knowledge thereof is with my Lord, in the book of his decrees: My Lord erreth not, neither doth he forget
20:53  It is he who hath spread the earth as a bed for you, and hath made you paths therein; and who sendeth down rain from heaven, whereby we cause various kinds of vegetables to spring forth
20:54  saying, eat of part, and feed your cattle with other part thereof. Verily herein are signs unto those who are indued with understanding
20:55  Out of the ground have we created you; and to the same will we cause you to return, and we will bring you forth from thence another time
20:56  And we shewed Pharaoh all our signs which we had empowered Moses to perform: But he accused him of imposture, and refused to believe
20:57  and he said, art thou come unto us that thou mayest dispossess us of our land by thy enchantments, O Moses
20:58  Verily we will meet thee with the like enchantments: Wherefore fix an appointment between us and thee; we will not fail it, neither shalt thou, in an equal place
20:59  Moses answered, let your appointment be on the day of your solemn feast; and let the people be assembled in open day
20:60  And Pharaoh turned away from Moses, and gathered together the most expert magicians, to execute his stratagem; and then came to the appointment
20:61  Moses said unto them, woe be unto you! Do not devise a lie against God, lest he utterly destroy you by some judgment: For he shall not prosper who deviseth lies
20:62  And the magicians disputed concerning their affair among themselves, and discoursed in private
20:63  And they said, these two are certainly magicians: They seek to dispossess you of your land by their sorcery, and to lead away with them your chiefest and most considerable men
20:64  Wherefore collect all your cunning, and then come in order: For he shall prosper this day, who shall be superior
20:65  They said, O Moses, whether wilt thou cast down thy rod first, or shall we be the first who cast down our rods
20:66  He answered, do ye cast down your rods first. And behold, their cords and their rods appeared unto him, by their enchantment, to run about like serpents
20:67  Wherefore Moses conceived fear in his heart
20:68  But we said unto him, fear not; for thou shalt be superior
20:69  Therefore cast down the rod which is in thy right hand; and it shall swallow up the seeming serpents which they have made: For what they have made is only the deceipt of an enchanter; and an enchanter shall not prosper, whithersoever he cometh
20:70  And the magicians, when they saw the miracle which Moses performed, fell down and worshipped, saying, we believe in the Lord of Aaron and of Moses
20:71  Pharaoh said unto them, do ye believe in him before I give you permission? Verily this is your master, who hath taught you magic. But I will surely cut off your hands and your feet on the opposite sides; and I will crucify you on trunks of palm-trees: And ye shall know which of us is more severe in punishing, and can longer protract your pains
20:72  They answered, we will by no means have greater regard unto thee, than unto those evident miracles which have been shewn us, or than unto him who hath created us. Pronounce therefore that sentence against us which thou art about to pronounce: For thou canst only give sentence as to this present life
20:73  Verily we believe on our Lord, that he may forgive us our sins, and the sorcery which thou hast forced us to exercise: For God is better to reward, and more able to prolong punishment than thou
20:74  Verily whosoever shall appear before his Lord on the day of judgment, polluted with crimes, shall have hell for his reward; he shall not die therein, neither shall he live
20:75  But whoever shall appear before him, having been a true believer, and shall have worked righteousness, for these are prepared the highest degrees of happiness
20:76  namely, gardens of perpetual abode, which shall be watered by rivers; they shall remain therein for ever: And this shall be the reward of him who shall be pure
20:77  And we spake by revelation unto Moses, saying, go forth with my servants out of Egypt by night; and smite the waters with thy rod, and make them a dry path through the sea: Be not apprehensive of Pharaoh's overtaking thee; neither be thou afraid
20:78  And when Moses had done so, Pharaoh followed them with his forces; and the waters of the sea which overwhelmed them, overwhelmed them
20:79  And Pharaoh caused his people to err, neither did he direct them aright
20:80  Thus, O children of Israel, we delivered you from your enemy; and we appointed you the right side of mount Sinai to discourse with Moses and to give him the law; and we caused manna and quails to descend upon you
20:81  saying, eat of the good things which we have given you for food; and transgress not therein, lest my indignation fall on you: And on whomsoever my indignation shall fall, he shall go down headlong into perdition
20:82  But I will be gracious unto him who shall repent and believe, and shall do that which is right; and who shall be rightly directed
20:83  What hath caused thee to hasten from thy people, O Moses, to receive the law
20:84  He answered, these follow close on my footsteps; but I have hastened unto thee, O Lord, that thou mightest be well pleased with me
20:85  God said, we have already made a trial of thy people, since thy departure; and al Sameri hath seduced them to idolatry
20:86  Wherefore Moses returned unto his people in great wrath, and exceedingly afflicted. And he said, O my people, had not your Lord promised you a most excellent promise? Did the time of my absence seem long unto you? Or did ye desire that indignation from your Lord should fall on you, and therefore failed to keep the promise which ye made me
20:87  They answered, we have not failed in what we promised thee of our own authority; but we were made to carry in several loads of gold and silver, of the ornaments of the people, and we cast them into the fire; and in like manner al Sameri also cast in what he had collected
20:88  and he produced unto them a corporeal calf, which lowed. And al Sameri and his companions said, this is your god, and the god of Moses; but he hath forgotten him, and is gone to seek some other
20:89  Did they not therefore see that their idol returned them no answer, and was not able to cause them either hurt or profit
20:90  And Aaron had said unto them before, O my people, verily ye are only proved by this calf; for your Lord is the Merciful: Wherefore follow me, and obey my command
20:91  They answered, we will by no means cease to be devoted to its worship, until Moses return unto us
20:92  And when Moses was returned, he said, O Aaron, what hindered thee, when thou sawest that they went astray
20:93  that thou didst not follow me? Hast thou therefore been disobedient to my command
20:94  Aaron answered, O son of my mother, drag me not by my beard, nor by the hair of my head. Verily I feared lest thou shouldest say, thou hast made a division among the children of Israel, and thou hast not observed my saying
20:95  Moses said unto al Sameri, what was thy design, O Sameri
20:96  He answered, I saw that which they saw not; wherefore I took a handful of dust from the footsteps of the messenger of God, and I cast it into the molten calf; for so did my mind direct me
20:97  Moses said, get thee gone; for thy punishment in this life shall be, that thou shalt say unto those who shall meet thee, touch me not; and a threat is denounced against thee of more terrible pains, in the life to come, which thou shalt by no means escape. And behold now thy god, to whose worship thou hast continued assiduously devoted: Verily we will burn it; and we will reduce it to powder, and scatter it in the sea
20:98  Your God is the true God, besides whom there is no other god: He comprehendeth all things by his knowledge
20:99  Thus do we recite unto thee, O Mohammed, relations of what hath passed heretofore; and we have given thee an admonition from us
20:100  He who shall turn aside from it, shall surely carry a load of guilt on the day of resurrection
20:101  They shall continue thereunder for ever; and a grievous burden shall it be unto them on the day of resurrection
20:102  On that day the trumpet shall be sounded; and we will gather the wicked together on that day, having grey eyes
20:103  They shall speak with a low voice to one another, saying, ye have not tarried above ten days
20:104  We well know what they will say; when the most conspicuous among them for behaviour shall say, ye have not tarried above one day
20:105  They will ask thee concerning the mountains: Answer, my Lord will reduce them to dust, and scatter them abroad
20:106  and he will leave them a plain equally extended
20:107  Thou shalt see no part of them higher or lower than another
20:108  On that day mankind shall follow the angel who will call them to judgment, none shall have power to turn aside from him; and their voices shall be low before the Merciful, neither shalt thou hear any more than the hollow sound of their feet
20:109  On that day the intercession of none shall be of advantage unto another, except the intercession of him to whom the Merciful shall grant permission, and who shall be acceptable unto him in what he saith
20:110  God knoweth that which is before them, and that which is behind them; but they comprehend not the same by their knowledge
20:111  And their faces shall be humbled before the living, the self-subsisting God; and he shall be wretched who shall bear his iniquity
20:112  But whosoever shall do good works, being a true believer, shall not fear any injustice, or any diminution of his reward from God
20:113  And thus have we sent down this book, being a Koran in the Arabic tongue; and we have inserted various threats and promises therein, that men may fear God, or that it may awaken some consideration in them
20:114  Wherefore let God be highly exalted, the king, the truth! Be not overhasty in receiving or repeating the Koran, before the revelation thereof be completed unto thee; and say, Lord, increase my knowledge
20:115  We heretofore gave a command unto Adam; but he forgot the same, and ate of the forbidden fruit; and we found not in him a firm resolution
20:116  And remember when we said unto the angels, worship ye Adam; and they worshipped him: But Eblis refused
20:117  And we said, O Adam, verily this is an enemy unto thee, and thy wife: Wherefore beware lest he turn you out of paradise; for then shalt thou be miserable
20:118  Verily we have made a provision for thee, that thou shalt not hunger therein, neither shalt thou be naked
20:119  And there is also a provision made for thee, that thou shalt not thirst therein, neither shalt thou be incommoded by heat
20:120  But Satan whispered evil suggestions unto him, saying, O Adam, shall I guide thee to the tree of eternity, and a kingdom which faileth not
20:121  And they both ate thereof: And their nakedness appeared unto them; and they began to sew together the leaves of paradise, to cover themselves. And thus Adam became disobedient unto his Lord, and was seduced
20:122  Afterwards his Lord accepted him, on his repentance, and was turned unto him, and directed him
20:123  And God said, get ye down hence, all of you: The one of you shall be an enemy unto the other. But hereafter shall a direction come unto you from me: And whosoever shall follow my direction, shall not err, neither shall he be unhappy
20:124  but whosoever shall turn aside from my admonition, verily he shall lead a miserable life, and we will cause him to appear before us on the day of resurrection, blind
20:125  And he shall say, O Lord, why hast thou brought me before thee blind, whereas before I saw clearly
20:126  God shall answer, thus have we done, because our signs came unto thee, and thou didst forget them; and in the same manner shalt thou be forgotten this day
20:127  And thus will we reward him who shall be negligent, and shall not believe in the signs of his Lord: And the punishment of the life to come shall be more severe, and more lasting, than the punishment of this life
20:128  Are not the Meccans therefore acquainted how many generations we have destroyed before them; in whose dwellings they walk? Verily herein are signs unto those who are indued with understanding
20:129  And unless a decree had previously gone forth from thy Lord for their respite, verily their destruction had necessarily followed: But there is a certain time determined by God for their punishment
20:130  Wherefore do thou, O Mohammed, patiently bear that which they say; and celebrate the praise of thy Lord before the rising of the sun, and before the setting thereof, and praise him in the hours of the night, and in the extremities of the day, that thou mayest be well pleased with the prospect of receiving favour from God
20:131  And cast not thine eyes on that which we have granted divers of the unbelievers to enjoy, namely, the splendor of this present life, that we may prove them thereby: For the provision of thy Lord is better, and more permanent
20:132  Command thy family to observe prayer; and do thou persevere therein. We require not of thee that thou labour to gain necessary provisions for thyself and family: We will provide for thee; for the prosperous issue shall attend on piety
20:133  The unbelievers say, unless he come unto us with a sign from his Lord, we will not believe on him. Hath not a plain declaration come unto them, of that which is contained in the former volumes of scripture, by the revelation of the Koran
20:134  If we had destroyed them by a judgment before the same had been revealed, they would have said, at the resurrection, O Lord, how could we believe since thou didst not send unto us an apostle, that we might follow thy signs, before we were humbled and covered with shame
20:135  Say, each of us wait the issue: Wait therefore; for ye shall surely know hereafter who have been the followers of the even way, and who hath been rightly directed