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20:1  T. H
20:2  We have not sent down this Qur'an to thee that thou shouldst be wretched
20:3  only as a reminder to him who fears
20:4  descending from Him who created the earth and the high heavens
20:5  the Merciful settled on the throne
20:6  His are what is in the heavens, and what is in the earth, and what is between the two, and what is beneath the ground
20:7  And if thou art public in thy speech - yet, verily, he knows the secret, and more hidden still
20:8  God, there is no god but He! His are the excellent names
20:9  Has the story of Moses come to thee
20:10  When he saw the fire and said to his family, 'Tarry ye; verily, I perceive a fire! Haply I may bring you therefrom a brand, or may find guidance by the fire.
20:11  And when he came to it he was called to, 'O Moses
20:12  verily, I am thy Lord, so take off thy sandals; verily, thou art in the holy valley Tuva
20:13  and I have chosen thee. So listen to what is inspired thee
20:14  verily, I am God, there is no god but Me! then serve Me, and be steadfast in prayer to remember Me
20:15  'Verily, the hour is coming, I almost make it appear, that every soul may be recompensed for its efforts
20:16  'Let not then him who believes not therein and follows his lusts ever turn thee away therefrom, and thou be ruined
20:17  'What is that in thy right hand, O Moses?
20:18  Said he, 'It is my staff on which I lean, and wherewith I beat down leaves for my flocks, and for which I have other uses.
20:19  Said He, 'Throw it down, O Moses!
20:20  and he threw it down, and behold! it was a snake that moved about
20:21  Said He, 'Take hold of it and fear not; we will restore it to its first state
20:22  'But press thy hand to thy side, it shall come forth white without harm, - another sign
20:23  to show thee of our great signs
20:24  'Go unto Pharaoh, verily, he is outrageous!
20:25  Said he, 'My Lord! expand for me my breast
20:26  and make what I am bidden easy to me
20:27  and loose the knot from my tongue
20:28  that they may understand my speech
20:29  and make for me a minister from my people,
20:30  Aaron my brother
20:31  gird up my loins through him
20:32  and join him with me in the affair
20:33  that we may celebrate Thy praises muc
20:34  and remember Thee much
20:35  'Verily, Thou dost ever behold us!
20:36  He said, 'Thou art granted thy request, O Moses
20:37  and we have already shown favours unto thee at another time
20:38  When we inspired thy mother with what we inspired her
20:39  "Hurl him into the ark, and hurl him into the sea; and the sea shall cast him on the shore, and an enemy of mine and of his shall take him;" - for on thee have I cast my love, that thou mayest be formed under my eye
20:40  When thy sister walked on and said, "Shall I guide you to one who will take charge of him?" And we restored thee to thy mother, that her eye might be cheered and that she should not grieve. And thou didst slay a person and we saved thee from the trouble, and we tried thee with various trials. And thou didst tarry for years amongst the people of Midian; then thou didst come (hither) at (our) decree, O Moses
20:41  And I have chosen thee for myself
20:42  Go, thou and thy brother, with my signs, and be not remiss in remembering me
20:43  Go ye both to Pharaoh; verily, he is outrageous
20:44  and speak to him a gentle speech, haply he may be mindful or may fear.
20:45  They two said, 'Our Lord! verily, we fear that he may trespass against us, or that he may be outrageous.
20:46  He said, 'Fear not; verily, I am with you twain. I hear and see
20:47  'So come ye to him and say, "Verily, we are the apostles of thy Lord; send then the children of Israel with us; and do not torment them. We have brought thee a sign from thy Lord, and peace be upon him who follows the guidance
20:48  '"Verily, we are inspired that the torment will surely come upon him who calls us liars and turns his back."
20:49  Said he, 'And who is your Lord, O Moses?
20:50  He said, 'Our Lord is He who gave everything its creation, then guided it.
20:51  Said he, 'And what of the former generations?
20:52  He said 'The knowledge of them is with my Lord in a Book; my Lord misleads not, nor forgets
20:53  Who made for you the earth a bed; and has traced for you paths therein; and has sent down from the sky water, - and we have brought forth thereby divers sorts of different vegetables
20:54  Eat and pasture your cattle therefrom; verily, in that are signs to those endued with intelligence
20:55  From it have we created you and into it will we send you back, and from it will we bring you forth another time.
20:56  We did show him our signs, all of them, but he called them lies and did refuse
20:57  Said he, 'Hast thou come to us, to turn us out of our land with thy magic, O Moses
20:58  Then we will bring you magic like it; and we will make between us and thee an appointment; we will not break it, nor do thou either;-a fair place.
20:59  Said he, 'Let your appointment be for the day of adornment, and let the people assemble in the forenoon.
20:60  But Pharaoh turned his back, and collected his tricks, and then he came
20:61  Said Moses to them, 'Woe to you! do not forge against God a lie; lest He destroy you by torment; for disappointed has ever been he who has forged.
20:62  And they argued their matter among themselves; and secretly talked it over
20:63  Said they, 'These twain are certainly two magicians, who wish to turn you out of your land by their magic, and to remove your most exemplary doctrine
20:64  Collect therefore your tricks, and then form a row; for he is prosperous today who has the upper hand.
20:65  Said they, 'O Moses! either thou must throw, or we must be the first to throw.
20:66  He said, 'Nay, throw ye!' and lo! their ropes and their staves appeared to move along
20:67  And Moses felt a secret fear within his soul
20:68  Said we, 'Fear not! thou shalt have the upper hand
20:69  Throw down what is in thy right hand; and it shall devour what they have made. Verily, what they have made is but a magician's trick; and no magician shall prosper wherever he comes.
20:70  And the magicians were cast down in adoration; said they, 'We believe in the Lord of Aaron and of Moses!
20:71  Said he, 'Do ye believe in Him before I give you leave? Verily, he is your master who taught you magic! Therefore will I surely cut off your hands and feet on alternate sides, and I will surely crucify you on the trunks of palm trees; and ye shall surely know which of us is keenest at torment and more lasting.
20:72  Said they, 'We will never prefer thee to what has come to us of manifest signs, and to Him who originated us. Decide then what thou canst decide; thou canst only decide in the life of this world
20:73  Verily, we believe in our Lord, that He may pardon us our sins, and the magic thou hast forced us to use; and God is better and more lasting!
20:74  Verily, he who comes to his Lord a sinner,- verily, for him is hell; he shall not die therein, and shall not live
20:75  But he who comes to Him a believer who has done aright - these, for them are the highest ranks,
20:76  gardens of Eden beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for aye; for that is the reward of him who keeps pure
20:77  And we inspired Moses, 'Journey by night with my servants, and strike out for them a dry road in the sea. Fear not pursuit, nor be afraid!
20:78  Then Pharaoh followed them with his armies, and there overwhelmed them of the sea that which overwhelmed them
20:79  And Pharaoh and his people went astray and were not guided
20:80  O children of Israel! We have saved you from your enemy; and we made an appointment with you on the right side of the mount; and we sent down upon you the manna and the quails
20:81  'Eat of the good things we have provided you with, and do not exceed therein, lest my wrath light upon you; for whomsoever my wrath lights upon he falls
20:82  'Yet am I forgiving unto him who repents and believes and does right, and then is guided
20:83  'But what has hastened thee on away from thy people, O Moses?
20:84  He said, 'They were here upon my track and I hastened on to Thee, my Lord! that thou mightest be pleased.
20:85  Said He, 'Verily, we have tried thy people, since thou didst leave, and es Samariy has led them astray.
20:86  And Moses returned to his people, wrathful, grieving! Said he, 'O my, people! did not your Lord promise you a good promise? Has the time seemed too long for you, or do you desire that wrath should light on you from your Lord, that ye have broken your promise to me?
20:87  They said, 'We have not broken our promise to thee of our own accord. But we were made to carry loads of the ornaments of the people, and we hurled them down, and so did es Samariy cast
20:88  and he brought forth for the people a corporeal calf which lowed.' And they said, 'This is your god and the god of Moses, but he has forgotten!
20:89  What! do they not see that it does not return them any speech, and cannot control for them harm or profit
20:90  Aaron too told them before, 'O my people! ye are only being tried thereby; and, verily, your Lord is the Merciful, so follow me and obey my bidding.
20:91  They said, 'We will not cease to pay devotion to it until Moses come back to us.
20:92  Said he, 'O Aaron! what prevented thee, when thou didst see them go astray
20:93  from following me? Hast thou then rebelled against my bidding?
20:94  Said he, 'O son of my mother! seize me not by my beard, or my head! Verily, I feared lest thou shouldst say, "Thou hast made a division amongst the children of Israel, and hast not observed my word."
20:95  Said he, 'What was thy design, O Samariy?
20:96  Said he, 'I beheld what they beheld not, and I grasped a handful from the footprint of the messenger and cast it; for thus my soul induced me.
20:97  Said he, 'Then get thee gone; verily, it shall be thine in life to say, "Touch me not!" and, verily, for thee there is a threat which thou shalt surely never alter. But look at thy god to which thou wert just now devout; we will surely burn it, and then we will scatter it in scattered pieces in the sea
20:98  'Your God is only God who,- there is no god but He,- He embraceth everything in His knowledge.
20:99  Thus do we narrate to thee the history of what has gone before, and we have brought thee a reminder from us
20:100  Whoso turns therefrom, verily, he shall bear on the resurrection day a burden:
20:101  for them to bear for aye, and evil for them on the resurrection day will it be to bear
20:102  On the day when the trumpet shall be blown, and we will gather the sinners in that day blue-eyed
20:103  They shall whisper to each other, 'Ye have only tarried ten days.
20:104  We know best what they say, when the most exemplary of them in his way shall say, 'Ye have only tarried a day.
20:105  They will ask thee about the mountains; say, 'My Lord will scatter them in scattered pieces
20:106  and He will leave them a level plain
20:107  thou wilt see therein no crookedness or inequality.
20:108  On that day they shall follow the caller in whom is no crookedness; and the voices shall be hushed before the Merciful, and thou shalt hear naught but a shuffling
20:109  On that day shall no intercession be of any avail, save from such as the Merciful permits, and who is acceptable to Him in speech
20:110  He knows what is before them and what is behind them, but they do not comprehend knowledge of Him
20:111  Faces shall be humbled before the Living, the Self-subsistent; and he who bears injustice is ever lost
20:112  But he who does righteous acts and is a believer, he shall fear neither wrong nor diminution
20:113  Thus have we sent it down an Arabic Qur'an; and we have turned about in it the threat,- haply they may fear, or it may cause them to remember
20:114  Exalted then be God, the king, the truth! Hasten not the Qur'an before its inspiration is decided for thee; but say, 'O Lord! increase me in knowledge.
20:115  We did make a covenant with Adam of yore, but he forgot it, and we found no firm purpose in him
20:116  And when we said to the angels, ' Adore Adam,' they adored, save Iblis, who refused
20:117  And we said, 'O Adam! verily, this is a foe to thee and to thy wife; never then let him drive you twain forth from the garden or thou wilt be wretched
20:118  Verily, thou hast not to be hungry there, nor naked
20:119  and, verily, thou shalt not thirst therein, nor feel the noonday heat!
20:120  But the devil whispered to him. Said he, 'O Adam! shall I guide thee to the tree of immortality, and a kingdom that shall not wane?
20:121  And they eat therefrom, and their shame became apparent to them; and they began to stitch upon themselves some leaves of the garden; and Adam rebelled against his Lord, and went astray
20:122  Then his Lord chose him, and relented towards him, and guided him
20:123  Said he, 'Go down, ye twain, therefrom altogether, some of you foes to the other. And if there should come to you, from me a guidance; then whoso follows my guidance shall neither err nor be wretched
20:124  But he who turns away from my reminder, verily, for him shall be a straitened livelihood; and we will gather him on the resurrection day blind!
20:125  He shall say, 'My Lord! wherefore hast Thou gathered me blind when I used to see?
20:126  He shall say, 'Our signs came to thee, and thou didst forget them; thus today art thou forgotten!
20:127  Thus do we recompense him who is extravagant and believes not in the signs of his Lord; and the torment of the hereafter is keener and more lasting
20:128  Does it not occur to them how many generations we have destroyed before them?- they walk in their very dwelling-places; verily, in that are signs to those endued with intelligence
20:129  And had it not been for thy Lord's word already passed (the punishment) would have been inevitable and (at) an appointed time
20:130  Bear patiently then what they say, and celebrate the praises of thy Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting, and at times in the night celebrate them; and at the ends of the day; haply thou mayest please (Him)
20:131  And do not strain after what we have provided a few of them with - the flourish of the life of this world, to try them by; but the provision of thy Lord is better and more lasting
20:132  Bid thy people prayer, and persevere in it; we do not ask thee to provide. We will provide, and the issue shall be to piety
20:133  They say, 'Unless he bring us a sign from his Lord - What! has there not come to them the manifest sign of what was in the pages of yore?
20:134  But had we destroyed them with torment before it, they would have said, 'Unless Thou hadst sent to us an apostle, that we might follow Thy signs before we were abased and put to shame.
20:135  Say, ' Each one has to wait, so wait ye but in the end ye shall know who are the fellows of the level way, and who are guided!