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O you whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand: Keep to your word and fulfill the obligations to Allah and to one another an oath, a promise, a contract, an agreement, a duty, matrimony, conduct, an act and the like. Commandments expressed by Allah represent His will relative to the conduct of His intelligent creatures. Thus, Allah rendered lawful the flesh of camels, cows, sheep and the live animals reared for food excepting those designated forbidden. Nor are you permitted to chase wild animals or game while you are on pilgrimage -major or minor- nor in the environs of the Sacrosanct Mosque. Allah ordains what He will
O you whose hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues: Do not desecrate Allah’s religious rites* nor violate the Sacred Month** (unless attacked) or interfere with the offerings, nor disturb the garlands mantling them identifying the sacrifice nor obstruct the way against those seeking grace, being bound for the Sacrosanct House betaking themselves to Providence for His bounty. And when you have concluded the proceedings of Allah’s religious rites and divested yourselves of the pilgrim's garb and moved away from the environs of the Sacrosanct House, you may engage in the chase if you like. And let not your hatred of a people, once your enemies who malevolently obstructed your way to the Sacrosanct House, stir your emotions to retaliate. And unite in good will to effectuate moral virtue and piety and not in sin, transgression and impiety, and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah; Who punishes severely
Forbidden unto you are carrion and blood, flesh of swine and flesh of the animal found strangled and the slaughtered under the invocation of a name other than Allah’s Name, flesh of an animal beaten to death and the one that died by a fall, the gored to death and the victim to a carnivore unless it be slaughtered in time, and the flesh of the animal sacrificed on the altars –idolism-. And you are forbidden to divide meat among you by divination and raffling by arrows, this is indeed impiety. This day have the infidels lost hope of alienating you from Allah’s purpose and divine principles, Therefore, do not fear them but fear Me. Today have I complemented for you your religion and made all grace abound in you. And I have chosen for you Islam as the acceptable system of faith and worship But he who is forced, by reason of hunger and want of lawful food, to eat of the forbidden, and not by willful transgression of Allah’s commandments nor does disobedience reside in the intention, shall find Allah Ghafurun (Forgiving) and Rahimun (Merciful)
They call upon you O Muhammad for information relative to what has been rendered lawful. Say to them: Allah has rendered lawful what is worthy, good and wholesome, and the prey of the trained beasts of chase - animal or bird- trained to go in chase of the game you hunt as hounds are trained in the manner Allah has taught you; you may eat the flesh of the game they catch but under the invocation of Allah’s Name over it when you release the hound and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah; Allah is swift indeed in executing the law
As of this day has Allah rendered lawful for you all articles of food that are worthy, good and wholesome, and the food of Ahl AL-Kitab as your food is to them. And it is lawful for you to marry the virtuous Muslim women and women among those who had been given the Book before you(Ahl Al-Kitab) who lift to Allah their inward sight when you have paid them their due dowers intending to live together in matrimony and not as illicit partners nor as concubines. And those who reject faith shall their hopes be doomed to disappointment and their deeds to worthlessness here and Hereafter where they shall be among the great losers
O you whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand: When you intend to perform your act of worship, ablution becomes a duty. Wash your faces , your hands and the forearms up to the elbows, and with your wet hands wipe your heads, then wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are spiritually unconditioned following sexual congress or seminal emissions then purify yourselves to render the obligation "pure": you bathe before you pray. But if you are sick or on a journey or have defecated or touched women and the sensation of contact stirred you to passion, and you found no water, metaphoric ablution becomes a religious rite: apply clean sand, dust or dry earth lightly to your faces and hands. Allah does not intend to put you in difficulty but to set you upon the course of purity of thought and action, for the actions of men are the best interpreters of their thoughts. He means to make all grace abound in you that you may hopefully impel yourselves to the feeling of gratitude and gratefulness and lift to Him your inward sight
And call to mind Allah’s favour upon you and His covenant you subscribed to when you declared* that you heard and you obeyed the divine command to bind yourselves to the oath of fidelity to His Prophet. Entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah; He is indeed 'Alimun (Omniscient) of all private thoughts and feelings reposted in the breasts
O you whose hearts reflect the image of religious and spiritual virtues : Stand guard over Allah’s purpose and make it your aim. And when you are called upon to bear witness to an incident or to a statement or the like, let your attestation be applied to the inward testimony of the conscience reflecting justice and equity. And let not your hatred of a people induce you to injustice. Assert the truth and be consonant with the principle of moral right, and remember that justice is closely associated with piety and that only the actions of the just smell sweet and blossom in the dust. And entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah; He is 'Alimun of all that you do
Allah has promised forgiveness to those who believed in Him with hearts impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues and with deeds imprinted with wisdom and piety. He shall pardon their past iniquities and grace them with a great meritorious reward
Whereas those who rejected faith and denied Allah and refused to recognize His revelations and signs betokening Omnipotence and Authority, shall be the inmates of Hell wherein they shall have passed through nature to eternal suffering
O you whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand: render solemn acknowledgement of Allah’s divine favour upon you when an organized group of infidels intended to lay their violent hands upon you and He held back their hands. And entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah, and in Allah should those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand put their trus
And for once did We -Allah- enter into a covenant with Bani Isra‘il and We set among them twelve head men -of Ya’qub’s (Jacob’s) posterity- to set watch over the fulfillment of the divine agreement thus : "I will be with you and uphold you with the proviso tha
Yet, set to their discredit was the crime of breaking the divine covenant which brought them within the measure of Allah’s wrath; We poured upon them maledictions and rendered them hard-hearted. They translocation the words of the Sacred Scriptures to alter Allah’s words and willfully neglect a part of what was imparted to them. And thus still you sense O Muhammad deception as the principal ingredient in their disposition with the excepting a few among them who lift to Allah their inward sight. Nonetheless, accord them forgiveness and do not entertain them with thoughts of ill-will; Allah likes those who turn their thoughts on moral excellence and benevolence
And with those who declare themselves Christians, We entered into a covenant: Never deviate from the path of righteousness and adhere faithfully to the authentic Scriptures. But they willfully neglected a part of what was imparted to them. In consequence, We stirred up enmity and hatred among them till the Day of Resurrection. Allah shall inform them of their habitual course of action relevant to their evil deeds, and punish them accordingly
O you Ahl AL-Kitab: There came to you Our Messenger to make intelligible to you much of what you have concealed of the Scriptures so that. You apprehend what is purely spiritual and intellectual, and to repeal much of what is now irrelevant. Indeed there came to you intellectual illumination and enlightenment and a Book standing manifest of glory, knowledge and spiritual light
A Book, the spirit of truth guiding those who lift to Allah their inward sight into all truth, leading them to the path of safety and peace and guiding them, Allah willing, out of darkness and superstition of later times and out of want of spiritual and intellectual sight into intellectual illumination and enlightenment and directing them to the path of righteousness
Infidels indeed are those who declare: " Allah is the Messiah, ‘Isa, the son of Maryam". Say to them O Muhammad "Who then can restrain Allah if He willed to do away with the Messiah, ‘Isa, the son of Maryam, his mother and all those domiciled on earth! To Allah, alone, belong all that is in the heavens and on earth and all in between; He brings into being whatever He will; He is indeed Qadirun (Omnipotent) to effect all things
The Jews and the Christians say: "We are the sons of Allah and His beloved ones". Say to them Muhammad: "Why then does He punish you and afflict you with pain and suffering in requital for your evil deeds! Indeed you are but creatures constituting a part of those He brought into being and caused to exist. He forgives whom He will and torments whom He will. To Him alone belong all that is in the heavens and on earth and all in between. He is the end and the purpose for which all are destined
O you Ahl AL-Kitab: There came to you Our Prophet after a period of time - about six hundred years- intervening between him and his predecessor, to make intelligible, to you the facts and help you abandon imagination often at war with reason and fact so that you will not claim innocence saying: "No one came to us in the capacity of a spectacle and a warning". There he is -the Prophet Muhammad- in your midst, who has been sent to you all as a spectacle and a warning, and Allah is Qadirun to effect all in all
And for once Mussa (Moses) said to his people: "My people render solemn acknowledgement of Allah’s divine favour upon you; how He raised in your midst Prophets and conferred on you sovereignty and made all grace abound in you and graced you with favours and privileges and such prerogatives He never bestowed on other people*
"My people" he added "make entry into the holy land Allah decreed it be yours, and do not turn back lest you come to be losers"
They said to him "O Mussa, but it is inhabited by people of great might who enforce their will, and we dare not make entry until they have departed therefrom; if they do, then we will make entry on"
There and then said two of the men who entertained the profound reverence dutiful to Allah, whom Allah has graced -thought to be Yashu’ (Joshua) and Caleb; Yashu’ succeeded Mussa in leadership forty years later.- Make a sudden entry by the proper gate, and once you are in, victory shall sit on your helm. "In Allah you put your trust if indeed you believe in Him with hearts impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues"
Thus still they said to Mussa: "O Mussa, we shall never make entry therein so long as they are within; you go along with Allah, your Creator and fight them yourselves; we are staying here"
There and then prayed Mussa: "O Allah, my Creator", he said: "I have no jurisdiction over any but myself and my brother, we leave them to You to judge between us and those wrongful of actions and to ordain what You will"
In response Allah said: "Forbidden unto them shall this land be for forty years, wandering restlessly not knowing where to go nor in quest shall they know of what, Therefore, do not grieve O Mussa over those who grow daily more and more wicked"
And relate to -the Jews- O Muhammad, the true narrative of the two sons of Adam, -Habil and Kabil- each of them made an offering to Allah hoping to be recipients of His blessings. But Allah accepted the oblation of one and not the other. Vexed at the good fortune of his brother, the latter said to the former: "I will kill you". And there said the former: "But Allah accepts the deeds of those who entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him"
"Should you be tempted", he continued, "to lay your violent hands upon me to kill me, never will I lay violent hands upon you to kill you; I fear Allah, Creator of the worlds"
"In fact", he added, "I wish you would bear the consequences of my iniquities and of your wrongs and be an inmate of Hell, for this is the reward of those, wrongful of actions"
He succumbed to his evil thought of slaying his brother and he killed him, only to incur the loss of the noble qualities of the soul and be one of those born to be losers
Unable to handle the corpse of his brother, he was at a loss. There and then did Allah send a raven to remove earth with its claws to bury a dead raven so that the killer would know how to dispose of his brother's corpse? The raven having shamed him with its notable performance, he said: "Woe betide me; have I not been even able to be like this raven to dispose of my brother’s corpse and obstruct the view of my crime! " And there he was left with nothing but pining regrets and vain repentance
By reason of this We ordained to Bani Isra‘il thus: "He who deprives an innocent life not implicated in homicide, corruption or mischief on earth, will have committed, as it were, massacre of all innocent people". "And he who preserves it and defends it will have protected, as it were, all innocent people". Our Messengers came to them equipped with clear signs to implement Our statues, yet many among them continued to carry disobedience and mischief to excess
The only reward befitting those who strive against Allah and His Prophet, wage spiritual warfare against Allah’s and strive to spread mischief on earth, is capital punishment or crucifixion, contra lateral amputation of their hands and legs or exile from the land, This way, they shall be put to shame here below, and there awaits them the torment laid upon the damned Hereafter
But such ill fate would be cancelled in favour of those who repent before you subvert them and reduce them to impotence, and you must realize that Allah is Ghafurun and Rahimun
O you whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand: Entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah and seek the path leading to Him and make His purpose the heart of your purpose and strive in His cause; you may hopefully prosper
Those who deny Allah shall be paid their deserts. If they had owned twice the worldly riches and the affluence treasured on earth to offer in expiation of their guilt and of the torment to be laid on the damned in Day of Judgment, shall find that their hopes are doomed to disappointment. Never shall their ransom be accepted and there awaits them an unremitting punishment
They eagerly wish to get out of Hell, but never shall they succeed and therein shall they suffer excruciating pain
As to the thief, man or woman, who criminally and inexcusably commits a theft - whether by violence or by stealth, - you must make them suffer the amputation of their hands in requital of their iniquity; a punishment justified by Allah to set an example to others who are tempted to rob people of their property or plunder a person feloniously of something belonging, and Allah is Azizun (Almighty) and Hakimun (Wise)
But he or she who feels contrition following iniquity and regrets the wrongful action and in lowliest plight repentant stands and remorse begets reform, and their thoughts be governed by divine principles, shall Allah pardon them for their offence and give up resentment against them Hereafter
Do you not know that to Allah alone, belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth! He punishes whom He will and forgives whom He will, and He is Qadirun over all things
O you, the Messenger: "Let not those hypocrites who impel themselves heedlessly to infidelity grieve you at heart; their words and thoughts do not together accord. They declare they have conformed to Islam when in fact their hearts entertain positive unbelief. Nor should you grieve over those of the Jews who are attentive hearers to falsehood which the demagogic rabbins had purposed that they know. Furthermore, they lend their ears to those among them who never had audience of you, who translocation the words of the Sacred Scriptures to alter the intended sense of Allah’s words, and they use their authority to instruct their listeners to accept only the Scriptural passages they discoursed them, and to reject and beware of all else. But the fact is that he whom Allah has justly intended to close his heart’s ears and his mind’s eyes; you shall not be able to provide him with an alternative of Allah’s decision. These and such persons are they whom Allah has declined to cleanse their hearts and minds from moral and spiritual defilement. They must expect disgrace and humiliation here below, and unremitting punishment hereafter
Attentive hearers to falsehood as they are, they are also hungry for ill-gotten gain and for eating people out of their property. Should they come to you seeking your judgement on certain points in dispute or on two notions whether or not they can be reconciled, then you may accept to judge between them or you may decline if you prefer. If you decline, they shall not touch you and you shall be out of harm's way. But should you accept sitting in judgement, then judge between them in equity, for Allah likes those who recourse to general principles of justice
But is it not incredible that they should come to you for judgement when they have AL-Tawrah where Allah has laid down His law! Nevertheless, objections will be taken against your decision if it is not consonant with their desire. These are people who are not really a part of the faith
We have sent down AL-Tawrah with emphasis on the spirit of truth guiding into all truth and to bring intellectual illumination and enlightenment. We made it the standard of judgement and the canon law by which the Prophets, who conformed to Islam, would administer righteousness and justice between the Jews. And so would the rabbins and the canonists who were entrusted with it as the guide Book where Providence is the guide and were witnesses to its divinity. Therefore, do not fear the people but fear me. Nor should you exchange the truth of my revelations and of -the mission of My Messenger- for the vanity of the fleeting and ephemeral world. And remember that he, who does not judge matters according to the rules revealed by Allah, will have denied Allah. Such persons are indeed infidels
And We decreed in AL-Tawrah a prescriptive rule for them to observe, Thus: "The life repays for the life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth and the wounds are subject to retaliation ",But he who remits the return of like for like as a charitable contribution, shall find that this act of kindness has served to expiate some of his sins. And those who do not judge matters, according to the law revealed by Allah shall be wrongful of actions
Then sent ‘Isa, the son of Maryam, to succeed the Jewish Prophets to corroborate faith in AL-Tawrah set before him and We graced him with AL-Injil guiding to all truth and imparting intellectual illumination and enlightenment, confirming the statutes set forth in AL-Tawrah and serving as the spirit of truth that guides to all truth and as an admonition to those who entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah
Just as it was mandatory that the Jews would use AL-Tawrah as the standard of judgement, so would the Christians; they were commanded to use AL-Injil as the canon law by which to judge matters. He who does not use the standard of judgement as revealed by Allah, shall be wrongful of actions, and such persons are the wicked
And We have sent down to you O Muhammad the Quran confirming the Scriptures revealed before it -AL-Tawrah and AL-Injil- and serving as the Book of reference for matters disputed among Ahl AL-Kitab, for it is the umpire of all preceding Scriptures, and the decision based on its precepts shall have to be, accepted as final. Therefore, base your Judgments Muhammad on its precepts revealed by Allah, and do not follow their desires which deviate from the truth imparted to you. In fact, for each of you people Jews, Christians and Muslims have We authoritatively determined a law and a course to follow, and had Allah willed, He would have made all of you one conjoint body united in feeling and thought. But He meant to test your qualities with what He has ordained for-you. Therefore, contend you people for good will and for deeds imprinted with wisdom and piety; you are all destined to go back to Allah, and there and then shall He inform you of the detailed particulars of all the points upon which the whole unreasoning turned
And judge O Muhammad between them in a manner consistent with the precepts revealed by Allah. And do not act upon their desires and beware of them lest they seduce you into a course of action not totally divine. And should they turn a deaf ear, then you must realize that Allah has purposed to requite them in return for some of their iniquities; and many of the people are indeed wicked
Is it the folly reign of paganism that they wish to institute! But who is a better judge than Allah to pass an equitable judgement upon people who lift to Him their inward sight
O you whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand: Do not take the Jews and the Christians -when warring against you- as intimate friends nor favour their tutelage; they both act in concert to set themselves as your antagonists, and their ill-will unites their thoughts. And he who favours their tutelage shall be counted as one of them; Allah does not guide the wrongful to His path of righteousness
And you see those hypocrites whose ill-natured hearts reflect the morbidity inherent in their innermost being, hasten on to win their tutelage and they interpret their thoughts in words, Thus: "We fear," they say, "lest one day fortune be on their side and we should be overcome and suffer at their hands". May Allah make victory sit on your helm O Muslims or take matters of fact and circumstance them after His own manner; there and then shall the hypocrites be really sorry and pained at heart for having succumbed to their evil thoughts
And there and then shall say those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand to Ahl AL-Kitab: "Are these -the hypocrites- not the people who swore fealty to you". Now have their hopes been doomed to disappointment and their deeds to worthlessness; they have come to be great losers
O you who have conformed to Islam : He who turns renegade and deserts Islam in favour of another religion shall not frustrate the laws nor the statutes of heaven's realm; Allah shall replace them by people whom He favours and who lift to Him their inward sight; they are humble and meek with their co - religionists and proud - hearted hauty severe toward the infidels; they strive in the cause of Allah not caring what people say. This is the grace of Allah; He confers it on whom He will, and Allah is Wasiun (Omnipresent),and 'Alimun
Indeed the only tutelary guardian you have O Muslims is Allah and the only tutelary friends you have are His Messenger and those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand, who engage in the act of worship, give Zakat and kneel to Allah in adoration
And he who chooses to be under Allah’s, tutelage and takes His Messenger and those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand as his tutelary friends shall find that Allah’s party attains the desired end
O You who have conformed to Islam: Do not take defenders, supporters, or intimate friends from among those given the Book before you, nor from the infidels who are at enmity with your faith. It is incumbent on you to deny their tutelage. They mock your religion and amuse themselves with its principles. You just entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah if indeed your hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues
And when you call to prayer, they mockingly mimic and deride the act of worship and amuse themselves with what they hear and see. This is because they are a people who lack the faculty of comprehending intellectually
Ask them O Muhammad: you Ahl AL-Kitab, do you have this vindictive disposition against us only because we believe in Allah and in the Quran revealed to us and in the Scriptures revealed aforetime! "The fact is that most of you are wicked"
Say to them: "Shall I inform you of what is worse: you stir yourselves against your kind, and worse against yourselves, and far worse is that you have come within the measure of Allah’s wrath". Accordingly, Allah had decreed they be monkyfied and vested with swinish disposition and their monkey and swine-like character and behaviour be viewed with contempt and they be despised and rejected of men and be worshippers of idols. These and such persons have indeed assumed the worst position in society here and Hereafter and strayed far away from the path of righteousness
When they pay you a visit, be it sociable or in other manner, they declare they have conformed to Islam, when in fact they have come in with minds captivated by infidelity and hostile intentions and come out with the same attributes, and Allah is 'Alimun of what they concealed of private thoughts and feelings
And you see many of them hasten on to commit themselves to an evil line of conduct and to transgression, not to mention their hunger for ill-gotten gain. Evil indeed is what their minds habituated them to do
Is it not utterly incredible that their rabbins, and canonists do not forbid their tongues from uttering ill nor do they admonish them to fear their ill-gotten gain!: "Evil indeed is their habitual course of action applying to their deeds consequent on volition"
The Jews insolently say: "Allah keeps His hands tightly shut; He is close - fisted". Close-fisted be their hands and cursed they are for their evil thoughts expressed in words, but He is open-handed; He yields abundantly as He will and how He will. And the more Allah bestows on you O Muhammad of His bounty, the more do many of them err for infirmity of purpose, and display their transgressive infirmities of themselves and sink deeper in infidelity under the vexations of their minds. And We stirred up enmity and hatred among them -the Christians among themselves and between the Christians and the Jews till the Day of Resurrection. As often as they inflame passion for kindling a war against you Muhammad, Allah extinguishes their reason and their alacrity. They strive to spread mischief and create discord on earth, and Allah detests those characterized with prepensed malice
Had Ahl al-Kitab conformed to Allah’s will and acknowledged the mission of His Messenger and -the Quran- sent down to him, and entertained the profound reverence dutiful to Allah, We would have dropped the charges against them and cancelled their misfortunes and admitted them to the gardens of bliss and beatitude
And had they adhered to the precepts of AL-Tawrah and AL-Injil and complied with all that was revealed to them from Allah, their Creator, He would have made all grace abound in them, spiritually from the realm above them and materially from the earth beneath their feet. Among them are a people who lift to Allah their inward sight and imprint their deeds with wisdom and piety, but many of them are wrongful of actions; evil indeed is what they do
O you the Messenger: Proclaim and intimate all that has been revealed to you from Allah, your Creator, and if you do not, then you Will have not proclaimed His message. Under His tutelage, Allah protects you from the people who are characterized by acts of prepensed malice and hostile intentions. Indeed Allah does not guide to His path of righteousness those who are. Given to infidelit
Say to them: O you Ahl AL-Kitab, you bend on a system of faith not standing upon the vantage ground of truth until you comply with the precepts of AL-Tawrah and AL-Injil and all that has been sent down to you from Allah, your Creator. But the more Allah bestows on you O Muhammad of His bounty, the more do many of them err for infirmity of purpose and display their transgressive infirmities of themselves and sink deeper in infidelity under the vexations of their minds. Therefore, do not grieve over those who are infidels indeed
Nonetheless, those who believe in- the prophets who dated for back in the past and those who profess Judaism and the various sects of the Sabeites and of the Sabaeans and the Christians and those who fall in line with the prophet Muhammad; whoever believes in Allah, and acknowledges the truth of Resurrection and Judgement and imprints his deeds with wisdom and piety, shall Heaven reward them for their homage thereto, and no fear nor dread shall fall upon them nor shall they come to grief
For once We entered into a covenant with Bani Isra‘il and We sent to them Messengers. Yet as often as a Messenger was sent to them with divine principles not to their taste, some they renounced and accused of assuming false character and others they killed or conspired for their death
They overlooked Allah’s test of their belief and mental leaning, and closed their hearts’ ears and their minds’ eyes and deviated from the path of righteousness. Yet Allah gave up resentment against them and pardoned their offense. Again, many of them closed their hearts’ ears and their minds’ eyes; Allah is Bassirun (Omnipresent); He sees all that they do
Infidels indeed are those who declare Allah is the Messiah, ‘Isa, the son of Maryam. And ‘Isa said to them: "O you Bani Isra‘il, worship Allah, my Creator and your Creator and he who incorporates with Him other deities shall be denied Paradise; Allah shall exclude him totally from the eternal bliss and shall destine him to the abode in Hell. And those who are wrongful shall have no tutelary protectors to afford them help Hereafter"
Again, infidels indeed are those who say: "Allah in Trinity; Allah is One and Only, the Absolute, and the Creator of the universe. If they do not desist their foolish thoughts and correct their derangement of mind, those of them who continue to pursue this line of thought are infidels indeed and the infidels must expect a painful doom
Is it not time to change their state of mind and in lowliest plight stand repentant to Allah and invoke His forgiveness! Then they shall find Allah Ghafurun and Rahimun
Indeed, the Messiah, the son of Maryam, was no more than a Messenger; many Messengers like him have passed away before him. His mother was a woman vested with saintliness of life and character; she and her son consumed food. See how We expound to them Our revelations, yet you see how they counsel deaf
Say to them O Muhammad: Do you worship besides Allah those who -can neither do you harm nor afford you help, when Allah is He Who controls your fate and He is Sami'un (Omnipresent) with unlimited audition, and 'Alimun
Say to them: O you Ahl AL-Kitab, Do not carry your religious beliefs to excess and beyond the truth, nor follow the same inordinate desires propounded by a people who erred and went wrong in Judgement aforetime* and caused many to go wrong. They wandered from the path of righteousness
Maledictions were poured upon those of them who rejected faith among Bani Isra‘il by the words uttered against them with the tongues of Dawud (David) and ‘Isa, the son of Maryam, on account of their disobedience, willful transgression and violation of Allah’s commands
They never exhorted each other to laudable conduct but they shut their eyes to iniquities and abuses. Evil indeed is what they perpetrated of atrocities and wrong deeds
You see many of them ally themselves to the infidels who disbelieved in Allah. Evil indeed is what their inherent dominating power has determined for them that it made Allah deny them mercy on their souls and destine them to eternal suffering Hereafter
If they were indeed faithful to Allah and to the Prophet Muhammad and gave credence to the Quran sent to him, they would not have sought the infidels’ tutelage, but many of them are indeed wicked
You shall find O Muhammad the most avowed enemy to those who conformed their will to Allah’s will arc the Jews and those who incorporate with Allah other deities. And you shall find that the people who have a better disposition toward those who conformed their will to Allah’s will are those who are Christians. This is because among them, there are priests and monks who fear Allah and not extravagant in their accounts of themselves nor do they entertain inordinate self-esteem
When they listen to the Quran and to a discourse of practical divinity sent down to the Messenger they are excited to tears which you see overflowing from their eyes at the truth they recognize and they interpret their thoughts in words characterized by an invocatory prayer, thus: "O Allah, our Creator", they say, "we have recognized the truth and our hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues; Our Creator, incorporate us with those who bear witness to the truth and to the glory of Your system of faith and worship"
"And why do we not recognize Allah", they add, "with all our hearts and give credence, to the truth we have received, when we hope that Allah would incorporate us with those whose deeds are imprinted with wisdom and piety!"
In response Allah graced them with a distinguished reward. They shall be admitted to gardens beneath which rivers flow wherein they will have passed through nature to Eternity. This is the reward befitting the ones whose deeds are imprinted with wisdom and piety
Whereas those who rejected faith and denied Allah and His ordinances and refused to recognize His revelations and signs betokening Omnipotence and Authority, shall be the inmates of Hell wherein they shall have passed through nature to eternal suffering
O you who have conformed to Islam: Do not forbid the worthy and wholesome victuals Allah rendered lawful for you to eat, nor carry your concepts of the religion to excess and pass beyond due bounds; Allah does not like those who go beyond the limits prescribed
Eat of what We provisioned you; it is all replete with choice of all delights and enjoy all that is pure, lawful, wholesome and not forbidden, and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah Whom you maintain as the heart of your purpose
Allah excuses you for oaths in which the guilt does not reside in the intention, but He holds you responsible for the oaths in which guilt resides in the intention, an affront nothing can expiate but
O you who have conformed to Islam You had better realize in fact, that
The fact is that AL-Shaytan and those with characteristics befitting him wish to use intoxicants and gambling as the instrument to implant enmity and hatred among you and to alienate you from keeping Allah in mind and from the act of worship. And if he succeeds to sow the wind you will have reaped the whirlwind. Therefore, are you not going to discontinue this line of evil conduct
You had better obey Allah and obey His Messenger and beware not to come within the measure of Allah’s wrath. And should you counsel deaf, then you must realize that Our Messenger is responsible only for conveying Our clear message
No guilt incurred on those who have conformed to Islam and cultivated their deeds with piety, relative to the kind of food they might have consumed in the past, provided
O you whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand: Allah shall test you while on pilgrimage; He shall tempt you with game within easy reach of your hands and your lances to distinguish those who will direct their thoughts to Allah and revere Him, albeit they cannot apprehend Him by sight. And he who transgresses henceforth shall be put to the torture
O you whose hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues: Do not kill game while vested with the pilgrim’s garb, during major or minor pilgrimage, and he who intentionally kills such an animal shall pay the equivalent thereto from animals reared for food. The exact equivalent be it in kind or in value, shall be judged by two of your men known to recourse to general principles of justice. And the sacrifice will be an offering to the Ka’ba. Failing this then he may supply food to the indigent in the amount equivalent to the price determined. Or he may fulfill his obligation by fasting -from dawn to sunset for a day or more as determined by the judges so that he tastes the evil consequences of his guilt. Bygone shall be bygone; Allah forgives what is past. And he who falls back into the same wrong-doing shall be severely punished; Allah shall take just vengeance on him; Allah is Qadirun, He justly avenges His right
Fishing and hunting water game from salt and fresh waters have been rendered lawful for you, and the flesh of the catch is lawful for you and for the travelers to eat. Whereas forbidden unto you are the pursuit of land game so long as you are vested with the pilgrim's garb. And entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah to Whom you shall be thronged
Allah has made the Ka’ba, the Sacrosanct House, the Macca of mankind and the aspiration of one’s life to visit for material and spiritual reformation. He established the Sacred Month -of pilgrimage- the offerings and the garlands mantling them in order to realize that Allah knows fully well all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth and that Allah is 'Alimun indeed
Bring vividly, you people, before your minds and let it be realized in fact that Allah’s punishment is very painful, and that He is also Ghafurun and Rahimun
And let it be remembered that Our Messenger is entrusted only with relating the divine revelations and Allah is 'Alimun of all you reveal and of all you conceal
Say to them O Muhammad: "It is quite evident that bad and good do not together accord, nor can you compare an object with evil savour with an object emblematic of goodness, albeit the abundance of the former may excite your admiration. Therefore, entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah you people who reflect; you may hopefully prosper"
O you who have conformed to Islam: Do not ask about matters not apprehensible, matters, which if made known would disturb you. If you call upon the Messenger for information after having been inspired with the relevant revelations, you will be offered the explanation. Allah has forgiven you for these questions incidental to these matters, and Allah is Ghafurun and Rahimun
Some of those who preceded you had peered inquisitively into such matters and asked all sorts of questions, and when the nature of such matters was overtly declared, they simply lost faith; they dismissed the idea and were no longer loving subjects but disobedient rebels
Allah never authorized you to proclaim unlawful what He has rendered lawful. Never did Allah impose the dedication of certain animals under any form of superstitions. Thus, you profanely relieve from service, designate by a descriptive name and dedicate to idols
When told to recourse to what Allah has sent down of divine revelations, and to the Messenger for help and advice, they simply refuse. They say: "We are quite satisfied with the particular system of faith and worship our fathers were bent on. But how will it be if their fathers had lacked the soundness of judgement and had missed the path of righteousness
Begin with yourselves and invest your own souls with such religious and spiritual virtues as Allah has inclined you to propound and guard yourselves from being supposed, then no one who deviates in mind can possibly pervert you nor alienate you from Allah’s purpose, provided you lift to Him your inward sight and maintain His path of righteousness where Providence is the guide. You are all destined to go back to Allah Who shall inform you of all that your minds and your souls had impelled you to do
O you whose hearts reflect the image of religious and spiritual virtues: when any of you feels death impending and he wishes to make a bequest, then witness action is mandatory. Two of your just men known to recourse to justice are summoned to witness the action. And in the event of being on a journey when the calamity of death befalls you, then two other men are duly detained following the funerary prayer to establish the point in question. And if you should apprehend guilt or fault on their part, then they are asked to perform the act of worship and then be sworn, thus: "We swear by Allah that we have no selfish motive principles nor do we favour anyone for a gain, even if he be within the first degree of consanguinity, nor will we hide or suppress testimony a divine duty, and be wrongful of actions"
However, if it is found out, that they have willfully uttered false evidence while on oath, they are replaced by others who claim lawful right to the deceased estate. They are sworn that their evidence is more consistent with fact than that given by the other two men, "whom", they say, "we do not falsely accuse of perjury nor do we give false evidence lest we would be wrongful of actions"
This prudent course of action is less likely to make the witnesses depart from moral righteousness; it will induce them to honesty lest their testimony be rejected and be replaced by others. Therefore, keep you people Allah in mind and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him; Allah does not guide to His path of righteousness those who are given to evil
One day shall Allah gather the Messengers and ask them, thus: "What response did you get from the people to whom you were sent and how did it accord with their deeds!" And they shall say: "Glory be to You, but You are the Omniscient of all the unknown and of all the invisible and of all private thoughts and feelings"
Then shall Allah address ‘Isa, the son of Maryam, thus: "Do you remember O ‘Isa My divine favour and the efficacious grace I conferred on you and on your mother; how I supported you and gave you countenance by the Holy Spirit Jibril that you spoke to people while in the cradle and in manhood. And I taught you the Book and wisdom, AL-Tawrah and AL-Injil and made you present your people with an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace featured in the power I imparted to you to create from clay the figure of a bird and inspirit it and it came to be a living bird by My command and made you restore the sight of the congenitally blind and heal the leper by My command, and with My delegated authority raise the dead by My command. And do you remember how I held back Bani Isra‘il from their intended hostile course of action against you when you presented them with divine clear and plain revelations and signs guiding out of darkness and superstitions of later times and out of want of spiritual and intellectual sight into intellectual illumination and enlightenment, but the infidels among them said: This is nothing but sheer sorcery assumed by him!"
And do you remember how I inspired thought and feelings into the disciples and actuated them with the feeling of conforming their will to My will and of acknowledging your Prophethood and how they responded favourably and said: We do conform our will to Allah’s will and said to you: bear witness O ‘Isa that we are now Muslims and we conform to Allah’s system of faith and worship
Then they said to you: "O ‘Isa, the son of Maryam can Allah your Creator, send down from heaven a table" And you said to them: "Revere Allah and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him if indeed your hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues"
And they said to you: "We wish to sit at it and eat of the food served to satisfy our reason and rest assured that you have brought us the truth and be witnesses thereof"
There and then you made your invocatory prayer, thus "O Allah, our Creator, I pray and beseech you to send down to us from your heaven’s realm a table set with food to serve as an occasion to yield our souls to festive mirth and to regale the first and the last of us who conform their will to Your will and as a graceful sign convincing people of Your Omnipotence and Authority. O Allah, our Creator, and provision us from your bounty with the means of sustaining life; You are the best purveyor to fit every person with what is necessary and with what he needs"
Allah said: "I will send it down to you, but then he whose heart, thereafter, dare rise defiant against Allah and denies the truth, will I send to his account with all his sins and imperfections on his head to suffer the endless agony which doubles his torment and his woe to an extent which no one else in the universe will suffer"
Then Allah says to ‘Isa: "Did you O ‘Isa, the son of Maryam, ask the people to take you and your mother as two Ilah’s besides Allah and pay you the same tribute that is dutiful only to Allah!" "Glory be to You", says ‘Isa, and extolled are Your glorious attributes how could I have said what was never within my right and infinitely beyond my jurisdiction!" "If I had uttered it or even thought of it, You would have known it, You can read my thoughts whereas I cannot possibly read Yours; You are 'Alimun of the unknown and of the invisible and of all private thoughts and feelings"
I never said to them, says ‘Isa, but what You had commanded me to say, thus: "Worship Allah, my Creator and your Creator". "And I observed their deeds and bore witness to their behaviour as long as I lived among them, and when you ordained that I depart life, You were the only one Who constantly kept a vigilant eye upon them and their deeds and toward themselves and toward others and witnessed their course of action You are Shahidun (witness) of all things in all respects"
"If you punish them and cause them to suffer for their offences, they are Your servants, and if You forgive them You are indeed, AL-Aziz and AL-Hakim (Wise)"
There and then says Allah "This is the Day when truth shall advantage the virtuous, and truthfulness is their attribute. There awaits them a blissful life in gardens of surpassing beauty beneath which rivers flow wherein they will have passed through nature to Eternity, Allah well pleased with them and they with Him. This is indeed triumph supreme"
To Allah belong the sovereignty and the supreme controlling power of the heavens and the earth- and of all that they comprise. and He is indeed Qadirun over all things
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