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Alif-Lam-Ra. These are the Verses of the clear book.
Surely, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an so that you may understand.
We relate to you (Muhammad) the best of the stories through this Qur’an what We have revealed to you. Though before this you were among those who did not know.
(Remember) when Joseph said to his father: “O my father! Surely, I saw (in a dream) 11 stars, the sun, and the moon - I saw them prostrating themselves to me.”
He (the father) said: “O my son! Don’t relate your vision to your brothers, lest they plot against you a plot. Surely! Satan is an open enemy to human beings!
Thus your Lord will choose you; teach you from interpretation of dreams, perfect His Favor on you, and on the offspring of Jacob, just as He perfected it on your 2 forefathers, Abraham and Isaac previously! Surely, your Lord is All-Knower, All-Wise.”
Surely, there are signs in Joseph and his brothers for those who ask.
When they (his step brothers) said: “Truly, Joseph and his brother (Benjamin) are dearer to our father than us, but we are a strong group (of 10). Really, our father is in a plain error.
Kill Joseph or cast him out to some other land, so that the favor of our father may be given to us exclusively, and after that we will be righteous people.”
One of them said: “Don’t kill Joseph, but throw him down to the bottom of a well, so that some travelers of caravan may pick him if you are doing.”
They said: “O our father! Why do you not trust us with Joseph, when we are indeed his well-wishers
Send him with us tomorrow to enjoy himself and play. Surely, we will take care of him.”
He (Jacob) said: “Truly, it will worry me if you take him away. I fear lest a wolf should devour him while you are careless of him.”
They said: “If a wolf devours him while we are a strong group, then surely, we are the losers.”
So, when they went away with him, they all agreed to put him down in the bottom of the well. We inspired in him (Joseph): “Indeed, you will (one day) inform them this about their affair, now they don’t know you.”
And they came to their father in the early part of the night weeping.
They said: “O our father! Surely we went racing with one another, we left Joseph by our belongings, and a wolf devoured him! But you will never believe us even though we are truthful.”
They brought (as proof) his shirt (stained with) false blood. He said: “Nay, but your own souls have made up a tale. So patience is most fitting for me. It is Allah (alone) who can help me against what you assert.”
There came a caravan of travelers, they sent their water-drawer who let down his bucket (into the well). He said (seeing Joseph): “What a good news! This is a boy.” So they concealed him like merchandise (a captive). And Allah knew what they did.
And they sold him for a low price, for a few dirham (silver coins). And they were of those not concerned about him.
And he (the man) from Egypt who bought him, said to his wife: “Make his stay comfortable, may be that he will profit us or we shall adopt him as a son.” Thus We established Joseph in the land and arranged to teach him the interpretation of events. And Allah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of the people don’t know
And when he (Joseph) attained his full manhood, We bestowed on him wisdom and knowledge (the Prophethood). Thus We reward the righteous people.
And she (wife of the master) sought to seduce (do evil act) him who was in her house. She closed the doors and said: “Come on, O you.” He said: “I seek refuge in Allah! Truly, he (your husband) is my master! He made my stay agreeable! Surely, the wrongdoers will not be successful.”
And indeed she did desire him and he would have inclined to her desire had he not seen the evidence of his Lord. Thus it was that We turned away from him evil and indecent deeds. Surely, he was one of Our sincere devotees.
So they raced with one another to the door and she tore his shirt from the back (while trying to stop). They both found her husband at the door. She said: “What is the punishment for him who intended an evil design against your wife except imprisonment or a painful punishment?”
He (Joseph) said: “It was she who sought to seduce me.” A witness of her household bore witness (saying): “If his shirt is torn from the front, then she is speaking the true and he is lying.
But if his shirt is torn from the back, then she is lying and he is speaking the truth.”
So when he (her husband) saw his (Joseph’s) shirt torn from the back; he said (to her): “Surely, it is your plot (O women). Certainly your plot is mighty!
O Joseph! Turn away from this, and you (O my wife) ask forgiveness for your sin. Surely, you were of the sinful.”
And women in the city (heard the incident and) said: “The wife of Al-Aziz is seeking to seduce her young captive, indeed she has fallen in love madly with him. Surely, we see her in plain error.”
So when she heard about their accusation, she invited them, and prepared a banquet for them; and she gave each one of them a knife (to cut fruit). (When they were ready to cut) she asked (Joseph): “Come out before them.” When they saw him, they exalted him (at his beauty) and (to their surprise) cut their hands. They exclaimed: “Allah forbid! This is not a man! This is none but a noble angel!”
She said: “This is he (young man) about whom you did blame me. Indeed I sought to seduce him, but he refused. Now if he does not do what I order him, he will certainly be cast into prison, and will be one of those who are disgraced.”
He (Joseph) said: "O my Lord! Prison is dearer to me than what they invite me to it. Unless You turn away their plot from me, I may feel inclined towards them and be one of the ignorant.”
So his Lord answered his prayer and turned away their plot from him. Surely, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.
Then it appeared to them after they had seen the proofs (of his innocence) to imprison him for a while.
And there entered with him 2 young men in the prison. One of them said: “Surely, I saw myself (in a dream) pressing wine.” The other said: “Surely, I saw myself (in a dream) carrying bread on my head and birds were eating from it.” (They said): “Tell us the interpretation of these dreams. Surely, we think you (are one) of the righteous people.”
He (Joseph) replied: “No food will come to you as your provision, but I will inform you of its interpretation before it (the food) comes to you. This is what my Lord has taught me. Surely, I have abandoned the religion of those people who don’t believe in Allah and they are disbelievers in the Hereafter.
I follow the religion of my forefathers - Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. It is not for us that we attribute any partners with Allah. This is the Grace of Allah to us and to mankind, but most of the people don’t thank.
O my 2 companions of the prison! Are many different Lords (worthy of worship) better or Allah, the One, the Irresistible?
You don’t worship besides Him but mere names which you and your forefathers have named (invented), for which Allah has not sent down any authority. The command is not but for Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him alone, that is the true religion, but most people don’t know.
O 2 companions of the prison! (The interpretation of dream is) one of you will (be released and) serve wine to his master (the king of Egypt); and the other will be crucified, and birds will eat from his head. That is how the cases will be judged concerning which you both inquired.”
And he said to the one of them whom he knew to be saved (released): “Mention me to your master (king).” But Satan made him forget to mention it to his master. So he (Joseph) stayed in prison a few more years.
The king (of Egypt) said: “Surely, I saw (in a dream) 7 fat cows, whom 7 lean cows were devouring; and 7 green ears of corn, and 7 others dry. O notables! Explain to me my dream if you are able to interpret the dreams.”
They said: “Mixed up false dreams and we are not skilled in interpretation of dreams.”
One from the 2 of them (inmates) who was released remembered (Joseph) after a period, said: “I will tell you its interpretation, just send me (to Joseph in prison).”
(He said): “O Joseph, the truthful one! Explain to us the dream of 7 fat cows whom 7 lean cows are devouring, and of 7 green ears of corn, and 7 others dry; so that I may return to the people and let them know (the meaning of the dream).”
He (Joseph) said: “For 7 years, you will sow as usual and that (the harvest) which you reap, you should leave in ears, except a little of it which you may eat.
Then 7 hard years will come after that, which will eat away what you have stored in advance for them, except a little of that which you have guarded.
Then a year will come thereafter in which people will have abundant rain and in which they will press (wine and oil).”
The king said: “Bring him to me.” But when the Messenger came to him, he (Joseph) said: “Return to your master and ask him, what happened to the women who cut their hands? Surely, my Lord is well aware of their plot.”
He (king) said (to the women): “What do you say about the affair when you did seek to seduce Joseph?” The women said: “Allah forbid! We don’t know evil against him!” The wife of Al-Aziz said: “Now the truth is clear, it was I who sought to seduce him. He is surely of the truthful.”
(Joseph) said: “(I asked for this enquiry) in order that he (Al-Aziz) may know that I did not betray him in secret. Allah does not guide the plot of the betrayers.
I can not free myself (from the blame). Surely, the (human) soul is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows His Mercy. Surely, my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.”
The king said: “Bring him to me so that I may attach him to my service.” When he spoke to him (Joseph), he said: “Surely, from this Day, you are with us high in rank and fully trusted.”
He (Joseph) said: “Place me over the storehouses of the land. Surely I will guard them with full knowledge.”
Thus We did give full authority to Joseph in the land to take possession from it, as when or where he likes. We bestow Our Mercy on whom We will and We don’t let the reward of the righteous people be lost.
And surely, the reward of the Hereafter will be better for those who believe and fear Allah.
And Joseph’s brothers came (several years later when there was food shortage) and they entered to him. He recognized them but they did not recognize him.
And when he had furnished them with their provisions, he said: “Bring me (next time) a brother of yours from your father (meant Benjamin). Do you not see that I give full measure, and that I am the best of the hosts?
But if you don’t bring him to me, there shall be no measure (grain) for you with me, nor shall you come near me.”
They replied: “We shall try to get permission for him from his father, and surely, we shall do it.”
(Joseph) told his servants to put their money (of grain) into their bags, so that they might know about it when they go back to their people, in order that they might come back.
When they returned to their father, they said: “O our father! Measure of grain has been denied for us (unless we take our brother Benjamin). Send our brother with us so that we may get our measure and truly we are guardians for him.”
He said: “Can I entrust him to you except as I entrusted on his brother (Joseph) to you before? But Allah is the best to guard and He is Merciful of those who show mercy.”
And when they opened their bags, they found their money had been returned to them. They said: “O our father! What more can we desire? Here is our money returned to us. We will get food for our family; we will guard our brother, and add more measure of camel’s load (of grain). This quantity is easy (for the king to give).”
He (Jacob) replied: "I will not send him with you until you give a solemn oath to me in the name of Allah that you will bring him back to me unless you are yourselves surrounded (by enemies).” When they gave him their solemn oath, he said: “Allah is trustee over what we have said.”
And he said: “O my sons! Don’t enter by one gate, but enter by different gates. I cannot avail you anything against Allah. Surely! The decision rests only with Allah. In Him, I put my trust. In Him let all those that trust, put their trust.”
When they entered (the city) from where their father had ordered them, it did not avail them in the least against (the will of) Allah, but it was a need of Jacob’s inner-self which he discharged. Surely, he was endowed with knowledge because We had taught him, but most people don’t know.
When they went before Joseph, he called his brother (Benjamin) to himself and said: “Surely! I am your brother, so don’t grieve for what they used to do.”
So when he (Joseph) had furnished them with their provisions, he put the (golden) bowl into his brother’s bag, then a crier cried: “O you in the caravan! Surely, you are thieves!”
They said turning towards them: “What is it that you have lost?”
They said: “We have lost the (golden) bowl of the king and for him who produces it (is the reward of) a load of camel; and I will be bound by it.”
They said: “By Allah! Indeed you know that we came not to make mischief in the land, and we are not thieves!”
They (Joseph’s people) said: “What then should be the penalty of him, if you are liars?”
They (Joseph’s brothers) replied: “His penalty should be he, in whose bag it is found, and then it is his punishment. Thus we punish the wrongdoers!”
So he (Joseph) began to search their bags before the bag of his brother (Benjamin). Then he brought it out of his brother’s bag. Thus We did plan for Joseph. He could not take his brother by the law of the king, except that Allah willed it. We raise to degrees whom We will, but over all those endowed with knowledge is the All-knower (Allah).
They (Joseph’s brothers) said: “If he steals, surely, a brother of his (Joseph) did steal before him.” But these things Joseph did keep in himself, not revealing (the secrets) to them. He said: “You are in worst case. Allah is the Best Knower of the truth what you assert!”
They said: “O mighty one! Surely, he (Benjamin) has a very old father (who will grieve for him); so take one of us in his place. Indeed we think you are one of the righteous people.”
He (Joseph) replied: “Allah forbids that we should take anyone but him with whom we found our property. Indeed we then should be wrongdoers.”
When they despaired of him, they held a conference in private. The eldest among them said: “Don’t you know that your father indeed took an oath from you in Allah’s name, and before this you did fail in your duty with Joseph? Therefore, I will not leave this land until my father permits me, or Allah decides my case (by releasing Benjamin) and He is the Best of the judges.”
Return to your father and say: “O our father! Surely, your son (Benjamin) has stolen. We don’t testify except according to what we know, and we could not be guardians of the unseen!
Ask (the people of) the town where we have been in it, and the caravan in which we returned, and indeed we are telling the truth.”
He (Jacob) said: “Nay, you have lured your own souls into something (story). So patience is most fitting for me. May be Allah will bring them all to me. Truly He! He is the All-Knower, All- Wise.”
He turned away from them and said: “Alas for Joseph!” His sight was whitened (lost) because of the sorrow that he was suppressing.
They said: “By Allah! You will never cease remembering Joseph until you become weak with old age, or until you are of the dead.”
He said: “I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allah, and I know from Allah what you don’t know.
O my sons! You go and enquire about Joseph and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah’s Mercy, except the disbelievers.”
When they entered unto him (Joseph), they said: “O ruler of the land! A hard time has hit us and our family, and we have brought little money, so pay us full measure and be charitable to us. Truly, Allah rewards the charitable.”
He (Joseph) said: “Do you know what you did with Joseph and his brother, when you were ignorant?”
They said: “Are you indeed Joseph?” He said: "I am Joseph, and this is my brother (Benjamin). Allah has indeed been gracious to us. Surely, he who fears Allah and is patient, then surely, Allah does not make the reward of the righteous people to be lost.”
They said: ‘By Allah! Indeed Allah has preferred you above us, and certainly we have been sinners.”
He (Joseph) said: “There is no blame on you this Day. May Allah forgive you. He is the Merciful of those who show mercy!
You go with this shirt of mine, cast it over the face of my father, he will become clear-sighted, and bring to me all your family.”
When the caravan departed, their father said: “I do indeed feel the smell of Joseph, even if you think me weak of mind due to old age.”
They said: “By Allah! Certainly, you are in your old error.”
Then when the bearer of the glad tidings arrived, he cast it (the shirt) over his face, and he became clear-sighted. He (father) said: “Did I not say to you, surely I know from Allah what you don’t know?”
They said: “O our father! Ask forgiveness (from Allah) for our sins, indeed we have been sinners.”
He replied: “I will ask my Lord for forgiveness for you. Surely He! Only He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.”
When they entered unto Joseph, he took his parents to himself and said: “Enter Egypt, if Allah wills, in security.”
And he raised his parents to the throne, and they fell down before him prostrate. He said: “O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream from before! My Lord has made it come true! Indeed He was good to me, when He took me out of the prison, and brought you out of the Bedouin-life, after Satan had sown enmity between me and between my brothers. Certainly, my Lord is kind to whom He wills. Truly He! Only He is the All-Knower, the All-Wise.
My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me the sovereignty and taught me the interpretation of dreams; the Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Protector in this world and in the Hereafter, cause me to die as a Muslim, and join me with the righteous.”
This is of the news of the unseen which We reveal to you (O Muhammad). You were not present with them when they arranged their plan together, and while they were plotting.
And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly.
And you (O Muhammad) don’t ask them any reward for it; it (the Qur’an) is a reminder and an advice to the worlds.
And there are many signs in the heavens and the earth which they pass by, yet they are reluctant from it.
And most of them don’t believe in Allah except that they attribute partners to Him.
Do they feel secure that Allah’s punishment will not come against them, or that the Hour (of Judgment) will not come against them all of a sudden while they don’t perceive?
Say (O Muhammad): “This is my way. I invite you to Allah with sure knowledge which I and whosoever follow me. And glory be to Allah. I am not one of the polytheists.”
And We did not send (as Messengers) before you but human. We revealed to them from among the people of the towns. Have they (disbelievers) not traveled through the land and seen how was the end of those who were before them? Surely the home of the Hereafter is the best for those who fear Allah. Do you not then understand?
(They were pardoned) until when the Messengers gave up hope and thought that they were denied (by their people), then came to them Our Help, and were rescued whoever We willed. And Our punishment cannot be warded off from the people who are sinners.
Surely in their stories, there is a lesson for people of understanding. It (the Qur’an) is not a forged statement but a confirmation (of the existing books of Allah) - a detailed explanation of everything, a guide, and a Mercy for the people who believe.