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12:1  A. L. R.       These are the signs of Al-Kitab-ul-Mobin
12:2  Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Quran in order that you may use your intellect
12:3  We, We relate unto you the better out of the incidents alongwith what We inspired towards you (as) this Al-Quran, and although you were before this, surely of those who were unaware
12:4  When Yusuf said to his father: “O my dear father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven planets, and the sun and the moon, I saw them: ’in appreciation of me’, as those who fall in prostration (to You).
12:5  He said: “O my son! Do not relate your vision to your brothers, lest they plot against you a stratagem. Surely, Satan (is) to mankind an evident enemy
12:6  And thus your Nourisher-Sustainer shall choose you and shall teach you the understanding of the Ahadees, and He will perfect His favour on you and on the followers of Yaqub as He perfected it on your two ancestors before — Ibrahim and Ishaque! Surely, your Nourisher-Sustainer is All-Knowing, All-Wise.”
12:7  Verily, there are in Yusuf and his brothers, signs (and verdicts) for those who ask
12:8  When they said: “Truly, Yusuf and his brother are more loved ones in (the feelings of) our father than we although we are a large group (of ten brothers). Really our father is in manifest error
12:9  Kill Yusuf or cast him out to (some far away) land so that the attention of your father becomes exclusive for you and you pretend after this (incident as members of a) nation of reformers.”
12:10  One of those mahead of state discussion said: “Do not kill Yusuf, and push him down to the bottom of a well; some (member) of a travelling caravan will pick him up — if you are those who must do something.”
12:11  They said: “O our father! What is to you, you rely not on us concerning Yusuf although indeed we, for him, are surely, givers of good advice
12:12  Send him with us tomorrow, yartau (he will enjoy in the wild fields that grow pasture; eat, drink) and play; and indeed we, for him, will surely be protectors.”
12:13  (Yaqub) said: “Definitely I, surely it makes me concerned that you (all) go along with him. And I fear that a wolf would devour him while you are careless of him.”
12:14  They said: “Surely if a wolf devoured him while we are a large group, then surely, we indeed are the losers.”
12:15  So when they departed with him and they all agreed that they will drop him down to the bottom of the well, simultaneously we sent inspiration to him: “Indeed, you shall (one day) inform them of this, their affair, while they would not be recognising (you).”
12:16  And they came (back) to their father at Isha (as the night became dark and it is time for offering Salat-ul-Isha), weeping (in crocodile tears)
12:17  They said: “O our father! Indeed we, we moved, we race with one another, and we left Yusuf at our belongings, so the wolf devoured him, and you are not one who believes us even if we are truthful.”
12:18  And they came with false blood on his shirt. He said: "Nay! Your ownselves have given for you a plan. So (I can give nothing except) desirable patience. And Allah is the One Whose help is sought against that which you assert.”
12:19  And there came a travelling caravan; they sent their fetching-man (who used to collect the requirements for the caravan) and he lowered down his bucket (to fetch water from the well) and cried (from there): “What a good news! This (is) a young boy!” So they hid him as a merchandise — and Allah is Fully-Aware of what they do
12:20  And they sold him for a low price, for a few Dirhams (this is the name of the currency). And they were, regarding him, out of those who were content (i.e., they did not desire to earn much money through him)
12:21  And that who purchased him from (a place within) Egypt, said to his wife: “Make dignified his place of stay, may be he will profit us or we shall adopt him as a son.” And thus We established Yusuf in the land (of Egypt), and so that We may teach him the understanding of the Ahadees. And Allah is irresistible regarding His command (and Plan), but the majority of mankind do not know
12:22  And when he attained his full maturity We gave him Hukm and Ilm, and thus We reward those who do good in perfection
12:23  And the lady in whose house he stayed seduced him against his inclination and she closed and bolted (all) the doors and she said: ‘Come along you! (It is) for you.’ (Yusuf) said “(I seek) protection proceeding from Allah; He is my Nourisher-Sustainer; He has made my place of stay honourable. Definitely, it (is that) the transgressors shall not prosper.”
12:24  And indeed she desired him and he (too) would have desired her, had he not seen (read and pondered) Burhan of his Nourisher-Sustainer. Thus it was, that we might turn away from him evil and immorality. Certainly, he (was) out of Our cleansed and sanctified Ibad
12:25  So the two raced with one another to the door (as Yusuf attempted to run out of the room; and the lady attempted to physically empower him) and (during this struggle) she tore his shirt from the back. And they both found her Sayyid (husband) close to the door. (Completely confused) she said: “What is the punishment for that who intended an immoral act with your wife, except that he is put in prison or in a punishment of torture ?
12:26  (Yusuf) said (to her husband): “She (it is), she seduced me against my inclination, ” And a witness of her household bore witness:" If his shirt has been torn on the front-side, then she has spoken the truth and he is of those who lie
12:27  And if his shirt is torn on the back-side, then she has lied and he is of those who speak the truth.
12:28  So when (the husband) saw his shirt torn at the back, he said:; “Surely, it is out of the plot hatched by you women! Certainly the plot of you women is a very serious one
12:29  (O) Yusuf! Forget about this. And (O wife!) Ask forgiveness for your sin. Surely you (O wife): you are of those who commit errors.”
12:30  And the ladies in the city gossiped: “The wife of Al-Aziz seduces her subordinate young man against his inclination; indeed he (i.e., Yousuf’s personality) has ignited in her violent love; verily, we surely see her in manifest deviation.'
12:31  So when she heard of their badly warranted accusation, she sent for them and arranged a banquet for them; and gave each one of them a knife and said to him, “Come out before them.” So when the ladies saw they were all praise for him over everybody else and (being dazed) the women cut their hands and said: “He kept away (from sin) for (fear of) Allah! This is not a man. He is none but a (very, very) noble angel!”
12:32  She said: “So this (is that young man) about whom you raised your eyebrows on me in blame; and I did seduce him against his inclination but he saved (himself from my passions). And if he does not do what I command him, he shall certainly be cast into prison and will surely become of those who are disgraced.”
12:33  (Yusuf) said: “My Nourisher-Sustainer! The prison is more to my lihead of state than that to which they invite me. And if You do not turn away their (criminal) plot from me I will get inclined towards these ladies and (if a sin is committed) I become of those who are ignorant (of Al-Kitab)
12:34  So his Nourisher-Sustainer answered his invocation in his interest. So He turned away from him the sinister plot of those ladies. Certainly He, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower
12:35  Then it appeared harmless to them, after they had assessed the signs, proofs and evidences, that they may keep him in prison until the (needed) time (is over)
12:36  And there entered with him in the prison two young men. One of them said: “Verily, I see myself (in a dream): I extract Khamr (fermented drink).” And the other one said: “Verily, I see myself (in a dream): I carry bread on my head, birds eat thereof. Make us understand its interpretation. Verily, we assess you (being one) of the Muhsinûn.'
12:37  (Yusuf) said: ‘Will not come to you food which you two are given as ration, but I will tell you both about its interpretation — (even) earlier than (food) comes for you two. This would be for you both out of that which my Nourisher-Sustainer has taught me. Verily, I have rejected the Millat of the nation who do not believe in Allah, and they, about the Hereafter: they are disbelievers (therein)
12:38  And I have adopted the Millat of my forefathers, Ibrahim and Ishaque and Yaqub. It is not (suitable) for us that we may set partners with Allah (in His absolute Dominion) in any form. This is out of the grace of Allah over us and over mankind, but the majority of mankind do not pay thanks
12:39  O two companions of the prison! Are many different nourishers-sustainers better (as a concept) or Allah, the One, the Irresistible (Who Alone is the Reality)
12:40  You do not worship besides Him but only names which you have named (as a forgery), you and your fathers; Allah has not sent, regarding these, any proof. To give a command pertains not (to any one) except Allah. He has commanded that you must not pay obedience except to Him. This is the Established Religion, but the majority of mankind do not know
12:41  O two companions of the prison! As for one of you two, he will serve his master-lord Khamr to drink; and as for the other one, he will be crucified, then birds will eat (his flesh, starting) from his head. Thus has the case already been judged concerning which you both did inquire.”
12:42  And he said to that whom he thought that he is to be absolved and released out of those two: “Mention me to your (master-lord''. So Satan made him forget mentioning to his rabb. So (Yusuf) stayed in prison a few years (more) —
12:43  till when Al-Malik [The head of state (of Egypt)] said: ''Verily, I see (in a dream) seven hefty cows whom the seven lean ones devour — and seven green ears (of corn), and (seven) others dry. O you (notables and) representatives! Give interpretation about my vision if you be that, that you interpret the dream.”
12:44  They said: “Disturbing thoughts, wild imaginations; and we are not experts in the interpretation of wild disturbing imagination (appearing as dreams or visions).”
12:45  And that one who was released out of those (prisoners) said as he recalled after a long time: “I will tell you about its interpretation, so let me go (for the purpose).”
12:46  (The released prisoner approached the prison and there he said): ''Yusuf! O you, the highly truthful! Interpret for us in (the matter of a dream experienced by the head of state)- seven hefty cows whom the seven lean ones devour, and seven green ears (of corn) and (seven) others dry, that I may return to (our ruling) people, so that they may know (the hidden indication in the dream).”
12:47  (Yusuf) said: “You shall sow seven years as usual, then what ever you harvested, so leave it in ears except a small portion from which you may eat
12:48  Then will come after this seven very hard (years) which will devour what you have saved in advance for them except a very small portion of what you will store
12:49  Thereafter will come a year in which people will get abundant rain and in it they will extract oils.”
12:50  And Al-Malik (the head of state of Egypt,) said, “Come to me with him.” So as the rasul (messenger) came to him (i.e., to Yusuf), he (i.e., Yusuf) said:: “Return to your master-lord then ask him, ‘What is the position of the women who cut their hands. Surely, my Rabb (Nourisher-Sustainer) is Well-Aware of their stratagem’.”
12:51  (Al-Malik asked the women who were involved in the plot and) said: “What (was) the matter with you when you ladies seduced Yusuf against his inclination?” The ladies said: “He kept away (from sin) for (fear of) Allah. We did not mark in him any evil.” The wife of Al-Aziz said: “Now has the truth come to light. I seduced him against his inclination, and surely, he is indeed of those who speak the truth
12:52  This I say, so that he (i.e.,Yusuf) comes to know that I have not betrayed him in absence (as he is still staying in the prison of his own), and that Allah fulfils not the plot of the betrayers
12:53  And I (as a woman) absolve not myself (from the blame). Verily, the (human) self is the one who repeatedly whispers (commands) for evil, except what (protection) my Nourisher-Sustainer bestowed in mercy. Verily, my Nourisher-Sustainer is Oft-Forgiving, continuously Merciful.”
12:54  And Al-Malik (after completing the enquiry, finally) said, “Come to me with him. I will keep him exclusively attached to my person.” So when (Yusuf) talked to him (the head of state) said: “Verily, this day you are with us, established (in high rank and position, and) fully trusted.”
12:55  (Yusuf) said: “Set me over the Khazain (treasures, store houses and finances) of the country. Verily, I (will prove myself as) ever-guarding, ever-knowing.”
12:56  And thus We established (vast authority) for Yusuf in the country. He stays and moves therein as and when he likes. We reach with Our mercy on whom We think proper and We do not allow to go waste the reward of those who do righteousness in perfection
12:57  And indeed, the reward of the Hereafter is better for those who have Believed and used to pay obedience (to Allah through the teachings in Al-Kitâb)
12:58  And Yusuf’s brethren came and they entered unto him. So he recognised them but they, regarding him, were those who recognised (him) not
12:59  And when (Yusuf through his subordinate staff) furnished them forth with the rations due to them, (in accordance with the details of the family-members as provided by the brethren), he said: “Come to me with the brother of yours, from your father. Do you not see that I give you full measure and that I am of the best of hosts
12:60  But if you do not come to me with him, then there shall be no measure (of corn) for you with me, nor shall you come near me.”
12:61  They said: “Soon we shall make his father to part with him. And surely, we are indeed about to do (it).”
12:62  And (Yusuf) asked his staff-members: “Put back their money (which has been charged for the ration-supplied) into their shopping bags, so that they might recognise it when they go back to their family-members, in order that they might return back (to us).”
12:63  So when they returned to their father, they said: “O our father! (Bringing in) measure (of corn) has been banned to us (unless our half-brother from you accompanies us), so send with us our brother, (only then) we get our measure, and indeed we, for him, will surely be protectors.”
12:64  (Yaqub) said: "Would I trust you regarding him, except as I trusted you regarding his brother aforetime? So Allah is the Best as Protector, and He is a Better Bestower of Mercy among those who bestow mercy.'
12:65  And when they unsealed their purchases, they found their sum (paid charges) returned to them. They said: “O our father! What else do we desire? This, our money has been returned to us. And (now) we make (more) purchases for our family and we shall protect our brother, and we shall add one more measure of a camel’s load. This quantity would be oversufficient.”
12:66  (Yaqub) said: “I will never send him with you until you provide me a firm assurance from Allah (i.e., you make Allah a Witness over the assurance) that you will come to me with him unless you are (all) encircled.” So when they gave him their assurance, he said: “Allah is the Disposer of affairs over what we utter.”
12:67  And (Yaqub further) said: “O my dear sons! Do not enter (all) through one entrance, rather enter through different gates, and I am of no benefit to you against Allah (if He has some adverse plans) in any way. The decision is not (a legitimate right) except for Allah. In Him I have put my trust. And in Him, let all, who entrust the trust, put their trust.”
12:68  And when they entered in the manner their father had commanded them, it was not that it could benefit them against Allah in any way, except that a desire in the mind of Yaqub which he fulfilled. And indeed he (i.e., Yaqub) was surely possessed of knowledge because of what We taught him. But the majority of mankind do not know (these facts)
12:69  And when they went towards Yusuf, he made his (real) brother to stay with him. He said: “Surely I, I am your (real) brother, so grieve not for what they had been doing (with us both).”
12:70  So at length when (Yusuf) had furnished them forth with their rations, he put the drinhead of state-cup in the shopping bag of his brother. Later on an announcer announced: “O you in the caravan, surely you are indeed thieves.”
12:71  (The brethren) said while they came closer to them (i.e., to the staff-members): “What is that which you misplace and (then) search?”
12:72  They said: “We misplace and search the drinhead of state-cup of the head of state; and for him who comes with it (is the reward of) a camel-load.” (Now Yusuf himself said): “And I am that who gives a surety for this (reward).”
12:73  (The brethren) said: “Allah be Witness! Indeed, you people knew that we have not come that we make mischief in the land, and we are not thieves.”
12:74  They (Yusuf’s men) said: “So what should be the punishment for that (theft) if you are (proved to be) liars?”
12:75  They (the brethren) said: “The punishment for it — he in whose shopping bag it is found, so he is (the) ransome for it . Thus we punish the wrong-doers.”
12:76  So, (Yusuf) began (the search) through their bags before the bag of his (real) brother. Then he brought it out of his brother's bag. Thus did We plan for Yusuf. (It) was not (possible for Yusuf) that he may detain his brother under the law (and constitution) of Al-Malik, except when Allah wills it. We raise in ranks whom We think proper. And over all those endued with knowledge is the All-Knowing (Allah)
12:77  (Half-brothers together) said: “If he steals, so without doubt did steal a brother-german to him, before.” So Yusuf kept it (i.e., the emotional reaction to this false charge) hidden in himself and he did not make it evident before them; (and only) said: "You people are in a dangerous form, and Allah knows better what you allege.”
12:78  They said: “O you Al-Aziz! Verily, for him (is his) father, a very, very old man, so detain one of us in his place. Indeed we: we see you out of those who do righteousness in perfection.”
12:79  (Yusuf) said: “(I seek) refuge of Allah that we may detain except that with whom we found our property. Indeed, in that case we are surely transgressors''
12:80  So when they lost all hope from him they collected at one place all alone, discussing in privacy. Said their eldest: “Don’t you know that your father did take an assurance from you in Allah’s Name, and before this how you damaged (the promise) about Yusuf? So I will never leave the place until my father gave permission to me, or Allah gives judgement in my favour, and He is the Best of judges
12:81  Go back to your father and say, ‘O our father! Verily, your son has committed theft, and we did not directly see except what we came to know, and we are not protectors for what is unseen and hidden
12:82  And ask the town where we had been and the caravan in which we reached (you), and indeed we are surely those who speak the truth.”
12:83  (Yaqub) said: “Nay! Your ownselves have given for you a plan. So (I can give nothing except) desirable patience. May be Allah will bring them all back to me. Truly He, Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.”
12:84  And (Yaqub) turned away from them and said: “Ya-asafa-ala-Yusuf [Alas, (my) grief for Yusuf’! (Please note that the word ‘Yusuf’ itself gives such a meaning in classical Arabic. The proper names of most of the Prophets are such that they point to some historical/personal incidents related to them. This we appreciate when the spelling and pronunciation as given in Al-Kitâb are put to this test. The pronunciation and spellings as given in ‘Old Testament’ and ‘New Testament’ have completely damaged this interesting aspect of knowledge)]. And his both eyes became white resulting from sorrow, and he (was) one who was suppressing, controlling and bearing (it)
12:85  They said: “By Allah! You take decision that you will go on remembering Yusuf until you become exhausted or you be out of those who perish (in grief).”
12:86  (Yaqub) said: “Surely, I complain of my sorrow and grief to Allah (Alone), and I know from Allah what you do not know
12:87  O my sons! Go and enquire about Yusuf and his brother, and do not give up hope of Allah’s Mercy. Certainly it is that one does not despair of Allah’s Mercy except the nation of disbelievers.”
12:88  So when they entered unto him (i.e., unto Yusuf), they said: “O you Al-Aziz! A hard time has hit us and our family, and we have come with merchandise, meagre in value/made available with difficulty. Then complete for us the measure and apply charitable charges to us. Verily, Allah does reward the charitable.”
12:89  (Yusuf) said: “Did you come to realise what you did with Yusuf and his brother (- german) when you were ignorant (of the Law of Allah)?!”
12:90  They said: “What? Surely, you, indeed you are Yusuf?” He said: “I am Yusuf, and this is my brother. Certainly, Allah has bestowed His abundant Grace over us. Certainly it is that one who pays obedience and shows perseverance, then surely Allah does not allow to go waste the reward of those who do good in perfection.”
12:91  They said “By Allah! Verily, Allah preferred you over us, and side by side we became, indeed, the sinners.”
12:92  He said: “There is no blame on you (from me) this day; Allah will forgive you, and He is More Merciful of those who bestow mercy
12:93  Go with this shirt of mine, and lay it down on the face of my father, he will be one who can see clearly and powerfully. And come (back) to me with your family-members altogether”
12:94  And when the caravan departed, their father said: “Definitely I, indeed I get the smell of Yusuf (ie, I feel the presence of Yusuf), if it is not that you blame me of talhead of state illogically.”
12:95  (People around) said: “By Allah, surely you are indeed in your persistent error.”
12:96  Then when the bearer of the happy news arrived, he cast it (ie, the shirt) over his face, then and there he reverted to one who can see clearly. He said: “Did I not say to you, ‘surely I know from Allah what you do not know.”
12:97  They said: “O our father! Seek forgiveness for us regarding our sins; indeed, we have been sinners.”
12:98  He said: “Soon I invoke my Nourisher-Sustainer in forgiveness for you. Verily He, only He is the Oft-Forgiving, the continuously Merciful
12:99  Then, when they (all the family-members together) entered unto Yusuf he made his parents sit close to himself and said: “Enter Egypt, if Allah willed, as those in complete security and peace.”
12:100  And he brought his parents up on the throne and they (i.e., the father, the mother, the brother-german and the ten half-brothers — altogether) fell down prostrate (before Allah) in appreciation to him (when they witnessed the position and high rank of Yusuf). And (Yusuf) said: “O my dear father! This (becomes) the interpretation (in physical form) of my dream (which I saw as vision) before. Indeed, my Nourisher-Sustainer has made it a reality. And indeed, He did kindness to me when He brought me out of the prison, and He came with you (all) out of the rural-area, after Satan had sown enmity between me and between my brothers. Certainly, my Nourisher-Sustainer is (the) Keenest Observer for whom He thinks proper. Truly He! Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise
12:101  My Nourisher-Sustainer! You have indeed bestowed on me of the sovereignty, and you taught me the interpretation of Al-Ahadees (‘The narrations’), the Initiator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Wali in this world and the Hereafter; cause me to die as a Muslim and intermingle me with the righteous.”
12:102  This is of the news of the hidden and unseen, which We reveal in inspiration to you. And you were not near them when they jointly prepared their stratagem and they plot (against Yusuf)
12:103  And the majority of mankind is not becoming Believers even if you desired vehemently
12:104  And you do not ask them, over it (on transmitting them the correct news about events through reciting the Ayaât of Al-Kitâb) any of the reward. It (i.e., Al-Kitâb) is not but a Message to the worlds
12:105  And how many a sign in the heavens and the earth they pass by, while they show aversion therefrom
12:106  And the majority of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners [in His Dominion (in their concepts, beliefs as well as practical deeds)]
12:107  Have they felt secure that comes to them, out of the torment of Allah, Ghashiyah? Or comes to them the Hour, all of a sudden while they perceive (it) not
12:108  Tell (them): “This is my way of life, I invite to Allah on the basis of sound knowledge, I as well as who has followed me. And Allah became Glorified and Exalted. And I am not of the Mushrikün.”
12:109  And We sent not before you (as Messengers) except male-adults, We send inspiration to them from amongst the citizens of the townships. Have they not travelled through the land so that they may see how was the final-end of those (who went) before them. And verily, the Home of the Hereafter is the best for those who presented obedience. Do you not then use (your) intellect
12:110  Until when the Messengers almost lost all hope (of reform) and they became sure that they were indeed rejected and belied, there came to them Our Assistance, so was saved and rescued that whom We think proper. And Our punishment would not be warded off from a nation of the criminals (and sinners)
12:111  Definitely, in their incidents is a lesson for men of understanding. (This Al-Kitâb) is not (a collection of) forged and concocted Hadees. Rather it is a confirmation to what is in its both hands (i.e., already there) and details to all things and Hudah and Rahmah for the nation who Believe