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al-Ma`idah (The Table, The Table Spread)
as rendered by Aisha Bewley

Aisha Bewley rendition of Surah The Table, The Table Spread(al-Ma`idah)
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5:1 You who have iman! fulfil your contracts. All livestock animals are halal for you, except those that are recited to you now; but it is still not halal to hunt while you are in ihram. Allah makes whatever judgements He wills.
5:2 You who have iman! do not profane the sacred rites of Allah or the sacred months, or the sacrificial animals, or the ritual garlands, or those heading for the Sacred House, desiring profit and good pleasure from their Lord. When you have come out of ihram, then hunt for game. Do not let hatred for a people who debar you from the Masjid al-Haram incite you into going beyond the limits. Help each other to goodness and taqwa. Do not help each other to wrongdoing and enmity. Have taqwa of Allah. Allah is severe in retribution.
5:3 Haram for you are carrion, blood and pork, and what has been consecrated to other than Allah, and animals which have been strangled, and animals which have been killed by a blow, and animals which have fallen to their death, and animals which have been gored, and animals which wild beasts have eaten — except those you are able to slaughter properly — and animals which have been sacrificed on altars, and deciding things by means of divining arrows — that is deviance. Today the kuffar have despaired of overcoming your deen. So do not be afraid of them but be afraid of Me. Today I have perfected your deen for you and completed My blessing upon you and I am pleased with Islam as a deen for you. But if anyone is forced by hunger, not intending any wrongdoing, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
5:4 They will ask you what is halal for them. Say: ´All good things are halal for you, and also what is caught for you by hunting animals which you have trained as Allah has taught you. Eat what they catch for you, mentioning Allah´s name over it.´ And have taqwa of Allah. Allah is swift at reckoning.
5:5 Today all good things have been made halal for you. And the food of those given the Book is also halal for you and your food is halal for them. So are free women from among the muminun and free women of those given the Book before you, once you have given them their dowries in marriage, not in fornication or taking them as lovers. But as for anyone who rejects iman, his actions will come to nothing and in the Next World he will be among the losers.
5:6 You who have iman! when you get up to do salat, wash your faces and your hands and your arms to the elbows, and wipe over your heads, and wash your feet to the ankles. If you are in a state of major impurity, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey, or have come from the lavatory, or have touched women, and cannot find any water, then do tayammum with pure earth, and wipe your faces and your hands. Allah does not want to make things difficult for you, but He does want to purify you and to perfect His blessing upon you so that hopefully you will be thankful.
5:7 Remember Allah´s blessing to you and the covenant He made with you when you said, ´We hear and we obey.´ Have taqwa of Allah. Allah knows what the heart contains.
5:8 You who have iman! show integrity for the sake of Allah, bearing witness with justice. Do not let hatred for a people incite you into not being just. Be just. That is closer to taqwa. Have taqwa of Allah. Allah is aware of what you do.
5:9 Allah has promised those who have iman and do right actions forgiveness and an immense reward.
5:10 But those who are kafir and deny Our Signs, are the Companions of the Blazing Fire.
5:11 You who have iman! remember Allah´s blessing to you when certain people were on the verge of raising their hands against you and He held their hands back from you. Have taqwa of Allah. The muminun should put their trust in Allah.
5:12 Allah made a covenant with the tribe of Israel and We raised up twelve leaders from among them. Allah said, ´I am with you. If you establish salat and pay zakat, and have iman in My Messengers and respect and support them, and make a generous loan to Allah, I will erase your wrong actions from you and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them. Any of you who are kafir after that have gone astray from the right way.´
5:13 But because of their breaking of their covenant, We have cursed them and made their hearts hard. They distort the true meaning of words and have forgotten a good portion of what they were reminded of. You will never cease to come upon some act of treachery on their part, except for a few of them. Yet pardon them, and overlook. Allah loves good-doers.
5:14 We also made a covenant with those who say, ´We are Christians,´ and they too forgot a good portion of what they were reminded of. So We stirred up enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising when Allah will inform them about what they did.
5:15 People of the Book! Our Messenger has come to you, making clear to you much of the Book that you have kept concealed, and passing over a lot. A Light has come to you from Allah and a Clear Book.
5:16 By it, Allah guides those who follow what pleases Him to the ways of Peace. He will bring them from the darkness to the light by His permission, and guide them to a straight path.
5:17 Those who say, ´Allah is the Messiah, son of Maryam,´ are kafir. Say: ´Who possesses any power at all over Allah if He desires to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam, and his mother, and everyone else on earth?´ The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things.
5:18 The Jews and Christians say, ´We are Allah´s children and His loved ones.´ Say: ´Why, then, does He punish you for your wrong actions? No, you are merely human beings among those He has created. He forgives whoever He wills and He punishes whoever He wills. The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything between them belongs to Allah. He is our final destination.´
5:19 People of the Book! Our Messenger has come to you, making things clear to you, after a period with no Messengers, lest you should say, ´No one came to us bringing good news or warning.´ Someone has come to you bringing good news and a warning. Allah has power over all things.
5:20 Remember when Musa said to his people, ´My people! remember Allah´s blessing to you when He appointed Prophets among you and appointed kings for you, and gave you what He had not given to anyone else in all the worlds!
5:21 ´My people! enter the Holy Land which Allah has ordained for you Do not turn back in your tracks and so become transformed into losers.´
5:22 They said, ´There are tyrants in it, Musa. We will not enter it until they leave. If they leave it, then we will go in.´
5:23 Two men among those who were afraid, but whom Allah had blessed, said, ´Enter the gate against them! Once you have entered it, you will be victorious. Put your trust in Allah if you are muminun.´
5:24 They said, ´We will never enter it, Musa, as long as they are there. So you and your Lord go and fight. We will stay sitting here.´
5:25 He said, ´My Lord, I have no control over anyone but myself and my brother, so make a clear distinction between us and this deviant people.´
5:26 He said, ´The land will be forbidden to them for forty years during which they will wander aimlessly about the earth. Do not waste grief on this deviant people.´
5:27 Recite to them the true report of Adam´s two sons when they offered a sacrifice and it was accepted from one of them but not accepted from the other. The one said, ´I shall kill you.´ The other said, ´Allah only accepts from people who have taqwa.
5:28 Even if you do raise your hand against me to kill me, I am not going to raise my hand against you to kill you. Truly I fear Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.
5:29 I want you to take on both my wrongdoing and your wrongdoing and so become one of the Companions of the Fire. That is the repayment of the wrongdoers.´
5:30 So his lower self persuaded him to kill his brother, and he killed him and became one of the lost.
5:31 Then Allah sent a crow which scratched at the earth to show him how to conceal his brother´s corpse. He said, ´Woe is me! Can I not even be like this crow and conceal my brother´s corpse?´ And he became one of those who suffer bitter remorse
5:32 on account of that. So We decreed for the tribe of Israel that if someone kills another person — unless it is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption in the earth — it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to another person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind. Our Messengers came to them with Clear Signs but even after that many of them committed outrages in the earth.
5:33 The reprisal against those who wage war on Allah and His Messenger, and go about the earth corrupting it, is that they should be killed or crucified, or have their alternate hands and feet cut off, or be banished from the land. That will be their degradation in this world and in the Next World they will have a terrible punishment,
5:34 except for those who make tawba before you gain power over them. Know that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
5:35 You who have iman! have taqwa of Allah and seek the means of drawing near to Him, and do jihad in His Way, so that hopefully you will be successful.
5:36 As for those who are kafir, if they had everything on the earth and the same again with it to ransom themselves from the punishment of the Day of Rising, it would not be accepted from them. They will have a painful punishment.
5:37 They will want to get out of the Fire but they will not be able to. They will have an everlasting punishment.
5:38 As for thieves, both male and female, cut off their hands in reprisal for what they have done: an object lesson from Allah. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise.
5:39 But if anyone makes tawba after his wrongdoing and puts things right, Allah will turn towards him. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
5:40 Do you not know that the kingdom of the heavens and earth belongs to Allah? He punishes whoever He wills and forgives whoever He wills. Allah has power over all things.
5:41 O Messenger! do not be grieved by those who rush headlong into kufr among those who say ´We have iman´ with their tongues when their hearts contain no iman and among the Jews. Those who listen to lies listen to other people who have not come to you, distorting words from their proper meanings, saying, ´If you are given this, then take it. If you are not given it, then beware!´ If Allah desires misguidance for someone, you cannot help him against Allah in any way. Those are the people whose hearts Allah does not want to purify. They will have disgrace in this world and in the Next World they will have a terrible punishment.
5:42 They are people who listen to lies and consume ill-gotten gains. If they come to you, you can either judge between them or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot harm you in any way. But if you do judge, judge between them justly. Allah loves the just.
5:43 How can they make you their judge when they have the Torah with them which contains the judgement of Allah? Then even after that they turn their backs! Such people are certainly not muminun.
5:44 We sent down the Torah containing guidance and light, and the Prophets who had submitted themselves gave judgement by it for the Jews — as did their scholars and their rabbis — by what they had been allowed to preserve of Allah´s Book to which they were witnesses. Do not be afraid of people, be afraid of Me. And do not sell My Signs for a paltry price. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are kafirun.
5:45 We prescribed for them in it: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and retaliation for wounds. But if anyone forgoes that as a sadaqa, it will act as expiation for him. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are wrongdoers.
5:46 And We sent ´Isa son of Maryam following in their footsteps, confirming the Torah that came before him. We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light, confirming the Torah that came before it, and as guidance and admonition for those who have taqwa.
5:47 The people of the Gospel should judge by what Allah sent down in it. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down, such people are deviators.
5:48 And We have sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming and conserving the previous Books. So judge between them by what Allah has sent down and do not follow their whims and desires deviating from the Truth that has come to you. We have appointed a law and a practice for every one of you. Had Allah willed, He would have made you a single community, but He wanted to test you regarding what has come to you. So compete with each other in doing good. Every one of you will return to Allah and He will inform you regarding the things about which you differed.
5:49 Judge between them by what Allah has sent down and do not follow their whims and desires. And beware of them lest they lure you away from some of what Allah has sent down to you. If they turn their backs, then know that Allah wants to afflict them with some of their wrong actions. Many of mankind are deviators.
5:50 Do they then seek the judgement of the Time of Ignorance? Who could be better at giving judgement than Allah for people with certainty?
5:51 You who have iman! do not take the Jews and Christians as your friends; they are the friends of one another. Any of you who takes them as friends is one of them. Allah does not guide wrongdoing people.
5:52 Yet you see those with sickness in their hearts rushing to them, saying, ´We fear the wheel of fate may turn against us.´ But it may well be that Allah will bring about victory or some other contingency from Him. Then they will deeply regret their secret thoughts.
5:53 Those who have iman say, ´Are these the people who swore by Allah, with their most earnest oaths, that they were with you?´ Their actions have come to nothing and they now are losers.
5:54 You who have iman! if any of you renounce your deen, Allah will bring forward a people whom He loves and who love Him, humble to the muminun, fierce to the kafirun, who strive in the Way of Allah and do not fear the blame of any censurer. That is the unbounded favour of Allah which He gives to whoever He wills. Allah is Boundless, All-Knowing.
5:55 Your friend is only Allah and His Messenger and those who have iman: those who establish salat and pay zakat, and bow.
5:56 As for those who make Allah their friend, and His Messenger and those who have iman: it is the party of Allah who are victorious!
5:57 You who have iman! do not take as friends any of those given the Book before you or the kuffar who make a mockery and a game out of your deen. Have taqwa of Allah if you are muminun.
5:58 When you call to salat they make a mockery and a game of it. That is because they are people who do not use their intellect.
5:59 Say: ´People of the Book! do you resent us for any other reason than that we have iman in Allah and what was sent down to us, and what was sent down before, and because most of you are deviators?´
5:60 Say: ´Shall I tell you of a reward with Allah far worse than that: that of those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He is angry — turning some of them into monkeys and into pigs — and who worshipped false gods? Such people are in a worse situation and further from the right way.´
5:61 When they come to you, they say, ´We have iman.´ But they entered with kufr and left with it. Allah knows best what they were hiding.
5:62 You see many of them rushing to wrongdoing and enmity and acquiring ill-gotten gains. What an evil thing they do!
5:63 Why do their scholars and rabbis not prohibit them from evil speech and acquiring ill-gotten gains? What an evil thing they invent!
5:64 The Jews say, ´Allah´s hand is chained.´ Their hands are chained and they are cursed for what they say! No! Both His hands are open wide and He gives however He wills. What has been sent down to you from your Lord increases many of them in insolence and kufr. We have incited enmity and hatred between them until the Day of Rising. Each time they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it. They rush about the earth corrupting it. Allah does not love corrupters.
5:65 If only the People of the Book had had iman and taqwa, We would have erased their evil deeds from them and admitted them into Gardens of Delight.
5:66 If only they had implemented the Torah and the Injil and what was sent down to them from their Lord, they would have been fed from above their heads and beneath their feet. Among them there is a moderate group but what most of them do is evil.
5:67 O Messenger! transmit what has been sent down to you from your Lord. If you do not do it you will not have transmitted His Message. Allah will protect you from people. Allah does not guide the people of the kafirun.
5:68 Say: ´People of the Book! you have nothing to stand on until you implement the Torah and the Gospel and what has been sent down to you from your Lord.´ What has been sent down to you from your Lord increases many of them in insolence and kufr. So do not waste your grief on the people of the kafirun.
5:69 Those who have iman and those who are Jews and the Sabaeans and the Christians, all who have iman in Allah and the Last Day and act rightly will feel no fear and will know no sorrow.
5:70 We made a covenant with the tribe of Israel and We sent Messengers to them. Each time a Messenger came to them with something their lower selves did not desire, they denied some and they murdered others.
5:71 They thought there would be no fitna. They were blind and deaf. Then Allah turned towards them. Then many of them went blind and deaf again. Allah sees what they do.
5:72 Those who say that the Messiah, son of Maryam, is Allah are kafirun. The Messiah said, ´Tribe of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. If anyone associates anything with Allah, Allah has forbidden him the Garden and his refuge will be the Fire.´ The wrongdoers will have no helpers.
5:73 Those who say that Allah is the third of three are kafirun. There is no god but One God. If they do not stop saying what they say, a painful punishment will afflict those among them who are kafir.
5:74 Why do they not turn to Allah and ask for His forgiveness? Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
5:75 The Messiah, the son of Maryam, was only a Messenger, before whom other Messengers came and went. His mother was a woman of truth. Both of them ate food. See how We make the Signs clear to them! Then see how they are perverted!
5:76 Say: ´Do you worship, besides Allah, something which has no power to harm or help you when Allah is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing?´
5:77 Say: ´People of the Book! do not go to extremes in your deen, asserting other than the truth, and do not follow the whims and desires of people who were misguided previously and have misguided many others, and are far from the right way.´
5:78 Those among the tribe of Israel who were kafir were cursed on the tongue of Dawud and that of ´Isa, son of Maryam. That is because they rebelled and overstepped the limits.
5:79 They would not restrain one another from any of the wrong things that they did. How evil were the things they used to do!
5:80 You see many of them taking those who are kafir as their friends. What their lower selves have advanced for them is evil indeed, bringing Allah´s anger down upon them. They will suffer punishment timelessly, for ever.
5:81 If they had had iman in Allah and the Prophet and what has been sent down to him, they would not have taken them as friends. But most of them are deviators.
5:82 You will find that the people most hostile to those who have iman are the Jews and the idolaters. You will find the people most affectionate to those who have iman are those who say, ´We are Christians.´ That is because some of them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant.
5:83 When they listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of what they recognise of the truth. They say, ´Our Lord, we have iman! So write us down among the witnesses.
5:84 How could we not have iman in Allah, and the truth that has come to us, when we long for our Lord to include us among the righteous?´
5:85 Allah will reward them for what they say with Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever. That is the recompense of the good-doers.
5:86 As for those who are kafir and deny Our Signs, they are the Companions of the Blazing Fire.
5:87 You who have iman! do not make haram the good things Allah has made halal for you, and do not overstep the limits. Allah does not love people who overstep the limits.
5:88 Eat the halal and good things Allah has provided for you, and have taqwa of Allah, Him in Whom you have iman.
5:89 Allah does not take you to task for your inadvertent oaths, but He will take you to task for oaths you make intentionally. The expiation in that case is to feed ten poor people with the average amount you feed your family, or clothe them, or free a slave. Anyone without the means to do so should fast three days. That is the expiation for breaking oaths when you have sworn them. Keep your oaths. In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you, so that hopefully you will be thankful.
5:90 You who have iman! wine and gambling, stone altars and divining arrows are filth from the handiwork of Shaytan. Avoid them completely so that hopefully you will be successful.
5:91 Shaytan wants to stir up enmity and hatred between you by means of wine and gambling, and to debar you from remembrance of Allah and from salat. Will you not then give them up?
5:92 Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and beware! If you turn your backs, know that Our Messenger is only responsible for clear transmission.
5:93 Those who have iman and do right actions are not to blame for anything they have consumed provided they have taqwa and iman and do right actions, and then again have taqwa and iman, and then have taqwa and do good. Allah loves good-doers.
5:94 You who have iman! Allah will test you with game animals which come within the reach of your hands and spears, so that Allah will know those who fear Him in the Unseen. Anyone who oversteps the limits after this will have a painful punishment.
5:95 You who have iman! do not kill game while you are in ihram. If one of you kills any deliberately, the reprisal for it is a livestock animal equivalent to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you, a sacrifice to reach the Ka´ba, or expiation by feeding the poor, or fasting commensurate with that, so that he may taste the evil consequences of what he did. Allah has pardoned all that took place in the past; but if anyone does it again Allah will take revenge on him. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge.
5:96 Anything you catch in the sea is halal for you, and all food from it, for your enjoyment and that of travellers, but land game is haram for you while you are in ihram. So have taqwa of Allah, Him to whom you will be gathered.
5:97 Allah has made the Ka´ba, the Sacred House, a special institution for mankind, and also the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the ritual garlands. That is so you will know that Allah knows what is in the heavens and in the earth and that Allah has knowledge of all things.
5:98 Know that Allah is fierce in retribution and that Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
5:99 The Messenger is only responsible for transmission. Allah knows what you divulge and what you hide.
5:100 Say: ´Bad things and good things are not the same, even though the abundance of the bad things may seem attractive to you.´ Have taqwa of Allah, people of intelligence, so that hopefully you will be successful.
5:101 You who have iman! do not ask about matters which, if they were made known to you, would make things difficult for you. If you do ask about them when the Qur´an is being sent down, they will be made known to you. Allah has ignored them. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, All-Forbearing.
5:102 People before you asked about them and then later came to reject them.
5:103 Allah did not institute any such thing as bahira or sa´iba or wasila or hami. Those who were kafir invented lies against Allah. Most of them do not use their intellect.
5:104 When they are told, ´Come to what Allah has sent down and to the Messenger,´ they say, ´What we found our fathers doing is enough for us.´ What! Even if their fathers did not know anything and were not guided!
5:105 You who have iman! you are only responsible for yourselves. The misguided cannot harm you as long as you are guided. All of you will return to Allah and He will inform you about what you were doing.
5:106 You who have iman! when one of you is near to death and makes a will, two just men from among you should act as witnesses; or, if you are travelling when the misfortune of death occurs, two men who are strangers to you. You should detain them after salat and, if you are doubtful, they should swear by Allah: ´We will not sell it for any price, even to a near relative, and we will not conceal the testimony of Allah. If we did we would indeed be wrongdoers.´
5:107 If it then comes to light that the two of them have merited the allegation of wrongdoing, two others who have the most right to do so should take their place and swear by Allah: ´Our testimony is truer than their testimony. We have not committed perjury. If we had we would indeed be wrongdoers.´
5:108 That makes it more likely that they will give their evidence properly or be afraid that their oaths will be refuted by subsequent oaths. Have taqwa of Allah and listen carefully. Allah does not guide deviant people.
5:109 On the day Allah gathers the Messengers together and says, ´What response did you receive?´ they will say, ´We do not know. You are the Knower of unseen things.´
5:110 Remember when Allah will say, ´´Isa, son of Maryam, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Ruh so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Injil; and when you created a bird-shape out of clay by My permission, and then breathed into it and it became a bird by My permission; and healed the blind and the leper by My permission; and when you brought forth the dead by My permission; and when I held back the tribe of Israel from you, when you brought them the Clear Signs and those of them who were kafir said, "This is nothing but downright magic";
5:111 and when I inspired the Disciples to have iman in Me and in My Messenger, they said, "We have iman. Bear witness that we are Muslims."´
5:112 And when the Disciples said, ´´Isa son of Maryam! Can your Lord send down a table to us out of heaven?´ He said, ´Have taqwa of Allah if you are muminun!´
5:113 They said, ´We want to eat from it and for our hearts to be at peace and to know that you have told us the truth and to be among those who witness it.´
5:114 ´Isa son of Maryam said, ´Allah, our Lord, send down a table to us out of heaven to be a feast for us, for the first and last of us, and as a Sign from You. Provide for us! You are the Best of Providers!´
5:115 Allah said, ´I will send it down to you but if anyone among you is kafir after that, I will punish him with a punishment the like of which I will not inflict on anyone else in all the worlds!´
5:116 And when Allah says, ´´Isa son of Maryam! Did you say to people, "Take me and my mother as gods besides Allah?"´ he will say, ´Glory be to You! It is not for me to say what I have no right to say! If I had said it, then You would have known it. You know what is in my self but I do not know what is in Your Self. You are the Knower of all unseen things.
5:117 I said to them nothing but what You ordered me to say: "Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." I was a witness against them as long as I remained among them, but when You took me back to You, You were the One watching over them. You are Witness of all things.
5:118 If You punish them, they are Your slaves. If you forgive them, You are the Almighty, the All-Wise.´
5:119 Allah will say, ´This is the Day when the sincerity of the sincere will benefit them. They will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, for ever and ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. That is the Great Victory.´
5:120 The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything in them belongs to Allah. He has power over all things.


   


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