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(This is) a Sūrat which We have sent down, which We have ordained, and in which We have revealed ‘Verses’ of the knowledge of truth so that you may receive admonition.
The adulterer and the adulteress, whip each one of them a hundred stripes. Let not pity impede you in the matter of obedience unto Allâh if you believe in Allâh and the ‘Last Day’, and then let a party of the monotheistic believers witness their punishment.
The adulterer will not be allowed to marry, except an adulteress or a polytheistic woman, and (as for) the adulteress none will be allowed to marry her except an adulterer or a polytheistic. Such (marriage) is forbidden to the monotheistic believers.
Those who accuse chaste women (of committing adultery), and then bring not four witnesses, whip them with eighty stripes, and accept not from them any testimony ever after- Those are the sons of disobedience-
Except for those who afterward repent and make amends. Indeed, Allâh afterward is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
As for those who accuse their wives (of committing adultery) but have no witnesses except themselves; let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies , (swearing) by Allâh, that he is of those who speak the truth.
The fifth (testimony should be) that the curse of Allâh will be upon him in case he is one of those who lie (against her).
However, in order for her to be prevented from punishment, she should testify by Allâh four times that he is telling lie (against her).
The fifth (testimony should be) that the wrath of Allâh will abide upon her in case he speaks the truth.
Had it not been for the Bounty of Allâh and His Mercy toward you, (you would have gone astray). Indeed, Allâh is Oft-Returning unto Mercy, the All-Wise.
Absolutely! Those who brought forth the calumny (against Ā’ishah bint Abī Bakr) are a gang among you. Consider it not as an evil thing for you. Nay, it is good (lesson) for you. Every man of them will have what he has earned of the iniquity. And (as for) him who took upon himself the greater part of it will be subjected to a tremendous punishment (in the ‘Hereafter’).
Why did not the ‘Monotheistic Believers’, men and women, think good of their own people, and say: "This (accusation) is an apparent mendacity” when they heard the calumny?
Why did they (who made false and damaging statements about Ā’ishah bint Abī Bakr) not produce four witnesses? Since they were not able to bring witnesses (for their allegation), therefore they are liars in the sight of Allâh.
Had it not been for the Bounty of Allâh and His Mercy towards you in this ‘worldly life’ and the ‘Hereafter’, an extremely severe punishment would have touched you for that (defamatory statement) in which you were involved.
You received it (-defamatory statement-) with your tongues, and spoke with your mouths that whereof you had no knowledge, and assumed that it was a frivolous thing while it was extremely serious thing in the sight of Allâh.
why did you not, when you heard it, say "It is not good to talk about it? Glory be to Thee, this is a great mendacity.”
Allâh exhorts you not to return to the like of it ever again if you are Monotheistic Believers (of unfeigned Faith).
Allâh makes (His) ‘Revelations’ apparent to you, and Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Indeed, those who would like to see lewdness spreading among those who adhere to Islamic monotheism will be subjected to a painful chastisement in this ‘worldly life’, and in the ‘Hereafter’. Allâh knows, while you know not.
Had it not been for the Bounty of Allâh and His mercy towards you, (you would have gone astray). Indeed, Allâh is full of compassion, the Most Merciful.
O’ you who adhere to Islamic monotheism, follow not the footsteps of the devil. Whosoever follows the footsteps of the devil (needs to know that) the devil commands indecency and what is bad. Had it not been for the Bounty of Allâh and His mercy towards you, no one of you would have been pure (from sins). But Allâh purifies whom He wills (by His Grace), and Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knowing.
Let not those among you who possess bounty and abundance swear against giving to their kinsmen, to the needy ones and to those who emigrated for the cause of Allâh. Thus, let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allâh should forgive you? Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Surely, those who (falsely) accuse the chaste (married woman), imprudent and monotheistic women (of adultery) are cursed in this ‘worldly life’ and the ‘Hereafter’. They will be subjected to an extremely severe punishment.
They day will come when their tongues, their hands and their feet testify against them as to what they used to do.
On that Day Allâh will chastise them fully for their deed, and they will come to know that Allâh is the Perceptible Truth.
Impure (or sinful) women are for impure (or sinful) men, and the impure men are for the impure women; the good women are for the good men, and the good men are for the good women. Those (good people) are innocent of what people do allege. For them there will be forgiveness and an abundant sustenance.
O’ you who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism,, enter not houses other than your own houses, until you have asked permission and saluted their inhabitants. This is better for you so that you may take this into consideration.
But if you do not find anyone therein, still do not enter until permission has been given. If you were told to go back, then you ought to go back. That is purer for you. Allâh is All-Knowing of all that they do.
You would not be at fault if you entered uninhabited houses wherein is comfort for you. Allâh knows all whatever you disclose and all whatever you conceal.
Tell the believing men (among the monotheistic believers) to lower their gaze and to guard their chastity. That is purer for you. Indeed, Allâh is Fully Aware of all that they do.
Tell the believing women (among the monotheistic believers) to lower their gaze, to guard their chastity, to show not their adornment except what appears thereof, to draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to reveal their adornment save to their own husbands, or their fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or their sons, or the sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or the sons of their brothers, or the sons of their sisters, or their women, or their women slaves, or old male servants who lack vigor, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. Let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. Turn to Allâh in repentance, all of you, O’ monotheistic believers , so that you may succeed!
Motivate those of you who are single to get married, as well as those who are righteous among your male slaves and your female slaves. If they were poor, Allâh would enrich them of His Bounty. Lo! Allâh is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing.
But let those, who find not the financial means for marriage, guard their chastity, until Allâh makes them wealthier of His Bounty. Those of your slaves who seek emancipation, contract with them accordingly if you know any good in them, and give them of the wealth of Allâh which He has given you. Oblige not your slave-girls to prostitution when they seek chastity, so that you may obtain some temporary benefits of this worldly life. If someone obliges them (to prostitution), then Allâh is to them, after their compulsion, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Verily, We have sent down to you ‘Revelations’ which guide you ( into all the truth), chronicle of those who passed away before you, and an admonition for the ‘Pious’ ( or for those who show honor and reverence for Allâh/ or for those who guard themselves against falling into sin and temptation).
Allâh is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His light is as a niche wherein a lamp, the lamp is in a glass, the glass is as it were a dazzling star. (It is) kindled from a blessed tree, an olive that is neither of the East nor of the West, whose oil would almost glitter even if no fire has touched it. Light upon light. Allâh guides into His Light whom He wills. Allâh sets forth parables for the people, and Allâh is All-Knowing of all things.
(The light of Allâh can be found) in houses (mosques), which Allâh has allowed to be raised and that His Name to be commemorated therein. In them, His Name is glorified in the mornings and the evenings
(Those who glorify Allâh are) men whom neither trade nor sale can divert from the remembrance of God, establishing the regular Prayer and giving zakāt (i.e. the prescribed purifying alms). They are in fear of a ‘Day’ when all hearts and eyes be turned about,
That Allâh may reward them with the best of what they did and give them more out of His Grace. Allâh provides without measure for whom He wills.
As for those who persist in disbelief (in Allâh)- all their deeds are like a mirage in a lowland. The thirsty one supposes to be water until he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing, instead, he finds Allâh before Him. Thus, He pays him in full his due. Allâh is extremely swift at reckoning.
Or (their deeds are) like the darkness in a vast deep sea which is engulfed with waves topped by waves, topped by dark clouds, darkness upon darkness. If a man would stretch out his hand, he could hardly see it! To the one whom Allâh has not given light, for him there is no light.
Do you not see that whatsoever is in the heavens and on the earth, and the birds in flight with wings spread, do celebrate the praises of Allâh and declare His divine glory. Each knows the way of its prayer and glorification. Allâh has the perfect knowledge of all that they do.
Unto Allâh belongs the (absolute) sovereignty of the heavens and of the earth, and to Allâh is the definitive course..
Do you not see that Allâh drives the clouds? Then He gathers them together, then makes them layers, and then you see the rain coming out of them. He sends down out of the sky mountains (of clouds), wherein is hail, and He strikes with it whom He wills, and averts it from whom He wills. . The flash of its Lightning almost snatches away the sight.
Allâh makes the night and the day to revolve. Certainly in that is a lesson for those who have insight.
Allâh has created every (living) creature from water. So of them is that which crawls upon its belly, of them is that which walks on two legs, of them is that which walks on four legs. Indeed, Allâh is capable of doing whatever He wills.
Verily, We have sent down to you ‘Revelations’ which guide you (into all the truth). Thus, Allâh guides whom He wills into a straight path.
They (Hypocrites) say: "We believe in Allâh and in the Messenger, and we do obey." Then a party of them turns away after this, such are not believers.
When they are called to Allâh and His Messenger to judge between them, behold, a party among them are reluctant to go.
However, when right is theirs, they come unto him promptly obedient.
Is there a disease in their hearts? Or do they suspect or fear that Allâh and His Messenger would act unjustly with them? Nay, they are the ones who are grossly unfair and morally wrong.
The only saying of the monotheistic believers (whose faith is unfeigned) is that they say: "We have heard and we do obey.” Such are those who ultimately achieve a blissful life/ or gain eternal salvation.
Whoever obeys Allâh and His Messenger, and Worships Him with Reverence and Awe, and act piously towards Him, such indeed are the ones who are the triumphant.
They (-the Hypocrites-) solemnly swear by Allâh with their strongest oaths that if it happens that you command them ( to fight in the cause of Allâh), they will definitely go forth. Say: "Stop swearing (falsely in the name of Allâh). (Such) obedience (of yours) is known by all! Indeed, Allâh is Fully Aware of all that you do.”
Say: "Obey Allâh and obey His Messenger.” But (O’ people) if you turn away (from following the messenger), (then need to know that) what rests with him is only what he has been charged with, and what rests with you is only what you have been charged with. However, if you comply with his command, you will be guided (into all the truth). Thus, the duty of the Messenger is to convey the Message fully and clearly.
Allâh has promised those of you who adhere to Islamic monotheism and do righteous good deeds, that He will definitely make them successors in the earth as He made those before them successors, that He will definitely entrench for them their faith that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam), and that He will definitely replace their present state of fear with security in order to worship Me (Alone), not associating anything (in worship) with Me. Thus, whoever is inclined to disbelieve after that, such indeed are the sons of disobedience.
Establish the regular Prayer, pay Zakāt and obey the Messenger, so that you may be delivered from the consequences of your sins.
Never think that those who excessively indulge in disbelief (in Allâh) can frustrate (Our Power) on the earth. Their final refuge is the Fire; what a dreadful refuge!
O’ you who adhere to Islamic monotheism , let those whom your right hands possess and those of you who have not yet reached puberty, ask for your permission (before coming into your private room) on three occasions: Before the Morning Prayer, when you put aside your clothing for rest at noon, and after the Night Prayer. These are three times of privacy for you. There is no blame on you or on them (if they come in without permission), apart from these occasions, that you go about one to the other. This is how Allâh makes for you the ‘Revelations’ easy to perceive. Lo! Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
When the children among you reach puberty, then let them (also) seek permission as those before them sought permission. This is how Allâh makes for you His Revelations easy to be perceived. Lo! Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
As for women past child-bearing, who have no hope of getting married, they will incur no sin if they discard their (outer) garments without unleashing their feminine charms. But if they refrain from this, it will be better for them. Lo! Allâh is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
There is no blame on the blind, nor any blame on the lame, nor any blame on the sick, that you eat in your own houses, or the houses of your fathers, or the houses of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or the houses of your paternal uncles, or the houses of your paternal aunts, or the houses of your maternal uncles, or the houses of your maternal aunts, or (houses) whereof you possess the keys, or the houses of your friends. It is no iniquity on you that you eat together or separately. Thus when you enter any of these houses, greet one another with a blessed, pure and good salutation appointed by Allâh. This is how Allâh makes for you the revelations perceivable, that you may understand.
The true ‘monotheistic believers’ are only those who believe in Allâh and His ‘Messenger’ (‘Muhammad’), and when they are with him on a collective cause, they do not leave until they have obtained his permission. Certainly those who ask for your permission are the ones who truly believe in Allâh and His ‘Messenger’. Thus, if they ask you for permission for some affair of their own, give permission to whomever of them you will, and ask Allâh for their forgiveness. Indeed, Allâh is Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Treat not the supplication and praying of the ‘Messenger’ for you as the supplication and praying of you for one another. Allâh indeed knows those of you who surreptitiously sneak away, taking cover behind one another. So let those who go against his order beware, lest a bitter trial befall them or a painful chastisement afflict them.
Absolutely, unto Allâh belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. He knows well where you stand. (He knows) the Day when they will be brought back to Him. Thus, He will inform them of what they did. Allâh is All-Knowing of all things.
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