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an-Nur (The Light)
as rendered by Mohammad Shafi
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Mohammad Shafi rendition of Surah The Light(an-Nur)
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24:1 A Qur'aanic chapter that We have sent down and prescribed. And We have sent down therein clear Verses/signs that you may remember and abide by.
24:2 The one who has indulged in extramarital sexual intercourse, female or male, give either a hundred lashes. And let not compassion for them hinder you in following the Allah-prescribed way of life, if you do believe in Allah and the Hereafter. And let a group of believers witness the punishment meted out to them. to
24:3 The fornicator/adulterer shall not marry any but a fornicatress/adulteress or a female polytheist; and the fornicatress/adulteress shall be married to none but a fornicator/adulterer or a male polytheist. And all these stand forbidden to the believers.
24:4 And give eighty lashes to those who accuse chaste women and bring not four witnesses. And accept not their testimony ever; for, these it is that corrupt the society.
24:5 Except for those who repent and ask for Allah's forgiveness after this and mend their errant ways. And Allah is indeed Forgiving, Merciful!
24:6 And those who accuse their wives and have no witnesses except themselves, every such accuser should testify four times, bearing Allah to witness, that he is certainly indeed of those who are truthful.
24:7 And, fifth, that the curse of Allah be on him if he is of those that lie.
24:8 And, to avert the punishment from her, she has to testify four times, bearing Allah to witness, that he is certainly indeed of those that lie.
24:9 And, fifth, that the wrath of Allah be on her if he is of those that are truthful.
24:10 And had it not been for Allah's favour upon you and His mercy...! And had it not been that Allah is Acceptor of repentance, Wise...!!h
24:11 Indeed, those who came up with the canard are a group from among you. Consider it not bad for you; nay, it is good for you. For every one of them is what he has earned of the sin. And he who took the main part therein — for him is a great punishment.
24:12 If only the believing men and women had — when you heard it — displayed a positive attitude and said, "This is obviously a canard!"
24:13 If only they had produced four witnesses thereon! And since they have produced no witnesses, they are the ones who lie, under divine law.
24:14 And had it not been for Allah's grace upon you and His mercy in this world and the Hereafter, a great calamity would certainly have fallen upon you for what you openly indulged in.
24:15 When you fabricated it with your tongues and spoke with your mouths what you knew not, you thought it was a trifling matter. But with Allah it was a grave thing.
24:16 And if only you, when you heard it, had said, "It does not behove us that we should talk about it. Glory to You! This is an insidious calumny?"
24:17 Allah admonishes you against indulging in such a calumny ever again, if you do believe!
24:18 And Allah makes clear to you the Verses/signs. And Allah is Knowledgeable, Wise!
24:19 Those indeed who love circulating scandals about/among those who believe shall suffer a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter. And Allah knows, and you do not!
24:20 And had it not been for Allah's favour upon you and His mercy...! And had it not been that Allah is Kind, Merciful...!
24:21 O you who believe! Follow not footsteps of the Satan. And whoever follows footsteps of the Satan, he does indeed then exhort doing things that are indecent and forbidden. And had it not been for Allah's favour upon you and His mercy, not one of you would have ever been pure! And Allah purifies whom He wills. And Allah hears all, knows all.
24:22 And let not those of you who are favoured with wealth and means swear against giving to the near of kin and to the poor and to those who have migrated in Allah's way. And they should forgive and forget. Do you not like that Allah forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful!
24:23 Those who accuse chaste, unwary, believing women are indeed accursed in this world and in the Hereafter, and they shall have a grievously great punishment.
24:24 Some Day their tongues and their hands and their feet shall bear witness against them as to what they did.
24:25 On that Day, Allah will pay back to them justly and in full measure what they would deserve in accordance with their way of life on earth, and they shall know that Allah is the evident Truth.
24:26 Bad women are for bad men and bad men are for bad women. Good women are for good men and good men are for good women. The latter are absolved of what evil people say about them. For them is ordained forgiveness and noble provision.
24:27 O you who believe! Do not enter houses other than yours until you have asked permission and greeted their inmates. It is good for you that way to remain mindful of good conduct.
24:28 But if you do not find any one therein, then do not enter those houses until permission is given to you. And if you are told to go back then go back. It is proper and right that you do so. And Allah has knowledge of what you do.
24:29 No sin upon you that you enter houses — not used for living in — wherein you have some interest. And Allah knows what you do openly and what you hide.
24:30 Say to the believing men that they cast their looks down and guard their chastity. That would be conducive to their moral purity. Allah is indeed aware of what they do.
24:31 And say to the believing women that they cast their looks down and guard their chastity and display not their beauty/charm except what has to remain open thereof, and let them wear their head-coverings over their bosoms/cleavages, and not display their beauty/charm except to their husbands or their fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or their sons, or the sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or their brothers' sons, or their sisters' sons, or their women, or those whom their right hands possess, or the male servants who are beyond sexual desire, or the children who have not attained knowledge of the private aspects of women; and let them not strike their feet so that their hidden charm may get exposed; and turn in repentance to Allah all of you, O believers, so that you attain success.
24:32 And arrange for marriages of those amongst you who are single and of those who are righteous amongst your male slaves and your female slaves. If they are poor, Allah will make them free from want by His grace. And Allah is magnanimous, knowledgeable.
24:33 And let those who cannot get married live in continence until Allah makes them free from want out of His grace. And as for those who ask for a writ of freedom from among those whom your right hands possess (slaves), give them the writ if you know them to be good and worthy. And give them of the wealth of Allah which He has given you. And do not compel your slave girls into prostitution while they desire to keep themselves chaste, in order to seek some advantage in the life of this world. And in case they are so compelled, then, indeed, Allah would be forgiving, merciful on them (the girls).
24:34 And certainly We have sent down to you Verses/signs making things clear, and example of those who have passed away before you, and admonition to those who are pious.
24:35 Allah is Light of the heavens and the earth. His Light is as if there were a niche, inside the niche, a lamp and the lamp, inside a glass. The glass, as it were, a bright star, fuelled by a blessed tree of olive, neither of east nor of west, oil of which would glow forth even when no fire touched it! Light over light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah makes use of similitudes for mankind. And Allah is aware of everything!to
24:36 Glorify Allah in the mornings and the evenings in houses in which He has permitted His name to be exalted and remembered.
24:37 (Glorification of Allah in houses mentioned in the previous Verse is done by those) men whom neither trading nor business diverts from His remembrance, from offering of the ritual prayer, and from giving in charity — men who fear a Day in which the hearts and eyes shall turn around.
24:38 So that Allah may give them the best reward for what they have done, and give them more out of His grace. And Allah provides for those whom He pleases without measure.
24:39 And those who suppress the Truth — their deeds are like the mirage in a desert. The thirsty man deems it to be water until when he comes to it he finds it not! And there he finds Allah paying back to him his account in full; and Allah is quick in keeping accounts.
24:40 Or like darknesses in deep sea covered by wave over wave, above which is a cloud — darknesses one above another. When (in such a darkness) one holds out one's hand, one can hardly see it. And to whom Allah gives no light, he has no light.
24:41 Do you not see all those who are in the heavens and the earth — including the birds with their wings spread — do glorify Allah? Every single being or thing knows its mode of prayer and of glorification to Allah. And Allah knows what they do.
24:42 And to Allah belongs the absolute sovereignty over the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the final destination.
24:43 Do you not see that Allah makes the cloud move, and then creates a bond within it, and then turns it into a mass, and you see the rain coming out from its midst?hAnd He sends down hail from mountains (of clouds) in the sky afflicting therewith whom He pleases and turning it away from whom He pleases. Flash of His lightning could be so intense as to make one blind.
24:44 Allah rotates the night and the day. Therein, certainly indeed, there is food for thought for those with insight.
24:45 And Allah has created every living creature from water.Then, of them, is that which walks on its belly, and, of them, is that which walks on two feet, and, of them, is that which walks on four. Allah creates what He pleases. Allah does indeed have power over all things.
24:46 We have certainly sent down Verses/signs making things clear, and Allah guides whom He pleases to the Right Path.
24:47 And they say, "We believe in Allah and in the Messenger and we obey." Then, after this, a section of them turns back. And these are not believers.
24:48 And when they are called to Allah and His Messenger that he may establish a rule of law among them, then a section of them turns away.
24:49 And if the truth lies on their side, they come to him obediently.
24:50 Is there in their hearts a disease, or are they in doubt, or do they fear that Allah and His Messenger will act wrongfully towards them? Nay! They themselves are the wrong-doers.
24:51 The only response of the believers — when they are invited to Allah and His Messenger that he (Messenger) may establish a rule of law among them — is to say, "We hear and we obey." And these it is that are successful.
24:52 And he who obeys Allah and His Messenger, and fears Allah, and holds Him in awe — such are the ones that attain their goals.
24:53 And they swear by Allah most solemnly that if you command them they would certainly come out (in Allah's path). Say, "Swear not! Due compliance (is the thing required). Allah is indeed aware of what you do."
24:54 Say, "Obey Allah and obey the Messenger; but if you do not, then he (Messenger) is responsible for the duty allotted to him only, and you, for what is allotted to you. And if you obey him, you are on the Right Way; and the Messenger is responsible for nothing but clear/truthful delivery of the divine Message."
24:55 Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good deeds that He will most certainly give them the authority to rule in the earth on His behalf as He had given those before them the authority. And Allah has further promised that He will most certainly establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them, and that He will most certainly change their sense of fear with the sense of security. Let them just worship Me, and not worship any other being/thing besides Me. And whoever suppresses the Truth after this, such are the ones that transgress/rebel/pervert/profligate.
24:56 And establish the prescribedh prayer and give the Zakathand obey the Messenger, so that mercy may be shown to you.
24:57 Think not that those who suppress the Truth shall escape (from Allah) on the earth. And their abode is the Fire. And evil certainly is that destination!
24:58 O you who believe! Let those whom your right hands possess (slaves/servants) and those of you who have not attained to puberty ask permission of you three times: before the Morning Prayer, whenever you take off your clothes (for rest) at noon, and after the Evening Prayer. These are three times of privacy for you. No restriction on you or on them at other times. Some of you have to be around others. Thus does Allah make clear to you the Verses, and Allah is Knowledgeable, Wise.
24:59 And when children among you reach the age of puberty, let them seek permission as those (who had reached the age of puberty) before them sought permission. Thus does Allah makeh clear to you His Verses, and Allah is Knowledgeable, Wise.
24:60 And it is no sin for women advanced in age — who do not hope for a marriage — to put off their clothes without displaying their beauty/charm. And if they restrain themselves it is better for them. And Allah hears, knows.
24:61 There is no question of any blame on the blind, the lame, the sick, or you yourselves that you eat from your houses, or your fathers' houses or your mothers' houses, or your brothers' houses, or your sisters' houses, or your paternal uncles' houses, or your paternal aunts' houses, or your maternal uncles' houses, or your maternal aunts' houses, or houses you possess the keys of, or your friends' (houses). You incur no sin that you eat together or separately. So when you enter houses, greet one another with a blessed and good salutation from Allah. Thus does Allah make clear to you the Verses so that you understand these properly.
24:62 Those only are believers who believe in Allah and His Messenger. And when they are with him (Messenger) on a community matter they go not away until they ask him for permission. Indeed, they who ask for your permission are the ones who believe in Allah and His Messenger. So when they ask for your permission for some personal work, give them permission at your discretion and pray to Allah for their forgiveness. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
24:63 Make not the Massenger's call among you to be like your call to one another. Allah indeed knows those who slip away surreptitiously from among you. So then let those who go against his counsel beware lest a trial or a painful punishment afflict them.
24:64 Beware! To Allah certainly belongs everything that is in the heavens and the earth. Surely, He knows your condition. And the Day when they will be brought back to Him, He will inform them of what they did. And Allah knows all things.


   


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