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48:1  (Prophet! the treaty of Hudaibiyah is a great victory in that) We opened for you the way to (another) clear victory (which led to the preaching and expansion of Islam)
48:2  The result of this is that Allah will protect you from (the ill consequences of) the fault attributed to you in the past and those to follow, and that He will make His favour perfect upon you and will lead you to the goal of the straight and right path
48:3  And that Allah will grant you His mighty help
48:4  It is He Who gave to the believers tranquillity and peace of mind so that they might grow all the more in faith over and above the faith they (already) possessed. Indeed all the hosts of the heavens and of the earth belong to Allah. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise
48:5  (Allah has decreed the war against the aggressor) so that He may admit the believers both men and women to Gardens served with running streams (to keep them green and flourishing), (the Gardens) where they will abide for ever, and so that He might absolve them of their evils. This indeed is a supreme achievement (for you) in the sight of Allah
48:6  And (He has decreed it so that) He may punish the hypocrites both men and women and the polytheists both men and women who entertain evil thoughts about Allah. There awaits them an evil term (of calamity). Allah is angry with them and has deprived them of His mercy and has Gehenna in store for them, and evil it is for destination
48:7  And all the hosts of the heavens and of the earth belong to Allah. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise
48:8  (Prophet!) We have sent you as a Witness (to Our existence and attributes), and a Bearer of glad tidings and a Warner
48:9  (Mankind! We have done it) so that you may have faith in Allah and His Messenger and so that you may help him in a respectful manner and honour him, and so that you may glorify Him morning and evening
48:10  (Prophet!) Those who swear allegiance to you as a matter of fact swear allegiance to Allah. Allah's (helpful and benign) hand is above their hands. So he who breaks (his oath of allegiance) breaks (it) to his own loss. And as for the person who fulfills the great covenant he made with Allah (- at Bai`t al-Ridzwan, by Hudaibiyah), He will surely give such a person a great reward
48:11  Those of the desert Arabs (who contrived to be) left behind will say to you (by way of apology), `We were occupied in looking after our belongings and families, so ask for protection for us (from God).' They say with their tongues that which is not in their hearts. Say, `Who has any power to help you against (the decree of) Allah if He intends to do you some harm? Or (who can avert His grace) if He intends to do you some good. Indeed, Allah is Well Aware of all that you do (and He will treat you accordingly)
48:12  `(Hypocrites!) Nay, the fact is that you thought that the Messenger and the believers would never return to their families. (This was a thought) that was made to appear pleasing to your minds. You entertained an evil thought. And you were a people doomed to perish.
48:13  Let such a person who does not believe in Allah and His Messenger (bear in mind that) We have surely prepared a blazing Fire for the disbelievers
48:14  The sovereignty of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah. He grants protection to the person who wishes (to come under His protection) and punishes whom He will. Yet the fact is that Allah is Great Protector, Ever Merciful
48:15  When you are free to set out to take the spoils (of the war of Khaibar), those who (contrived to be) left behind (from joining you at Hudaibiyah) will say, `Permit us to follow you.' They would like to change the word of Allah (and His decree). Say, `You shall not follow us. This is what Allah has declared beforehand.' They will thereupon say, `(There is no such foreword,) you are infact jealous of us.' (What they say is in fact wrong.) Little do they understand (that this is the punishment for their not being present at Hudaibiyah)
48:16  (Prophet!) say to those of the desert Arabs who (contrived to be) left behind, `You shall soon be called upon (to take up arms) against a people (- the Byzantine and the Persians) who are fighters of mighty valour. Then you shall fight until they submit. Allah will grant you a goodly reward if you obey. But if you turn your backs, as you did before, He will punish you, a woeful punishment.
48:17  No blame shall lie on the blind, no blame shall lie on the lame, and no blame shall lie on the sick (if they do not join the fight). Yet he that obeys Allah and His Messenger He will make him enter Gardens served with running streams (to keep them green and flourishing), but he that turns his back He will inflict upon him a woeful punishment
48:18  (Prophet!) Allah was well-pleased with the (fourteen hundred) believers when they swore allegiance to you (known as Bai`at al-Ridzwan) under the (acacia) tree (at Hudaibiyah) He revealed (the high standard of faith) that they had in their hearts and sent down Shechinah (- peace and tranquillity) upon them and He rewarded them with an early victory (at Khaibar)
48:19  And a great many gains (await them) that they will take. Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise
48:20  (Muslims!) Allah has promised you many gains that you will take, and He has given you this (victory at Khaibar) in advance. And (as a result of the Treaty of Hudaibiyah) He restrained the hands of the people from (committing aggression against) you that it may serve the believers as a sign and that He may lead you on the straight and right path leading to the goal
48:21  There are (in addition to this) other (victories) which you have not been able to achieve, yet Allah has surely encompassed them (with His power and kept them safe for you). And Allah has every power over every desired thing
48:22  Should those who disbelieve fight you (at Hudaibiyah) they would have certainly turned their backs and then would find neither protecting-friend nor helper
48:23  (Allah has explained to you) His wont which has been in practice since the very past. You will find no change at all in Allah's wont
48:24  It is He Who restrained their hands from you and your hands from them in the Valley of Makkah (on the occasion of the Treaty of Hudaibiyah) after He had given you victory over them. Allah observes all that you do
48:25  These (your Makkan enemies) were the people who disbelieved and prevented you from the Holy Mosque while even the sacrificial animals were stopped from reaching their destination (- the place of sacrifice). Had not there been (at Makkah) some believing men and believing women as were unknown to you, and had there been no danger that (in case of war) you might have trodden them down and thus you might have incurred some harm unknowingly on their account, (We would have allowed you to invade Makkah but We did not allow this) so that Allah might show His mercy to him who wishes (to be shown mercy). Had these (believers living in Makkah) left from there (and had been separated from them), We would have surely punished these of them (-the Makkans) who disbelieved, with a woeful punishment
48:26  (These events belong to the time) when those who disbelieved nurtured in their hearts prideful indignation and cant, the indignation and cant (of the days) of Ignorance, and Allah granted Shechinah (peace and tranquillity) from Himself to His Messenger and the believers and made them observe closely and firmly the code of self-restraint, (the code) they were best entitled to receive and were also really worthy of it. Allah has full knowledge of everything
48:27  Allah had surely fulfilled for His Messenger the vision, that conformed to the rules of wisdom. `(My faithful Companions!) you shall enter the Holy Mosque if Allah will, safe and secure, some of you with your heads shaved and (others) with (their) hair only cut short (as is a prescribed rite for a Pilgrim), you will have nothing to fear.' (As for the time involved in its fulfillment) He knows what you do not know. He has, infact, ordained for you a victory (near at hand, at Khaibar) to be gained before (the fulfillment of) that (vision)
48:28  It is He Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and true Faith so that He may help it prevail over all other faiths. Indeed, Allah is Sufficient to bear witness (to the truth of Islam)
48:29  Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are (also) firm and strict against the disbelievers (to accept their influence), but soft-hearted and compassionate towards one another. (Reader!) you will find them kneeling and prostrating themselves (in Prayer). They seek grace from Allah and His good pleasure. Their distinctive indication is (apparent) on their faces from the illuminous traces of (their) prostration. Such is the description (of these attributes of theirs) in the Torah, and their description in the Evangel is that they (will be) like a seed-produce that sends forth its sprout, then makes it strong. It then becomes stout and stands firm on its stem giving delight to the sowers; (Allah will in a similar way raise the believers from strength to strength) with the result that He may make the disbelievers suffer an impotent rage because of them. Allah has promised His protection and a great reward to those who believe and do deeds of righteousness