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al-Hashr (Exile, Banishment)
as rendered by Mohammad Shafi
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Mohammad Shafi rendition of Surah Exile, Banishment(al-Hashr)
59:1 Everything in the heavens and on the earth extols Allah. He is the One Omnipotent, Wise.
59:2 It was He who drove those who suppressed the Truth from among the People of the Book out of their homes at an early stage of the siege. You did not think they would go, and they thought their strongholds would defend them against Allah. But Allah came upon them from an unexpected quarter and cast such terror into their minds that their houses were pulled down by their own hands as well as by the hands of the believers. Learn a lesson, then, O you endowed with insight!
59:3 Had not Allah decreed the exile for them, He would surely have punished them [like those ancient peoples of Noah, AAad and Thamood were] in this world. And they shall [of course] have the punishment by the Fire in the Hereafter.
59:4 That is because they cut themselves off from Allah and His Messenger. And anyone who cuts himself off from Allah — then [that one should know that] Allah is indeed severe in giving punishment.
59:5 The trees you cut down or left standing on their roots — it was all by Allah's leave, so that He might disgrace the depraved ones.
59:6 And for that which Allah has given to His Messenger from them [the Jews against whom the Muslims had conducted the military operation], you spurred neither horse nor camel against them, but Allah gives power to His Messengers over whom He wills. And Allah has power over all things.
59:7 That which Allah has given to His Messenger from the inhabitants of that [Jewish] settlement is for Allah and for the Messenger and for his close relatives and for orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, so that wealth does not get circulated only within the rich amongst you. Whatever the Messenger gives you, take it; and whatever he does not give you, abstain from it! Fear Allah; Allah is indeed severe in giving punishment!
59:8 It [such windfall gain] is for the poor refugees driven from their homes and possessions. They seek favour and pleasure of Allah, and they support Allah and His Messenger. Those are the truthful ones.
59:9 Those who were settled in the city [Madinah] and had become believers before them [the refugees], love those who took refuge with them, and harbour no desire in their minds for what has been given [to the refugees]. They give them preference over themselves, even when they are themselves poor. And one who is protected against stinginess of one's own self — such are the ones truly successful.
59:10 And those who came after them say, "Our Lord! Forgive us and forgive our brothers who preceded us in the faith and let our minds have no malice towards those who believe. Our Lord! You are indeed Kind and Merciful."
59:11 Have you seen those who act hypocritically? They say to those who suppress the Truth from among the People of the Book, "If you are driven out we shall surely go out with you. And we shall not follow anyone ever against you. And if you are attacked, we shall help you." Allah bears witness that they are certainly indeed liars.
59:12 If they [the Jews] are driven out, they [hypocrites] will certainly not go with them. And if they [the former] are attacked, they [the latter] will not help them. And even if the hypocrites go to help the Jews, the former will turn their backs in flight, and then the latter will not get any help.
59:13 They are more afraid of you in their minds than of Allah. That is because they are a people who understand not.
59:14 They will fight you not all together but from within fortified strongholds or from behind walls. There is much animosity within them. You think they are united, but their hearts are divided. That is because they are unreasonable people.
59:15 Like those who [had to leave] just before them, they have tasted the evil consequences of their doings. And they shall have a painful punishment.
59:16 [The hypocrites are] like the Satan, when he tells man to suppress the Truth! But when man suppresses the Truth, he [Satan] says, "I do disassociate myself from you; I do fear Allah, the Lord of the Universe."
59:17 Then, the end of them both [man suppressing the Truth and the Satan] will be that they will be in the Fire, therein to abide. And that is the reward of evil-doers.
59:18 O those who believe! Fear Allah, and let everyone look forward to what one has sent ahead for the morrow [Hereafter]. And do fear Allah! Allah is indeed aware of all that you do.
59:19 And be not like those who forgot Allah, and so He caused them to forget themselves [their own true interests]. It is they who are the depraved ones.
59:20 People of the Fire and people of the Paradise are not equal. People of the Paradise are the winners.
59:21 Had We sent down this Quran on a mountain, you would certainly have seen it simply cracking down, out of the fear of Allah. And We give these examples for mankind to think over.
59:22 Allah is He save Whom there is no god — the knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the One Gracious, Merciful.
59:23 Allah is He save Whom there is no god — the Sovereign, the Pure, the Source of peace and security, the Guardian, the Omnipotent, the One Who can compel anything, the Supreme! Allah is far above what they worship besides Him.
59:24 Allah is He Who creates, originates, gives shape! His are the most excellent names. Everything in the heavens and the earth sings His Glory. He is the One Omnipotent, Wise.


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