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AYAH ar-Ra`d 13:15 

Arabic Source and Roman Transliteration
Arabic وَلِلَّهِ يَسْجُدُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ طَوْعًا وَكَرْهًا وَظِلَالُهُم بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ zoom
Transliteration Walillahi yasjudu man fee alssamawati waal-ardi tawAAan wakarhan wathilaluhum bialghuduwwi waal-asali zoom
Transliteration-2 walillahi yasjudu man fī l-samāwāti wal-arḍi ṭawʿan wakarhan waẓilāluhum bil-ghuduwi wal-āṣāli zoom
Literal
(Word by Word)
 And to Allah prostrates whoever (is) in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and (so do) their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons. zoom


Generally Accepted Translations of the Meaning
Muhammad Asad And before God prostrate themselves, willingly or unwillingly, all [things and beings] that are in the heavens and on earth, as do their shadows in the mornings and the evenings. zoom
M. M. Pickthall And unto Allah falleth prostrate whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening hours. zoom
Yusuf Ali (Saudi Rev. 1985) Whatever beings there are in the heavens and the earth do prostrate themselves to Allah (Acknowledging subjection),- with good-will or in spite of themselves: so do their shadows in the morning and evenings. zoom
Yusuf Ali (Orig. 1938) Whatever beings there are in the heavens and the earth do prostrate themselves to God (Acknowledging subjection),- with good-will or in spite of themselves: so do their shadows in the morning and evenings. zoom
Shakir And whoever is in the heavens and the earth makes obeisance to Allah only, willingly and unwillingly, and their shadows too at morn and eve. zoom
Wahiduddin Khan All who dwell in heavens and on the earth submit to God alone, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the mornings and in the evenings. zoom
Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar And to God prostrates whatever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly as does their shade at the first part of the day and the eventide.‡ zoom
T.B.Irving Whoever is in Heaven and Earth bows down on their knees before God obediently or grudgingly, just as their shadows do so in the morning and the evening. zoom
The Clear Quran, Dr. Mustafa Khattab To Allah ˹alone˺ bow down ˹in submission˺ all those in the heavens and the earth—willingly or unwillingly—as do their shadows, morning and evening. zoom
Safi Kaskas Everything in heaven and on earth submits to God, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the mornings and the evenings. zoom
Abdul Hye  And to Allah (alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons. zoom
The Study Quran And unto God prostrates whosoever is in the heavens and on the earth, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening. zoom
[The Monotheist Group] (2011 Edition) And to God submit all who are in the heavens and the Earth, willingly and unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening. zoom
Abdel Haleem All that are in heaven and earth submit to God alone, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the mornings and in the evenings. zoom
Abdul Majid Daryabadi And unto Allah prostrateth himself whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or of constraint, and also thir shadows in the moring and the evenings. zoom
Ahmed Ali Whosoever is in the heavens and on earth bows to God in submission with a will or perforce, as do their shadows in the morning and evening. zoom
Aisha Bewley Everyone in heaven and earth prostrates to Allah willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening. zoom
Ali Ünal To God prostrate all that are in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the mornings and the evenings. zoom
Ali Quli Qara'i To Allah prostrates whoever there is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and their shadows at sunrise and sunset. zoom
Hamid S. Aziz And unto Allah do prostrate whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening. zoom
Muhammad Mahmoud Ghali And to Allah prostrate themselves whoever are in the heavens and the earth, willingly and unwillingly, and their shadows (prostrate) in the early mornings and (the hours) before sunset. A prostration is to be performed here. zoom
Muhammad Sarwar All in the heavens and the earth prostrate themselves before God, either of their own free will or by force, just as do their shadows in the mornings and evenings. zoom
Muhammad Taqi Usmani To Allah bow in prostration all who are in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and their shadows as well in morns and eves. zoom
Shabbir Ahmed And before Allah bow, willingly or unwillingly, all beings that are in the heavens and earth, as do their shadows in the mornings and evenings (3:82), (41:11). zoom
Syed Vickar Ahamed And whatever beings there are in the heavens and the earth prostrate themselves to Allah (in respect and fear)— Willingly or unwillingly (with good will or in spite of themselves): Like their shadows do, in the mornings and the evenings. zoom
Umm Muhammad (Sahih International) And to Allah prostrates whoever is within the heavens and the earth, willingly or by compulsion, and their shadows [as well] in the mornings and the afternoons. zoom
Farook Malik Whatever is in the heavens and the earth do prostrate before Allah Alone willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and evenings. zoom
Dr. Munir Munshey Everything in the heavens and on earth falls prostrate before Allah _ willing or not! So do all shadows, every morning and evening! zoom
Dr. Kamal Omar And unto Allah (Alone) submits whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly; and (so do) their shadows in the morning and in the evenings. zoom
Talal A. Itani (new translation) To God prostrates everyone in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows, in the morning and in the evening. zoom
Maududi All that is in the heavens and the earth prostrates itself, whether willingly or by force, before Allah; and so do their shadows in the morning and in the evening. zoom
Ali Bakhtiari Nejad Everyone in the skies and in the earth, willingly or unwillingly, shows humbleness to God, and so do their shadows in the mornings and the afternoons. zoom
A.L. Bilal Muhammad et al (2018) Whatever beings there are in the heavens and the earth, prostrate themselves to God with good will or in spite of themselves. As do their shadows in the morning and evenings. zoom
[The Monotheist Group] (2013 Edition) Andto God will prostrate all who are in the heavens and the earth, willingly and unwillingly, as do their shadows in the morning and the evening. zoom
Mohammad Shafi And to Allah does prostrate everything in the heavens and the earth, willingly and unwillingly, as their shadows do morning and evening. zoom

Controversial, deprecated, or status undetermined works
Bijan Moeinian To God submit whatever is in existence in the heavens and the earth. They do so willingly or unwillingly (A disbeliever’s heart, e.g., has to submit itself to what God has ordered it to do and its owner cannot change it to his will.) Have you not seen that the shadow of all things bow down (willingly or unwillingly) before the Lord in the morning and the evening? zoom
Faridul Haque And to Allah only prostrate all those who are in the heavens and in the earth, willingly or helplessly - and their shadows - every morning and evening. (Command of prostration # 2). zoom
Hasan Al-Fatih Qaribullah All who dwell in the heavens and earth shall prostrate themselves before Allah, either willingly or unwillingly; as do their shadows in the mornings andevenings. zoom
Maulana Muhammad Ali And whoever is in the heavens and the earth makes obeisance to Allah only, willingly and unwillingly, and their shadows, too, at morn and eve. zoom
Muhammad Ahmed - Samira And to God, prostrate what (are) in the skies/space and the earth/Planet Earth voluntarily and involuntarily/forcefully , and their shadow/glory at the early morning and the evening to sunsets. zoom
Sher Ali And to ALLAH submits whosoever is in the heavens and the earth willingly or unwillingly and like wise do their shadows in the mornings and the evenings. zoom
Rashad Khalifa To GOD prostrates everyone in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and the evenings. zoom
Ahmed Raza Khan (Barelvi) And to Allah alone prostrates as many there are in the. Heavens and earth willingly or unwillingly and their shadows too every morning and evening. [^] (SAJDA) zoom
Amatul Rahman Omar All those that are in the heavens and on the earth submit to Allah alone; whether they choose to obey willingly or not, and likewise do their shadows, in the mornings and evenings, (and they are all subject to the divine law (- His law of nature). [Prostration] zoom
Dr. Mohammad Tahir-ul-Qadri And whoever is in the heavens and the earth prostrates himself before Allah, (some) willingly and (others) perforce, and their shadows (too prostrate themselves before Him) morning and evening. (Then why do the disbelievers do idol-worship, turning away from Allah?) zoom
Muhsin Khan & Muhammad al-Hilali And unto Allah (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons. zoom

Non-Muslim and/or Orientalist works
Arthur John Arberry To God bow all who are in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, as do their shadows also in the mornings and the evenings. zoom
Edward Henry Palmer And God do those who are in the heavens and the earth adore, whether they will or no! as do their shadows also morn and eve. zoom
George Sale Whatsoever is in heaven and on earth worshippeth God, voluntarily or of force; and their shadows also, morning and evening. zoom
John Medows Rodwell And unto God doth all in the Heavens and on the Earth bow down in worship, willingly or by constraint: their very shadows also morn and even! zoom
N J Dawood (2014) All who dwell in the heavens and on the earth shall prostrate themselves before God: some willingly, some perforce; and their very shadows, morning and evening. zoom

New and/or Partial Translations, and works in progress
Sayyid Qutb To God prostrate themselves, willingly or unwillingly, all those who are in the heavens and on earth, as do their very shadows, morning and evening. zoom
Ahmed Hulusi And whoever is in the heavens and the earth (matter and beyond) and their shadows (their conceptual existence – for the real and absolute existence is the Names of Allah) whether willingly or by compulsion, prostrate to Allah (they are in a state of absolute submission to the command of Allah comprising their essential reality)! (This is a verse of prostration.) zoom
Sayyed Abbas Sadr-Ameli And whoever is in the skies and on the earth prostrates for Allah willingly or unwillingly, and (so do) their shadows in the mornings and the evenings. zoom
Al-muntakhab fi tafsir al-Qur'an al-Karim To Allah Who controls the fate of all, do all beings, the material and the immaterial, in the heavens and on earth submit to His government and to His supreme controlling and influencing power willingly or unwillingly. So do the shadows they cast on the ground or on a surface by the intercepting sun rays fore and afternoon, and other luminary in the hull of the eve. zoom
Mir Aneesuddin And to Allah bows down whoever (and whatever) is in the skies and the earth willingly and unwillingly and their shadows (too), in the mornings and the evenings. zoom

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