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ت ر ف
General Root Meaning
soft, ease, to lead a delicate life, enjoy good things of life, to bestow the good things of life.
Corrupted, well to do, ungrateful, proud, one whom a life of softness and ease has caused to behave insolently, one whom the exclusive pursuit of pleasures of life has corrupted.
   ut'rif'tum   (1)

Not flee but return to what you were given luxury in it and to your homes, so that you may be questioned.

   ut'rifū   (1)

So why not had been of the generations from before you (those) possessing a remnant, forbidding from the corruption in the earth except a few of those We saved among them? But followed those who did wrong what luxury they were given therein, and they were criminals.

   mut'rafūhā   (2)

And thus not We sent from before you in a town any warner except said (the) wealthy ones of it, "Indeed, we [we] found our forefathers on a religion, and indeed, we [on] their footsteps (are) following."

And not We sent to a town any warner but said its wealthy ones, "Indeed we, in what you have been sent with, (are) disbelievers."

   mut'rafīna   (1)

Indeed, they were before that indulging in affluence.

   mut'rafīhā   (1)

And when We intend that We destroy a town, We order its wealthy people but they defiantly disobey therein; so (is) proved true against it the word, and We destroy it (with) destruction.

   mut'rafīhim   (1)

Until when We seize their affluent ones with the punishment, behold! They cry for help.

   wa-atrafnāhum   (1)

And said the chiefs of his people who disbelieved and denied (the) meeting (of) the Hereafter, while We had given them luxury in the life (of) the world, "Not (is) this but a man like you. He eats of what you eat [from it], and he drinks of what you drink.

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In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...