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ش ب ه
Shiin-Ba-ha
General Root Meaning
to be like, to resemble/assimilate/liken/imitate, to compare one thing with another due to an attribute connecting them or is common to them: can be real or ideal - real: "this dollar is like this dollar" ideal: "John is like the lion/ass (i.e. strength/stupidity)", appear like another thing, ambiguous/dubious/obscure, comparison/similitude/parable/simile, co similar, resemble (in quality or attributes), conformable.
With reference to the Quran is that of which the meaning is not be learned from its words and this is of two sorts: one is that of which the meaning is known by referring to what is termed "muhkam" and the other is that of which the knowledge of its real meaning is not attainable in any way or it means what is not understood without repeated consideration. (e.g. 3:7)
   tashābaha   (2)

3:7
He (is) the One Who revealed to you the Book, of it (are) Verses absolutely clear - they (are) the foundation (of) the Book, and others (are) allegorical. Then as for those in their hearts (is) perversity - [so] they follow what (is) allegorical of it, seeking [the] discord and seeking its interpretation. And not knows its interpretation except Allah. And those firm in [the] knowledge, they say, "We believe in it. All (is) from our Lord." And not will take heed except men (of) understanding.

2:70
They said, "Pray for us (to) your Lord to make clear to us what it (is). Indeed, [the] cows look alike to us. And indeed we, if wills Allah, (will) surely be those who are

   tashābahat   (1)

2:118
And said those who (do) not know, "Why not speaks to us Allah or comes to us a sign?" Like that said those from before them similar their saying. Became alike their hearts. Indeed, We have made clear the signs for people (who) firmly believe.

   shubbiha   (1)

4:157
And for their saying, "Indeed, we killed the Messiah, Isa, son (of) Maryam, (the) Messenger (of) Allah." And not they killed him and not they crucified him but it was made to appear (so) to them. And indeed, those who differ in it (are) surely in doubt about it. Not for them about it [of] (any) knowledge except (the) following (of) assumption. And not they killed him, certainly.

   fatashābaha   (1)

13:16
Say, "Who (is) the Lord (of) the heavens and the earth?" Say, "Allah." Say, "Have you then taken from besides Him, protectors, not they have power for themselves (to) benefit and not (to) harm?" Say, "Is equal the blind and the seeing? Or is equal the darkness[es] and the light? Or they attribute to Allah partners who created like His creation, so that seemed alike the creation to them?" Say, "Allah (is) the Creator of all things, and He (is) the One the Irresistible."

   mutashābihin   (2)

6:99
And He (is) the One Who sends down from the sky water, then We bring forth with it vegetation (of) every thing. Then We bring forth from it green plant, We bring forth from it grain - thick clustered. And from the date-palm, from its spathe clusters of dates hanging low. And gardens of grapes and the olives and the pomegranates resembling and not resembling. Look at its fruit when it bears fruit and its ripening. Indeed, in that (are) signs for a people (who) believe.

6:141
And He (is) the One Who produced gardens trellised and other than trellised and the date-palm and the crops, diverse (are) its taste, and the olives and the pomegranates similar and other than similar. Eat of its fruit when it bears fruit, and give its due (on the) day (of) its harvest. And (do) not (be) extravagant. Indeed, He (does) not love the ones who are extravagant.

   mutashābihan   (3)

39:23
Allah has revealed (the) best (of) [the] statement - a Book (its parts) resembling each ot oft-repeated. Shiver from it (the) skins (of) those who fear their Lord, then relax their skins and their hearts at (the) remembrance (of) Allah. That (is the) guidance (of) Allah, He guides with it whom He wills. And whoever lets go astray Allah then not for him any guide.

2:25
And give good news (to) those who believe, and do [the] righteous deeds, that for them (will be) Gardens, flow [from] under them the rivers. Every time they are provided therefrom of fruit (as) provision, they (will) say, "This (is) the one which we were provided from before." And they will be given therefrom (things) in resemblance; And for them therein spouses purified, and they therein (will) abide forever.

6:141
And He (is) the One Who produced gardens trellised and other than trellised and the date-palm and the crops, diverse (are) its taste, and the olives and the pomegranates similar and other than similar. Eat of its fruit when it bears fruit, and give its due (on the) day (of) its harvest. And (do) not (be) extravagant. Indeed, He (does) not love the ones who are extravagant.

   mutashābihātun   (1)

3:7
He (is) the One Who revealed to you the Book, of it (are) Verses absolutely clear - they (are) the foundation (of) the Book, and others (are) allegorical. Then as for those in their hearts (is) perversity - [so] they follow what (is) allegorical of it, seeking [the] discord and seeking its interpretation. And not knows its interpretation except Allah. And those firm in [the] knowledge, they say, "We believe in it. All (is) from our Lord." And not will take heed except men (of) understanding.

   mush'tabihan   (1)

6:99
And He (is) the One Who sends down from the sky water, then We bring forth with it vegetation (of) every thing. Then We bring forth from it green plant, We bring forth from it grain - thick clustered. And from the date-palm, from its spathe clusters of dates hanging low. And gardens of grapes and the olives and the pomegranates resembling and not resembling. Look at its fruit when it bears fruit and its ripening. Indeed, in that (are) signs for a people (who) believe.

Acknowledgements
IslamAwakened
would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.
In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...