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Go Back                                Abbreviations

Laleh Bakhtiar - Concordance of the Sublime Quran
Hans Wehr - Dictionary of Modern Arabic

Siin-Waw-Dal



to be lord/noble/glorious, rule/lead, overcome in glory.


sawida

to be black, bold.


iswadda

to beget a black boy, boy who is chief.


swad

great number.


al-siyyidda

blessed lady.


aswad

black, greater.


aswadda wajhuhu

his face became expressive of grief or sorrow. He became sorrowful/confounded/disgraced. It is a token of bad conclusion and failure and sorrow.

aswad

n.m. (pl. sud)

2:187
أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَى نِسَائِكُمْ هُنَّ لِبَاس ٌ لَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ لِبَاس ٌ لَهُنَّ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ أَنَّكُمْ كُنتُمْ تَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَفَا عَنْكُمْ فَالآنَ بَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَابْتَغُوا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ وَلاَ تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنْتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهَا كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ آيَاتِه ِِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ
'Uĥilla Lakum Laylata Aş-Şiyāmi Ar-Rafathu 'Ilá Nisā'ikum Hunna Libāsun Lakum Wa 'Antum Libāsun Lahunna `Alima Allāhu 'Annakum Kuntum Takhtānūna 'Anfusakum Fatāba `Alaykum Wa `Afā `Ankum Fāl'āna Bāshirūhunna Wa Abtaghū Mā Kataba Allāhu Lakum Wa Kulū Wa Ashrabū Ĥattá Yatabayyana Lakumu Al-Khayţu Al-'AbyaĐu Mina Al-Khayţi Al-'Aswadi Mina Al-Fajri Thumma 'Atimmū Aş-Şiyāma 'Ilá Al-Layli Wa Lā Tubāshirūhunna Wa 'Antum `Ākifūna Fī Al-Masājidi Tilka Ĥudūdu Allāhi Falā Taqrabūhā Kadhālika Yubayyinu Allāhu 'Āyātihi Lilnnāsi La`allahum Yattaqūna

It has been made lawful for you during the night of fasting to approach your women sexually. They are a garment for you and you are a garment for them. God knows that you used to betray your souls so He has accepted your repentance, and forgiven you; now you may approach them and seek what God has written for you. And you may eat and drink until the white thread is distinct from the black thread of dawn; then you shall complete the fast until night; and do not approach them while you are devoted in the temples. These are the boundaries of God, so do not transgress them. It is thus that God clarifies His revelations to the people who they may be righteous.

35:27
أَلَمْ تَرَى أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاء ً فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِه ِِ ثَمَرَات ٍ مُخْتَلِفاً أَلْوَانُهَا وَمِنَ الْجِبَالِ جُدَد ٌ بِيض ٌ وَحُمْر ٌ مُخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهَا وَغَرَابِيبُ سُود ٌ
'Alam Tará 'Anna Allāha 'Anzala Mina As-Samā'i Mā'an Fa'akhrajnā Bihi Thamarātin Mukhtalifāan 'Alwānuhā Wa Mina Al-Jibāli Judadun BīĐun Wa Ĥumrun Mukhtalifun 'Alwānuhā Wa Gharābību Sūdun

Do you not see that God sends down water from the sky, thus We produce with it fruits of various colors? And of the mountains are peaks that are white, red, or some other color and intense black.




sayyid

n.m. (pl. sadah)

3:39
فَنَادَتْهُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ وَهُوَ قَائِم ٌ يُصَلِّي فِي الْمِحْرَابِ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكَ بِيَحْيَى مُصَدِّقا ً بِكَلِمَة ٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَسَيِّدا ً وَحَصُورا ً وَنَبِيّا ً مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
Fanādat/hu Al-Malā'ikatu Wa Huwa Qā'imun Yuşallī Fī Al-Miĥrābi 'Anna Allāha Yubashshiruka Biyaĥyá Muşaddiqāan Bikalimatin Mina Allāhi Wa Sayyidāan Wa Ĥaşūrāan Wa Nabīyāan Mina Aş-Şāliĥīna

So the angels called to him while he was standing, making contact, in the temple enclosure: "God gives you glad tidings of John, authenticating the word from God, and a master, and steadfast, and a prophet from the upright."

12:25
وَاسْتَبَقَا الْبَابَ وَقَدَّتْ قَمِيصَه ُُ مِنْ دُبُر ٍ وَأَلْفَيَا سَيِّدَهَا لَدَى الْبَابِ قَالَتْ مَا جَزَاءُ مَنْ أَرَادَ بِأَهْلِكَ سُوءا ً إِلاَّ أَنْ يُسْجَنَ أَوْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيم ٌ
Wa Astabaqā Al-Bāba Wa Qaddat Qamīşahu Min Duburin Wa 'Alfayā Sayyidahā Ladá Al-Bābi Qālat Mā Jazā'u Man 'Arāda Bi'ahlika Sū'āan 'Illā 'An Yusjana 'Aw `Adhābun 'Alīmun

And as they rushed towards the door, she tore his shirt from behind; and they found her master at the door. She said: "What is the punishment for he who wanted evil for your family? Is it not that he be imprisoned or punished painfully?"

33:67
وَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا إِنَّا أَطَعْنَا سَادَتَنَا وَكُبَرَاءَنَا فَأَضَلُّونَا السَّبِيلَا
Wa Qālū Rabbanā 'Innā 'Aţa`nā Sādatanā Wa Kubarā'anā Fa'aĐallūnā As-Sabīlā

And they will say: Our Lord, we have obeyed our leaders and our learned ones, but they misled us from the path.




iswadda

vb. (9)perf. act.

3:106
يَوْمَ تَبْيَضُّ وُجُوه ٌ ٌ وَتَسْوَدُّ وُجُوه ٌ ٌ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ اسْوَدَّتْ وُجُوهُهُمْ أَكَفَرْتُمْ بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ
Yawma TabyaĐĐu Wujūhun Wa Taswaddu Wujūhun Fa'ammā Al-Ladhīna Aswaddat Wujūhuhum 'Akafartum Ba`da 'Īmānikum Fadhūqū Al-`Adhāba Bimā Kuntum Takfurūna

The Day on which faces will be lightened and faces will be darkened; as for those whose faces will be darkened: "Did you reject after believing? Taste the retribution for what you rejected."



impf. act.

3:106
يَوْمَ تَبْيَضُّ وُجُوه ٌ ٌ وَتَسْوَدُّ وُجُوه ٌ ٌ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ اسْوَدَّتْ وُجُوهُهُمْ أَكَفَرْتُمْ بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ فَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ
Yawma TabyaĐĐu Wujūhun Wa Taswaddu Wujūhun Fa'ammā Al-Ladhīna Aswaddat Wujūhuhum 'Akafartum Ba`da 'Īmānikum Fadhūqū Al-`Adhāba Bimā Kuntum Takfurūna

The Day on which faces will be lightened and faces will be darkened; as for those whose faces will be darkened: "Did you reject after believing? Taste the retribution for what you rejected."



pcple. act.

16:58
وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُمْ بِالأُنثَى ظَلَّ وَجْهُه ُُ مُسْوَدّا ً وَهُوَ كَظِيم ٌ
Wa 'Idhā Bushshira 'Aĥaduhum Bil-'Unthá žalla Wajhuhu Muswaddāan Wa Huwa Kažīmun

And when one of them is given news of a female, his face becomes darkened and he is in grief!

39:60
وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ تَرَى الَّذِينَ كَذَبُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ وُجُوهُهُمْ مُسْوَدَّةٌ أَلَيْسَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَثْوى ً لِلْمُتَكَبِّرِينَ
Wa Yawma Al-Qiyāmati Tará Al-Ladhīna Kadhabū `Alá Allāhi Wujūhuhum Muswaddatun 'Alaysa Fī Jahannama Mathwáan Lilmutakabbirīna

And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied about God, their faces will be darkened. Is there not an abode in Hell for the arrogant ones?

43:17
وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُمْ بِمَا ضَرَبَ لِلرَّحْمَنِ مَثَلا ً ظَلَّ وَجْهُه ُُ مُسْوَدّا ً وَهُوَ كَظِيم ٌ
Wa 'Idhā Bushshira 'Aĥaduhum Bimā Đaraba Lilrraĥmani Mathalāan žalla Wajhuhu Muswaddāan Wa Huwa Kažīmun

And if one of them is given news of that which he puts forth as an example for the Almighty, his face becomes dark, and he is miserable!


Lelah Bakhtiar
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Hans Wehr
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Acknowledgements:

IslamAwakened
would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.

In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...
 Hans Wehr 
  Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar
  All the believers at www.studyquran.org