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Laleh Bakhtiar - Concordance of the Sublime Quran
Hans Wehr - Dictionary of Modern Arabic

Jiim-Dal-Lam



To twist something firmly, make something firm or strong or compact, become hard and strong, contend or litigate in an altercation/dispute vehemently or violently, throw someone down, according to later usage (of the lawyers) to compare evidences [in a discussion with another person or other persons] in order that it might appear which of those evidences was preponderant, compete in disputation or contention and in striving to overcome [thereby], build or construct, rule a thing with lines [such as a book is ruled round a page].


jadal

n.m.

18:54
وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَا فِي هَذَا الْقُرْآنِ لِلنَّاسِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَثَل ٍ وَكَانَ الإِنسَانُ أَكْثَرَ شَيْء ٍ جَدَلا ً
Wa Laqad Şarrafnā Fī Hādhā Al-Qur'āni Lilnnāsi Min Kulli Mathalin Wa Kāna Al-'Insānu 'Akthara Shay'in Jadalāan

And We have dispatched in this Qur'an for the people from every example; but man has always been most argumentative.

43:58
وَقَالُوا أَآلِهَتُنَا خَيْرٌ أَمْ هُوَ مَا ضَرَبُوه ُُ لَكَ إِلاَّ جَدَلا ً بَلْ هُمْ قَوْمٌ خَصِمُونَ
Wa Qālū 'A'ālihatunā Khayrun 'Am Huwa Mā Đarabūhu Laka 'Illā Jadalāan Bal Hum Qawmun Khaşimūna

And they said: Our gods are better or is he? They only put this forth to argue with you. Indeed, they are a quarrelsome people.



jadala

vb. (3) perf. act.

4:109
هَاأَنْتُمْ هَاؤُلاَء جَادَلْتُمْ عَنْهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَمَنْ يُجَادِلُ اللَّهَ عَنْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَمْ مَنْ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلا ً
Hā'antum Hā'uulā' Jādaltum `Anhum Fī Al-Ĥayāati Ad-Dunyā Faman Yujādilu Allāha `Anhum Yawma Al-Qiyāmati 'Am Man Yakūnu `Alayhim Wa Kīlāan

Here you are arguing on their behalf in this world, but who will argue on their behalf with God on the Day of Resurrection? Or, who will be their sponsor?

11:32
قَالُوا يَانُوحُ قَدْ جَادَلْتَنَا فَأَكْثَرْتَ جِدَالَنَا فَأْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِنْ كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
Qālū Yā Nūĥu Qad Jādaltanā Fa'aktharta Jidālanā Fa'tinā Bimā Ta`idunā 'In Kunta Mina Aş-Şādiqīna

They said: "O Noah, you have argued with us, and continued arguing with us, so bring us what you promise us if you are of the truthful ones."

22:68
وَإِنْ جَادَلُوكَ فَقُلِ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ
Wa 'In Jādalūka Faquli Allāhu 'A`lamu Bimā Ta`malūna

And if they argue with you, then say: "God is fully aware of what you do."

40:5
كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوح ٍ وَالأَحْزَابُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ وَهَمَّتْ كُلُّ أُمَّة ٍ بِرَسُولِهِمْ لِيَأْخُذُوه ُُ وَجَادَلُوا بِالْبَاطِلِ لِيُدْحِضُوا بِهِ الْحَقَّ فَأَخَذْتُهُمْ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عِقَابِ
Kadhdhabat Qablahum Qawmu Nūĥin Wa Al-'Aĥzābu Min Ba`dihim Wa Hammat Kullu 'Ummatin Birasūlihim Liya'khudhūhu Wa Jādalū Bil-Bāţili LiyudĥiĐū Bihi Al-Ĥaqqa Fa'akhadhtuhum Fakayfa Kāna `Iqābi

Denial had come before them from the people of Noah and the opponents after them, and every nation plotted against their messenger to seize him, and they disputed by means of falsehood to defeat with it the truth. So I took them; how then was My punishment!



impf. act.

4:107
وَلاَ تُجَادِلْ عَنِ الَّذِينَ يَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ مَنْ كَانَ خَوَّاناً أَثِيما ً
Wa Lā Tujādil `Ani Al-Ladhīna Yakhtānūna 'Anfusahum 'Inna Allāha Lā Yuĥibbu Man Kāna Khawwānāan 'Athīmāan

And do not argue on behalf of those who betray themselves. God does not love those who are betrayers, sinners.

4:109
هَاأَنْتُمْ هَاؤُلاَء جَادَلْتُمْ عَنْهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَمَنْ يُجَادِلُ اللَّهَ عَنْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَمْ مَنْ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلا ً
Hā'antum Hā'uulā' Jādaltum `Anhum Fī Al-Ĥayāati Ad-Dunyā Faman Yujādilu Allāha `Anhum Yawma Al-Qiyāmati 'Am Man Yakūnu `Alayhim Wa Kīlāan

Here you are arguing on their behalf in this world, but who will argue on their behalf with God on the Day of Resurrection? Or, who will be their sponsor?

6:25
وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَسْتَمِعُ إِلَيْكَ وَجَعَلْنَا عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَنْ يَفْقَهُوه ُُ وَفِي آذَانِهِمْ وَقْرا ً وَإِنْ يَرَوْا كُلَّ آيَة ٍ لاَ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهَا حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءُوكَ يُجَادِلُونَكَ يَقُولُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ هَذَا إِلاَّ أَسَاطِيرُ الأَوَّلِينَ
Wa Minhum Man Yastami`u 'Ilayka Wa Ja`alnā `Alá Qulūbihim 'Akinnatan 'An Yafqahūhu Wa Fī 'Ādhānihim Waqrāan Wa 'In Yaraw Kulla 'Āyatin Lā Yu'uminū Bihā Ĥattá 'Idhā Jā'ūka Yujādilūnaka Yaqūlu Al-Ladhīna Kafarū 'In Hādhā 'Illā 'Asāţīru Al-'Awwalīna

And from them are those who listen to you; and We have made covers over their hearts to prevent them from understanding it, and a deafness in their ears; and if they see every sign they will not believe; even when they come to you they argue, those who reject say: "This is nothing except fictional tales of old!"

6:121
وَلاَ تَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا لَمْ يُذْكَرِ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنَّه ُُ لَفِسْق ٌ وَإِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ لَيُوحُونَ إِلَى أَوْلِيَائِهِمْ لِيُجَادِلُوكُمْ وَإِنْ أَطَعْتُمُوهُمْ إِنَّكُمْ لَمُشْرِكُونَ
Wa Lā Ta'kulū Mimmā Lam Yudhkari Asmu Allāhi `Alayhi Wa 'Innahu Lafisqun Wa 'Inna Ash-Shayāţīna Layūĥūna 'Ilá 'Awliyā'ihim Liyujādilūkum Wa 'In 'Aţa`tumūhum 'Innakum Lamushrikūna

And do not eat from that which the name of God has not been mentioned, for it is wickedness. And the devils they inspire their supporters to argue with you; and if you obey them, then you are polytheists.

7:71
قَالَ قَدْ وَقَعَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ رِجْس ٌ وَغَضَبٌ أَتُجَادِلُونَنِي فِي أَسْمَاء ٍ سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنْتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُمْ مَا نَزَّلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِنْ سُلْطَان ٍ فَانتَظِرُوا إِنِّي مَعَكُمْ مِنَ الْمُنتَظِرِينَ
Qāla Qad Waqa`a `Alaykum Min Rabbikum Rijsun Wa GhaĐabun 'Atujādilūnanī Fī 'Asmā'in Sammaytumūhā 'Antum Wa 'Ābā'uukum Mā Nazzala Allāhu Bihā Min Sulţānin Fāntažirū 'Innī Ma`akum Mina Al-Muntažirīna

He said: "An affliction and wrath shall befall you from your Lord. Do you argue with me over names which you and your fathers have created with no authority being sent down by God? Wait then, and I will wait with you."

8:6
يُجَادِلُونَكَ فِي الْحَقِّ بَعْدَمَا تَبَيَّنَ كَأَنَّمَا يُسَاقُونَ إِلَى الْمَوْتِ وَهُمْ يَنظُرُونَ
Yujādilūnaka Fī Al-Ĥaqqi Ba`damā Tabayyana Ka'annamā Yusāqūna 'Ilá Al-Mawti Wa Hum Yanžurūna

They argue with you about the truth when it has been made clear to them; as if they were being herded towards death while they are watching!

11:74
فَلَمَّا ذَهَبَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الرَّوْعُ وَجَاءَتْهُ الْبُشْرَى يُجَادِلُنَا فِي قَوْمِ لُوط ٍ
Falammā Dhahaba `An 'Ibrāhīma Ar-Raw`u Wa Jā'at/hu Al-Bushrá Yujādilunā Fī Qawmi Lūţin

So when the shock left Abraham, and the good news was delivered to him, he began to argue with Us for the people of Lot.

13:13
وَيُسَبِّحُ الرَّعْدُ بِحَمْدِه ِِ وَالْمَلاَئِكَةُ مِنْ خِيفَتِه ِِ وَيُرْسِلُ الصَّوَاعِقَ فَيُصِيبُ بِهَا مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَهُمْ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي اللَّهِ وَهُوَ شَدِيدُ الْمِحَالِ
Wa Yusabbiĥu Ar-Ra`du Biĥamdihi Wa Al-Malā'ikatu Min Khīfatihi Wa Yursilu Aş-Şawā`iqa Fayuşību Bihā Man Yashā'u Wa Hum Yujādilūna Fī Allāhi Wa Huwa Shadīdu Al-Miĥāli

And the thunder glorifies His praise, and the angels are in awe of Him, and He sends the thunderbolts, and strikes with them whom He wills. Yet they are still arguing regarding God, while He is severe in punishment.

16:111
يَوْمَ تَأْتِي كُلُّ نَفْس ٍ تُجَادِلُ عَنْ نَفْسِهَا وَتُوَفَّى كُلُّ نَفْس ٍ مَا عَمِلَتْ وَهُمْ لاَ يُظْلَمُونَ
Yawma Ta'tī Kullu Nafsin Tujādilu `An Nafsihā Wa Tuwaffá Kullu Nafsin Mā `Amilat Wa Hum Lā Yužlamūna

The Day every soul will come to argue for itself, and every soul will be paid in full for what it did, and they will not be wronged.

18:56
وَمَا نُرْسِلُ الْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلاَّ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَيُجَادِلُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِالْبَاطِلِ لِيُدْحِضُوا بِهِ الْحَقَّ وَاتَّخَذُوا آيَاتِي وَمَا أُنْذِرُوا هُزُوا ً
Wa Mā Nursilu Al-Mursalīna 'Illā Mubashshirīna Wa Mundhirīna Wa Yujādilu Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Bil-Bāţili LiyudĥiĐū Bihi Al-Ĥaqqa Wa Attakhadhū 'Āyātī Wa Mā 'Undhirū Huzūan

And We do not send the messengers except as bearers of good news and warners. But those who reject will argue using falsehood to overshadow the truth with it. And they took My revelations and what they have been warned by for mockery!

22:3
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يُجَادِلُ فِي اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْم ٍ وَيَتَّبِعُ كُلَّ شَيْطَان ٍ مَرِيد ٍ
Wa Mina An-Nāsi Man Yujādilu Fī Allāhi Bighayri `Ilmin Wa Yattabi`u Kulla Shayţānin Marīdin

And from the people is he who argues regarding God without knowledge, and he follows every rebellious devil.

22:8
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يُجَادِلُ فِي اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْم ٍ وَلاَ هُدى ً وَلاَ كِتَاب ٍ مُنِير ٍ
Wa Mina An-Nāsi Man Yujādilu Fī Allāhi Bighayri `Ilmin Wa Lā Hudáan Wa Lā Kitābin Munīrin

And from the people are those who argue regarding God with no knowledge nor guidance nor enlightening Book.

29:46
وَلاَ تُجَادِلُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ إِلاَّ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ وَقُولُوا آمَنَّا بِالَّذِي أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَأُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَإِلَهُنَا وَإِلَهُكُمْ وَاحِد ٌ وَنَحْنُ لَه ُُ مُسْلِمُونَ
Wa Lā Tujādilū 'Ahla Al-Kitābi 'Illā Bi-Atī Hiya 'Aĥsanu 'Illā Al-Ladhīna žalamū Minhum Wa Qūlū 'Āmannā Bial-Ladhī 'Unzila 'Ilaynā Wa 'Unzila 'Ilaykum Wa 'Ilahunā Wa 'Ilahukum Wāĥidun Wa Naĥnu Lahu Muslimūna

And do not argue with the people of the Book except in that which is better; except for those who are wicked among them; and say: "We believe in what was revealed to us and in what was revealed to you, and our god and your god is the same; to Him we submit."

31:20
أَلَمْ تَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ سَخَّرَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ وَأَسْبَغَ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعَمَه ُُ ظَاهِرَة ً وَبَاطِنَة ً وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يُجَادِلُ فِي اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْم ٍ وَلاَ هُدى ً وَلاَ كِتَاب ٍ مُنِير ٍ
'Alam Taraw 'Anna Allāha Sakhkhara Lakum Mā Fī As-Samāwāti Wa Mā Fī Al-'ArĐi Wa 'Asbagha `Alaykum Ni`amahu žāhiratan Wa Bāţinatan Wa Mina An-Nāsi Man Yujādilu Fī Allāhi Bighayri `Ilmin Wa Lā Hudáan Wa Lā Kitābin Munīrin

Did you not see that God has commissioned in your service what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and He has showered you with His blessings, both apparent and hidden? Yet from the people are some who argue about God with no knowledge nor guidance nor enlightening Book.

40:4
مَا يُجَادِلُ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَلاَ يَغْرُرْكَ تَقَلُّبُهُمْ فِي الْبِلاَدِ
Mā Yujādilu Fī 'Āyāti Allāhi 'Illā Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Falā Yaghrurka Taqallubuhum Fī Al-Bilādi

None dispute in the revelations of God except those who have rejected. So do not be impressed by their influence in the land.

40:35
الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ كَبُرَ مَقْتاً عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَعِنْدَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كَذَلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ قَلْبِ مُتَكَبِّر ٍ جَبَّار ٍ
Al-Ladhīna Yujādilūna Fī 'Āyāti Allāhi Bighayri Sulţānin 'Atāhum Kabura Maqtāan `Inda Allāhi Wa `Inda Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Kadhālika Yaţba`u Allāhu `Alá Kulli Qalbi Mutakabbirin Jabbārin

Those who dispute about the revelations of God without any authority that has come to them, it is greatly abhorred with God and with those who believe. God thus seals the hearts of every arrogant tyrant.

40:56
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ إِنْ فِي صُدُورِهِمْ إِلاَّ كِبْر ٌ مَا هُمْ بِبَالِغِيه ِِ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّه ُُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ
'Inna Al-Ladhīna Yujādilūna Fī 'Āyāti Allāhi Bighayri Sulţānin 'Atāhum 'In Fī Şudūrihim 'Illā Kibrun Mā Hum Bibālighīhi Fāsta`idh Billāhi 'Innahu Huwa As-Samī`u Al-Başīru

Surely, those who dispute about the revelations of God without any authority given to them, there is nothing except arrogance in their chests, which they do not perceive. Therefore, seek refuge withGod; He is the Hearer, the Seer.

40:69
أَلَمْ تَرَى إِلَى الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ أَنَّى يُصْرَفُونَ
'Alam Tará 'Ilá Al-Ladhīna Yujādilūna Fī 'Āyāti Allāhi 'Anná Yuşrafūna

Did you not see those who dispute about the revelations of God, how they have deviated?

42:35
وَيَعْلَمَ الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِنَا مَا لَهُمْ مِنْ مَحِيص ٍ
Wa Ya`lama Al-Ladhīna Yujādilūna Fī 'Āyātinā Mā Lahum Min Maĥīşin

And that those who dispute in Our signs may know that they have no place to hide.

58:1
قَدْ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ قَوْلَ الَّتِي تُجَادِلُكَ فِي زَوْجِهَا وَتَشْتَكِي إِلَى اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ يَسْمَعُ تَحَاوُرَكُمَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيع ٌ بَصِير ٌ
Qad Sami`a Allāhu Qawla Allatī Tujādiluka Fī Zawjihā Wa Tashtakī 'Ilá Allāhi Wa Allāhu Yasma`u Taĥāwurakumā 'Inna Allāha Samī`un Başīrun

God has heard the woman who has argued with you regarding her husband, and she complained to God. And God hears the argument between you. God is Hearer, Seer.



impv.

16:125
ادْعُ إِلَى سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ وَجَادِلْهُمْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ ضَلَّ عَنْ سَبِيلِه ِِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ
Ad`u 'Ilá Sabīli Rabbika Bil-Ĥikmati Wa Al-Maw`ižati Al-Ĥasanati Wa Jādilhum Bi-Atī Hiya 'Aĥsanu 'Inna Rabbaka Huwa 'A`lamu Biman Đalla `An Sabīlihi Wa Huwa 'A`lamu Bil-Muhtadīna

Invite to the path of your Lord with wisdom and good advice, and argue with them in that which is better. Your Lord is fully aware of who is misguided from His path, and He is fully aware of the guided ones.



n.vb.

2:197
الْحَجُّ أَشْهُر ٌ مَعْلُومَات ٌ فَمَنْ فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلاَ رَفَثَ وَلاَ فُسُوقَ وَلاَ جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْر ٍ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّهُ وَتَزَوَّدُوا فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُونِي يَا أُوْلِي الأَلْبَابِ
Al-Ĥajju 'Ash/hurun Ma`lūmātun Faman FaraĐa Fīhinna Al-Ĥajja Falā Rafatha Wa Lā Fusūqa Wa Lā Jidāla Fī Al-Ĥajji Wa Mā Taf`alū Min Khayrin Ya`lamhu Allāhu Wa Tazawwadū Fa'inna Khayra Az-Zādi At-Taqwá Wa Attaqūnī Yā 'Ūlī Al-'Albābi

The Pilgrimage months are made known. So whoever decides to perform the Pilgrimage therein, then there shall be no sexual approach, nor wickedness, nor baseless argument in the Pilgrimage. And any good that you do, God is aware of it; and bring provisions for yourselves, though the best provision is righteousness; and be aware of Me O you who possess intelligence.

11:32
قَالُوا يَانُوحُ قَدْ جَادَلْتَنَا فَأَكْثَرْتَ جِدَالَنَا فَأْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِنْ كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
Qālū Yā Nūĥu Qad Jādaltanā Fa'aktharta Jidālanā Fa'tinā Bimā Ta`idunā 'In Kunta Mina Aş-Şādiqīna

They said: "O Noah, you have argued with us, and continued arguing with us, so bring us what you promise us if you are of the truthful ones."




Lelah Bakhtiar
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Hans Wehr
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Acknowledgements:

IslamAwakened
would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.

In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...
 Hans Wehr 
  Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar
  All the believers at www.studyquran.org