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Go Back                                Abbreviations

Laleh Bakhtiar - Concordance of the Sublime Quran
Hans Wehr - Dictionary of Modern Arabic


To become emaciated, be disordered, be profligate, become sick or diseased, be weary, become fatigued at the point of death, be dissolved by excessive grief or love, constantly affected by grief so as to be at the point of death, suffer protracted disquietude of mind and disease, be unable to rise from or quit the place, become low or sordid or bad, be neglected or forsaken, possess no good, to excite/urge/instigate someone, rouse someone to ardour or to fight, contend with another in shuffling or playing with gaming-arrows, apply oneself constantly or perseveringly to work, corrupt or vitiate or destroy oneself or one's own soul.

قَالُوا تَاللَّهِ تَفْتَأُ تَذْكُرُ يُوسُفَ حَتَّى تَكُونَ حَرَضاً أَوْ تَكُونَ مِنَ الْهَالِكِينَ
Qālū Ta-Allāhi Tafta'u Tadhkuru Yūsufa Ĥattá Takūna ĤaraĐāan 'Aw Takūna Mina Al-Hālikīna

They said: "By God, you will never cease to remember Joseph until you become senile or become dead!"

vb. (2) impv.
فَقَاتِلْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لاَ تُكَلَّفُ إِلاَّ نَفْسَكَ وَحَرِّضِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَكُفَّ بَأْسَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَاللَّهُ أَشَدُّ بَأْسا ً وَأَشَدُّ تَنكِيلا ً
Faqātil Fī Sabīli Allāhi Lā Tukallafu 'Illā Nafsaka Wa ĤarriĐi Al-Mu'uminīna `Asá Allāhu 'An Yakuffa Ba'sa Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Wa Allāhu 'Ashaddu Ba'sāan Wa 'Ashaddu Tankīlāan

So fight in the cause of God; you are not responsible except for yourself. And enjoin the believers: "Perhaps God will put a stop to the might of those who disbelieved." And God is far Mightier and far more Punishing.

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ حَرِّضِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلَى الْقِتَالِ إِنْ يَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ عِشْرُونَ صَابِرُونَ يَغْلِبُوا مِائَتَيْنِ وَإِنْ يَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ مِائَة ٌ يَغْلِبُوا أَلْفا ً مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِأَنَّهُمْ قَوْم ٌ لاَ يَفْقَهُونَ
Yā 'Ayyuhā An-Nabīyu ĤarriĐi Al-Mu'uminīna `Alá Al-Qitāli 'In Yakun Minkum `Ishrūna Şābirūna Yaghlibū Miā'atayni Wa 'In Yakun Minkum Miā'atun Yaghlibū 'Alfāan Mina Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Bi'annahum Qawmun Lā Yafqahūna

O prophet, urge the believers to fight. If there are twenty of you who are patient, they will defeat two hundred. And if there are one hundred of you, they will defeat one thousand from among those who reject; that is because they are a people who do not understand.

Lelah Bakhtiar
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Hans Wehr
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would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.

In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...
 Hans Wehr 
  Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar
  All the believers at www.studyquran.org