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Laleh Bakhtiar - Concordance of the Sublime Quran
Hans Wehr - Dictionary of Modern Arabic

Ayn-Kaf-Fa



to arrange, set a thing in order, he kept or clave to it constantly and perseveringly, continue intently, they went round something, advance/approach it, withheld/detain/confined, to seclude oneself, remain/stay/dwell.


ya'kufuuna

(imp. 3rd. m. pl.)

they clung to.


'
aakif

(act. pic. m. sing.)


inhabitant.


'aakifuuna / aakifiina

(acc./ act. pic. pl.)


those who are performing i'tikaaf.


ma'kuufan

(pic. pac. acc.)


detained, stopped.


akafa

vb. (1) impf. act.


7:138
وَجَاوَزْنَا بِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَتَوْا عَلَى قَوْم ٍ يَعْكُفُونَ عَلَى أَصْنَام ٍ لَهُمْ قَالُوا يَامُوسَى اجْعَل لَنَا إِلَها ً كَمَا لَهُمْ آلِهَة ٌ قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ قَوْم ٌ تَجْهَلُونَ
Wa Jāwaznā Bibanī 'Isrā'īla Al-Baĥra Fa'ataw `Alá Qawmin Ya`kufūna `Alá 'Aşnāmin Lahum Qālū Yā Mūsá Aj`al Lanā 'Ilahāan Kamā Lahum 'Ālihatun Qāla 'Innakum Qawmun Tajhalūna

And We let the Children of Israel cross the sea, then they came upon a people who were devoted to statues made for them; they said: "O Moses, make for us a god like they have gods?" He said: "You are an ignorant people!"



pcple. act.

2:125
وَإِذْ جَعَلْنَا الْبَيْتَ مَثَابَة ً لِلنَّاسِ وَأَمْنا ً وَاتَّخِذُوا مِنْ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلّى ً وَعَهِدْنَا إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ أَنْ طَهِّرَا بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْعَاكِفِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ
Wa 'Idh Ja`alnā Al-Bayta Mathābatan Lilnnāsi Wa 'Amnāan Wa Attakhidhū Min Maqāmi 'Ibrāhīma Muşalláan Wa `Ahidnā 'Ilá 'Ibrāhīma Wa 'Ismā`īla 'An Ţahhirā Baytiya Lilţţā'ifīna Wa Al-`Ākifīna Wa Ar-Rukka`i As-Sujūdi

And We have made the Sanctuary to be a model for the people and a security. And you shall take, from the station of Abraham, a place for making the contact. And We entrusted to Abraham and Ishmael: "You shall purify My Sanctuary for those who visit, and those who are devoted, and the kneeling, the prostrating."

2:187
أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَى نِسَائِكُمْ هُنَّ لِبَاس ٌ لَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ لِبَاس ٌ لَهُنَّ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ أَنَّكُمْ كُنتُمْ تَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَفَا عَنْكُمْ فَالآنَ بَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَابْتَغُوا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ وَلاَ تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنْتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهَا كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ آيَاتِه ِِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ
'Uĥilla Lakum Laylata Aş-Şiyāmi Ar-Rafathu 'Ilá Nisā'ikum Hunna Libāsun Lakum Wa 'Antum Libāsun Lahunna `Alima Allāhu 'Annakum Kuntum Takhtānūna 'Anfusakum Fatāba `Alaykum Wa `Afā `Ankum Fāl'āna Bāshirūhunna Wa Abtaghū Mā Kataba Allāhu Lakum Wa Kulū Wa Ashrabū Ĥattá Yatabayyana Lakumu Al-Khayţu Al-'AbyaĐu Mina Al-Khayţi Al-'Aswadi Mina Al-Fajri Thumma 'Atimmū Aş-Şiyāma 'Ilá Al-Layli Wa Lā Tubāshirūhunna Wa 'Antum `Ākifūna Fī Al-Masājidi Tilka Ĥudūdu Allāhi Falā Taqrabūhā Kadhālika Yubayyinu Allāhu 'Āyātihi Lilnnāsi La`allahum Yattaqūna

It has been made lawful for you during the night of fasting to approach your women sexually. They are a garment for you and you are a garment for them. God knows that you used to betray your souls so He has accepted your repentance, and forgiven you; now you may approach them and seek what God has written for you. And you may eat and drink until the white thread is distinct from the black thread of dawn; then you shall complete the fast until night; and do not approach them while you are devoted in the temples. These are the boundaries of God, so do not transgress them. It is thus that God clarifies His revelations to the people who they may be righteous.

20:91
قَالُوا لَنْ نَبْرَحَ عَلَيْهِ عَاكِفِينَ حَتَّى يَرْجِعَ إِلَيْنَا مُوسَى
Qālū Lan Nabraĥa `Alayhi `Ākifīna Ĥattá Yarji`a 'Ilaynā Mūsá

They said: "We will remain devoted to it until Moses comes back to us."

20:97
قَالَ فَاذْهَبْ فَإِنَّ لَكَ فِي الْحَيَاةِ أَنْ تَقُولَ لاَ مِسَاسَ وَإِنَّ لَكَ مَوْعِدا ً لَنْ تُخْلَفَه ُُ وَانظُرْ إِلَى إِلَهِكَ الَّذِي ظَلْتَ عَلَيْهِ عَاكِفا ً لَنُحَرِّقَنَّه ُُ ثُمَّ لَنَنسِفَنَّه ُُ فِي الْيَمِّ نَسْفا ً
Qāla Fādh/hab Fa'inna Laka Fī Al-Ĥayāati 'An Taqūla Lā Misāsa Wa 'Inna Laka Maw`idāan Lan Tukhlafahu Wa Anžur 'Ilá 'Ilahika Al-Ladhī žalta `Alayhi `Ākifāan Lanuĥarriqannahu Thumma Lanansifannahu Fī Al-Yammi Nasfāan

He said: "Then be gone, for you will have it in this life to say: "I am not to be touched" And you will have an appointed time which you will not forsake. And look to your god that you remained devoted to, we will burn him, then we will destroy him in the sea completely."

21:52
إِذْ قَالَ لِأَبِيه ِِ وَقَوْمِه ِِ مَا هَذِهِ التَّمَاثِيلُ الَّتِي أَنْتُمْ لَهَا عَاكِفُونَ
'Idh Qāla Li'abīhi Wa Qawmihi Mā Hadhihi At-Tamāthīlu Allatī 'Antum Lahā `Ākifūna

As he said to his father and people: "What are these images to which you are devoted?"

22:25
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَيَصُدُّونَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ الَّذِي جَعَلْنَاه ُُ لِلنَّاسِ سَوَاء ً الْعَاكِفُ فِيه ِِ وَالْبَادِ وَمَنْ يُرِدْ فِيه ِِ بِإِلْحَاد ٍ بِظُلْم ٍ نُذِقْهُ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيم ٍ
'Inna Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Wa Yaşuddūna `An Sabīli Allāhi Wa Al-Masjidi Al-Ĥarāmi Al-Ladhī Ja`alnāhu Lilnnāsi Sawā'an Al-`Ākifu Fīhi Wa Al-Bādi Wa Man Yurid Fīhi Bi'ilĥādin Bižulmin Nudhiqhu Min `Adhābin 'Alīmin

Surely, those who have rejected and repel from the path of God, and from the Restricted Temple that We have made for the people - for the one devoted therein and the one who visits it - and whoever inclines to evil action in it, We will let them taste a painful retribution.

26:71
قَالُوا نَعْبُدُ أَصْنَاما ً فَنَظَلُّ لَهَا عَاكِفِينَ
Qālū Na`budu 'Aşnāmāan Fanažallu Lahā `Ākifīna

They said: "We worship statues; thus we stay devoted to them."



pcple. pass.

48:25
هُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَصَدُّوكُمْ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَالْهَدْيَ مَعْكُوفاً أَنْ يَبْلُغَ مَحِلَّه ُُ وَلَوْلاَ رِجَال ٌ مُؤْمِنُونَ وَنِسَاء ٌ مُؤْمِنَات ٌ لَمْ تَعْلَمُوهُمْ أَنْ تَطَئُوهُمْ فَتُصِيبَكُمْ مِنْهُمْ مَعَرَّة ٌ بِغَيْرِ عِلْم ٍ لِيُدْخِلَ اللَّهُ فِي رَحْمَتِه ِِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ لَوْ تَزَيَّلُوا لَعَذَّبْنَا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْهُمْ عَذَاباً أَلِيما ً
Humu Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Wa Şaddūkum `Ani Al-Masjidi Al-Ĥarāmi Wa Al-Hadya Ma`kūfāan 'An Yablugha Maĥillahu Wa Lawlā Rijālun Mu'uminūna Wa Nisā'un Mu'uminātun Lam Ta`lamūhum 'An Taţa'ūhum Fatuşībakum Minhum Ma`arratun Bighayri `Ilmin Liyudkhila Allāhu Fī Raĥmatihi Man Yashā'u Law Tazayyalū La`adhdhabnā Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Minhum `Adhābāan 'Alīmāan

They are the ones who rejected and barred you from the Restricted Temple, and barred your donations from reaching their destination. And there had been believing men and believing women whom you did not know, and you may have hurt them, and on whose account you would have incurred a sin unknowingly. God will admit into His mercy whoever He wills. Had they become separated, We would then have punished those from them who rejected with a painful retribution.


Lelah Bakhtiar
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Hans Wehr
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Acknowledgements:

IslamAwakened
would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.

In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...
 Hans Wehr 
  Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar
  All the believers at www.studyquran.org