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Go Back                                Abbreviations

Laleh Bakhtiar - Concordance of the Sublime Quran
Hans Wehr - Dictionary of Modern Arabic

Alif-Tha-Miim


to commit a crime/sin or lie.


ithm

sin, crime, guilt, iniquity, lie, anything that hinders from good deeds, harmful, anything which renders a person deserving of punishment, anything that pricks the mind as something evil, unlawful.


athaam

punishment of wickedness, the requital.


aathim

evil doer, one who sins.


athiim

wicked person.


taa'thiim

accusation of crime.


athima

vb. (1) pcple. act.


2:283
وَإِنْ كُنتُمْ عَلَى سَفَر ٍ وَلَمْ تجِدُوا كَاتِبا ً فَرِهَان ٌ مَقْبُوضَة ٌ فَإِنْ أَمِنَ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضا ً فَلْيُؤَدِّ الَّذِي اؤْتُمِنَ أَمَانَتَه ُُ وَلْيَتَّقِ اللَّهَ رَبَّه ُُ وَلاَ تَكْتُمُوا الشَّهَادَةَ وَمَنْ يَكْتُمْهَا فَإِنَّهُ آثِم ٌ قَلْبُه ُُ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ عَلِيم ٌ

Wa 'In Kuntum `Alá Safarin Wa Lam Tjidū Kātibāan Farihānun MaqbūĐatun Fa'in 'Amina Ba`Đukum Ba`Đāan Falyu'uaddi Al-Ladhī A'utumina 'Amānatahu Wa Līattaqi Allāha Rabbahu Wa Lā Taktumū Ash-Shahādata Wa Man Yaktumhā Fa'innahu 'Āthimun Qalbuhu Wa Allāhu Bimā Ta`malūna `Alīmun

And if you are traveling or do not find a scribe, then a pledge of collateral. So, if you have entrusted each other in this manner, then let the one who was entrusted deliver his trust, and let him be aware of God his Lord. And do not hold back the testimony. And whoever holds it back, then he has sinned in his heart, and God is aware of what you do.

5:106
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا شَهَادَةُ بَيْنِكُمْ إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ حِينَ الْوَصِيَّةِ اثْنَانِ ذَوَا عَدْل ٍ مِنْكُمْ أَوْ آخَرَانِ مِنْ غَيْرِكُمْ إِنْ أَنْتُمْ ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ فَأَصَابَتْكُمْ مُصِيبَةُ الْمَوْتِ تَحْبِسُونَهُمَا مِنْ بَعْدِ الصَّلاَةِ فَيُقْسِمَانِ بِاللَّهِ إِنِ ارْتَبْتُمْ لاَ نَشْتَرِي بِه ِِ ثَمَنا ً وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَى وَلاَ نَكْتُمُ شَهَادَةَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا إِذا ً لَمِنَ الآثِمِينَ

Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Shahādatu Baynikum 'Idhā ĤaĐara 'Aĥadakumu Al-Mawtu Ĥīna Al-Waşīyati Athnāni Dhawā `Adlin Minkum 'Aw 'Ākharāni Min Ghayrikum 'In 'Antum Đarabtum Fī Al-'ArĐi Fa'aşābatkum Muşībatu Al-Mawti Taĥbisūnahumā Min Ba`di Aş-Şalāati Fayuqsimāni Billāhi 'Ini Artabtum Lā Nashtarī Bihi Thamanāan Wa Law Kāna Dhā Qurbá Wa Lā Naktumu Shahādata Allāhi 'Innā 'Idhāan Lamina Al-'Āthimīna

O you who believe, witnessing shall be done if death is approaching one of you and a will is being made, by two among you who are equitable. If you have gone forth in the land, and death is approaching, then any two may suffice - if you have a doubt regarding them, then detain them after making the contact prayer, and they will swear by God: "We will not purchase with it any price, even if it was from a near relative, and we will not conceal the testimony of God, else we are of the sinners."

76:24
فَاصْبِرْ لِحُكْمِ رَبِّكَ وَلاَ تُطِعْ مِنْهُمْ آثِماً أَوْ كَفُورا ً

Fāşbir Liĥukmi Rabbika Wa Lā Tuţi` Minhum 'Āthimāan 'Aw Kafūrāan

So be patient to the judgment of your Lord, and do not obey from them any sinner or rejecter.


atham

n.m.


25:68
وَالَّذِينَ لاَ يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَها ً آخَرَ وَلاَ يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلاَّ بِالْحَقِّ وَلاَ يَزْنُونَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَاما ً

Wa Al-Ladhīna Lā Yad`ūna Ma`a Allāhi 'Ilahāan 'Ākhara Wa Lā Yaqtulūna An-Nafsa Allatī Ĥarrama Allāhu 'Illā Bil-Ĥaqqi Wa Lā Yaznūna Wa Man Yaf`al Dhālika Yalqa 'Athāmāan

And those who do not call on any other god with God; nor do they take the life which God has made forbidden, except in justice; nor do they commit adultery. And whoever does will receive the punishment.


athim

n.m.


2:276
يَمْحَقُ اللَّهُ الرِّبَا وَيُرْبِي الصَّدَقَاتِ وَاللَّهُ لاَ يُحِبُّ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ أَثِيم ٍ

Yamĥaqu Allāhu Ar-Ribā Wa Yurbī Aş-Şadaqāti Wa Allāhu Lā Yuĥibbu Kulla Kaffārin 'Athīmin

God condemns usury, and He grants growth to the charities. And God does not love any wicked sinner.

4:107
وَلاَ تُجَادِلْ عَنِ الَّذِينَ يَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ مَنْ كَانَ خَوَّاناً أَثِيما ً

Wa Lā Tujādil `Ani Al-Ladhīna Yakhtānūna 'Anfusahum 'Inna Allāha Lā Yuĥibbu Man Kāna Khawwānāan 'Athīmāan

And do not argue on behalf of those who betray themselves. God does not love those who are betrayers, sinners.

2:222
وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْمَحِيضِ قُلْ هُوَ أَذى ً فَاعْتَزِلُوا النِسَاء فِي الْمَحِيضِ وَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّى يَطْهُرْنَ فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَّابِينَ وَيُحِبُّ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ

Wa Yas'alūnaka `Ani Al-MaĥīĐi Qul Huwa 'Adháan Fā`tazilū An-Nisā' Fī Al-MaĥīĐi Wa Lā Taqrabūhunna Ĥattá Yaţhurna Fa'idhā Taţahharna Fa'tūhunna Min Ĥaythu 'Amarakumu Allāhu 'Inna Allāha Yuĥibbu At-Tawwābīna Wa Yuĥibbu Al-Mutaţahhirīna

And they ask you about the menstruations? Say: "It is harmful, so retire yourselves sexually from the women during the menstruations, and do not approach them until they are cleansed. When they are cleansed, then you may approach them as God has commanded you." God loves the repenters and He loves the cleansed.

44:44
طَعَامُ الأَثِيمِ

Ţa`āmu Al-'Athīmi

Will be the food for the sinful.

45:7
وَيْل ٌ لِكُلِّ أَفَّاكٍ أَثِيم ٍ

Waylun Likulli 'Affākin 'Athīmin

Woe to every sinful fabricator.

68:12
مَنَّاع ٍ لِلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ أَثِيم ٍ

Mannā`in Lilkhayri Mu`tadin 'Athīmin

Forbidder of charity, a transgressor, a sinner.

83:12
وَمَا يُكَذِّبُ بِهِ إلاَّ كُلُّ مُعْتَدٍ أَثِيم ٍ

Wa Mā Yukadhdhibu Bihi 'Illā Kullu Mu`tadin 'Athīmin

And none will deny it, except every transgressor, sinner.


ithm

n.m.


2:85
ثُمَّ أَنْتُمْ هَاؤُلاَء تَقْتُلُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَتُخْرِجُونَ فَرِيقا ً مِنْكُمْ مِنْ دِيَارِهِمْ تَظَاهَرُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِالإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَإِنْ يَأْتُوكُمْ أُسَارَى تُفَادُوهُمْ وَهُوَ مُحَرَّمٌ عَلَيْكُمْ إِخْرَاجُهُمْ أَ فَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِبَعْضِ الْكِتَابِ وَتَكْفُرُونَ بِبَعْض ٍ فَمَا جَزَاءُ مَنْ يَفْعَلُ ذَلِكَ مِنْكُمْ إِلاَّ خِزْي ٌ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يُرَدُّونَ إِلَى أَشَدِّ الْعَذَابِ وَمَا اللَّهُ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ

Thumma 'Antum Hā'uulā' Taqtulūna 'Anfusakum Wa Tukhrijūna Farīqāan Minkum Min Diyārihim Tažāharūna `Alayhim Bil-'Ithmi Wa Al-`Udwāni Wa 'In Ya'tūkum 'Usārá Tufādūhum Wa Huwa Muĥarramun `Alaykum 'Ikhrājuhum 'A Fatu'uminūna Biba`Đi Al-Kitābi Wa Takfurūna Biba`Đin Famā Jazā'u Man Yaf`alu Dhālika Minkum 'Illā Khizyun Fī Al-Ĥayāati Ad-Dunyā Wa Yawma Al-Qiyāmati Yuraddūna 'Ilá 'Ashaddi Al-`Adhābi Wa Mā Allāhu Bighāfilin `Ammā Ta`malūna

But then here you are killing each other and expelling a group of you from their homes; you act towards them with evil and animosity. And if they come to you as prisoners, you ransom them while it was unlawful for you to expel them! Do you believe in part of the Book and disbelieve in part? The punishment for those among you who do so is humiliation in this worldly life, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be delivered to the most severe retribution. God is not unaware of what you all do.

2:173
إِنَّمَا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةَ وَالدَّمَ وَلَحْمَ الْخِنزِيرِ وَمَا أُهِلَّ بِه ِِ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ غَيْرَ بَاغ ٍ وَلاَ عَاد ٍ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ

'Innamā Ĥarrama `Alaykumu Al-Maytata Wa Ad-Dama Wa Laĥma Al-Khinzīri Wa Mā 'Uhilla Bihi Lighayri Allāhi Famani AĐţurra Ghayra Bāghin Wa Lā `Ādin Falā 'Ithma `Alayhi 'Inna Allāha Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

He has only made unlawful for you that which is already dead, and the blood, and the meat of pig, and what was dedicated with to other than God. But whoever is forced to, without seeking disobedience or transgression, then there is no sin upon him. God is Forgiving, Merciful.

2:181
فَمَنْ بَدَّلَه ُُ بَعْدَمَا سَمِعَه ُُ فَإِنَّمَا إِثْمُه ُُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يُبَدِّلُونَهُ
~ ُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيم ٌ
Faman Baddalahu Ba`damā Sami`ahu Fa'innamā 'Ithmuhu `Alá Al-Ladhīna Yubaddilūnahu 'Inna Allāha Samī`un `Alīmun

Whoever alters it after having heard it, then the sin will be upon those who alter it. God is Hearer, Knowledgeable.

2:182
فَمَنْ خَافَ مِنْ مُوص ٍ جَنَفاً أَوْ إِثْما ً فَأَصْلَحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ

Faman Khāfa Min Mūşin Janafāan 'Aw 'Ithmāan Fa'aşlaĥa Baynahum Falā 'Ithma `Alayhi 'Inna Allāha Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

If anyone fears harm or sin from his beneficiary, then reconcile what is between them. God is Forgiving, Merciful.

2:182
فَمَنْ خَافَ مِنْ مُوص ٍ جَنَفاً أَوْ إِثْما ً فَأَصْلَحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ

Faman Khāfa Min Mūşin Janafāan 'Aw 'Ithmāan Fa'aşlaĥa Baynahum Falā 'Ithma `Alayhi 'Inna Allāha Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

If anyone fears harm or sin from his beneficiary, then reconcile what is between them. God is Forgiving, Merciful.

2:188
وَلاَ تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَتُدْلُوا بِهَا إِلَى الْحُكَّامِ لِتَأْكُلُوا فَرِيقا ً مِنْ أَمْوَالِ النَّاسِ بِالإِثْمِ وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

Wa Lā Ta'kulū 'Amwālakum Baynakum Bil-Bāţili Wa Tudlū Bihā 'Ilá Al-Ĥukkāmi Lita'kulū Farīqāan Min 'Amwāli An-Nāsi Bil-'Ithmi Wa 'Antum Ta`lamūna

And do not consume your money between you unjustly by bribing the decision makers so that you may consume a part of the money of other people sinfully while you know!

2:203
وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِي أَيَّام ٍ مَعْدُودَات ٍ فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

Wa Adhkurū Allāha Fī 'Ayyāmin Ma`dūdātin Faman Ta`ajjala Fī Yawmayni Falā 'Ithma `Alayhi Wa Man Ta'akhkhara Falā 'Ithma `Alayhi Limani Attaqá Wa Attaqū Allāha Wa A`lamū 'Annakum 'Ilayhi Tuĥsharūna

And remember God during a few number of days. Whoever hurries to two days, there is no sin upon him; and whoever delays, there is no sin upon him if he is being righteous. And be aware of God, and know that it is to Him that you will be gathered.

2:203
وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِي أَيَّام ٍ مَعْدُودَات ٍ فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

Wa Adhkurū Allāha Fī 'Ayyāmin Ma`dūdātin Faman Ta`ajjala Fī Yawmayni Falā 'Ithma `Alayhi Wa Man Ta'akhkhara Falā 'Ithma `Alayhi Limani Attaqá Wa Attaqū Allāha Wa A`lamū 'Annakum 'Ilayhi Tuĥsharūna

And remember God during a few number of days. Whoever hurries to two days, there is no sin upon him; and whoever delays, there is no sin upon him if he is being righteous. And be aware of God, and know that it is to Him that you will be gathered.

2:206
وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُ اتَّقِ اللَّهَ أَخَذَتْهُ الْعِزَّةُ بِالإِثْمِ فَحَسْبُه ُُ جَهَنَّمُ وَلَبِئْسَ الْمِهَادُ

Wa 'Idhā Qīla Lahu Attaqi Allāha 'Akhadhat/hu Al-`Izzatu Bil-'Ithmi Faĥasbuhu Jahannamu Wa Labi'sa Al-Mihādu

And if he is told: "Be aware of God," his pride leads him to more sin. Hell shall be sufficient for him; what a miserable abode!

2:219
يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ قُلْ فِيهِمَا إِثْم ٌ كَبِير ٌ وَمَنَافِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَإِثْمُهُمَا أَكْبَرُ مِنْ نَفْعِهِمَا وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ قُلِ الْعَفْوَ كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Yas'alūnaka `Ani Al-Khamri Wa Al-Maysiri Qul Fīhimā 'Ithmun Kabīrun Wa Manāfi`u Lilnnāsi Wa 'Ithmuhumā 'Akbaru Min Naf`ihimā Wa Yas'alūnaka Mādhā Yunfiqūna Quli Al-`Afwa Kadhālika Yubayyinu Allāhu Lakumu Al-'Āyāti La`allakum Tatafakkarūna

They ask you about intoxicants and gambling. Say: "In them is great harm, and a benefit for the people; but their harm is greater than their benefit." And they ask you how much they are to give, say: "The excess." It is thus that God clarifies for you the revelations that you may think.

2:219
يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ قُلْ فِيهِمَا إِثْم ٌ كَبِير ٌ وَمَنَافِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَإِثْمُهُمَا أَكْبَرُ مِنْ نَفْعِهِمَا وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ قُلِ الْعَفْوَ كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Yas'alūnaka `Ani Al-Khamri Wa Al-Maysiri Qul Fīhimā 'Ithmun Kabīrun Wa Manāfi`u Lilnnāsi Wa 'Ithmuhumā 'Akbaru Min Naf`ihimā Wa Yas'alūnaka Mādhā Yunfiqūna Quli Al-`Afwa Kadhālika Yubayyinu Allāhu Lakumu Al-'Āyāti La`allakum Tatafakkarūna

They ask you about intoxicants and gambling. Say: "In them is great harm, and a benefit for the people; but their harm is greater than their benefit." And they ask you how much they are to give, say: "The excess." It is thus that God clarifies for you the revelations that you may think.

3:178
وَلاَ يَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَنَّمَا نُمْلِي لَهُمْ خَيْر ٌ لِأَنْفُسِهِمْ إِنَّمَا نُمْلِي لَهُمْ لِيَزْدَادُوا إِثْما ً وَلَهُمْ عَذَاب ٌ مُهِين ٌ

Wa Lā Yaĥsabanna Al-Ladhīna Kafarū 'Annamā Numlī Lahum Khayrun Li'anfusihim 'Innamā Numlī Lahum Liyazdādū 'Ithmāan Wa Lahum `Adhābun Muhīnun

And let not those who reject think that We are providing for them out of the goodness of themselves. We are only providing for them so that they may increase in transgression, and they will have a humiliating retribution.

4:20
وَإِنْ أَرَدْتُمُ اسْتِبْدَالَ زَوْج ٍ مَكَانَ زَوْج ٍ وَآتَيْتُمْ إِحْدَاهُنَّ قِنطَارا ً فَلاَ تَأْخُذُوا مِنْهُ شَيْئاً أَتَأْخُذُونَه ُُ بُهْتَانا ً وَإِثْما ً مُبِينا ً

Wa 'In 'Aradtumu Astibdāla Zawjin Makāna Zawjin Wa 'Ātaytum 'Iĥdāhunna Qinţārāan Falā Ta'khudhū Minhu Shay'āan 'Ata'khudhūnahu Buhtānāan Wa 'Ithmāan Mubīnāan

And if you wish to replace one wife with another, and you have given one of them a large amount, then do not take anything from it. Will you take it by falsehood while it is clearly a sin?

4:48
إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِه ِِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَمَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ افْتَرَى إِثْماً عَظِيما ً

'Inna Allāha Lā Yaghfiru 'An Yushraka Bihi Wa Yaghfiru Mā Dūna Dhālika Liman Yashā'u Wa Man Yushrik Billāhi Faqadi Aftará 'Ithmāan `Ažīmāan

God does not forgive that partners be set up with Him, and He forgives other than that for whom He pleases. Whoever sets up partners with God has indeed invented a great sin.

4:50
انظُرْ كَيْفَ يَفْتَرُونَ عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ وَكَفَى بِهِ
~ ِ إِثْما ً مُبِينا ً
Anžur Kayfa Yaftarūna `Alá Allāhi Al-Kadhiba Wa Kafá Bihi 'Ithmāan Mubīnāan

See how they invent lies about God! And that is enough as a clear sin.

4:111
وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ إِثْما ً فَإِنَّمَا يَكْسِبُه ُُ عَلَى نَفْسِه ِِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيماً حَكِيما ً

Wa Man Yaksib 'Ithmāan Fa'innamā Yaksibuhu `Alá Nafsihi Wa Kāna Allāhu `Alīmāan Ĥakīmāan

And whoever earns any sin, then he has brought it on himself. And God is Knowledgeable, Wise.

4:112
وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ خَطِيئَةً أَوْ إِثْما ً ثُمَّ يَرْمِ بِه ِِ بَرِيئا ً فَقَدِ احْتَمَلَ بُهْتَانا ً وَإِثْما ً مُبِينا ً

Wa Man Yaksib Khaţī'atan 'Aw 'Ithmāan Thumma Yarmi Bihi Barī'āan Faqadi Aĥtamala Buhtānāan Wa 'Ithmāan Mubīnāan

And whoever does a mistake or sin, then blames it on an innocent person; he has incurred falsehood and a clear sin.

4:112
وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ خَطِيئَةً أَوْ إِثْما ً ثُمَّ يَرْمِ بِه ِِ بَرِيئا ً فَقَدِ احْتَمَلَ بُهْتَانا ً وَإِثْما ً مُبِينا ً

Wa Man Yaksib Khaţī'atan 'Aw 'Ithmāan Thumma Yarmi Bihi Barī'āan Faqadi Aĥtamala Buhtānāan Wa 'Ithmāan Mubīnāan

And whoever does a mistake or sin, then blames it on an innocent person; he has incurred falsehood and a clear sin.

5:2
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لاَ تُحِلُّوا شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ وَلاَ الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ وَلاَ الْهَدْيَ وَلاَ الْقَلاَئِدَ وَلاَ آمِّينَ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلا ً مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَرِضْوَانا ً وَإِذَا حَلَلْتُمْ فَاصْطَادُوا وَلاَ يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ أَنْ صَدُّوكُمْ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ أَنْ تَعْتَدُوا وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَى وَلاَ تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Lā Tuĥillū Sha`ā'ira Allāhi Wa Lā Ash-Shahra Al-Ĥarāma Wa Lā Al-Hadya Wa Lā Al-Qalā'ida Wa Lā 'Āmmīna Al-Bayta Al-Ĥarāma Yabtaghūna FaĐlāan Min Rabbihim Wa RiĐwānāan Wa 'Idhā Ĥalaltum Fāşţādū Wa Lā Yajrimannakum Shana'ānu Qawmin 'An Şaddūkum `Ani Al-Masjidi Al-Ĥarāmi 'An Ta`tadū Wa Ta`āwanū `Alá Al-Birri Wa At-Taqwá Wa Lā Ta`āwanū `Alá Al-'Ithmi Wa Al-`Udwāni Wa Attaqū Allāha 'Inna Allāha Shadīdu Al-`Iqābi

O you who believe, do not violate the symbols of God, nor the restricted month, nor the donations, nor what is regulated, nor the safety made by the Restricted Sanctuary; for they are seeking a bounty from their Lord and a blessing. And when it is permitted for you, then you may hunt. And let not the hatred of another people; because they had barred you from the Restricted Temple; make you aggress. And help each other in piety and righteousness, and do not help each other in sin and aggression. And be aware of God, for the retribution of God is severe.

5:3
حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنزِيرِ وَمَا أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ بِه ِِ وَالْمُنْخَنِقَةُ وَالْمَوْقُوذَةُ وَالْمُتَرَدِّيَةُ وَالنَّطِيحَةُ وَمَا أَكَلَ السَّبُعُ إِلاَّ مَا ذَكَّيْتُمْ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ وَأَنْ تَسْتَقْسِمُوا بِالأَزْلاَمِ ذَلِكُمْ فِسْق ٌ الْيَوْمَ يَئِسَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ دِينِكُمْ فَلاَ تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِي الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلاَمَ دِينا ً فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ فِي مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِف ٍ لإِثْم ٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ

Ĥurrimat `Alaykumu Al-Maytatu Wa Ad-Damu Wa Laĥmu Al-Khinzīri Wa Mā 'Uhilla Lighayri Allāhi Bihi Wa Al-Munkhaniqatu Wa Al-Mawqūdhatu Wa Al-Mutaraddiyatu Wa An-Naţīĥatu Wa Mā 'Akala As-Sabu`u 'Illā Mā Dhakkaytum Wa Mā Dhubiĥa `Alá An-Nuşubi Wa 'An Tastaqsimū Bil-'Azlāmi Dhālikum Fisqun Al-Yawma Ya'isa Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Min Dīnikum Falā Takhshawhum Wa Akhshawnī Al-Yawma 'Akmaltu Lakum Dīnakum Wa 'Atmamtu `Alaykum Ni`matī Wa RaĐītu Lakumu Al-'Islāma Dīnāan Famani AĐţurra Fī Makhmaşatin Ghayra Mutajānifin L'ithmin Fa'inna Allāha Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

Forbidden to you is that which is already dead, and the blood, and the meat of pig, and what was dedicated to other than God, and that which has been strangled, and that which has been beaten to death, and that which has fallen from a height, and that which has been gored, and that which the wild animals have eaten from except what you managed to rescue, and what has been slaughtered on altars, and what you divide by the arrows of chance. This is vile. Today the rejecters have given up from your system, so do not be concerned by them, but be concerned by Me. Today I have perfected your system for you, and completed My blessings upon you, and I have approved submission as the system for you. So, whoever is forced by severe hunger and not seeking sin, then God is Forgiving, Merciful.

5:29
إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ تَبُوءَ بِإِثْمِي وَإِثْمِكَ فَتَكُونَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّارِ وَذَلِكَ جَزَاءُ الظَّالِمِينَ

'Innī 'Urīdu 'An Tabū'a Bi'ithmī Wa 'Ithmika Fatakūna Min 'Aşĥābi An-Nāri Wa Dhalika Jazā'u Až-žālimīna

"I want you to have both my sin and your own sin, and you will then be among the dwellers of the Fire. Such is the recompense of the wicked."

5:29
إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ تَبُوءَ بِإِثْمِي وَإِثْمِكَ فَتَكُونَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّارِ وَذَلِكَ جَزَاءُ الظَّالِمِينَ

'Innī 'Urīdu 'An Tabū'a Bi'ithmī Wa 'Ithmika Fatakūna Min 'Aşĥābi An-Nāri Wa Dhalika Jazā'u Až-žālimīna

"I want you to have both my sin and your own sin, and you will then be among the dwellers of the Fire. Such is the recompense of the wicked."

5:62
وَتَرَى كَثِيرا ً مِنْهُمْ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَأَكْلِهِمُ السُّحْتَ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Wa Tará Kathīrāan Minhum Yusāri`ūna Fī Al-'Ithmi Wa Al-`Udwāni Wa 'Aklihimu As-Suĥta Labi'sa Mā Kānū Ya`malūna

And you see many of them hasten to sin and transgression and consuming money illicitly. Miserable indeed is what they were doing.

5:63
لَوْلاَ يَنْهَاهُمُ الرَّبَّانِيُّونَ وَالأَحْبَارُ عَنْ قَوْلِهِمُ الإِثْمَ وَأَكْلِهِمُ السُّحْتَ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَصْنَعُونَ

Lawlā Yanhāhumu Ar-Rabbānīyūna Wa Al-'Aĥbāru `An Qawlihimu Al-'Ithma Wa 'Aklihimu As-Suĥta Labi'sa Mā Kānū Yaşna`ūna

If only the Devotees and Priests had prohibited them for speaking evil and consuming money illicitly. Miserable indeed is what they have done.

5:107
فَإِنْ عُثِرَ عَلَى أَنَّهُمَا اسْتَحَقَّا إِثْما ً فَآخَرَانِ يَقُومَانِ مَقَامَهُمَا مِنَ الَّذِينَ اسْتَحَقَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الأَوْلَيَانِ فَيُقْسِمَانِ بِاللَّهِ لَشَهَادَتُنَا أَحَقُّ مِنْ شَهَادَتِهِمَا وَمَا اعْتَدَيْنَا إِنَّا إِذا ً لَمِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Fa'in `Uthira `Alá 'Annahumā Astaĥaqqā 'Ithmāan Fa'ākharāni Yaqūmāni Maqāmahumā Mina Al-Ladhīna Astaĥaqqa `Alayhimu Al-'Awlayāni Fayuqsimāni Billāhi Lashahādatunā 'Aĥaqqu Min Shahādatihimā Wa Mā A`tadaynā 'Innā 'Idhāan Lamina Až-žālimīna

If it is then found that they had indeed incurred the sin, then two others, from those who have been named as beneficiaries, will take their place; and they will swear by God: "Our testimony is more truthful than their testimony, and if we aggress, then we are of the wicked."

6:120
وَذَرُوا ظَاهِرَ الإِثْمِ وَبَاطِنَهُ
~ ُ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْسِبُونَ الإِثْمَ سَيُجْزَوْنَ بِمَا كَانُوا يَقْتَرِفُونَ
Wa Dharū žāhira Al-'Ithmi Wa Bāţinahu 'Inna Al-Ladhīna Yaksibūna Al-'Ithma Sayujzawna Bimā Kānū Yaqtarifūna

And leave what is openly a sin and what is subtle of it; those who earn sin will be punished for what they have taken.

6:120
وَذَرُوا ظَاهِرَ الإِثْمِ وَبَاطِنَهُ
~ ُ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْسِبُونَ الإِثْمَ سَيُجْزَوْنَ بِمَا كَانُوا يَقْتَرِفُونَ
Wa Dharū žāhira Al-'Ithmi Wa Bāţinahu 'Inna Al-Ladhīna Yaksibūna Al-'Ithma Sayujzawna Bimā Kānū Yaqtarifūna

And leave what is openly a sin and what is subtle of it; those who earn sin will be punished for what they have taken.

7:33
قُلْ إِنَّمَا حَرَّمَ رَبِّيَ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَالإِثْمَ وَالْبَغْيَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَأَنْ تُشْرِكُوا بِاللَّهِ مَا لَمْ يُنَزِّلْ بِه ِِ سُلْطَانا ً وَأَنْ تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ

Qul 'Innamā Ĥarrama Rabbiya Al-Fawāĥisha Mā žahara Minhā Wa Mā Baţana Wa Al-'Ithma Wa Al-Baghya Bighayri Al-Ĥaqqi Wa 'An Tushrikū Billāhi Mā Lam Yunazzil Bihi Sulţānāan Wa 'An Taqūlū `Alá Allāhi Mā Lā Ta`lamūna

Say: "My Lord has made unlawful lewdness; what is evident of it and what is subtle; and sin, and aggression without cause, and that you set up partners with God that which He has never authorized, and that you say about God what you do not know."

24:11
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ جَاءُوا بِالإِفْكِ عُصْبَة ٌ مِنْكُمْ لاَ تَحْسَبُوه ُُ شَرّا ً لَكُمْ بَلْ هُوَ خَيْر ٌ لَكُمْ لِكُلِّ امْرِئ ٍ مِنْهُمْ مَا اكْتَسَبَ مِنَ الإِثْمِ وَالَّذِي تَوَلَّى كِبْرَه ُُ مِنْهُمْ لَه ُُ عَذَابٌ عَظِيم ٌ

'Inna Al-Ladhīna Jā'ū Bil-'Ifki `Uşbatun Minkum Lā Taĥsabūhu Sharrāan Lakum Bal Huwa Khayrun Lakum Likulli Amri'in Minhum Mā Aktasaba Mina Al-'Ithmi Wa Al-Ladhī Tawallá Kibrahu Minhum Lahu `Adhābun `Ažīmun

Those who have brought forth the false accusation were a group from among you. Do not think it is bad for you, for it is good for you. Every person among them will have what he deserves of the sin. And as for he who had the greatest portion of it, he will have a great retribution.

33:58
وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ بِغَيْرِ مَا اكْتَسَبُوا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلُوا بُهْتَانا ً وَإِثْما ً مُبِينا ً

Wa Al-Ladhīna Yu'udhūna Al-Mu'uminīna Wa Al-Mu'umināti Bighayri Mā Aktasabū Faqadi Aĥtamalū Buhtānāan Wa 'Ithmāan Mubīnāan

And those who harm the believing males and the believing females, with no just reason, they have brought upon themselves a slander and a gross sin.

42:37
وَالَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الإِثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ وَإِذَا مَا غَضِبُوا هُمْ يَغْفِرُونَ

Wa Al-Ladhīna Yajtanibūna Kabā'ira Al-'Ithmi Wa Al-Fawāĥisha Wa 'Idhā Mā GhaĐibū Hum Yaghfirūna

And those who avoid gross sins and lewdness, and when they are angered, they forgive.

49:12
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرا ً مِنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْم ٌ وَلاَ تَجَسَّسُوا وَلاَ يَغْتَبْ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضاً أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيه ِِ مَيْتا ً فَكَرِهْتُمُوه ُُ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّاب ٌ رَحِيم ٌ

Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Ajtanibū Kathīrāan Mina Až-žanni 'Inna Ba`Đa Až-žanni 'Ithmun Wa Lā Tajassasū Wa Lā Yaghtab Ba`Đukum Ba`Đāan 'Ayuĥibbu 'Aĥadukum 'An Ya'kula Laĥma 'Akhīhi Maytāan Fakarihtumūhu Wa Attaqū Allāha 'Inna Allāha Tawwābun Raĥīmun

O you who believe, you shall avoid much suspicion, for some suspicion is sinful. And do not spy on one another, nor shall you backbite. Would any of you enjoy eating the flesh of his dead brother? You certainly would hate this. You shall observe God. God is Redeemer, Merciful.

53:32
الَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الإِثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ إِلاَّ اللَّمَمَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ وَاسِعُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِكُمْ إِذْ أَنشَأَكُمْ مِنَ الأَرْضِ وَإِذْ أَنْتُمْ أَجِنَّة ٌ فِي بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ فَلاَ تُزَكُّوا أَنفُسَكُمْ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اتَّقَى

Al-Ladhīna Yajtanibūna Kabā'ira Al-'Ithmi Wa Al-Fawāĥisha 'Illā Al-Lamama 'Inna Rabbaka Wāsi`u Al-Maghfirati Huwa 'A`lamu Bikum 'Idh 'Ansha'akum Mina Al-'ArĐi Wa 'Idh 'Antum 'Ajinnatun Fī Buţūni 'Ummahātikum Falā Tuzakkū 'Anfusakum Huwa 'A`lamu Bimani Attaqá

They avoid major sins and lewdness, except for minor offences. Your Lord is with vast forgiveness. He has been fully aware of you since He initiated you from the earth, and while you were embryos in the wombs of your mothers. Therefore, do not ascribe purity to yourselves; He is fully aware of the righteous.

58:8
أَلَمْ تَرَى إِلَى الَّذِينَ نُهُوا عَنِ النَّجْوَى ثُمَّ يَعُودُونَ لِمَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَيَتَنَاجَوْنَ بِالإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَمَعْصِيَةِ الرَّسُولِ وَإِذَا جَاءُوكَ حَيَّوْكَ بِمَا لَمْ يُحَيِّكَ بِهِ اللَّهُ وَيَقُولُونَ فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ لَوْلاَ يُعَذِّبُنَا اللَّهُ بِمَا نَقُولُ حَسْبُهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ يَصْلَوْنَهَا فَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

'Alam Tará 'Ilá Al-Ladhīna Nuhū `Ani An-Najwá Thumma Ya`ūdūna Limā Nuhū `Anhu Wa Yatanājawna Bil-'Ithmi Wa Al-`Udwāni Wa Ma`şiyati Ar-Rasūli Wa 'Idhā Jā'ūka Ĥayyawka Bimā Lam Yuĥayyika Bihi Allāhu Wa Yaqūlūna Fī 'Anfusihim Lawlā Yu`adhdhibunā Allāhu Bimā Naqūlu Ĥasbuhum Jahannamu Yaşlawnahā Fabi'sa Al-Maşīru

Have you noted those who were prohibited from holding meetings in secret, but then they go back to what they have been prohibited from? They meet secretly to commit sin, transgression, and disobedience of the messenger. When they come to you, they greet you with a greeting other than that which God greets you with. They say inside themselves: Why does God not punish us for our utterances? Hell will be sufficient for them, wherein they burn; what a miserable destiny.

58:9
يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا تَنَاجَيْتُمْ فَلاَ تَتَنَاجَوْا بِالإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَمَعْصِيَةِ الرَّسُولِ وَتَنَاجَوْا بِالْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū 'Idhā Tanājaytum Falā Tatanājaw Bil-'Ithmi Wa Al-`Udwāni Wa Ma`şiyati Ar-Rasūli Wa Tanājaw Bil-Birri Wa At-Taqwá Wa Attaqū Allāha Al-Ladhī 'Ilayhi Tuĥsharūna

O you who believe, if you must meet secretly, then you shall not meet to commit sin, transgression, and to disobey the messenger. You shall meet to work righteousness and piety. And be aware of God, before whom you will be summoned.


aththama

vb. (2) n.vb.


52:23
يَتَنَازَعُونَ فِيهَا كَأْسا ً لاَ لَغْو ٌ فِيهَا وَلاَ تَأْثِيم ٌ

Yatanāza`ūna Fīhā Ka'sāan Lā Laghwun Fīhā Wa Lā Ta'thīmun

They will enjoy drinks therein, from which there is no nonsense, nor blame.

56:25
لاَ يَسْمَعُونَ فِيهَا لَغْوا ً وَلاَ تَأْثِيما ً

Lā Yasma`ūna Fīhā Laghwan Wa Lā Ta'thīmāan

They will not hear any nonsense therein, nor blame.


Lelah Bakhtiar
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Hans Wehr
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Acknowledgements:

IslamAwakened
would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.

In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...
 Hans Wehr 
  Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar
  All the believers at www.studyquran.org