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ر ف ق
General Root Meaning
to be useful, do service, tie by the shoulders, be gentle to, be in company, help, be compassionate.
rafiq - companion, friend, comrade, colleague, gentle.
mirfaq - elbow, pillow, easy arrangement, thing by which one gains benefit/advantage or profits.
murtafaq - resting place, pillow.
   l-marāfiqi   (1)

O you who believe! When you stand up for the prayer, then wash your faces and your hands till the elbows and wipe your heads and your feet till the ankles. But if you are (in) a state of ceremonial imp then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or has come anyone of you from the toilet or has (had) contact (with) the women and not you find water, then do (with) earth clean, then wipe your faces and your hands with it. Does Not intend Allah to make for you any difficulty but He intends to purify you and to complete His Favor upon you so that you may (be) grateful.

   rafīqan   (1)

And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger then those (will be) with those whom has bestowed (His) Favor Allah upon them - of the Prophets, and the truthful, and the martyrs, and the righteous. And excellent (are) those companion(s).

   mur'tafaqan   (1)

And say, "The truth (is) from your Lord, so whoever wills - let him believe and whoever wills - let him disbelieve." Indeed, We have prepared for the wrongdoers a Fire, will surround them its walls. And if they call for relief, they will be relieved with water like molten brass, (which) scalds the faces. Wretched (is) the drink, and evil (is) the resting place.

Those, for them (are) Gardens of Eden, flows from underneath them the rivers. They will be adorned therein [of] (with) bracelets of gold and will wear garments, green, of fine silk and heavy brocade, reclining therein on adorned couches. Excellent (is) the reward, and good (is) the resting place.

   mir'faqan   (1)

And when you withdraw from them and what they worship except Allah, then retreat to the cave. Will spread for you your Lord of His Mercy and will facilitate for you [from] your affair (in) ease."

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