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az-Zumar (The Troops, Throngs, The Companies)
as rendered by N J Dawood 2014
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N J Dawood (2014) rendition of Surah The Troops, Throngs, The Companies(az-Zumar)
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39:1 THE REVELATION of the Book is from God, the Almighty, the Wise One.
39:2 We have revealed to you the Book with the Truth: therefore worship God, consecrating your religion to Him.
39:3 Is it not to God that True Religion belongs? As for those who set up other patrons¹ besides Him, saying: ‘We serve them only that they may bring us nearer to God,‘ God Himself will resolve their differences for them. God does not guide the disbelieving liar.
39:4 Had it been God‘s will to adopt a son, He would have chosen whom He pleased out of His own Creation. Exalted be He! He is God, the One, who vanquishes all.
39:5 It was with Truth that He created the heavens and the earth. He causes the night to succeed the day and causes the day to overtake the night. He made the sun and the moon subservient to Him, each running for an appointed term. He is surely the Almighty the Forgiving One.
39:6 He created you from a single soul, then from it He created its spouse. He has sent down to you four different pairs of cattle.¹ He moulds you in your mothers‘ wombs by stages in threefold darkness. Such is God, your Lord. His is the sovereignty; there is no god but Him. How, then, can you be turned away from Him?
39:7 If you render Him no thanks, God does not need you; yet His servants‘ ingratitude does not please Him; if you are thankful, your thanks will please Him. No burdened soul shall bear another‘s burden. To your Lord shall you then return and He will declare to you what you have done. He well knows one‘s innermost thoughts.
39:8 When evil befalls man, he prays to his Lord and turns to Him in penitence; yet no sooner does He bestow on him His favour than he forgets what he has prayed for and makes other deities God‘s equals, in order to lead men away from His path. Say: ‘Enjoy your unbelief awhile; but you shall be among the tenants of the Fire.
39:9 Can he who passes the night in adoration, standing or on his knees, who bewares the life to come and hopes to earn the mercy of his Lord, . . . ?‘ Say: ‘Are they equals, those that have knowledge and those that have none?‘ Truly, none will take thought but those that are of good sense possessed.
39:10 Say: ‘You, My servants, that are true believers, fear your Lord. Those who do good in this life shall receive a good reward. God‘s earth is vast. But those that endure with fortitude He will recompense without reckoning.‘
39:11 Say; ‘I am commanded to worship God, consecrating my religion to Him;
39:12 I am commanded to be the first of Muslims.‘
39:13 Say: ‘I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the torment of a fateful day.
39:14 Say: ‘God I worship, consecrating my religion to Him.
39:15 As for yourselves, worship what you will besides Him.‘ Say: ‘They shall lose much, those who will forfeit their souls and their kin on the Day of Resurrection. That will surely be the ultimate loss.
39:16 Above them there shall be sheets of fire, and sheets of fire shall be beneath them. By this, God puts fear into His servants‘ hearts.‘ Fear Me, then, My servants.
39:17 But those who keep from idol-worship and turn to God in penitence shall rejoice; give joyful tidings to My servants
39:18 who listen to precepts and follow what is best in them. It is these whom God has guided; it is these that are of good sense possessed.
39:19 Can you rescue from the Fire those on whom the Word of torment was pronounced?
39:20 As for those who truly fear their Lord, they shall be lodged in mansions towering high, set about with running brooks. Such is God‘s promise: God never fails His promise.
39:21 Do you not see how God sends down water from the sky which penetrates the earth and gathers in springs beneath? With it He then brings forth plants of various hues. They wither, they turn yellow, and then He turns them into dust. Surely in this there is an admonition for those that are of good sense possessed.
39:22 He whose bosom God has opened to Islām shall receive light from his Lord. But woe betide those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance of God! They are in evident error.
39:23 God has now revealed the best of Scriptures, a Book uniform in style proclaiming promises and warnings. Those who fear their Lord tremble with awe at its revelations, and their skins and hearts melt at the remembrance of God. Such is God‘s guidance: He guides whom He will. But he whom God confounds shall have none to guide him.
39:24 Can he who with his face strives to ward off the terrors of the Resurrection . . . ? And wrongdoers will be told: ‘Taste the punishment which you have earned.‘
39:25 Those who have gone before them also disbelieved, so that the scourge overtook them unawares.
39:26 God made them taste dishonour in this life, but the punishment of the life to come shall be more terrible, if they but knew it.
39:27 We have given mankind in this Koran all manner of parables, that they may take thought:
39:28 a Koran in the Arabic tongue, free from any flaw, that they may fear God.
39:29 God makes this comparison: a man who has many masters who are ever at odds among themselves; and a man devoted to one master. Are they to be held equal? God be praised! But most of them have no knowledge.
39:30 You¹ are doomed to die, and they are doomed to die.
39:31 Then, on the Day of Resurrection, in your Lord‘s presence you² shall still dispute.
39:32 So who is more wicked than he who invents a falsehood about God and denies the Truth when it is declared to him? Is there not a home in Hell for the unbelievers?
39:33 Those who proclaim the Truth, and those who give credence to it ― they surely are the God-fearing.
39:34 Their Lord will give them all that they desire. Thus shall the righteous be rewarded.
39:35 God will expunge their foulest deeds and reward them according to their noblest actions.
39:36 Is God not all-sufficient for His servant? Yet they threaten you with those they serve besides Him.
39:37 He whom God confounds has none to guide him; and he whom God guides none can lead astray. Is God not mighty and capable of revenge?
39:38 And if you ask them who created the heavens and the earth, they will surely reply: ‘God.‘ Say: ‘Do you think then that, if God be pleased to afflict me, your idols could relieve my affliction; or that if He be pleased to show me mercy, they could withhold His mercy?‘ Say: ‘God is my all-sufficient patron. In Him let the trustful put their trust.‘
39:39 Say: ‘My people, do as best you can and so will I. You shall learn
39:40 who will be seized by a scourge that will disgrace him, and be smitten by a scourge everlasting.‘
39:41 We have revealed to you the Book with the Truth, for the instruction of the people. He that follows the right path shall follow it for his own good; and he that strays shall do so at his own peril. You are not their keeper.
39:42 God claims back every soul upon its death, and the souls of the living when they are asleep. Those that are doomed to die He keeps, and lets the others go for a time ordained. Surely in this there are signs for people that reflect.
39:43 Have they chosen others besides God to intercede for them? Say: ‘Even though they have no power nor understanding?‘
39:44 Say: ‘Intercession is wholly in the hands of God. His is the sovereignty over the heavens and the earth. Then to Him shall you be recalled.‘
39:45 When God alone is named, the hearts of those who deny the hereafter shrink with aversion; but when their other gods are named, they are filled with joy.
39:46 Say: ‘Lord, Creator of the heavens and the earth, who has knowledge of the unknown and the manifest, You alone can judge Your servants‘ differences.‘
39:47 If the wrongdoers possessed all the treasures of the earth and as much besides, they would gladly offer it to redeem their souls from the harrowing scourge on the Day of Resurrection. For God will show them what they have never reckoned with.
39:48 And the evil of their deeds will manifest itself to them, and that which they derided will encompass them.
39:49 And when evil befalls man he calls out to Us; but when, instead, We vouchsafe him a favour from Ourself, he says: ‘It is my due.‘ By no means! It is but a test: yet most of them do not know it.
39:50 The same was said by those before them: but they gained nothing from what they did, and the very evil of their deeds recoiled upon them.
39:51 And the wrongdoers among these¹ shall also have the evil of their deeds recoil upon them: nor shall they ever be immune.
39:52 Do they not know that God gives abundantly to whom He will and sparingly also? Surely in this there are signs for true believers.
39:53 Say: ‘You that serve Me, who have sinned against your souls, do not despair of God‘s mercy, assuredly God forgives all sins. He it is who is the Forgiving One, the Compassionate.
39:54 Turn in penitence to your Lord, and submit to Him before the scourge overtakes you; for then there will be none to help you.
39:55 Follow the best of what is revealed to you by your Lord before the scourge suddenly smites you, when you are unaware;
39:56 lest any soul should say: "Alas! I neglected my duty to God and scoffed with the scoffers."
39:57 Or should say: "If God had guided me I would have feared Him."
39:58 Or, should say, when it sees the scourge: "Could I but live again, I would lead a righteous life."
39:59 "Yes, indeed. My revelations did come to you; but you denied them. You were arrogant and a blasphemer."‘
39:60 And on the Day of Resurrection you shall see their faces blackened, those who uttered falsehoods about God. Is there not in Hell a resting-place for the arrogant?
39:61 But God will deliver those who fear Him, for they have earned salvation. Evil shall not strike them, nor shall they ever grieve.
39:62 God is the Creator of all things, and of all things He is the Guardian.
39:63 His are the keys of the heavens and the earth. And those that deny God‘s revelations will surely be lost.
39:64 Say: ‘ Would you bid me serve a deity other than God, you ignorant people?‘
39:65 You have been warned, you and those who have gone before you, that if you worship other deities besides God, your works will come to nothing and you will surely be among the lost.
39:66 Therefore serve God and render thanks.
39:67 They underrate the might of God. But on the Day of Resurrection He will hold the entire earth in His grasp and fold up the heavens in His right hand. Glory be to Him! Exalted be He above their idols!
39:68 And the Trumpet shall be blown, and all who are in the heavens and on earth shall fall down in shock, except those that shall be spared by God. Then the Trumpet will be blown again and lo! they shall rise and gaze around them.
39:69 The earth will shine with the light of her Lord, and the Book will be laid open. The prophets and the witnesses shall be brought in, and all shall be judged with fairness: none shall be wronged.
39:70 Every soul shall be recompensed according to its deeds, for He best knows all that they did.
39:71 And in throngs the unbelievers shall be led to Hell. When they draw near, its gates will be opened, and its keepers will say to them: ‘Did there not come to you apostles of your own who proclaimed to you the revelations of your Lord and forewarned you of this day?‘ ‘Yes,‘ they will say. And thus the promised scourge will smite the unbelievers.
39:72 They will be told: ‘Enter the gates of Hell and stay therein for ever.‘ Evil shall be the dwelling-place of the arrogant.
39:73 And in throngs those who fear their Lord shall be led to Paradise. When they draw near, its gates will be opened, and its keepers will say to them: ‘Peace be to you; you have led good lives. Enter Paradise and abide therein for ever.‘
39:74 And they will say: ‘Praise be to God who has made good to us His promise and given us the earth to inherit, that we may dwell in Paradise wherever we please.‘ Blessed is the reward of the righteous.
39:75 And you shall behold the angels circling about the Throne, giving glory to their Lord. They shall be judged with fairness, and all shall say: ‘Praise be to God, Lord of the Universe!‘


   


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