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31:1  Alif. Lam. Meem.
31:2  These are the verses of the wise Book.
31:3  [It is] a guide and a mercy to those who perform goodness.
31:4  [They are] those who establish routine prayer, give the required charity, and have assurance of the hereafter.
31:5  They have guidance from their Lord. They are the ones who will prosper.
31:6  Among people are those who, with no knowledge, purchase frivolous stories, to mislead from the path of Allah and hurl ridicule. For them is the humiliating penalty.
31:7  When Our signs are recited to someone like that, he/she turns away in arrogance as if he/she did not hear them. He/she acts as if he/she had no hearing in both ears. Announce to that one the horrible punishment.
31:8  Truly, for those who believe and perform righteous deeds, there will be blissful gardens.
31:9  [They will] live there. The promise of Allah is true. He is the Victorious, the Perfectly Wise.
31:10  He created the skies without any pillars that you can see. He set mountains standing firmly on the earth so that (the earth) will not shake with you. He dispersed all kinds of animals all over (the earth). We send rain from the sky. We caused to grow with it every noble species.
31:11  Such is the creation of Allah! Now show Me what others besides Him have created. Bunk! The sinners are way off track.
31:12  We bestowed this wisdom on Luqman [an Arab sage of old]: “Show gratitude to Allah. Whoever is grateful is so to the benefit of his/her own soul. As for one who is ungrateful, truly, Allah is Independent, the Praised One.”
31:13  Luqman instructed his son, “O my son, do not associate others with Allah. Truly, associating partners [in worship] is surely a great injustice.
31:14  We appointed each person to honor parents. In labor and agony did one’s mother give birth and nursed him/her for two years. Show gratitude to Me and to your parents. To Me is your destiny.
31:15  If, however, parents try to make you associate partners with Me, [worshiping] things of which you get no instruction, do not obey them, but respectfully endure their company in this life. Follow the way of those who turn to Me. Finally, to Me is your return, and I will tell you about all that you did.
31:16  “O my son, if there were the weight of a mustard seed within a rock or in the sky or in the earth, Allah will reveal it. Allah is the Subtle One, Fully Aware.
31:17  “O my son, establish routine prayers, enforce what is just, and prohibit what is wrong. Bear with patient faithfulness whatever befalls you. Truly, such matters require determination.
31:18  “Do not turn your cheek [in arrogance] from people. Do not walk proudly over the earth. Truly, Allah does not like every self-conceited braggart.
31:19  “Be moderate in your pace and speak softly. Truly, the harshest of sounds, without a doubt, is the braying of donkeys.”
31:20  Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you all things in the skies and on Earth? He has lavished His bounties onto you, seen and unseen. Yet there are some among people who argue about Allah with no knowledge or guidance and no Book to enlighten them.
31:21  When they are told to follow what Allah has sent down, they say, “No, we will follow the ways we found of our ancestors.” What? Even though it is Satan beckoning them to the penalty of the fire?
31:22  Whoever submits his/her whole self to Allah and lives righteously has secured the most trustworthy grasp. With Allah is the termination of all accounts.
31:23  If anyone rejects faith, do not let his/her rejection worry you. (Such people) will return to Us. We will tell them the truth of their deeds. Indeed, Allah is the All-knowing of all that is in hearts.
31:24  We allow them pleasure for a little while. Finally, We will force them to a horrible punishment.
31:25  If you ask them who created the skies and Earth, they will certainly say, “Allah!” Say, “Praise to Allah!” Most of them, however, do not understand.
31:26  To Allah belong all things of Heaven and Earth. Truly, Allah is the Independent One, the Most Praiseworthy.
31:27  If all the trees on earth were pens supplied by the ocean plus seven more oceans, the words of Allah would not become exhausted. Allah is the Victorious, the Perfectly Wise.
31:28  Your creation or resurrection is only as an individual soul. Truly, Allah is All-hearing, All-seeing.
31:29  Do you not see that Allah merges night into day and day into night? [Do you not see] that He has subjected the sun and the moon as each runs its course for a set term? [Do you not see] that Allah is Fully Aware of all that you do?
31:30  That is because Allah is the reality. Whatever else they invoke besides Him is false. Allah is the Highest, the Almighty.
31:31  Do you not see that the ships sail across the ocean by the grace of Allah, so that He may show you His signs? Truly, in this are signs for all who persevere and give thanks.
31:32  When a wave covers (the idolaters) like a canopy, they call to Allah, offering Him sincere devotion. When He has delivered them safely to land, however, some of them waiver. No one rejects Our signs except treacherous ingrates.
31:33  O Humanity, do your duty to your Lord and fear a day [the Day of Judgment] when no parent can do anything for the benefit of his/her child, and no child can do anything for the benefit of his/her parent. Truly, the promise of Allah is true; do not therefore allow the present life to deceive you, and do not allow the chief deceiver to betray you about Allah.
31:34  Truly, the knowledge of the hour [of the coming of the Day of Judgment] is with Allah alone. It is He who sends the rain, and He knows [the future of] the life within the wombs. No person knows for certain what tomorrow will bring, and no one knows for certain exactly on what land he/she will die. Truly, Allah is the All-knowing, the Fully Aware.