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Alif, Lam, Mim. (Only Allah and the Messenger [blessings and peace be upon him] know the real meaning.
Allah! None is worthy of worship but He, the Ever-Living, Self-Subsisting and Sustainer (of the entire universe with His Strategy)
(O Beloved!) He is the One Who has revealed to you (this) Book with truth. (It) confirms (all those Books) that were revealed before it. And He is the One Who has revealed the Torah and the Injil (the Gospel)
(As the Books were revealed) before this to guide the people, He has (now, in like manner,) revealed (the Qur’an,) the criterion to distinguish right from wrong. Verily, those who deny Allah’s Revelations, for them is rigorous punishment. And Allah is Almighty, the Lord of Retribution
Surely, nothing is hidden from Allah in the earth or in the heaven
He is the One Who shapes your forms the way He wills in the wombs (of mothers). None is worthy of worship but He. He is Almighty, All-Wise
He is the One Who has revealed to you the Book comprising some firm and solid Verses (i.e., literally clear and precise in meaning); they are the foundation of (the commandments) of the Book. And other Verses are figurative (i.e., containing abstract and allusive meaning). So, those who have deviation in their hearts follow only its figurative Verses (just) under the urge to create disruption and with the motive to supply them self-seeking interpretation instead of their true interpretation. But none knows its true interpretation apart from Allah. And those who are perfectly firm in knowledge say: ‘We believe in it. The whole (Book) has been revealed by our Lord.’ And direction and guidance is the share of only those who possess wisdom and insight
(And they submit:) ‘O our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have honoured us with guidance, and grant us mercy especially from Your presence. Truly, You alone are the Great Bestower
O our Lord! You will surely bring together mankind on the Day about which there is no doubt. Verily, Allah does not go against (His) promise.
Indeed, those who reject faith, neither their wealth nor their children shall be able to save them anyway from (the torment of) Allah. It is they who are the fuel of Hell
(Their) line of action (also) resembles that of the people of Pharaoh and those before them who belied Our Revelations. So, Allah seized them because of their sins and Allah gives severe punishment
Say to the disbelievers: ‘You will soon be overpowered and driven towards Hell, and that is a very evil abode.
There is certainly a sign for you in the two parties that encountered each other (in the battlefield of Badr)—one party (i.e., the Muslims) fought (a defensive war) in the cause of Allah, and the other comprised the disbelievers (i.e., the Meccan aggressors who invaded the peaceful Muslims of Medina). They saw them with their (own) eyes as twice their own number. And Allah provides strength with His reinforcement to whom He wills. In this incident, there is surely a (notable) lesson of warning for those who have eyes
(Excessively) attractive has been made, for the people, the love of lusts (that) include women, children, and hoarded treasures of gold and silver, and branded horses and cattle and crops. (All) this is the provision of the worldly life and with Allah is the best abode
(O Beloved!) Say: ‘Shall I give you the news of something far better than all this? (Yes,) for the Godfearing there are (such) Gardens with their Lord beneath which streams flow. They will live there forever. There will be (for them) chaste wives, and (above all) they shall enjoy the pleasure of Allah.’ And Allah monitors His servants well
(These are the people) who say: ‘O our Lord, we have surely believed, so, forgive us our sins and save us from the torment of Hell.
(They are) steadfast (people), truthful in their words and deeds and submissive in devotion and obedience. And they spend in the way of Allah, and (rise) in the later hours of the night to implore Allah’s pardon
Allah bears witness that none is worthy of worship apart from Him; and the angels and those who possess knowledge also bear testimony to it (as well as the fact) that He designs and executes every plan with justice. None is worthy of worship but He. He is Almighty, All-Wise
Truly, Islam is the only Din (Religion) in Allah’s sight. And the People of the Book disagreed, after knowledge had come to them, only on account of their mutual jealousy and contention. And he who denies Allah’s revelations, then surely Allah hastens in calling to account
(O Beloved!) If they, even then, dispute with you, say to them: ‘I have bowed my humble face in absolute submissiveness before the presence of Allah and so have those who follow me.’ And say to the People of the Book as well as the illiterate ones: ‘Do you also bow before Allah absolutely (i.e., do you accept Islam)?’ And, if they embrace submission, then they have truly achieved guidance. But if they turn away, your responsibility is only to deliver the command. And Allah is Watchful of His servants
Certainly, those who deny the Revelations of Allah and kill the Prophets unjustly, and also kill those of the people who enjoin equity and justice, announce to them the news of a grievous torment
They are the ones whose works have become void both in this world and in the Hereafter. And they shall have no helpers
Have you not seen those who were given a portion of (the knowledge of) the Book? They are invited towards the Book of Allah, so that it (the Book) gives judgment (on disputes) amongst them. Then, a party of them turn away and it is they who deviate
This (courage to deviate) is because they say: ‘The Fire of Hell will not touch us except for a few numbered days.’ And the lies that they invent (about Allah) have deluded them with regard to their din (religion)
So, what will be their plight when We shall assemble all of them together on the Day in (the happening of) which there is no doubt, and everyone will be paid back in full for whatever (deeds) he has earned, and no injustice will be done to them
(O My Beloved!) Submit (like this): ‘O Allah, Lord of sovereignty! You bestow sovereignty on whom You will, and You take away sovereignty from whom You will. You confer honour on whom You will, and You dishonour whom You will. All good is in Your Mighty Hand. Surely, You have absolute authority and control over everything
You make the night enter into the day, and You make the day enter into the night; and You bring the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living; and You bless (with Your bounties) without measure whom You wish.
The Muslims should not make friends with disbelievers instead of Muslims. And whoever does so will have nothing of (the alliance with) Allah except that you seek protection (from their mischief). And Allah warns you to fear (the wrath) of His divine essence, and to Allah is the return
Say: ‘Whether you hide what is in your breasts or make it known, Allah knows it, and He thoroughly knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. And Allah has mighty control over everything.
On the Day when every soul shall find present (before him) every good that he accomplished and every evil that he perpetrated, he will wish there were a great distance between him and that evil (or that Day). Allah warns you to fear (the wrath) of His divine essence, and Allah is Most Compassionate towards His servants
(O Beloved!) Say: ‘If you love Allah, follow me. Allah will then take you as (His) beloved, and forgive you your sins for you, and Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful.
Say: ‘Obey Allah and the Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him).’ But if they turn away, then Allah does not like the disbelievers
Verily, Allah chose Adam, and Nuh (Noah), and the family of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the family of ‘Imran (in dignity) above all the people of the world
They are all one race, descendants of one another. And Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing
And (recall) when the wife of ‘Imran said: ‘O my Lord, I vow purely to You what is in my womb, freeing him (from other obligations). So, accept (this offering) from me. You are indeed All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
So when she delivered a baby girl, she submitted: ‘Lord, I have given birth but to a female child.’ But Allah knew best what she had given birth to. (She said:) ‘And the boy (that I prayed for) could never (be) like the girl (that Allah has blessed me with); and I have named her Maryam (Mary, the worshipper); and, surely, I commit her and her children to Your protection against (the mischief of) Satan, the outcast.
So, her Lord graciously accepted her (Maryam [Mary]) with excellent acceptance and brought her up immaculately and entrusted her guardianship to Zakariyya (Zacharias). Every time Zakariyya (Zacharias) entered her chamber of worship, he found with her (novel and uncommon) food items. He inquired: ‘O Maryam, wherefrom have these things come for you?’ She replied: ‘This (sustenance) comes from Allah. Verily, Allah provides sustenance without measure to whom He wills.
At the same place, Zakariyya (Zacharias) supplicated his Lord. He submitted: ‘O my Lord, bless me, out of Your Grace, with a virtuous and pure offspring. Surely, You alone hear the supplication.
Whilst he was still standing in the chamber offering the Prayer (or supplicating), the angels called out to him: ‘Indeed, Allah gives you the good news of (a son) Yahya (John), who shall confirm Allah’s Word (i.e., ‘Isa [Jesus]), and he will be a leader, well-protected against (temptation for) women, and a Prophet from amongst (Our) exceptionally pious servants.
(Zakariyya [Zacharias]) submitted: ‘O my Lord, how shall I have a son when old age has already overtaken me, and my wife is (also) barren?’ He said: ‘The same way as Allah does whatever He wills.
Zakariyya (Zacharias) submitted: ‘O my Lord, fix a sign for me.’ Allah said: ‘The sign for you is that for three days you will not be able to communicate to the people except by gestures. And remember your Lord abundantly and glorify Him persistently, evening and morning.
And (remember) when the angels said: ‘O Maryam (Mary), surely Allah has chosen you and has blessed you with purity and has exalted you today over all the women of the world
O Maryam (Mary)! Obey your Lord consistently with utmost humbleness, prostrate yourself, and bow down in worship along with those who bow down.
(O Beloved!) These are the tidings of the unseen which We reveal to you. But (at that time) you were not present with them when they were casting their pens (by way of a draw to determine) which of them should take care of Maryam (Mary). Nor were you with them when they were disputing with one another
When the angels said: ‘O Maryam (Mary), surely, Allah gives you glad tidings of a (particular) Word from Him named the Messiah, ‘Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary), who would be eminent and exalted, (both) in this world and in the Hereafter, and would be of those who are exceptionally intimate servants of Allah blessed with His nearness
And he will talk to the people (alike) both in the cradle and in ripe years, and he will be one of the most pious servants (of Allah).
Maryam (Mary) submitted: ‘O my Lord, how shall I have a son when no man has ever touched me?’ He said: ‘Just as Allah creates what He pleases.’ When He decides (to do) some work, He just gives it the command ‘Be,’ and it becomes
And Allah will teach him the Book and the wisdom, the Torah and the Injil ([the Gospel] everything)
And he will be a Messenger to the Children of Israel, (saying to them:) ‘I have undoubtedly brought to you a sign from your Lord: I design for you from clay (a figure) like the shape of a bird; then I breathe into it; and at once it becomes a flying bird by Allah’s command. And I restore health to the born blind, and the lepers, and raise the dead to life by the command of Allah. And I inform you of (all) what you have eaten, and what you have hoarded in your houses. Truly, there is a sign in it for you if you believe
And I validate the (Book) Torah sent down before me, and that is because I may declare certain things lawful for you which were forbidden to you as unlawful. And I have come to you from your Lord with a sign. So, fear Allah and obey me
Verily, Allah is my Lord and your Lord too. So worship Him alone. This is the straight path.
Later, when ‘Isa (Jesus) sensed their disbelief, he said: ‘Who are my helpers in the way of Allah?’ His sincere companions submitted: ‘We are the helpers of (the Din [Religion] of) Allah. We have believed in Allah and bear witness that we are surely Muslims
O our Lord! We have believed in the Book which You have sent down, and we have become the followers of this Messenger. So register us amongst those who bear witness (to the truth).
Then, the disbelieving (Jews) conspired secretly (to execute ‘Isa [Jesus]), but Allah covertly designed His plan (to safeguard ‘Isa [Jesus]). And Allah is the Best of secret planners
When Allah said: ‘O ‘Isa (Jesus), I will surely bring your term of life to completion; and I am about to lift you towards Myself (in the heavens), and deliver you from the disbelievers, and exalt your followers above (these) disbelievers till the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me you all have to return. So I shall judge between you in the matters about which you used to dispute.
As for those who disbelieved, I shall give them severe punishment (both) in this world and in the Hereafter, and they shall have no helpers
And those who believed and did pious deeds, (Allah) shall reward them in full. And Allah does not like the wrongdoers
These which We read out to you are signs and the wisdom-laden advice
Surely, the example of ‘Isa (Jesus) in the sight of Allah is the same as that of Adam whom He formed from clay, then said (to him): ‘Be.’ And he became
(Ordained to forewarn the Umma [the Community]:) ‘This is the truth from your Lord, so be not of those who doubt.
So, if someone contends with you about ‘Isa (Jesus) after knowledge has come to you, say: ‘Come, let us (jointly) call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves (at the same place). Then let us supplicate fervently (i.e., most submissively) and invoke the curse of Allah upon the liars.
Most certainly, this is the true narrative, and there is none worthy of worship except Allah. And verily Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise
But if they turn away, then surely Allah knows the miscreants full well
Say: ‘O People of the Book, come to that matter which is common between us and you (namely that): we shall worship none other than Allah, and we shall not associate any partner with Him. Nor shall anyone of us take one another as Lords apart from Allah. Then if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are but Allah’s obedient servants (Muslims).
O People of the Book! Why do you dispute about Ibrahim ([Abraham] i.e., why do you regard him as a Jew or a Christian])? The truth is that the Torah and the Injil ([the Gospel] on which both your religions are based) were sent down after his time. Have you not even (this much) sense
Listen! You are the people who have also been disputing about matters of which you had (but some) knowledge. But why do you dispute about things of which you have no knowledge (at all)? And Allah knows but you do not know
Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian; he was a (true) Muslim, far detached from all heresy and falsehood. Nor was he one of the polytheists
Certainly, the nearest of the people to Ibrahim (Abraham), (and the most deserving) are those who have followed him (in his Din [Religion]). And (they) are no other than this Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and those who have believed (in him). And Allah is the Helper of the believers
(O Muslims!) A section of the People of the Book (intensely) desire to, somehow, lead you astray, but they have led astray only themselves whilst they have no sense (of it)
O People of the Book! Why are you denying Allah’s Revelations whilst you bear witness yourselves (i.e., you have read everything in your Books)
O People of the Book! Why do you confound the truth with falsehood, and why do you hide the truth whereas you know
And a section of the People of the Book say (to the people): ‘Believe in the Book (Qur’an) which is sent down to Muslims in the morning, and deny it in the evening, so that (imitating you) they may also desert and turn about
And do not believe anyone but him who follows (only) your din (religion).’ Say: ‘Surely, the guidance is but the guidance of Allah (alone).’ (And they further say to their people never to believe even this) that: ‘The like of the Book (or din [religion]) given to you may also be given to anyone else, or that someone may give a plea against you before your Lord.’ Say: ‘Bounty is in the Hand of Allah; He bestows on whom He pleases and Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing
He specifies His mercy for whom He wills and Allah is the Lord of Infinite Bounty.
And amongst the People of the Book there are a type that if you trust him with a heap of wealth, he will return it to you. And some amongst them are such that if you trust him with one dinar (a gold coin), he will not return it to you unless you keep standing over him. That is because they say: ‘There is no blame on us in the matter of the illiterate.’ And they fabricate a lie against Allah and they know it themselves (as well)
Yes, he who fulfils his promise and adopts Godfearingness (will indeed face no accountability); so Allah surely loves the pious
Certainly, those who sell the promise of Allah and their own oaths for a small price, it is they who will not have any share in the Hereafter. And on the Day of Resurrection Allah will neither speak to nor look at them, nor will He purify them, and for them will be painful torment
And there is indeed another section of them who, whilst reciting the Book, twist their tongues so that you may take their inverted expression as (part of) the Book, whereas it is not from the Book. And they say: ‘It is (all) from Allah,’ while it is not (at all) from Allah. They invent a lie against Allah and they know (it) themselves as well
No human being whom Allah blesses with the Book and Wisdom and Prophethood has the right to say to the people: ‘Be my servants instead of Allah’s.’ (He would rather say:) ‘Be the devotees of Allah because you teach the Book and because you study it yourselves as well.
Nor would that Messenger ever command you to take the angels and the Prophets as Lords. Would he command you (now) to disbelieve after you have become Muslims
And, (O Beloved, recall) when Allah took a firm covenant from the Prophets: ‘When I give you the Book and Wisdom, and then there comes to you the Messenger (who is exalted in glory above all and) who shall validate the Books you will have with you, you shall then, most certainly, believe in him and most surely help him.’ Allah said: ‘Do you affirm, and on this (condition) hold fast to My heavy covenant?’ All submitted: ‘We affirm.’ Allah said: ‘Bear witness then, and I am also with you amongst the witnesses.
(Now admonished all mankind:) ‘Then he who turns away after this (affirmation), it is they who will be the disobedient.
Do they seek some din (religion) other than Allah’s? And whoever is in the heavens and the earth has embraced His obedience (whether) by choice or by constraint, and to Him shall they all be returned
Say: ‘We believe in Allah and in that which has been sent down to us and in that which has been revealed to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma‘il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac) and Ya‘qub (Jacob) and their descendants and that which has been given to Musa (Moses), ‘Isa (Jesus) and all other Messengers by their Lord (we believe in all). We do not make distinction in our faith in any of them, and to Him we submit ourselves.
And whoever seeks a din (religion) other than Islam that shall not at all be accepted from him, and he will be amongst the losers in the Hereafter
How shall Allah guide those who disbelieved after embracing faith whilst they had borne witness that this Messenger is true, and clear signs too had come to them? And Allah does not guide the wrongdoers
The punishment of such people is that they are continually plagued by the curse of Allah, of the angels and of all mankind
They shall remain (imprisoned) under this curse forever. And neither will this torment be lessened, nor will they be given respite
Except those who repent and mend (their) ways. Allah is, indeed, Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
Assuredly, the people who disbelieve after accepting belief and then advance in disbelief, their repentance will not be accepted at all, and it is they who have lost the right path
Surely, those who disbelieved and died whilst they were disbelievers, if any of them offers an earthful of gold as ransom (for his salvation), that shall not be accepted from him at all. It is they for whom there is painful torment. And no helper will be possible for them
You can never attain to piety unless you spend (in the cause of Allah) out of that which you like the most; and Allah surely knows well whatever you give away
Before the revelation of the Torah, everything edible was lawful for the Children of Israel except those (things) Ya‘qub (Jacob) had declared forbidden for himself. Say: ‘Bring the Torah and read it out if you are truthful.
So, whoever fabricates a lie against Allah even after this, then it is they who are the wrongdoers
Say: ‘Allah has proclaimed the truth, so follow the Din (Religion) of Ibrahim (Abraham) who, rejecting every evil, devoted himself wholly to Allah. And he was not one of the polytheists.
The first House ever constructed for mankind (to worship Allah) is indeed the one in Mecca, teeming with blessings and (the centre of) guidance for the whole world
There are manifest signs in it, (one of which is) the station of Ibrahim (Abraham). Whoever enters it attains safety and protection; and the Pilgrimage to this House is prescribed for the people for the sake of Allah whoever may afford its journey; and whoever denies (it), then indeed Allah is Self-Sufficient, Beyond Need of all the worlds
Say: ‘O People of the Book, why do you deny the Revelations of Allah? And Allah is observing your actions.
Say: ‘O People of the Book, why do you hinder the one who has embraced faith from Allah’s path? You want to make their path crooked too, whilst you yourselves are witnesses (that it is straight). And Allah is not unaware of your doings.
O believers! If you obey any section of the People of the Book, they will turn you back to disbelief after you have (embraced) faith
And how will you disbelieve (now), whilst you are (fortunate) ones to whom the Verses of Allah are recited, and the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) is (himself) present amongst you? And whoever holds fast to (the Embrace of) Allah is most surely guided to the straight path
O believers! Fear Allah as it is due to fear Him. And death should approach you only in a state when you are Muslims
And hold fast to the rope of Allah, all of you together, and do not generate dissension and factions. But call to mind the blessing of Allah upon you when you were enemies (one to another). Then He created the bond of love amongst your hearts, and by His blessing you became brothers. And you (had reached) the brink of a pit of the Fire (of Hell) but He rescued you from it. That is how Allah elaborates His signs to you that you may take guidance to the right path
And from amongst you there must be a community comprising the people who invite mankind towards piety, enjoin righteousness and forbid evil. And they are the successful people
And become not like those who split into sects and dissented even after manifest signs had reached them. And it is they who will suffer grievous torment
On the Day when many faces will be bright and many others will be dark, the ones with dark faces (will be asked): ‘Did you reject faith after you had believed? So taste the torment for the disbelief you had been committing.
But those with (glittering) white faces will be in Allah’s mercy. Therein will they live forever
These are the Revelations of Allah which We recite to you with truth. And Allah intends no injustice to mankind
And whatever exists in the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah alone. And to Allah will all matters be returned
You are the best community brought forth for (the guidance of) mankind: you enjoin righteousness, forbid evil and believe in Allah. Had the People of the Book also embraced faith, that would certainly have been in their favour. There are some amongst them who believe, whilst the majority of them are disobedient
They cannot do you any harm beyond offending; and if they fight you, they will turn their backs upon you; then they will not be helped (as well)
They are shut in humiliation wherever they may be found, except that they are (provided with shelter) under some promise with Allah or some bond with people. And they have earned Allah’s wrath, and have been subjected to indigence consequent on their rejection of Allah’s revelations and killing the Prophets unjustly, because they turned into rebels and exceeded all limits (in defiance)
They are not all alike. Some of the People of the Book are (also) firmly committed to the truth. They recite the Verses of Allah during the hours of night, and remain in the state of prostration before their Lord
They believe in Allah and the Last Day and enjoin righteousness, and forbid evil, and they race to pious works. And it is they who are amongst the pious
And whatever pious acts they do will not be disregarded; and Allah is Well Aware of those who guard against evil
Certainly, those who have disbelieved, neither their riches nor their children will provide them any protection against (the torment of) Allah. And they are the ones who are the inmates of Hell and will live there forever
(Whatever) wealth (these people) spend in the life of this world is like the frost-laden wind which strikes and destroys the harvest of a people who wrong their own souls. And Allah has not done them any wrong, but they have wronged their own selves
O believers! Do not confide in those who are not from amongst you. They will never miss (any) chance to cause you mischief. They wish you severe torture. As for their malice, that has become evident from their utterances, and (the hostility) that they have concealed in their hearts is (even) greater. We have made the signs manifest to you if you would use your intellect
Beware! You are the ones who love them, but they do not (even) like you, although you believe in all the Books. When they meet you, they say: ‘We have accepted faith,’ but when alone, they bite their fingers in rage against you. Say: ‘Perish in your pent-up rage.’ Certainly, Allah knows well the secrets of hearts
If something goes in your favour, it grieves them; but if some pain afflicts you, that pleases them. However, if you keep patience and guard yourselves against evil persistently, their deceitfulness will do you no harm. And indeed Allah has encompassed all that they are doing
And (recall the time) when, early morning, you left your blessed abode (on the eve of the battle of Uhud), and were positioning the Muslims at their posts for the battle (in defence against the aggression by Meccan invaders). And Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing
(Recall) when two groups from amongst you (Banu Salama Khazraj and Banu Haritha Aws) intended cowardliness although Allah was their ally. And the believers must have trust in Allah alone
And Allah provided you help in the battle of Badr, whereas you had little resources (at that time). Therefore, fear Allah so that you may become grateful
When you said to the believers: ‘Is it not enough for you that your Lord should reinforce you with three thousand angels sent-down?
Yes, if you remain steadfast and persist in Godwariness, and these (unbelievers) suddenly attack you with (full) force, then your Lord will come to your aid with five thousand angels distinctly marked
And Allah has made this (reinforcement) a glad tidings for you so that it may content your hearts. And support comes only from Allah, Who is Almighty, Most Wise
(Also) because (Allah) may exterminate a section of the unbelievers or abase them so that they go back defeated
(O Beloved! Now) this matter is not your concern, whether Allah enables them to repent or torments them, because they are the transgressors
Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth belongs to Allah alone. He forgives whom He wills and punishes whom He wills and Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
O believers! Do not live on usury doubled and redoubled, and keep fearing Allah so that you may prosper
And fear the Fire, which has been prepared for those who reject faith
And persist in obedience to Allah and the Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) so that you may be blessed with mercy
And advance fast towards forgiveness from your Lord and Paradise whose vastness encompasses the heavens and the earth (and) which has been prepared for the pious
They are the ones who spend in the cause of Allah whether they are affluent or indigent (in both the conditions), sublimate their anger and tolerate (the faults of the) people; and Allah loves those who are benevolent
And (they) are such people that if they commit some immoral act or wrong themselves, they remember Allah, then seek forgiveness for their sins. And who forgives sins except Allah? And they do not deliberately persist in the sinful acts which they committed
It is they whose reward is forgiveness from their Lord and Gardens beneath which rivers flow. They will reside therein permanently. What an excellent reward that is for those who perform righteous acts
Before you many codes (of divine law) have passed (for the preceding nations). So travel in the earth and observe what was the end of those who belied
This Qur’an is an exposition for mankind and guidance and counsel for those who fear Allah
And do not lose heart or feel grieved; and it is you who will be victorious, provided you maintain (perfect) faith
If you have received a blow (now, then remember that) they too have received a similar blow already. These are the days which We rotate amongst people. And these (ups and downs) occur so that Allah may distinguish the identity of true believers and bestow upon some of you the status of martyrs. And Allah does not like the wrongdoers
And this is (also) with the intention that Allah may bring (more) refinement to the believers (i.e., cleanse and purify them) and annihilate the disbelievers
Do you assume that you will enter Paradise (without any good), whereas Allah has not yet tested those of you who fight for His cause, nor has He judged the steadfast
And you used to long for death (as a martyr) before you faced it. So now you have seen it in front of your own eyes
And Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him) is but a Messenger (and not God). Many Messengers have passed away (from this world) before him as well. So, if he passes away or is martyred, will you then turn on your heels (back to your former religion i.e., will you consider his death or martyrdom— God forbid!—a proof that the Din [Religion] of Islam or his Messengership is false)? And whoever turns back on his heels shall not harm Allah the least. And Allah will soon reward those who give thanks (by remaining steadfast in hardship)
And no one can die without Allah’s command. (His) term has been fixed in writing. And whoever desires the reward of this world, We give him of that; and whoever longs for the reward of the Hereafter, We give him of that; and soon shall We pay reward (affluently) to those who pay thanks
And how many Prophets have there been who fought in the cause of Allah! A large number of devotees of Allah (Awliya’) also joined them. They did not lose heart due to hardships which afflicted them in the way of Allah and neither showed weakness nor gave in. And Allah loves those who remain steadfast
And they said nothing except this supplication: ‘O our Lord, forgive our sins and overlook the excesses that we committed in our work, and keep us firm-footed (on Your path), and bestow upon us victory over the disbelievers.
So, Allah paid them the reward of this world and also an excellent recompense in the Hereafter. And Allah loves (those) righteous people (who love Him alone)
O believers! If you obey the disbelievers, they will turn you back on your heels (to disbelief) and you will then turn back as losers
Nay, Allah is your Mawla (Helper and Guardian) and He is the best of helpers
Soon shall We plant (your) awesomeness into the hearts of disbelievers because they have associated with Allah partners for which He has not sent down any authority. And Hell is their abode, and extremely horrible is (that) abode of the wrongdoers
Surely, Allah fulfilled His promise to you when you were killing them by His command until you showed cowardice and you started disputing about the command (of the Messenger [blessings and peace be upon him]) and later disobeyed (him), whereas Allah had brought that victory in your sight which you coveted. Amongst you were some who desired the gains of this world, and some others who sought reward in the Hereafter. Then He turned you back from them (dominated) so that He tests you. (Later, however,) He pardoned you and Allah is Most Gracious to the believers
When you were running away (in panic) and did not look back at anyone, and the Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) was calling you out (standing) amongst the party that were (steadfast) in your rear. Then He inflicted upon you sorrows one after the other (for admonition and training) so that you might not grieve over what you had lost and the calamity that had befallen you. And Allah is Well Aware of your works
Then after grief He sent down on you calm (and peace for relief) in the form of a slumber that overtook a party of you, whilst another party (comprising hypocrites who) were only worried about their own souls indulged in false assumptions about Allah which were (just) the assumptions of ignorance. They say: ‘Do we too have anything (i.e., authority) in this matter?’ Say: ‘The whole matter is in the Hand of Allah.’ They have concealed in their hearts things which they let not be disclosed to you. They say: ‘Had we any say in this matter, we would not have been slain here.’ Say: ‘Even if you had been in your homes, those for whom killing was decreed would have come over to their slaughter places. And that has been (done) so that Allah may test what is in your breasts, and purge exhaustively (the apprehensions) pent up in your hearts. And Allah has thorough knowledge of the secrets of breasts
Certainly, those of you who fled on that day when the two armies engaged in fierce fighting were only caused by Satan to slip, owing to some act they had perpetrated. Allah pardoned them indeed. He is, of course, Most Forgiving, Most Forbearing
O believers! Be not like the infidels who say of those of their brothers who go (somewhere) on a journey or go to fight (and die there): ‘Had they stayed with us, they would have neither died nor been slain,’ so that Allah may make this (assumption) a regret in their hearts. Allah alone keeps alive and causes death. And Allah is All-Seer of what you do
And if you are slain in the cause of Allah or die, Allah’s forgiveness and mercy is far better than that (wealth) which you accumulate
And if you die or are slain, you will (all) be brought together before Allah
(O My Esteemed Beloved!) What a mercy of Allah that you are lenient with them! Had you been stern and hard-hearted, people would have deserted, scattering away from around you. So pardon them, and pray for their forgiveness, and consult them in (important) matters. But once you make up your mind, then place your trust in Allah. Surely, Allah loves those who trust Him
If Allah helps you, none can overpower you; but if He abandons you taking away all support, then who is it that can help you after Him? And the believers should rely on Allah alone
It is just not conceivable that any Prophet would conceal anything. And whoever hides away (another’s right) will have to bring forth on the Day of Resurrection whatever he had held back. Then everyone will be paid in full for his deeds, and they will not be wronged
How can a person who has subjected himself to the will of Allah be like the one who has earned Allah’s wrath? And Hell is his abode, and that is an extremely evil dwelling
They have varying grades in the sight of Allah and Allah thoroughly observes their acts
Indeed, Allah conferred a great favour on the believers that He raised amongst them (the most eminent) Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) from amongst themselves, who recites to them His Revelations, purifies them, and educates them on the Book and Wisdom though, before that, they were in manifest error
Is it not that when disaster seized you, whilst you had inflicted twice as much (on your enemy), you said: ‘Whence has it befallen’? Say: ‘It is from your own selves.’ Indeed, Allah has absolute control over everything
And the agony that hurt you on the day when the two armies clashed with each other came about (only) by Allah’s command. And (this happened) so that Allah establishes the identity of the believers
And (He) also distinguishes the identity of those who are hypocrites. And when it was said to them: ‘Come and fight in the cause of Allah or defend (against the enemy invasion),’ they said: ‘If we knew that there would be (virtually) a war, (or if we considered it a war in the cause of Allah,) we would certainly follow you.’ That day they were closer to an evident disbelief than (the pretended) belief. They utter from their mouths that which is not in their hearts. And Allah knows well (the matters) they hide
(They) are the ones who said about their brothers, whilst they themselves stayed back (home): ‘Had they accepted our counsel, they would not have been slain.’ Say: ‘Protect yourselves from death if you are truthful.
And do not (ever) think that those who are slain in the way of Allah are dead. Rather, they are alive in the presence of their Lord. They are served with sustenance (comprising bounties of Paradise)
They rejoice in these (blessings of eternal life) that Allah has conferred on them of His bounty, and they also feel pleased (on finding) their successors (on the path of faith and obedience) who have not (yet) joined them, for they shall also have neither any fear nor any grief
They are filled with joy owing to the blessing (of divine disclosures of the nearness) of Allah and His bounty (i.e., the pleasures of meeting with Him), and (also) because Allah does not waste the reward of the believers
Those who submitted to the command of Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) even after sustaining injuries—for those of them who possess spiritual excellence and are God-fearing, there is an immense reward
They are the ones whom people said: ‘The adversaries have gathered (in great number) against you, so fear them.’ But this (information) further enhanced their faith and they proclaimed: ‘Allah is Sufficient for us and what an excellent Guardian He is!
Then they (the Muslims) returned with the bounties and blessings of Allah, untouched by any suffering. They followed the will of Allah, and Allah is the Lord of great bounty
Surely, this (informer) is Satan alone who threatens (you) through his friends. Therefore, do not fear them and fear Me alone, if you are the believers
(O sympathizer of the whole mankind!) Those who hasten in (reinforcing) disbelief should not aggrieve you. They cannot do any damage to (the Din [Religion] of) Allah, and Allah intends that there is no share for them in the Hereafter. And for them there is a severe torment
Indeed, those who purchase disbelief at the cost of belief cannot harm Allah the least, and for them there is a grievous chastisement
And the disbelievers must never assume that the respite We are providing them is of any good to their souls. We are granting them (this) respite that they may grow further in sins. And (ultimately) there is for them a humiliating torment
And Allah will never leave the Muslims in the situation you are in (now) until He distinguishes the impure from the pure. And, (O common people,) it is not Allah’s Glory that He reveals to you the unseen. However, Allah chooses from amongst His Messengers whom He wills (for the knowledge of the unseen). Therefore, put faith in Allah and His Messengers. And if you embrace faith and become Godfearing, there is a tremendous reward for you
And those who are niggardly in giving away (from the wealth) which Allah has bestowed upon them out of His bounty must never consider this miserliness of any benefit to themselves; it is rather injurious to them. Soon on the Day of Resurrection, this wealth they are niggardly about will be put around (their necks) like a neck-fetter. To Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth (i.e., He will remain the Owner of the universe after your death in the same way as He owns it today). And Allah is well aware of all your deeds
Allah has surely heard the remarks of those who say: ‘Allah is indigent and we are rich.’ We shall keep a written record of all that they say and their unjust killing of the Prophets (as well). And (on the Day of Resurrection) We shall say: ‘(Now you) taste the incinerating torment.
This is the recompense of your deeds that your hands have forwarded ahead, and indeed Allah does not do injustice to servants
The people (Jews) who say (as a justification): ‘Allah sent us the command not to put faith in any Messenger unless he (to prove his Messengership) brings us an offering that the fire will devour.’ Say (to them): ‘Certainly, many Messengers with evident signs preceded me and also (came) with the sign which you speak of. Then (despite that) why did you martyr them if you are (so) truthful?
If, even then, they belie you, (My Beloved, do not be aggrieved). So many Messengers who brought clear signs (miracles), scriptures and the enlightening Book were belied before you
Every soul is going to taste death. And your full recompense will be paid back only on the Day of Resurrection. So, whoever will be saved from Hell and admitted to Paradise will be truly successful. And the worldly life is nothing but illusory wealth
(O believers!) You will most certainly be tested in your possessions and your selves. And of course you shall also hear many torturing (taunts) from those who were given the Book before you and who are polytheists. But if you remain patient and stick to self-protection, that is one of the works demanding high resolve
And (remember) when Allah took a firm promise from those who were given the Book: ‘You shall communicate it clearly and plainly to the people and shall not hide (whatever is described in it),’ they cast this promise behind their backs and sold it for a paltry price. This is an extremely evil transaction on their part
Never regard those (as the emancipated ones) who rejoice over their crooked works and want to be praised for the deeds that they have never done. (Proclaimed for emphasis:) Never think that they are delivered from punishment; and for them is an awful torment
The sovereignty of all the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah alone and Allah has perfect control over everything. (So focus your attention on and trust in Him alone.
Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of the night and the day, there are signs (of Allah’s absolute authority) for those who possess constructive wisdom
These are the people who, remembering Allah, remain standing (as the epitome of submissiveness), sitting (as reverence incarnate), and (also keep) changing sides (in discomfort of love) and meditate on (the manifest lustre of His Eminence and Beauty at work in) the creation of the heavens and the earth. (Then, acquainted with the pleasure of His gnosis, they call out spontaneously:) ‘O our Lord, You have not created (all) this without any rationale and strategy. You are (impeccably) Pure (of all shortcomings and obligations). So protect us from the torment of Hell
O our Lord! Indeed, whomever You admit to Hell, You have surely humiliated him, and the wrongdoers do not have any supporters
O our Lord! (We were oblivious of You,) then we heard a Caller, calling towards faith: ‘(O people,) believe in your Lord.’ So we embraced faith. O our Lord, now forgive our sins and erase our blunders (from the record of our works) and make us die in the company of the pious
O our Lord! Grant us all that You have promised us through Your Messengers, and do not humiliate us on the Day of Resurrection. Surely, You do not go against Your promise.
Then their Lord accorded approval to their supplication (and said:) ‘Certainly, I do not waste the wages of any labourer, whether man or woman; you all are from one another. So those who have emigrated (for the cause of Allah) and have been driven out of their dwellings (for Him alone) and have been offended in My way and fought for My sake and were slain, I shall verily erase their sins from their record of works, and admit them to the Gardens beneath which rivers flow. This is the reward from Allah, and (even) better reward (than this) lies with Allah alone
(O servant of Allah!) The roaming about of the disbelievers in the cities (with luxurious riches) should not cause you any illusion
This is an insignificant possession (for a brief period). Then their abode will be Hell and that is a very evil abode
But those who persist in fearing their Lord, for them there are Gardens beneath which rivers flow. There they will reside forever. This is hospitality (for them) from Allah. And (His chamber of Proximity, lustre of His Beauty and the Blessing of meeting with Him, in sum,) whatever there is with Allah is excellent for the pious
And indeed, some People of the Book are such that they believe in Allah, and also (have faith in) the Book that has been revealed to you, and the one which was sent down to them. Their hearts remain subdued before Allah. And they do not receive a paltry price for the Revelations of Allah. They are the ones whose reward lies with their Lord. Indeed, Allah is Swift at reckoning
O believers! Be steadfast and, in perseverance (and tenacity), toil (even harder than the enemy) and be alert and vigilant (for struggle against violation of peace and human rights), and (always) persist in fearing Allah so that you may achieve success
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