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al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage)
as rendered by N J Dawood 2014
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N J Dawood (2014) rendition of Surah The Pilgrimage(al-Hajj)
22:1 YOU PEOPLE! Have fear of your Lord. The catastrophe of the Hour shall be terrible indeed.
22:2 The day you witness it, every suckling mother shall forsake her infant, every pregnant female shall cast her burden, and you shall see people reeling like drunkards although not drunk: but such shall be the horror of God‘s torment.
22:3 Yet there are some who in their ignorance dispute about God, and follow every rebellious demon
22:4 doomed to seduce his follower and lead him to the scourge of the Conflagration.
22:5 You people! If you doubt the Resurrection remember that We had created you from dust, then from a living germ, then from a clot of blood,² and then from a half-formed lump of flesh, so that We might manifest to you Our power. We cause to remain in the womb whatever We please for an appointed term, and then We bring you forth as infants, that you may grow up and reach your prime. Some among you die young, and some live on to abject old age when all that they once knew they know no more. You sometimes see the earth dry and barren: but no sooner do We send the water down upon it than it begins to stir and swell, putting forth every kind of radiant bloom.
22:6 That is because God is Truth: He resurrects the dead and has power over all things.
22:7 The Hour is sure to come ― of this there is no doubt. And those who are in their graves God will raise to life.
22:8 Some wrangle about God, though they have neither knowledge nor guidance nor illuminating scripture.
22:9 They turn away in scorn, to lead others astray from God‘s path: they shall incur disgrace in this life, and on the Day of Resurrection taste the torment of the Conflagration.
22:10 This is the reward of your handiwork. God is never unjust to His servants.‘
22:11 And among people there are some who profess to serve God and yet stand on the very fringe of the true faith. When blessed with good fortune they are content, but when an ordeal befalls them they turn upon their heels, forfeiting this life and the Hereafter. That way true perdition lies.
22:12 They call on idols which can neither harm nor help them. That is the extreme error.
22:13 They call on that which would sooner harm than help them: an evil master and an evil friend.
22:14 As for those that have faith and do good works, God will admit them to Gardens watered by running brooks. God‘s will is ever done.
22:15 If anyone thinks that God will not aid him in this world and in the world to come, let him stretch a rope to the sky and hang himself. Then let him ponder if his cunning has done away with that which has enraged him.
22:16 And thus have We sent it down in clear revelations: God gives guidance to whom He will.
22:17 The true believers, those who follow the Jewish Faith, the Sabaeans, the Christians, the Magians, and the pagans, God will surely judge them on the Day of Resurrection. Surely God is the witness of all things.
22:18 Do you not see that those in the heavens and on the earth, and the sun and the moon and the stars, the mountains and the trees, the beasts, and countless people ― all do homage to God? Yet many have deserved the scourge. He who is humbled by God has none to honour him: God‘s will is ever done.
22:19 Here are two antagonists who contend about their Lord. Garments of fire have been prepared for the unbelievers. Scalding water shall be poured upon their heads,
22:20 melting their skins and that which is in their bellies.
22:21 They shall be lashed with rods of iron.
22:22 Whenever, in their anguish, they strive to escape from it, back shall they be dragged, and: ‘Taste you the torment of the Conflagration!‘
22:23 As for those that have faith and do good works, God will admit them to Gardens watered by running brooks. They shall be adorned with bracelets of gold and of pearls, and arrayed therein in garments of silk.
22:24 For they have been guided to the noblest of words; they have been guided to the path of Him who is worthy of praise.
22:25 The unbelievers who debar others from the path of God and from the Sacred Mosque which We provided for the people, natives and strangers alike, and those who seek to violate it sinfully ― We shall make them taste a grievous torment.
22:26 When We prepared for Abraham the site of the Sacred Mosque We said: ‘Worship none besides Me. Keep My House clean for those who walk around it, and those who stand upright, or kneel down in worship.‘
22:27 Exhort all people to make the pilgrimage. They will come to you on foot and on the backs of swift camels from every distant quarter;
22:28 they will come to avail themselves of many a benefit, and to pronounce on the appointed days the name of God over the cattle which He has given them for food. Eat of their flesh, and feed the poor and the unfortunate.
22:29 Then let the pilgrims tidy themselves, make their vows, and circle the Ancient House.
22:30 Such is God‘s commandment. He that reveres the sacred rites of God shall fare better in the sight of his Lord. The flesh of cattle is lawful for you, except for that which has been specified before. Guard yourselves against the abomination of idols; and avoid the utterance of falsehoods.
22:31 Dedicated to God, and serving none besides Him: he that serves other deities besides God is like him who falls from heaven and is snatched off by the birds or carried away by the wind to some far-off region.
22:32 Even such is he. He that reveres the offerings made to God shows the piety of his heart.
22:33 They are beneficial to you until a time decreed, then their place of sacrifice is by the Ancient House.
22:34 For every community We have ordained a ritual, that they may pronounce the name of God over the cattle which He has given them for food. Your God is one God; to Him submit. Give joyful tidings to the humble,
22:35 whose hearts are filled with awe at the mention of God; who endure adversity with fortitude, attend to their prayers, and give from what We gave them.
22:36 And the camels We have made a part of God‘s rites. They are of much use to you. Pronounce over them the name of God as you draw them up in line for slaughter; and when they have fallen to the ground eat of their flesh and feed the uncomplaining beggar and the demanding supplicant. Thus have We subjected them to your service, so that you may give thanks.
22:37 Their flesh and blood does not reach God; it is your piety that reaches Him. Thus has He subjected them to your service, so that you may give glory to God for guiding you. Give joyful tidings to the righteous.
22:38 God will ward off evil from true believers. God does not love the treacherous and the thankless.
22:39 Permission to take up arms is hereby given to those who are attacked, because they have been wronged. Surely God has power to grant them victory:
22:40 those who have been unjustly driven from their homes, only because they said: ‘Our Lord is God.‘ Had God not defended some by the might of others, monasteries and churches, synagogues and mosques in which His praise is daily celebrated, would have been utterly destroyed. But whoever helps God shall surely be helped by Him: God is powerful and mighty:
22:41 those who, if We make them masters in the land, will attend to their prayers and render the alms levy, enjoin justice and forbid the reprehensible. God governs the destiny of all things.
22:42 If they disbelieve you, before them the people of Noah, ‘Ād and Thamūd,
22:43 the people of Abraham and the people of Lot,
22:44 and the dwellers of Midian had also disbelieved: Moses was likewise disbelieved. I bore long with the unbelievers, and then I smote them. How awesome was the way I smote them!
22:45 How many cities, teeming with sin, have We laid waste! They lie in desolate ruin, their wells abandoned and their proud palaces empty.
22:46 Have they never journeyed through the land? Have they no hearts to reason with, or ears to hear with? It is their hearts, and not their eyes, that are blind.
22:47 They bid you hasten the scourge. And God will never fail His promise. Each day of your Lord‘s is like a thousand years in your reckoning¹.
22:48 I bore long with many cities, teeming though they were with sin; and in the end I smote them. To Me shall all return.
22:49 Say: ‘You people! I have been sent to warn you plainly.
22:50 Those that accept the true faith and do good works shall be forgiven and richly provided for;
22:51 and those that seek to confute Our revelations shall be the tenants of Hell.‘
22:52 Never have We sent a single prophet or apostle before you with whose wishes Satan did not tamper. But God abrogates the interjections of Satan and God confirms His own revelations. God is all-knowing and wise.
22:53 He makes Satan‘s interjections a temptation for those whose hearts are tainted, whose hearts are hardened ― this is why the wrongdoers are in open schism ―
22:54 so that those who are endowed with knowledge may realize that this² is the Truth from your Lord and thus believe in it and humble their hearts towards Him. God will surely guide the faithful to a straight path.
22:55 Yet will the unbelievers never cease to doubt it, until the Hour overtakes them unawares, or the scourge of a baleful day descends upon them.
22:56 On that day God will reign supreme. He will judge them all. Those that believed and did good works shall enter the Gardens of Delight;
22:57 but the unbelievers who have denied Our revelations shall receive an ignominious punishment.
22:58 And for those that have left their lands in the cause of God and then died or were slain, God will surely make a generous provision for them: God is the most munificent Provider.
22:59 He will surely admit them with a welcome that will please them. Omniscient is God, and gracious.
22:60 Thus shall it be. He that repays an injury in kind and then is wronged again shall be helped by God. God is merciful and forgiving.
22:61 Thus shall it be. God causes the night to pass into day, and the day to pass into night. God hears all and observes all.
22:62 Thus shall it be. God is Truth, and Falsehood all that they invoke besides Him. God alone is the Most High, the Supreme One.
22:63 Do you not see how God sends down water from the sky and forthwith the earth turns green? Gracious is God and all-knowing.
22:64 His is all that the heavens and the earth contain. Surely God is the Self-sufficient, the Praiseworthy One.
22:65 Do you not see that God has subdued for you all that is in the earth? And the ships which sail the sea at His bidding? He holds the sky from falling down upon the earth: this it shall not do except by His own leave. Kindly is God, and compassionate to mankind.
22:66 It is He who has given you life, and He who will cause you to die and make you live again. Surely man is ungrateful.
22:67 For every community We have ordained a ritual which they observe. Let them not dispute with you concerning this. Call them to the path of your Lord: you are rightly guided.
22:68 If they argue with you, say: ‘God knows best all that you do.
22:69 On the Day of Resurrection God will judge your differences.‘
22:70 Are you not aware that God has knowledge of what heaven and earth contain? All is recorded in a Book. That is easy enough for God.
22:71 Yet they worship besides God that for which no sanction is revealed and of which they know nothing. The wrong-doers shall have none to help them.
22:72 And when Our revelations are recited to them in all their clarity, you will note denial in the faces of the unbelievers. Barely can they restrain themselves from assaulting those who recite Our revelations. Say: ‘Shall I tell you what is worse than that? The Fire which God has promised those who deny Him. A wretched fate.‘
22:73 You people! Listen to this aphorism. Those whom you invoke besides God could never create a fly though they combined their forces. And if a fly stole aught from them, they could never retrieve it. Powerless is the supplicant, and powerless he whom he supplicates.
22:74 They do not render to God the homage due to Him; yet God is powerful and mighty.
22:75 God chooses emissaries from the angels and from people. Surely God hears all and observes all;
22:76 He knows what is before them and behind them. And to God shall all things be recalled.
22:77 You that are true believers, kneel down and prostrate yourselves. Worship your Lord and do good works, so that you may succeed.
22:78 Fight for the cause of God with the devotion due to Him. He has chosen you, and laid on you no burdens in the observance of your Religion, the faith of your father Abraham. In this, as in former scriptures, He has given you the name of Muslims, so that the Apostle may testify against you, and that you may yourselves testify against people. Therefore attend to your prayers, render the alms levy, and hold fast to God; for He is your guardian. A gracious guardian and a gracious helper!


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