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This ‘Book’ is undoubtedly divine and perfect: a source of spiritual insight ( & divine clemency) for the ‘Pious’
Who believe in the unseen, establish the regular Prayer and expend out of what We have bestowed upon them;
And who believe in what has been revealed to you, and in what was revealed before you. And in the ‘Hereafter’, they have a definite Faith.
Those are the ones who receive spiritual insight from their Lord. And they are the ones who will ultimately achieve salvation and justification.
Those who (are spiritually blind) indulge excessively in disbelief (in Allâh). It is all the same for them whether you forewarn them or not, they are not prepared to profess a belief (in the Omnipotence & Omnipresence of Allâh).
Allâh has set a seal upon their hearts and hearing. And upon their insights, there is a covering. And (in the ‘Hereafter’) they will be subjected to a mighty chastisement
Among the people are those who say: "We believe in Allâh and in the Last Day." Yet they are not (truly) among the ‘Monotheistic Believers’ (of unfeigned faith).
They seek to delude Allâh and those who adhere to Islamic monotheism. Yet they only delude their own selves, but they lack the ability to perceive (it).
In their hearts, there is a disease and Allâh has increased their disease. And (in the ‘Hereafter’) they will be subjected to an extremely painful chastisement for the lies which they used to contrive.
When it is said unto them, “Do not spread corruption on earth”, they say: “We are only seeking reformation.”
Verily, it is they who are spreading corruption, but they lack the ability to perceive (it).
When it is said unto them: "Have Faith (in Allâh) as the others who have attained to Faith (in Allâh),” they say, "Should we profess a belief as the imbeciles do?” Actually they are the imbeciles but they hardly realize this truth.
When they meet with the ‘Monotheistic Believers’, they say: "We profess a belief (in the Unity & Oneness of Allâh)," but when they are alone with their own devils, they say: “We are definitely with you. We were (only) mocking.”
It is Allâh who mocks at them and leaves them (blindly) bewildered in their transgression.
Those are the ones who purchase error (in exchange) for spiritual insight. Thus, their trade profits them not, neither will they attain spiritual insight.
Their parable is like the parable of one who kindles a fire, but when it illuminates what is around him, Allâh takes away their light and leaves them sightless in a manifold darkness.
Deaf, dumb and blind, they refuse to quit their perversion.
Or it is like a rainstorm from the sky wherein darkness, thunder and lightning. They put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps in dread of death, while Allâh is encompassing (all) those who lack Faith (in Him).
The lightning almost snatches away their sight. Whenever it shines for them, they walk therein. But when darkness falls upon them, they stand still. Had Allâh willed, He could definitely have taken away their hearing and sight. Indeed, Allâh is capable of doing whatever He wills.
O’ mankind! Worship (& venerate) your Lord Who created you, and those who were before you, so that you may act piously towards your Lord.
He who made the earth a place of repose for you and the sky a canopy. He sends down water from the sky and brings forth thereby fruits as provision for you. Thus, attribute not equals to Allâh while you know.
If it happens that you are in doubt about what We have sent down upon Our Servant, (Muhammad), then bring just one ‘Sūrat’ (i.e. chapter from the ‘Qur’ān’) like it, and call upon your witnesses, other than Allâh, if you are (really) truthful.
But if you do not - and you will never be able to do so - then guard yourselves against Fire whose fuel are humans and stones, prepared for those who are spiritually blind.
Give joyful news to those who adhere to Islamic monotheism, and do righteous acts (secretly or openly in this ‘worldly life’), that for them will be ‘Gardens’ (of bliss in ‘Al- Jannah’) beneath which rivers flow. Whenever they are provided with a provision of fruit for nourishment, they will say: "This is what we were provided aforetime," as they were given something resembling it. There would also have to be purified spouses for them; and therein they will abide.
Indeed, Allâh is not tentative to set forth a parable whether it is that of a mosquito or something above it. And for those who adhere to Islamic monotheism know that it is the (ultimate) truth from their Lord. But those who excessively indulge in disbelief (in Allâh) say: "What did Allâh mean by this parable?" He misleads many thereby and guides many thereby. Thus, He leads no one astray except those who walk in the path of disobedience,
Who break the covenant of Allâh after contracting it, disunite that which Allâh has ordered to be joined, and spread corruption on earth: they are the ones who are doomed to eternal perdition.
How can you be tempted to disbelieve in Allâh when you were dead He gave you life?! Then He will cause you to die, and then He will bring you to life. And (eventually) you are (destined to be) brought back to Him.
He is the One Who created for you all that is on the earth. Then turned He to the sky, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is the All-Knowing of all things.
(Mention) when your Lord said unto the ‘Angels’: "Indeed, I am going to appoint a viceroy on the earth." They said: "Will You place upon it someone who will spread corruption therein and shed blood while we celebrate Your praise and venerate Your sanctity?" He said: "Indeed, I know perfectly well which you have no knowledge of (it)."
He taught ‘Adam’ all the names and then He presented them to the ‘Angels’ and said: "Inform Me the names of these, if you are (really) truthful."
They said: "Highly Exalted are You. We have no knowledge except for what You have taught us. You are indeed the All-knowing, the All-wise.”
He said: "O’ ‘Adam’, inform them of their names." When he had informed them of their names, (the Lord) said: "“Did I not tell you that I know perfectly well the secrets of the heavens and of the earth? I know perfectly well whatever you divulge and whatever you conceal.”
Behold! We said unto the ‘Angels’: "Prostrate yourselves before ‘Adam’!" They all prostrated themselves except for ‘Iblīs’ (‘Satan’), who refused and displayed an arrogant attitude: Thus, he was given to excessive indulgence in disobedience.
We said: "O' ‘Adam’, dwell, you and your wife in ‘Al-Jannah’, and eat thereof freely wherever you desire! But do not approach this tree, lest you become of the iniquitous (who deliberately keep on sinning after receiving the knowledge of truth).”
But ‘Satan’ caused (both of) them to deflect and be dislodged from what they were in. Thus, We said: "Go down (all of you) as enemies to one another, and you will have on the earth an abode and a provision for a while. .
Then ‘Adam’ received words from his Lord Who accepted his repentance. Indeed, He is the One Who is the Oft-Returning (to mercy), the Most Merciful.
We said: "Go down all of you from it! (And soon) spiritual insight will come to you from Me. Thus, those who follow My divine guidance, there will come no fear upon them, neither will they ever grieve.
But those who excessively indulge in disbelief (in Allâh), and give no credence to Our ‘Revelations,’ are the ‘Denizens of Fire’ where they will abide therein.
O’ ‘Children of Israel’, remember My grace which I have bestowed upon you, and fulfill (your obligations to) My Covenant (with you) so that I may fulfill (My obligations to) your covenant (with Me). Thus, show honor and reverence only for Me!
Have Faith in what I have revealed, (of the 'Qur’ān'), verifying that which is already with you. Thus, do not be the first to disbelieve in It, and do not exchange My ‘Revelations’ for a small price! And towards Me, act piously!
Confound not truth with falsehood, neither do conceal the truth while you know!
Establish the regular Prayer, pay Zakāt (i.e. the Prescribed Purifying Alms), and bow along with those who bow (in prayer & worship).
Do you bid others to righteousness and forget yourselves while you recite the ‘Scripture’ (the ‘Torah’)? Do you not possess self- awareness that allows you to understand?
Seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, it is difficult except for the (true) submissive worshipers of (Allâh),
Who certainly believe that they (are destined to) meet their Lord and to return unto Him.
O’ ‘Children of Israel’, remember My grace that I have bestowed upon you, and that I preferred you over all the nations.
Guard yourselves against a ‘Day’ when no ‘Human Self’ will compensate for another, neither will intercession be accepted from it, nor will compensation be taken from it; nor will they receive help.
(Recall) when We saved you from the clan of ‘Pharaoh’ who had afflicted you with the worst torment, slaying your children and sparing your women. Therein was a great trial from your Lord.
We parted the sea for you. Thus, we saved you and made the waters of the (Red) Sea engulf the clan of ‘Pharaoh’ right in front of your eyes.
(Recall) when We made an appointment with ‘Moses’ for forty nights. Then you took the calf (for worship) during his absence, and you were indeed iniquitous people (who deliberately went on sinning after receiving the knowledge of truth).
Then We forgave you after that so that you might be grateful (to the endless blessings of your Lord).
We gave ‘Moses’ the ‘Scripture’ and ‘Criterion’ so that you might receive divine insight.
(Mention) when ‘Moses’ said unto his people: "O’ my people, indeed you have wronged yourselves by taking the calf (for worship). Thus, repent to your Creator and kill yourselves! It would be better for all of you in the sight of your Creator." He accepted your repentance. Indeed, He is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the All-merciful.
(Recall) when you said: "O’ Moses, we will never believe in you unless we see Allâh plainly." Thus, a thunderbolt seized you right before your eyes.
Then We resurrected you after your death so that you might be grateful (to the endless blessings of your Lord).
We shaded you with clouds and sent down to you manna and quails, (saying unto you): "Eat from the good wholesome things which We have provided you." Indeed, they wronged Us not, but they were accustomed to wrong their own selves.
We said: "Enter this village and eat bountifully therein with pleasure and delight wherever you desire, and enter prostrating at the gate, saying: “Relieve (us of the burden of our sins).”We will (definitely) redeem you from your sins, and will increase (Our bounty) for those who pursue righteousness.
(After receiving the knowledge of Truth), those who deliberately keep on sinning changed the expression into another, different from what had been spoken to them. Thus, We sent down upon those who were grossly unfair and morally wrong an extremely severe punishment from the heaven because they kept on falling into all manner of disobedience, and debauchery.
(Recall) when ‘Moses’ prayed for water for his people, We said: "Strike the rock with your staff!" And there gushed twelve springs out of it, and every tribe knew its drinking-place. "Eat and drink from the provision of Allâh, and do not act wickedly by spreading corruption on the earth."
You said: "O’ ‘Moses’, we cannot endure (eating one kind of) food, so implore and pray to your Lord on our behalf to bring forth what the earth grows, of its green herbs, its cucumbers, its garlic, its lentils and its onions." (‘Moses’) said unto them: "Would you exchange what is better for what is less? Go down to any settlement and there you will definitely get what you ask for!" Thus, they were struck with humiliation and poverty, receiving the wrath of Allâh; because they refused to give credence to the ‘Revelations’ of Allâh and killed the ‘Prophets’ wrongfully. This because they walked in the path of disobedience and went on transgressing.
Indeed, those who adhere to Islamic monotheism, and those who were ‘Jews’ and ‘Christians’, and the ‘Sabians’, and whoever believes in Allâh and in the ‘Last Day’ and do righteous acts, will have their reward with their Lord. There will come no fear on them, neither will they ever grieve.
As soon as We took your pledge, We raised the mount above you (saying): "Hold on with determination to what We have given to you, and remember that which is therein so that you may act piously (or you may guard yourself against falling into temptation or sin /or you may show reverence and obedience to Allâh).
Then you took no heed after that. Had it not been for the grace of Allâh and His (divine) clemency towards you, you would have definitely been among those who are doomed to eternal perdition.
You had (already) known about those who transgressed the ‘Sabbath’ among you and so We said unto them: "Be apes, despised."
We made it an exemplary punishment for those who were present, and for those who would succeed them, and (also) an admonition for the “Pious” (for those who guard themselves against falling into temptation or sin / or for those who show obedience & reverence to Allâh).
(Recall) when ‘Moses’ said unto his people, "Indeed, Allâh commands you to sacrifice a cow." They said: "Do you take us in ridicule?" He said: ”God forbid that I would be among the ignorant (who lack Faith in Allâh)!”
They said: “Implore and pray to your Lord to show us which one." ‘Moses’ said: "The Lord says: 'It is a cow which is neither old nor virgin, but median between that,' thus, do what you are commanded.’”
They said: “Implore and pray to your Lord to show us what is its color." Moses said: "The Lord says: 'It is yellow, very bright color, appealing to those who see it.’”
They said: “Implore and pray to your Lord to show us which one. Indeed, all cows do look alike to us. However, if Allâh wills, we will surely achieve spiritual insight."
He said: "the Lord says, 'It is a cow neither trained to plow the earth nor to irrigate the field, one free from fault with no spot upon it.'” They said: "Now you have come with the truth." So they slaughtered it though they had no intention of doing so.
(Recall) when you slew a man and disputed over it, but Allâh (intended to) bring out that which you had covered up.
Thus, We said, "Strike the slain body with a piece of the slain cow." This is how Allâh resuscitates the dead (on the ‘Resurrection Day’) and shows you His signs (of power & glory), so that you may be able to perceive (the intended meaning of His signs).
Then your hearts became hard after that like stones or even harder. Indeed, there are stones from which rivers gush forth, and there are some of them that split and water comes out of them, and there are some of them that fall down with in reverence and awe for Allâh. For lo! Allâh is not oblivious to all what you do.
Do you covet that they will be true to you, while a party of them used to hear the word of Allâh and then distort it after they had understood it. They were fully aware of (what they were doing)?
When they meet with those who adhere to Islamic monotheism, they say: "We profess a belief (in the Unity& Oneness of Allâh).” But when they are alone with one another, they say: "Did you talk to them about what Allâh has revealed unto you so that they would argue with you about it before your Lord?" Do you not possess self- awareness that allows you to understand?
Are you unaware that Allâh knows perfectly well whatever they conceal and whatever they proclaim?
And (some) among them are illiterate, not having knowledge the 'Scripture', (the 'Torah'), except hearsay. Indeed they are just assuming.
So woe unto those who write a scripture with their own hands and say: "This is from Allâh," so as to exchange it for a small price! Woe unto them for what their hands have written! And woe unto them for what they have gained!
They said: "The Fire shall not touch us except for a few days." Say: "Did you make covenant with Allâh? If so, Allâh will never break His covenant. Or do you say of Allâh what you have no knowledge of it?"
Yes, whoever earns an evil deed, while his sin surrounds him, will be with the ‘Denizens of Hell’, where they will abide therein.
But those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, and do righteous acts (openly or secretly in this ‘worldly life’), are the ‘Denizens of Al-Jannah’, where they will abide therein.
We took the pledge from the ‘Children of Israel’: “Worship (& venerate) no one but Allâh (alone), be kind to the parents, relatives, orphans and the needy ones, speak kindly to the people, establish the Regular Prayer and pay Zakāt (i.e. the Prescribed Purifying Alms).” Then you turned away in a repulsive manner, except for a few of you.
We took your pledge that you will not shed your own blood, neither will you expel your own people from your homes. Thus, you accepted and testified it.
Then you are those who slay each other and drive out a party of your people from their homes, supporting one another against them by sin and transgression. If it happens that they come to you as captives, you will ransom them. Yet their expulsion was itself unlawful for you. Thus, do you acknowledge one part of the 'Book' and deny the rest? Then what is the penalty for those who do that among you but humiliation in this ‘worldly life’, while on the ‘Day of Resurrection’, they will be subjected to the most severe punishment. Indeed, Allâh is not oblivious to all the things you do.
Those are the ones who have purchased the ‘worldly life’ in exchange for the ‘Hereafter’. Thus, the (divine) chastisement will not be lightened for them; neither will they ever receive support.
Verily, We gave to ‘Moses’ the ‘Scripture’ (the 'Torah'), and followed him up with a succession of ‘Messengers’. We gave ‘Jesus, son of ‘Mary’, the full knowledge of the truth, and invigorated him with the Spirit of Holiness. Is it ever so, that, when there comes to you a ‘Messenger’ with what yourselves do not desire, you display an arrogant attitude (towards him)? Some you called liars, and others you slew!
They said: "Our hearts are wrapped." But (the fact is that) they have so little Faith. Thus, Allâh has cursed and deprived them of His divine clemency for their blasphemies against their Lord.
When there come to them a ‘Book’, (the Glorious ‘Qur’ān’), from Allâh, verifying that in their possession, - although before that they used to pray for triumph over those who excessively indulge in disbelief (in Allâh), - when there come to them that which they could identify, they give no credence to It. Thus, the curse of Allâh abides in those who excessively indulge in disbelief (in Allâh).
Evil is that for which they have sold their own selves for that they refuse to give credence to what Allâh sent down (to His Messenger, Muhammad), out of envy, while Allâh sends down His bounty upon whom He wills from among His servants. Thus, they have incurred wrath upon wrath. For those who lack faith (in Allâh), there will be a disgraceful chastisement (in the ‘Hereafter’).
When it is said unto them, "Believe in that which Allâh has revealed,” they say: "We only believe in that which was revealed unto us." In fact they disbelieve in that which came after it whilst It is the truth confirming what is with them. Say: "Why did you then kill the ‘Prophets’ of Allâh before if you were (truly of the) monotheistic believers?”
Verily ‘Moses’ came to you with the full knowledge of the truth. Then you took the calf (for worship) after that. You were grossly unfair and morally wrong.
When We took your covenant and raised over you the mount (saying unto you): "Hold firmly to that which We have given you, and hear Our word." You said: "We do hear, but we disobey." Their hearts absorbed fully the adoration of the calf because of the blindness of their hearts. Say: "Evil is that which your belief enjoins on you if (you think that) you are (true) monotheistic believers.”
Say: “If the home of the ‘Hereafter’ with Allâh were only for you, not for other people, then long for death if you were truthful."
Indeed, they will never ever long for it because of what their hands have put forth. Allâh knows perfectly well the ones who are grossly unfair and morally wrong.
You will definitely find them the greediest of all the people, even more than the ‘Polytheists’. Each one of them desires to live a thousand years, yet such a long life would not remove him from the chastisement. Allâh sees well what they do.
Say: "Whoever is an enemy to ‘Gabriel’ (let him know that) it is he who has brought (the ‘Qur’ān’) down upon your heart by the permission of Allâh, confirming that which was before it as a source of spiritual insight and joyful news for the ‘Monotheistic Believers’."
Whoever is an enemy to Allâh, to His ‘Angels’, to His ‘Messengers’, to ‘Gabriel’ and ‘Michael’, (then let him know that) Allâh is definitely an enemy of all those who refuse to accept Allâh into their life.
We have certainly revealed unto you ‘(Holy) Verses’ which contain the full knowledge of the Truth. No one dares to give no credence to them except for the sons of disobedience.
Why is it that every time they make a covenant, a party of them rejects it as worthless? But the fact is that most of them refuse to accept Allâh (into their life).
When there comes to them a ‘Messenger’ from Allâh, (‘Muhammad’), who establishes the Truth of that which is with them, a party of those who have given the ‘Scripture’ hurl the ‘Scripture’ of Allâh forcefully behind their back as if they had no knowledge of it.
They, (the ‘Children of Israel’), followed that which the devils had recited falsely against the reign of ‘Solomon’, while ‘Solomon’ did not disobey (Allâh's commands, neither did he learn or practice witchcraft). But the devils refused to comply with (Allâh's commands), teaching the people witchcraft and that which was revealed unto the two angels at Babylon, 'Hārūt' and 'Mārūt'. These two (‘Angels’) did not teach any one unless they used to say: "We are just a temptation, thus, follow and honor (Allâh's commands)." Consequently, from these two ‘Angels’, they learned how they could divide a man and his wife. But they could not, thus, harm anyone except by the permission of Allâh. They learned what hurts them, not what profits them, while knowing well that the buyers of it, (witchcraft), would have no share in the ‘Hereafter’. Evil was the price for that which they sold their own selves, If only they had spiritual gift of knowledge.
Had they believed (in Allâh) and acted piously (or guarded themselves against falling into temptation or sin/ or showed reverence and obedience to their Lord), then, the reward from Allâh would have been far better, If only they had the spiritual gift of knowledge.
O’ you who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, say not (while addressing the Prophet): “Listen to us,”but instead say: “We need your full attention,”and then listen attentively. And those who lack Faith (in Allâh), there awaits them a painful chastisement.
Neither those who have blasphemed (against Allâh) among the ‘People of the Scripture’, nor the ‘Polytheists’, would like to see any good things coming down to you from your Lord while Allâh grants His blessings to whom He wills. And He is the Lord of the great bounty.
We abrogate not a ‘Verse’ or cause it to be forgotten unless We bring forth something better than it or similar to it. Are you unaware that Allâh is capable of doing whatever He wills?.
Are you unaware that unto Allâh belongs (the absolute) sovereignty of the heavens and of the earth, and that you have none other than Allâh as guardian and protector?
Or would you like to question your ‘Messenger’ as ‘Moses’ was questioned aforetime? But whoever exchanges faith for disbelief has surely gone astray from the right way.
Many of the ‘People of the Scripture’ wish they could turn you back to disbelief after you have adhered firmly to Islamic monotheism, out of envy from themselves (even) after the ‘Truth’ has become obvious to them. Thus, forgive and overlook until Allâh gives His command. Indeed, Allâh is capable of doing whatever He wills.
Establish the regular Prayer and pay ‘Zakāt’. Therefore, whatever good thing you send forth for yourselves, you will find it with Allâh. Indeed, Allâh is All-Seer of what you do.
They say: "None will enter ‘Al- Jannah’ except the one who is a ‘Jew’ or a ‘Christian’." These are their vain desires. Say: "Bring froth your evidence if you are truthful."
Nay, but whosoever surrenders his purpose to (the authority of) Allâh while pursuing righteousness, his reward is with his Lord, on such shall be no fear, nor shall they ever grieve.
The ‘Jews’ say: "The ‘Christians’ have nothing true to stand on," and the ‘Christians’ say: "The ‘Jews’ have nothing true to stand on," although both of them recite the ‘Scripture’. In the same manner the ignorant say the same things. Consequently, Allâh will judge between them on the ‘Day of Resurrection’ in that which they used to differ.
Who does greater evil than one who prevents the mosques of Allâh from commemorating His Holy Name, and strives hard for their ruin? It is not meant for them to enter the mosques except in reverence and awe. They will have a disgraceful shame (on them) in this ‘worldly life’, and a mighty chastisement in the ‘Hereafter’.
Unto Allâh belongs the East and the West, therefore, wherever you turn, there is the Face of Allâh. Indeed, Allâh is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing.
They say: “Allâh has taken to Himself a son." Be He glorified! Nay, unto Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth. All are submissive to His will.
Allâh is the Outstanding Creator of the heavens and of the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it: "Be," consequently, there it is.
Those who lack knowledge (of Allâh) say: "Why doesn't Allâh speak to us or why doesn't a (miraculous) sign come to us?” The same things were spoken by others before them. Their hearts are all alike. Indeed, We have made the signs (of Allâh's power & glory) manifest unto a people who have a definite faith.
Indeed, We have sent you, (O’ Muhammad), with the truth as a herald and as a warner. You will not be blamed for (the guilt) of the ‘Denizens of Hellfire’.
Never will the ‘Jews’ or the ‘Christians’ be pleased with you unless you follow their creed and belief. Say: "Indeed, the divine guidance of Allâh (i.e the upright religion of Allâh) is the only divine guidance (i.e Islam)." But if it happens that you take in their self-deceived beliefs for the epistemic after the the full Knowledge of the Truth has come to you (from Allâh), then you will have no one, other than Allâh, to protect or help you against (His wrath).
Those to whom We have delivered the ‘Scripture’ (‘Jews’ & ‘Christians’) recite it with true recitation. And they truly believe in It. But those who disbelieve in It are indeed the ones who are doomed to eternal perdition.
O’ ‘Children of Israel’, remember My grace which I have bestowed upon you, and that I preferred you over all the other nations.
Guard (yourselves) against a ‘Day’ when no 'Human Self' will avail another, nor will compensation be accepted from it, nor will intercession be of use to it, nor will they receive help.
(Mention) when ‘Abraham’ was tried by his Lord with certain words, he fulfilled them. The Lord said: "Indeed, I will make you Imam (i.e. spiritual leader) for the people." ‘Abraham’ said: "Will this be for my descendants?" He replied: "My covenant includes not those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong."
(Mention) when We made the ‘House’ at (‘Mecca’) a place of assembly for the people and (a place of) security. Therefore, (O’ Monotheistic Believers), take the standing place of ‘Abraham’ as a place of prayer. We had entrusted ‘Abraham’ and ‘Ishmael’ (with House), (saying): "Purify My House for those who go around ('Ka’ba'), and for those who seclude themselves for devotion and prayer, and for those who bow and prostrate (in prayer)."
(Recall) when ‘Abraham’ said: "My Lord, make this town a secure place and bestow upon its inhabitants fruits - whoever of them believes in Allâh and in the 'Last Day'." The Lord said: “Whoever renounces his faith-, I will let him enjoy for a while, then I will drive him to the punishment of the Fire. Dreadful is the definitive course."
(Mention) when ‘Abraham’ and ‘Ishmael’ were raising the foundations of the House, (‘Abraham’ prayed, saying): "Our Lord, accept this from us. Indeed, You are All-hearing and All-knowing.”
Our Lord! Make us submissive, (‘Muslims’), to You and of our offspring a nation submissive to You, show us how to perform all the ceremonies of pilgrimage, and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are All-Forgiving and All-Merciful.
Our Lord! Send among them a ‘Messenger’ of their own, who will recite to them Your ‘Holy Verses’, teach them the ‘Scripture’ and wisdom, and purify them (from ‘Polytheism’ & ‘Atheism’). Indeed, You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."
Who could turn away from the creed of ‘Abraham’ (i.e. the Genuine Monotheistic Faith) except for one who has no idea that his mind is blind? We had chosen him in this ‘worldly life’, and indeed, he will be among the righteous in the ‘Hereafter’.
(Mention) when his Lord said unto him: "Submit". He said: "I have submitted (myself completely to the authority of Allâh), the Lord of all the worlds.
Consequently, ‘Abraham’ instructed his sons to submit and so did ‘Jacob’, (saying): "O’ my sons, verily Allâh has chosen for you this Faith, so do not die except while you are ‘Muslims’."
Or were you witnesses when death came near ‘Jacob’, when he said unto his sons: "What will you worship (& venerate) after me?" They said: "We will worship (& venerate) your God and the God of your fathers, ‘Abraham’ and ‘Ismail’ and ‘Isaac’, one God only, and to Him do we submit.
That nation is gone. It will have what it earned, and you will have what you have earned. Thus, you will not be asked of what they used to do.
They say: "Be ‘Jews’ or ‘Christians’ so that you may be able to achieve spiritual insight.” Say: “Nay, we choose and follow only the creed and the belief of ‘Abraham.”He was a monotheist, not of the Polytheists."
Say: "We believe in Allâh and in what has been revealed unto us, and in what has been revealed unto ‘Abraham’, ‘Ishmael’, ‘Isaac’, ‘Jacob’ and the ‘Descendants’, and in what was given to ‘Moses’ and ‘Jesus’ and in what was given to the 'Prophets' from their Lord. Therefore, we make no distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit.
Therefore, if it happens that they believe in the same thing as you believe in, then they will receive divine insight. But if they take no heed, then they are in utter schism. Allâh will suffice you against them. He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing.
(Say: “Our faith) is innate gift from Allâh. And who is better at giving gifts than Allâh? Thus, we worship (& venerate) only Him."
Say: "Are you debating with us concerning Allâh while He is our Lord and your Lord? Our deeds belong to us, and to you belong your deeds. We are sincerely devoted to him in (our religious beliefs & practices).
Or do you say that ‘Abraham’, ‘Ishmael’, ‘Isaac’, ‘Jacob’ and the ‘Descendants’ were ‘Jews’ or ‘Christians’? Say: "Who has greater knowledge, you or God?" Who is more grossly unfair and morally wrong than one who conceals a testimony that came from Allâh? Indeed, Allâh is not oblivious of what you do.
That nation is gone. It will have what it earned, and you will have what you have earned. Thus, you will not be asked of what they used to do.
The spiritually blind among the people will say: "What has made them turn away from the direction which they had been facing during their prayers?" Say: “Unto Allâh belongs the East and West. He guides whomsoever He wills to the straight path."
Thus, We made you a moderate community in order that you may be witnesses against mankind, and the ‘Messenger’ may be a witness against you. We have changed the direction which you had been facing during your prayers so that We may know who will follow the ‘Messenger’ and who will turn back upon his heels. Indeed, it was difficult but not for those whom Allâh has already given them the revelation in the knowledge of Him. Never would Allâh make your Faith be in vain. Indeed, Allâh is All-Gentle with the people, All-Compassionate.
We see the turning of your face, (O’ Muhammad), towards the heaven, therefore, We will appoint you a new direction of prayer which you will be pleased with. Turn then your face towards the ‘Holy Mosque’ (at Mecca), and wherever you are, turn your face towards it. Indeed, those who have been given the ‘Scripture’, (the 'Torah'), will know that it is the truth from their Lord. Indeed, Allâh is not oblivious of what they do.
Even if you bring to those who have been given the ‘Scripture’, (the 'Torah'), every sign, they will not follow your appointed direction of prayer. Consequently, you will not follow their appointed direction of prayer. They follow not each other's appointed direction of prayer. Verily, if it happens that you take in their self-deceived beliefs for the epistemic after you have received the full knowledge of the truth, you will then indeed be among those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong.
Those to whom We gave the ‘Scripture’ (the 'Torah'), know very well (that the Site of ‘Holy Mosque’ is the appointed direction of prayer) as they know their own children. Indeed, a party of them conceals the truth while they know it.
This (Glorious 'Qur’ān') is the Truth from your Lord, therefore, be not among those who harbor doubts about It.
Every religious sect has an appointed direction of prayer to which it should turn, therefore, pursue righteousness with such breathless haste! (And always remember) wherever you may be, Allâh will bring you all together (on ‘Day of Judgment’). Indeed, Allâh is capable of doing whatever He will.
From whatsoever place you come forth (for prayer), turn your face towards the ‘Holy Mosque’(at ‘Mecca’). Indeed, it is the truth from your Lord. Verily, Allâh is not oblivious of what they do.
(O’ Muhammad) from whatsoever place you come forth (for prayer) turn your face towards the ‘Holy Mosque’. Therefore, (O’ Muslims) whatsoever place you come forth (for prayer), turn your face towards it so that people will have no argument against you, except for those of them who are grossly unfair and morally wrong. Thus, fear them not but show honor and reverence for Me. Definitely, I will complete My blessings upon you so that you may receive divine insight.
Likewise (to complete My blessings upon you), We have sent to you a ‘Messenger’ from yourselves reciting to you Our ‘Revelations’, purifying you (from ‘Polytheism’ & ‘Atheism’), teaching you the ‘Scripture’ and wisdom, and teaching you that which you had no knowledge (of it before).
(The Lord said): “Remember to celebrate My praise and to declare My infinite glory, I will bestow My blessings upon you. Be thankful to Me! Never act impiously toward Me.
O’ you adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, seek comfort through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with those who persist in patience and constancy.
Regard not those who are killed in (serving) the cause of Allâh as "dead." Nay, they are alive, but you lack the ability to perceive (their realities).
We will certainly make you experience hardship in something of fear and hunger, loss of wealth, lives and crops, but give joyful news to those who persist in patience and constancy,
Who when a misfortune strikes them, they say: "Verily, unto Allâh do we belong, and unto Him, we are destined to return."
Those are the ones who receive blessings and (divine) clemency from their Lord. And they are the ones whom Allâh has already given them the revelation in the knowledge of Him.
Indeed, (the two small hills) ‘Al-Safa’ and ‘Al-Marwah’ are among the symbols of Allâh. Therefore, whoever makes a Pilgrimage to the ‘Sacred House’ (at ‘Mecca’) or performs ‘Umrah’ (i.e. paying a visit) there, will have no blame upon him for walking rapidly seven times back and forth between them. Whoever does righteous act voluntarily, (let him be sure that) Allâh is All-Appreciative, All-Knowing.
Indeed, those who conceal, (from people), the knowledge of the truth, and the divine guidance that We have revealed, after We have shown them clearly in the 'Scripture', (the 'Torah'), - They shall be cursed by Allâh and by the ones who have the power to curse,
Except for those who repent, amend their ways, and openly declare the truth. These ones, I will accept their repentance as I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.
Indeed, those who excessively indulge in disbelief (in Allâh), and die while they are still indulging in disbelief- upon them shall abide the curse of Allâh, the ‘Angels’, and of all mankind.
They will abide therein: The chastisement will not be lightened for them, nor will they be reprieved.
Your God is One God: For there is one God; and there is none other but He, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, in the alternation of the night and day, in the ships that run in the sea with that which benefits the people, in what Allâh sends down from the heavens of rain, giving life thereby to the earth after its death and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and in the changing of the winds and the clouds which are made subservient between the heavens and the earth, are signs (of Allâh’s power & glory) for a people who are able to perceive (the intended meaning of His signs).
Yet there are some among the people who take (for worship) others than Allâh as equals with Him. They adore (& venerate) them as they should adore Allâh. But those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism are stronger in their adoration for Allâh. If the those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong could see when they behold the chastisement, (they would certainly realize) that all the power belongs unto Allâh, and that Allâh is indeed extremely severe in inflicting punishment.
(On the day) when those who were followed will disown their followers, and they will see the divine punishment, and all their efforts will be in vain.
Those who followed will say: "If we could have another chance (to be in the ‘worldly life’ again), we would disown them as they have disowned us. This is how Allâh will show them their deeds as lamentations upon them. Never will they come out of the Fire.
O’ mankind, eat whatever is on the earth which is lawful and good wholesome food, and follow not the footsteps of ‘Satan’. Indeed, he is a perspicuous foe to you.
He commands you only what is evil and sinful, and to speak about Allâh without knowledge.
When it is said unto them: "Follow that which Allâh has revealed," they say: "Nay! We will only follow what we found our fathers following." What! Even though their fathers did not possess self- awareness that allows them to understand, nor were they given the revelation in the knowledge of Allâh.
The parable of those who lack faith (in Allâh) is as the parable of one who shouts loudly to that which hears nothing; but a call and a cry. Deaf, dumb and blind, they have no self- awareness that allows them to understand.
O’ you adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, eat from the good wholesome food which We provide you, and express your deepest gratitude to Allâh (for His endless blessings) since He is the One Whom you worship (& venerate).
He has forbidden you to eat the carrion, the blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allâh. But whoever is driven by necessity, not desiring, nor exceeding the limit- no sin shall be on him (for eating it). Indeed, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Indeed, those who conceal any part of the ‘Book’ which Allâh has sent down and purchase a small gain therewith are the ones who eat naught but fire filling their bellies. Allâh will not speak with them on the ‘Day of Judgment’, nor will He purify them. An extremely painful chastisement awaits them (in the ‘Hereafter’).
Those are the ones who used to exchange the divine insight for error, and forgiveness for punishment. How brave are they in their endeavor to reach the Fire!
That is because Allâh has revealed the ‘Book’, (‘Qur'ân’), with the truth. Those who differ over the ‘Book’ are definitely in extreme schism.
It is not (part of) the expansion of Faith that you turn your faces towards the East or the West, but expansion of Faith is to believe in Allâh, the ‘Last Day’, the ‘Angels’, the ‘Scripture’ and the ‘Prophets’, to give away money in spite of love for it to the relatives, to the orphans, to the needy ones, to the (hopeless) wayfarer, to those who ask for help, and to the purpose of freeing slaves, and to establish the regular Prayer and pay Zakāt (i.e. the Prescribed Purifying Alms). Those are the ones who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and those who resort to patience and constancy in time of adversity and hardship, as well as during the battle. Those are the ones who have been truly righteous. And they are the ‘Pious’ (or the ones who show reverence and obedience to Allâh /or the ones who guard themselves against falling into temptation or sin).
O’ you adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, retaliation is prescribed for you in cases of murder, the free man for the free man, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. However, if he, (-the convicted person-), obtained forgiveness from the brother of the slain, then there should be right and proper follow-up and payment should be paid to him with kindness. This is alleviation from your Lord and (also) a clemency. Thus, whoever transgresses after that will have to incur extremely painful chastisement.
There is life for you in retaliation, O’ you who possess high self-awareness, so that you may act piously (or you may guard yourselves against falling into temptation or sin/ or you may show reverence and obedience to Allâh).
It is prescribed for you, when death approaches any one of you, if he leaves wealth behind, that he should make a bequest for the parents and to the near relatives according to reasonable manners. It is a legal obligation incumbent on the ‘Pious’ (on those who show reverence and obedience to Allâh /or on those who guard themselves against falling into temptation or sin).
However, if someone modified the bequest after hearing it, then the guilt would be upon those who made the changing. Indeed, Allâh is All-hearing, All-knowing.
But if one fears injustice or sin from the testator, then reconcile between them, so that there will be no sin on him. Indeed, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
O’ you who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those who before you, so that you may act piously ( or you may show reverence & obedience to Allâh/ or you may guard yourselves against falling into temptation or sin).
(Fasting is for) a certain number of days; but if any one of you is ill, or on a journey (during the fasting days), he must Fast the same number of days at another time. Upon those who are able to Fast but with hardship, there is redemption, feeding a poor person. Who volunteers to do good things-; it is better for him (to Fast). Consequently, it is better for you that you Fast, if you have spiritual gift of knowledge.
The month of Ramaḍān (is the time) in which the ‘Qur'ân’ was sent down, as a source of inner guidance and spiritual transformation for mankind, and plausible verses of divine insight, and of the Criterion. Therefore, whoever among you witness the month must Fast it, but who was ill, or on a journey ought to Fast the same number of days at another time. Allâh desires ease for you, not desiring hardship for you. However (He wants) you to complete the period, to magnify Him for giving you the revelation in the knowledge of Him, and to express your deepest gratitude (to Him for His endless blessings).
When My (devoted) servants ask you, (O’ Muhammad), concerning Me, (let them be sure that) I am so near. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he implores and prays to Me. Therefore, let them comply with everything I have commanded, and believe in Me, so that they may achieve a high level of spiritual insight.
It is made lawful for you to make love to your wives during the nights of fasting. They are your garments; and you are their garments. Allâh knows that you used to deceive yourselves. He accepted your repentance and forgave you. So now, lie with them, and seek what Allâh has ordained for you. Eat and drink till the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread. Then complete the Fasting till nightfall. Lie with them not as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques. These are the Limits of Allâh (i.e. the divine rules), therefore, approach them not. This is how Allâh makes clear His ordinances for the people so that you may act piously (or may guard yourselves against falling into temptation or sin/ or you may show reverence & obedience to Allâh).
Do not devour one another’s wealth unjustly or offer it (as bribe) to the judges (in order to help) you devour a portion from the wealth of the people sinfully while you know (it is illegal).
They ask you, (O’ Muhammad), about the new moons. Say unto them: "They are appointed terms for the people and for the Pilgrimage." It is not part of the virtue ethics if you enter your houses from the back: Acting piously and going into the houses from their doors are of the major parts of virtue ethics. Thus, act piously towards Allâh so that you may achieve a blissful life/or gain eternal salvation.
Fight for (serving) the cause of Allâh against those who fight you, and begin not hostilities. Indeed, Allâh demonstrates not his own love for the transgressors.
(You have every right to defend yourself) to slay them wherever you find them and to expel them from the places whence they have expelled you as persecution is worse than killing. Fight them not at the ‘Sacred Mosque’ unless they start fighting you there. Thus, if it happens that they fight you there, (then you have every right) to kill them! This is how it should be the penalty of those who persist in disbelief (in Allâh).
If it happens that they refrain (from fighting against you, then you’ll need to know that) Allâh is absolutely Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
Fight them until there will be no persecution, and religion will be (dedicated completely) to Allâh only. If it happens that they desist, then there must be no hostility against anyone, except for those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong.
The sacred month is for the sacred month, as for all the violations, there is legal retribution. If it happens that anyone attacks you, then attack him in the same way that he has attacked you. Thus, act piously towards Allâh and know that Allâh is with the ‘Pious’(who show reverence & obedience to Him/or who guard themselves against falling into temptation or sin).
Expend your wealth for (serving) the cause of Allâh, do not cast your own selves into destruction by your own hands, and pursue righteousness. Indeed, Allâh demonstrates his own love for the ones whose heart is perfect towards Him.
Perform completely all the rites of ‘Pilgrimage’ and ‘Umrah’ (i.e. paying a visit to ‘Mecca’) in the service of Allâh. But if you are prevented, then offer whatever sacrifice is possible. Do not shave your heads until the offering reaches the place of sacrifice. If it happens that anyone among you is sick or has an ailment in his scalp, he must redeem the shaving of the head by ‘Fasting’, or alms or sacrifice. When you are safe, and you desire to perform ‘Umrah’ (i.e. paying a visit to Mecca) during the ‘Pilgrimage’ season, then you can offer whatever sacrifice is possible. In case you cannot find an animal (or afford it), then you must ‘Fast’ for three days during the ‘Pilgrimage’ and for seven days when you return (to your home) in order to complete the required ten ‘Fasting’ days. This rule applies only to those whose family is not in the area of the ‘Sacred Mosque’. Thus, act piously towards Allâh, and know that Allâh is indeed extremely severe in inflicting punishment.
‘Pilgrimage’ can only be performed during well-known months. Therefore, whoever undertakes to perform completely all the ritual of ‘Pilgrimage’ must know that there will be no sexual pleasure, or fornication, or quarrelling, during the ‘Pilgrimage’. Whatever good you do, Allâh knows it. Take provision (for the Journey). Indeed, the best provision is ‘unfeigned piety’. Thus, act piously, O’ you who have high self-awareness.
You would not be at fault if you should seek bounty from your Lord (during ‘Pilgrimage’ by trading). But when you depart from 'Arafat” (the Mount of Mercy), then celebrate the Praises of Allâh and declare His divine Glory at (al- Mashar al-haram) the ‘Sacred Monument’.Keep on celebrating His Praise and declaring His divine glory since He has given you the revelation in the knowledge of Him, while you were, before, among those who were astray.
Then depart from the place from which all the people depart and supplicate to Allâh for forgiveness. Indeed, Allâh is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
So when you have successfully completed your Holy Rites, celebrate the Praise of Allâh and declare His divine Glory as much as you used to celebrate the praises of your fathers or with much greater remembrance. Among the people is he who says: "Give to us (what we desire to have) in ‘this worldly life’". Consequently, such a person will have no beneficial share in the ‘Hereafter’.
But among them also is he who says: "Our Lord, give to us in this ‘worldly life’ a single righteous good deed, and a single good righteous deed in the ‘Hereafter’, and guard us against the torment of the Inferno."
Those ones will have a share of what they have earned. Allâh is swift at reckoning.
Do celebrate the Praise of Allâh and declare His divine Glory throughout the Appointed Days. But if any one hastens to leave in two days, there will be no sin on him. And if there is anyone who prefers to stay on, there will be no sin on him if he acts piously. Thus, act piously towards Allâh, and know that you are definitely destined to be gathered to Him.
Among the people is he whose words might please you in this ‘worldly life’ and he calls Allâh to witness as to what is in his heart although he is one among the fiercest opponents of you.
When he turns his back, he strives to spread corruption everywhere on earth, burning the fields, and killing the livestock. Allâh loves not corruption.
When it is said unto him: “Act piously towards Allâh," his vainglory leads him into error. For him, ‘Hellfire’ is sufficient. How dreadful is the resting place!
Among the people is he who sells himself, seeking the pleasure of Allâh. Behold! Allâh is Full of Kindness to (His faithful) servants.
O’ you adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, enter perfectly in Islam and do not follow the footsteps of ‘Satan’. Indeed, he is a perspicuous foe to you.
If it happens that you deviate (from the upright faith) after receiving the full knowledge of the truth, (then you’ll need to know that) Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
Do they then wait for anything but that Allâh should come to them in the shadows of the clouds with the ‘Angels’ (in order for them to believe in Him)? Thus, the matter is then settled. Unto Allâh, all the matters return.
(O’ Muhammad), ask the ‘Children of Israel’ about how many signs We have sent to them as a knowledge of truth. Whoever exchanges the grace of Allâh (for atheism) after it had come to him (must know that) Allâh is indeed extremely severe in inflicting punishment.
This ‘worldly life’ has been made to seem fair to those who lack Faith (in Allâh), They poke fun at those who adhere to Islamic monotheism. Yet those who act piously will be above them on the ‘Day of Resurrection’. Allâh provides whom He wills the means of subsistence without measure.
The people were one community (having one religion before their deviation). Allâh sent to them ‘Prophets’ as heralds and warners, and sent down with them the ‘Scripture’ in truth in order to judge between the people regarding that in which they had differed. No one differed over it but those who were given it, after the full knowledge of the Truth had come to them, due to jealous animosity among them. Consequently, Allâh delights in giving divine guidance to those who believe in Him regarding that over which they had differed by His permission. Allâh guides whom He wills to the straight path.
Or do you think that you will enter Al-Jannah, (Paradise), without being exposed to hardship as they had faced those who passed away before you? They were touched by destitution and affliction and were shaken till the ‘Messenger’ and the Monotheistic Believers with him said: "When (will come) the help of Allâh?" Absolutely, the help of Allâh is so near.
They ask you, (O’ Muhammad), what they will expend. Say: "Whatever money you (desire to spend it on charity), spend it on your parents and relatives, as well as on the orphans, on the needy ones, and on the (hopeless) wayfarer. Thus, whatever good you do, (be sure that) Allâh is Fully Aware of it."
Fighting is ordained for you although it is detestable to you. But it is possible that you might loathe something; it might turn out to be good for you. It is also possible that you might love something; it might turn out to be bad for you. Allâh knows while you do lack the knowledge.
They ask you about fighting in the sacred month. Say: "Fighting therein is a great (transgression), but turning (people) away from the way of Allâh, disbelieving in Him, (preventing people from entering and praying) in the ‘Holy Mosque’, and expelling its people, are greater in the sight of Allâh. Consequently, persecution is worse than killing.” They will continue to fight against you till they make you give up on your faith, if they can. Therefore, those of you who give up on their faith and die as Faithless, their deeds have become worthless in ‘this worldly life’ as well as in the ‘Hereafter’. Those ones are the Denizens of the Hellfire, where they will abide therein.
Indeed, those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, and those who emigrate (to escape the persecution) and fight (bravely) for (serving) the cause of Allâh, long for the clemency of Allâh. Indeed, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.
They ask you about wine and gambling. Say: "In both of them there is great sin, and (some) benefits for the people. However, their sin is greater than their benefit." They ask you how much they should spend. Say: "Whatever you can spare." This is how Allâh shows you clearly His ‘Revelation’ so that you may think deeply
Of this ‘worldly life’ and of the ‘Hereafter’. They ask you about the orphans. Say: "Improvement would be the best for them. (But) If it happens that you mingle your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers. Allâh knows perfectly well the one who spreads corruption from the one whose heart is perfect towards Him. Had Allâh willed, He could have put you in difficulty. Indeed, Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
Wed not polytheistic women until they adhere to monotheism. A monotheistic servant woman is far better than a polytheist even though she might fascinate you. Let not your girls get married to polytheistic men till they become monotheistic. A monotheistic servant is far better than a polytheist even though he might fascinate you. Those invite you to the Fire while Allâh invites you to Al-Jannah and to forgiveness by His permission. He shows His signs clearly to the people so that they may celebrate His praises and declare His divine glory.
They ask you about menstruation. Say: "It is harmful. Therefore, keep away from the women during menstruation. Approach them not till they are clean. When they have purified themselves, then come to them from where Allâh has ordained for you. Indeed, Allâh demonstrates his own love for those who are truly repentant and those who seek ardently to purify themselves."
Your wives are your tillage, so go in therefore to your tillage in what manner you like, put forth righteous acts for yourselves, act piously towards Allâh, and know that you will definitely meet Him (in the ‘Hereafter’). Thus, (O’ Muhammad), announce the joyful news to the ‘Monotheistic Believers’.
Make not the Name of Allâh a pretext in your oaths to prevent you from doing righteous acts, from observing the commandments of Allâh, and from reconciling between people. Allâh is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
Allâh will not take you to task for what is unintentional in your oaths, but he will take you to task for that which your hearts have gained (intentionally). Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Forbearing.
For those who take an oath not to have sexual pleasure with their wives, there is a waiting time of four months. However, if they return again to (marital relations), then (they must know that) Allâh is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
If they made the decision to get divorced, then (they should know that) Allâh is indeed All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
The divorced women ought to keep themselves in waiting three menstrual periods (before remarrying again). It is not lawful for them to conceal what Allâh has created in their wombs if they believe in Allâh and the ‘Last Day’. Their husbands have the better right to take them back (as their wives) during this waiting period, if they desire reconciliation. The women enjoy right similar to what is expected of them according to what is reasonable. But men have a degree over them. Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
Divorce may be proclaimed two times and then (the husband) may retain (his wife) on acceptable and respectful manners or release her with kindness. It is not lawful for you, (men), to take back from the wives anything of what you have given them unless both of them fear that they may not be able to maintain the limits ordained by Allâh. Therefore, both (husband & wife) would not be at fault if she gave something as ransom for her divorce. These are the limits ordained by Allâh, therefore, transgress them not. Whoever transgresses the limits ordained by Allâh, such are the ones who are grossly unfair and morally wrong.
But if he divorced his wife a third time, she would not be lawful for him again, until she gets married to another husband. But if he also divorced her, both (husband & wife) would not be at fault if they reunited (again), if they would think they could observe the ordinances of Allâh. These are the ordinances of Allâh. He declares them to a people who have spiritual gift of knowledge .
But when you divorce women, and they have fulfilled their prescribed period, either retain them on acceptable and respectful manners or release them with kindness. But retain them not by violence, so that you may transgress. And whoever does that, then he has wronged himself. Take not the signs of Allâh as a source of mockery. But remember the favor of Allâh towards you, and that he has sent down unto you the ‘Book’, (the Glorious 'Qur’ān'), and wisdom, admonishing you thereby; and act piously towards Allâh, and know that Allâh is Omniscient.
But when you have divorced your wives, and they have fulfilled their prescribed period, prevent them not from marrying their husbands, when they have mutually agreed on reasonable basis. This is given in admonition to him among you who believes in Allâh and in the ‘Last Day’. This is most righteous for you, and most pure. Allâh knows perfectly well, but you do lack Knowledge.
Mothers shall suckle their children for two full years, for the one who desires to complete the time of suckling. The father of the child will be obliged to maintain and clothe them in the mean time, according to that which will be reasonable. No ‘Human self’ will be obliged beyond its scope. No mother will be compelled to what is unreasonable on account of her child, or a father on account of his child. The heir of the father will be obliged to do in like manner. But if they chose to wean the child before the end of two years, by common consent, and on mutual consideration, then both (husband & wife) would not be at fault. But if you decided on a foster suckling-mother for your children, then you would not be at fault if you fully pay what you offer her, according to that which is just. Thus, act piously towards Allâh and know that Allâh is All-Seer of all what you do.
Those of you who die and leave wives behind them, such wives should wait concerning themselves four months and ten days, and when they reached their term, then you would not be at fault in that which they would do with themselves, according to what is reasonable. Allâh is Well- Acquainted with what you do.
You would not be at fault in that which you would make public or conceal in your minds concerning your troth with women. Allâh knows that you will remember them. But make no promise of contract with them privately, unless you speak honorable words; and resolve not on the knot of marriage, until the prescribed period be accomplished. Know that Allâh knows best that which is in your minds, therefore, beware of Him, and know that Allâh is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
There will be no sin on you if you divorce your wives, as long as you have not touched them, nor settled any dowry on them. Provide for them- he who is wealthy must provide according to his means, and he who is straitened according to his means- a provision according to what will be appropriate or fair. This is a legal obligation incumbent upon those whose heart is perfect towards Allâh.
However, if you divorce them before you have touched them, and have already settled a dowry on them, you will give them half of what you have settled, unless they forgo or he forgoes in whose hand the knot of marriage is; and if you forgo the whole, it will approach nearer to ‘unfeigned piety’. Forget not liberality among you, for Allâh is All-Seer of all what you do.
Guard strictly your Prayers, especially the ‘Middle Prayer’ and stand before Allâh, devoutly obedient.
If it happens that you are exposed to danger or risk, you may perform your prayer on foot or riding. Consequently, when you are safe, celebrate the praises of Allâh and declare His divine glory in the same way He has taught you, which you knew not before.
Those of you who are about to die and leave wives behind them should bequeath for them a year's maintenance and residence without turning them out. But if they (decided) to leave (with their own free will the residence), then you would not be at fault in what they do with themselves in a lawful way. Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
For the divorced women, there is a provision according to what is acceptable. This is a legal obligation incumbent on the ‘Pious’ to comply and fulfil.
This is how Allâh shows you His signs so that you may be able to perceive (the intended meaning of them).
Have you not considered those who left their homes in thousands for fear of death? Allâh said unto them, "Die"; and then He brought them back to life. Indeed, Allâh is full of bounty to the people, but most of the people do not express their gratitude (to Him for His endless blessings).
Fight for (serving) the cause of Allâh, and know that Allâh is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
Who is he that will lend to Allâh a goodly loan so that He will multiply it greatly for him many times over? It is Allâh who reduces and enriches, and to Him, you are (destined) to be brought back.
Have you not considered the chiefs of the ‘Children of Israel’ after ‘Moses’? They said unto one of their ‘Prophet’: "Sent to us a king and we will fight for (serving) the cause of Allâh." He said: "Is it not possible, if you were commanded to fight, you might not fight?" They said: "why should we not fight for (serving) the cause of Allâh since we and our children have been forced to flee our homes?" However, when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned away, except for a few of them. Allâh is All-Aware of those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong.
Their ‘Prophet’ said unto them, "Indeed, Allâh had sent to you ‘Saul’ as a king." They said: "How could he reign over us while we deserve to have the supremacy more than him, and he had not been given enough wealth?" He said: "Indeed, Allâh had chosen him over you and endowed him abundantly with (divine) knowledge and physical attractiveness. Consequently, Allâh bestows His supremacy upon whom He wills. Allâh is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing.
Their ‘Prophet’ said unto them, "Indeed, the sign of his reign is that the Ark of the covenant would come to you wherein tranquility from your Lord and relics left by the family of ‘Moses’ and the family of ‘Aaron’, carried by the ‘Angels’. Indeed, it is a sign for you if you are (really) monotheistic believers."
When Saul set out with the soldiers, he said: "Indeed, Allâh will test your faith by a river. Therefore, whoever drinks from it is not of me, and whoever refrains form tasting it is indeed of me, except the one who takes (thereof) in the hollow of his hand." However, they drank from it, except a few of them. After he had crossed (the river), he and those who attained Faith (in Allâh) with him, they said: “We have no power today (to fight) against ‘Goliath’ and his soldiers." Nevertheless, those who certainly believed that they would meet Allâh said: “How often has it happened that a small force has triumphed over a much greater one by the permission of Allâh. He is with those who persist in patience and constancy."
When they went forth against ‘Goliath’ and his soldiers, they supplicated and prayed: "Our Lord, pour upon us patience and constancy, plant firmly our feet (in the ground), and make us victorious over a people who persist in disbelief (in Allâh).”
Thus, they defeated them by permission of Allâh and ‘David’ killed ‘Goliath’. Allâh gave him kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of what He willed. If it had not been for Allâh's repelling some men with others, the earth would have most certainly been corrupted. But Allâh is full of bounty to all His creatures.
These are the ‘Revelations’ of Allâh, which We recite to you, in truth. Indeed, you are one of Our ‘Messengers’.
Those ‘Messengers’, We gave some of them preference over others. To some of them, Allâh spoke directly. And He raised the rank of some others. We gave ‘Jesus, son of Mary’ the full knowledge of the Truth and invigorated Him with the Spirit of Holiness. Had Allâh willed, those who followed after them would not have fought one with another after receiving the full knowledge of the Truth. Nevertheless, they differed among themselves, and some of them were prone to believe (in Allâh) and others slightly more prone to disbelief (in Him). Had Allâh willed, they would not have fought one with another, but Allâh does whatever.
O’ you who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, expend from that which We have provided for you before there comes a day when there will be no transaction, no friendship, and no intercession. It is those who lack faith in Allâh are grossly unfair and morally wrong..
Allâh! There is no God but He, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of all that exists. Neither slumber nor sleep would overtake Him. Unto Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them. They encompass nothing of His Perfect Knowledge, except for what He wills. His Kursi (footstool) extends over the heavens and earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. He is the Most High, the Most Great.
There is no compulsion in religion. The right (path) has become clearly distinct from the wrong. Therefore, whoever disbelieves in the mythological deities and believes in Allâh has grasped the most trustworthy handhold. It will never break off. Allâh is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
Allâh is the Guardian of those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism. He brings them out of darkness into the light. As for those who lack Faith in Allâh, their guardians are the mythological deities. They bring them out of light into the darkness. Those are the ‘Denizens of Hell’, where they will abide therein.
Have you not considered the one who argued with ‘Abraham’ about his Lord, because Allâh has granted him authority? ‘Abraham’ said: "My Lord is the one who gives life and causes death." He said: "I give life and cause death." ‘Abraham’ said: "Indeed, Allâh causes the sun to rise from the east, then do cause it to rise from the west. Thus, the one who is the spiritually dead and blind was stunned. Allâh will not illuminate the path of those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong.
Or (take) the similitude of one who passed by a small town which had fallen into utter ruin. He said: "How can Allâh bring this town to life after its death?" Thus, Allâh caused him to die for a hundred years, and then raised him up again. He said: "How long have you stayed there?" He replied: "I have been here a day or part of a day." He said, "Nay! You have been one hundred years. Just Look at your food and your drink. They have not yet decayed. But look (there) at your donkey. We will make you a sign for the people. Therefore, look at the bones (and see) how We will raise them, and then We cover them with flesh." When it became apparent to him, he said: "I know that Allâh is capable of doing whatever He wills.
(Mention) when ‘Abraham’ said: "My Lord, show me how You give life to the dead." The Lord asked him: "Don't you have enough Faith (in the power of Allâh).?" He answered: "Yes, but I do ask in order to comfort my heart.” The Lord said: "Take four birds and cut them into pieces, after that, put on each hill a piece of them, and then call them. They will come flying to you in haste. Know that Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise."
The parable of those who expend their money on (serving) the cause of Allâh is as the parable of a grain growing seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. Allâh multiplies for whom He wills. Allâh is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
Those who expend their money on (serving) the cause of Allâh and follow not up what they have spent with reproach or injury will have their reward from their Lord. There will come no fear on them, neither will they ever grieve.
Kind words and seeking forgiveness are better than almsgiving followed by injury. Allâh is All-Sufficient, All-Forbearing.
O’ you who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, invalidate not your Alms by reproach or injury like the one who spends his wealth to impress the people while he believes not in Allâh and the ‘Last Day’. His parable is as the parable of a smooth rock with dust upon it, and then heavy rain falls upon it, leaving it smooth and bare.
The parable of those who expend their wealth to seek the pleasure of Allâh and to invigorate their Faith is as the parable of a garden on elevated ground; when it is touched by heavy rain, it brings forth its fruit twofold. But if it happens that heavy rain does not fall upon it, then light rain will be enough. Allâh is Well-Aware of what you do.
Would any one of you like to have a garden of palm-trees and grapes with rivers flowing underneath with all kinds of fruit for him therein, while he is old and stricken in years, and his children are weak, then a hurricane strikes and burns up his garden? This is how Allâh shows you clearly His signs (of power & glory) so that you may ruminate (on His Sovereignty).
O’ you who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, expend from the good things that you earn (lawfully) and from that which We bring forth from the earth for you, and seek not to give away the bad things as an alms when you yourselves refuse to take it unless you condone it. Know that Allâh is Self-Sufficient and Worthy of all praise.
The devil, (-’Satan’-), threatens you with poverty and commands you only what is evil and sinful while Allâh promises you forgiveness and abundance from Himself. Allâh is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing.
Allâh gives wisdom to whom He wills. Whoever is given wisdom has received many good things. No one is paying attention to this admonition except for those who possess high self-awareness.
Whatever alms you expend or whatever vow you make, (you must know that) Allâh knows it. For those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong, there will be no helpers for them.
If you disclose your alms, they are still excellent. If you give them in private to the poor, it will be better for you and expiation for some of your sins. Allâh is Well- Acquainted with what you do.
It's not in your power to convert people to Islam but Allâh guides, with His divine guidance, whomever He will, to embrace Islam. Whatever good thing you expend, it is for your own good. Expend not save craving for the countenance of Allâh. Whatever good thing you expend, it will be repaid to you in full and you will not be treated unfairly.
Alms are for the poor who are totally engaged in struggling for (serving) the cause of Allâh and cannot (mange) to travel in the land (seeking a lawful livelihood). The one who is spiritually dead and blind thinks that they are rich because of their dignity (and of abstention from asking others for some financial help). You may know them by their appearance. They never ask people (for financial help) in persistent way. Whatever good thing you expend, Allâh is Fully Aware of it.
Those who expend their wealth (on serving the cause of Allâh) by night and day, secretly or openly, will have their reward with their Lord. There will come no fear upon them, nor will they ever grieve.
Those who devour usury will not rise again, but as he rises whom ‘Satan’ has infected by a touch; that is because they say: ”Selling is the same as usury,” whereas Allâh has made selling lawful and usury forbidden. Whosoever receives an admonition from his Lord, and gives over, will have his past gains, and his matter is in the hands of Allâh. But whosoever returns (to usury), those are the ‘Denizens of Hell’, where they will abide therein.
Allâh will bring usury to nothingness while make almsgiving profitable. Allâh demonstrates not his own love for the one who is ungrateful and sinner .
Indeed, those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, do righteous acts (in this ‘worldly life’), establish the regular Prayer and pay Zakāt, their reward is with their Lord. There will come no fear upon them, neither will they ever grieve.
O’ you who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, act piously towards Allâh and give up what remains of usury if you are inclined to profess a belief (in Allâh).
However, if it happens that you do not give up (usury), then you must beware of a war, which is declared against you from Allâh and His ‘Messenger’. If you repent, you will have your capital. Act not unjustly, and you will not be wronged.
If it happens that the debtor is in difficulties of paying his debt, let him have respite till things are easier. But if you remit it as alms, it will be better for you, if you have spiritual gift of knowledge.
Guard yourselves against a day in which you are (destined) to be brought back to Allâh. Then every Human self will be paid in full that which it has earned, and they will not be wronged.
O’ you who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, When you contract a debt for a certain time, write it down; and let a scribe write it down between you according to justice, and let not the scribe refuse writing according to what Allâh has taught him. Let him, (the debtor), who incurs the liability dictate, and he must act piously towards Allâh, His Lord, and not diminish ought thereof. But if the debtor is foolish, or weak, or unable to dictate him, then he must let his agent dictate in justice. Call to witness from among your men two witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women from among those whom you choose to be witnesses. If one of those women would make a mistake, then the other of them would remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when they are called to testify. Be not averse to writing down (the contract) whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more equitable in the sight of Allâh and more right for bearing witness, and easier, that you may avoid falling into doubts. When it is a present trade which you transact between your own selves, then you would not be at fault if you did not write it down. Take witnesses whenever you make a commercial contract, and let no harm be done to the scribe, nor to the witness; but if you do so, this is indeed an act of injustice from your part. Thus, act piously towards Allâh. He will instruct and teach you (about how you should behave & act). Indeed, Allâh is the All-Knowing of each and everything.
If it happens that you are on a journey and you cannot find a scribe, then let pledges be taken (mortgaging). But if one of you trusts the other, let him who is trusted return what he is trusted with, and act piously towards Allâh, His Lord. Conceal not the testimony, for he who conceals it has caused his heart to be sinful. Indeed, Allâh is All-Knowing of all what you do.
Unto Allâh belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Whether you allow what is in your minds to be visible or conceal it, Allâh will call you to account according to it. Allâh is capable of doing whatever He wills.
The ‘Messenger’ believes in that which has been sent down to him from his Lord, as well as the ‘Monotheistic Believers’. Every one of them believes in Allâh, in His ‘Angels’, in His ‘Scriptures’, and in His ‘Messengers’. We make no distinction at all between His ‘Messengers’. They say: “We have heard; and we do comply with everything Allâh has commanded. We implore your (divine) clemency, O’ Lord, and to You is the definitive course."
Allâh will not let any ‘Human Self’ be burdened beyond what it can bear. It will be rewarded for that (good deeds) which it has earned, and will be chastised for that (evil deeds) which it has earned. (Those Monotheistic Believers Pray to their Lord, saying): "Our Lord, take not us to task if we forget or fall into error. Our Lord, lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us. Our Lord, put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear, pardon us, forgive us, and show clemency toward us. You are our Great Guardian; thus, make us victorious over a people who who persist in disbelief (in Allâh)."
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