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al-Anfal (The Spoils of War)
as rendered by Syed Vickar Ahamed

Syed Vickar Ahamed rendition of Surah The Spoils of War(al-Anfal)
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8:1 They ask you (O Muhammad) about (things taken as) spoils of war. Say: "(Such) spoils (of war) are for Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad): So fear Allah, and settle the differences between yourselves (with fairness): Obey Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), if you do believe."
8:2 Those only are the believers who feel a tremor (and thrill) in their hearts when (the Name of) Allah is mentioned, and when they hear His Signs rehearsed, find their faith becoming strong, and place (all) their trust in their Lord;
8:3 Who establish regular prayer and spend (freely) from the gifts We have given to them for (their) living:
8:4 Like this are the true believers: They have grades of dignity with their Lord, and forgiveness, and generous sustenance:
8:5 Just like your Lord commands you to go away from your house in (the way of) truth, and surely, some of the believers disliked it,
8:6 Debating with you about the truth after it was made clear, as if they were pushed towards death and they (actually) saw it.
8:7 And (remember), Allah had promised you that one of the two (enemy) parties should be yours: You wished that the one unarmed should be yours, but Allah had willed to prove the Truth according to His words, and to cut off the roots of the disbelievers—
8:8 That He might prove the Truth and prove what is false that amounts to nothing, even though it may be unpleasant to the guilty (criminal) .
8:9 (Remember that), you humbly prayed for help from your Lord, and He answered you (by saying): "I will help you with a thousand of the angels, (coming down) ranks on ranks."
8:10 Allah made it only a message of good news, and an assurance to your hearts: And, there is no help except from Allah: Verily, Allah is Exalted in Power (Aziz), All Wise (Hakeem):
8:11 (Remember when) He brought a sense of sleep over you to give you calm from Himself, and He made the rain to fall on you from the sky, to clean you with it, and to remove from you the spot of Satan, and to give strength to your hearts, and to hold your feet firmly in the sandy place with it.
8:12 (Remember when) your Lord revealed (the Message) to the angels: "Verily, I am with you: Give strength to the believers: I will bring about terror into the hearts of the disbelievers: So you strike above their necks and hit hard over all of their finger-tips and toes."
8:13 This is because they stood against Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad): And if any stand against Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), Allah is strict in punishment.
8:14 Like this (it will be said to them): "Then you taste it (the punishment): For those who resist Allah, the penalty is the Fire."
8:15 O you who believe! When you meet the disbelievers in battle fields (and wars), do not turn your backs to them.
8:16 And if anyone turns his back on them on such a day, unless it is a plan of the war, or to come back to (his own) army— He has indeed drawn on himself the Anger of Allah, and his home is Hell, an evil refuge to be!
8:17 It is not you who killed them: It was Allah Who killed them; And when you threw (a handful of dust), it was not your act, but Allah's (act): So that He might test the believers by a kind trail from Himself: Surely, Allah is All Hearing (Sami’), All Knowing (Aleem).
8:18 That (is so), and also because Allah is He Who makes the plans and strategies of the disbelievers weak and shaky.
8:19 (O disbelievers!) If you had asked for victory and judgment (during the war), now the judgment has come to you: If you stop (the wrong you do), it will be best for you, and if you return (to the war), so shall We return, and your forces will not be of the least good to you even if they were many times over: And surely, Allah is with those who believe!
8:20 O you who believe! Obey Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) and do not turn away from him when you hear (him speaking to you).
8:21 And do not be like those who say: "We hear", but they do not hear:
8:22 Verily, in the sight of Allah, the worst of the animals are the deaf and dumb, those who do not understand, (the disbelievers).
8:23 If Allah had found any good in them, he would truly have made them listen: And even if He made them listen, they would have only gone back and rejected (faith).
8:24 O you who believe! Give your answer to Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) when He calls you to that which will give you life; And know that, Allah comes in between a man and his heart, and that, it is He to Whom you shall (all) be gathered.
8:25 And fear the affliction (and retribution), which affects not only those of you in particular, who do wrong: (But also the innocent and weak), and know that Allah is strict in punishment.
8:26 And remember when you were few (a small group), not well liked through out the land, and afraid that men might rob and take you away (by force); But He provided a place of safety for you, strengthened you with His help, and gave you good things for living; That you may be thankful.
8:27 O you who believe! Do not betray to the trust of Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad), and do not steal (or cheat) knowingly from the things given to you in trust.
8:28 And you know that the things you own, and your children (descendants) are only a trial; And that it is Allah with Whom is your highest reward.
8:29 O you who believe! If you fear Allah, He will give you a basis (to judge between right and wrong), (He will) remove from you the evil (that may be close to) you, and forgive you: And Allah is the Lord of unlimited grace.
8:30 And (remember) how the disbelievers planned against you, to put you in prison, or to kill you, or get you out (of your home, Makkah). They plotted and planned, and Allah also plotted but the best of planners is Allah.
8:31 When Our verses are read to them, they say: "We have heard this (before): If we wanted, we could say (words) like these: These are nothing but old stories."
8:32 And (remember) when how they said: "O Allah! If this is indeed the Truth from You, then rain down on us a shower of stones from the sky, or send us a painful penalty."
8:33 And Allah was not going to send them a penalty while you (O Muhammad) were with them; And He was not going to punish them when they could ask for pardon.
8:34 But what plea do they have that Allah should not punish them, when they keep out (men) from the Sacred Mosque— And they are not its guardians (or keepers)? No men can be its keepers except the righteous; But most of them do not understand.
8:35 Their prayer at the House (of Allah) is only whistling and clapping of hands: (And its only answer can be), "You taste the Penalty because you lied."
8:36 The disbelievers spend their wealth to keep (men) away from the Path of Allah, and so will they keep on spending; But in the end they will have regrets and sighs; At the end they will be defeated: And the disbelievers will be brought together to Hell—
8:37 In order that Allah may separate the wicked from the good, (and the impure from the pure), put the impure, one over another, heap them together, and throw them into Hell. They will be the ones to have lost.
8:38 Say to the disbelievers, if they stop themselves (from disbelief), their past (actions) would be forgiven to them; But if they continue, the punishment of those before them is already (before them as a warning).
8:39 And keep on fighting them till there is no more unrest (commotion) or injustice (cruelty), and there exists justice and faith in Allah altogether and everywhere; But if they stop, surely, Allah sees all that they do.
8:40 And if they refuse, be sure that Allah is your Protector— The Best (One) to protect and the Best to help.
8:41 And know that out of all the things (won in war and) those that you may collect (during the war) verily, a fifth share is to be set aside for Allah’s cause— And for the Messenger (Muhammad), and for near relatives, the orphans, the needy, and the traveler far from home— If you believe in Allah and in the teachings We sent down to Our Servant (the Prophet) on the day of Test, (the battle of Badr)— The day of the meeting of the two forces, and Allah is Able (Khadir) to do all things.
8:42 (And remember) when you (the army of the believers) were on the near side of the valley, and they were on the far side (of the valley), and the caravan (of Quraish) on lower ground than you. Even if you had made a mutual time to meet (for war), you would certainly have failed at that time: But (again you met) for Allah to complete an act already decided; So that those who died would die after a clear Sign (of Allah), and those who lived would live after a clear Sign (of Allah). And surely Allah is All Seeing (Sami’) and All Knowing (Aleem, all things).
8:43 (And remember) in your dream Allah showed them (the enemy) to you as few (men) if He had shown them to you as many (men); you would surely have lost your courage and you would surely have argued (your) decision. But Allah saved (you): Surely, He knows well the (secrets) of (all) hearts.
8:44 And (remember) when you met (in war), he showed them (the enemy) to you as a few (men) in your eyes, and He made you appear as few (and worthless) in their eyes: For Allah to complete an act already decided; For all questions go back to Allah (for decision).
8:45 O you who believe! When you meet an enemy, be firm; And stand up against them, and recall Allah in remembrance much so that you may prosper:
8:46 And obey Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad); And do not get into disputes (among yourselves), lest you lose heart and lose your power; And be patient and persevering (dedicated): Surely, Allah is with those who patiently persevere:
8:47 And do not be like those who started (for war) from their homes haughtily and to be seen by men, and to want to stop (men) from the Path of Allah: For Allah controls all about all that they do.
8:48 And (remember) when Satan made their (sinful) acts appear attractive to them, and said: "No one from among men can defeat you this day, while I am near to you": But when the two armies came to oppose each other, he ran away and said: "Surely! I have nothing to do with you; Verily, I see what you do not see; For sure, I fear Allah, for Allah is strict in punishment."
8:49 When those hypocrites (who hide the truth), and those in whose hearts is a disease, say: "These people (the believers)— Their religion had misled them." But if any of those who trust in Allah, then surely, Allah is Supreme in Strength (Aziz), All Wise (Hakeem).
8:50 And if you could see, when the angels take the souls of the disbelievers (at the time of their death), that they smite their faces and (strike) their backs, (saying): "Taste the Penalty of the burning Fire—
8:51 "This is because of what your hands sent forward: Verily, Allah is never unjust to His servants:
8:52 "(Deeds) like those of the People of Firon (Pharaoh) and those before them: They rejected the Signs of Allah, and Allah punished them for their evil acts: For Allah is Strong (Qhavi), and Strict in punishment:
8:53 "Because Allah will never change the grace which He has given to a people until they change what is in their (own) souls: And surely Allah is All Hearing (Sami’), All Knowing (Aleem)
8:54 "(Deeds) like those of the People of Firon (Pharaoh) and those before them": They treated the Signs from their Lord as false: So We destroyed them for their evil acts, and We drowned the People of Firon (Pharaoh): For they were all unjust (cruel) and wrongdoers.
8:55 Verily, in the sight of Allah, the worst of animals are those who reject Him: (And) they will not believe.
8:56 They (the disbelievers) are those with whom you made a promise, but they break their promise every time, and they do not have the fear (of Allah).
8:57 So if you win victory over them in war deal with them, and scatter them (and) those who follow them, that they may remember.
8:58 If you fear disloyalty (or break of trust) from any group, remind (their promise) to them, (so as to be) on equal terms: For sure, Allah does not love the disloyal.
8:59 And do not let the disbelievers think that they can gain (over and escape the punishment): They will never be able to save themselves.
8:60 Against them make ready all your strength to the utmost of your power, including the (strong) horses of war, to cause fear in the enemies of Allah and your enemies, and others besides (them), whom you may not know but whom Allah does (indeed) know. And whatever you spend in the Cause of Allah, (it) shall be repaid back to you; You shall not be treated unjustly.
8:61 But if the enemy shows willingness towards peace, you (also) show willingness towards peace, and trust in Allah: Verily, He is All Hearing (Sami’), All Knowing (Aleem).
8:62 And if they want to deceive you— Surely Allah is sufficient for you: He it is Who has made you strong with His help and with the believers;
8:63 And (in addition), He has placed unity between their (believer’s) hearts: Even if you had spent all that is in the earth, you could not have produced that unity (and love); But Allah has so united them, surely, He is Supreme in Strength (Aziz), All Wise (Hakeem).
8:64 O Prophet! Allah is sufficient for you— And for those who follow you among the believers.
8:65 O Prophet! Make ready the believers to the fight. If there are twenty from you, (who are) steadfast (patient and persevering) persons, they will defeat two hundred: If there be a hundred steadfast persons from you, they will defeat a thousand of the disbelievers: Because these are the people without understanding.
8:66 Now Allah has made your (task) easy, for He knows that there is a weakness in you: But (even then), if there are a hundred of you, steadfast (patient and persevering) persons, they will defeat two hundred of the disbelievers and if a thousand of you, they will defeat two thousand, of the disbelievers, with the approval of Allah: And Allah is with those who patiently persevere.
8:67 It is not appropriate for a prophet that he should take prisoners of war (for ransom monies) until he has fought and completely won over the land. You may wish for the material gains of this world; But Allah desires the Hereafter (for you): And Allah is Supreme in Strength (Aziz), All Wise (Hakeem).
8:68 If it was not for a previous command from Allah, a severe penalty would have come over you for the (repayment) that you took.
8:69 But (now) enjoy what you have as booty in the war, (as far as it is) lawful and good: But fear Allah: Certainly, Allah is Often Forgiving (Ghafoor), Most Merciful (Raheem).
8:70 O Prophet! Say to those who are prisoners in your hands: "If Allah finds any good in your hearts, He will give you something better than what has been taken from you, and He will forgive you: And Allah is Often Forgiving (Ghafoor), Most Merciful (Raheem)."
8:71 But if they have evil plans against you, (O Prophet! Know that), they have already been in treason against Allah, and so He has given (you) the power over them. And Allah is All Knowing (Aleem), All Wise (Hakeem).
8:72 Verily, those who believed, and who left their homes (in the time of Hijrah), and who fought for the Faith with their property and their persons, in the Cause of Allah, and those who gave (them) shelter and help— These are (all) friends and protectors, of one another. And as to those who believed but did not leave their homes (or emigrate in Hijrah), you have no duty to protect them, until they do emigrate (and come into your protection); But if they ask for your help in religion, it is your duty to help them, except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance (agreement or friendship). And (remember) Allah sees all that you do.
8:73 And the disbelievers are one another's protectors: Unless you (Muslims, also) do this, (by protecting each other), there will be unrest (commotion) and injustice (cruelty), on earth, and great mischief.
8:74 And those who believe, and adopt exile (by emigrating or leaving their homes), and fight for Faith in the Cause of Allah, as well as those who give (them) protection and help, these are (all) very truly the believers: For them is the forgiveness of sins and things (of rewards) most generous.
8:75 And those who accept Faith later on, and adopt exile and emigrate (by leaving their homes), and fight for Faith alongside with you, they are (also the people) from you. But children by blood are nearer to one another (and have earlier rights regarding the inheritance) in the Book of Allah. Surely, Allah is All Knowing (Aleem) of all things.


   


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