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al-Hashr (Exile, Banishment)
as rendered by N J Dawood 2014

N J Dawood (2014) rendition of Surah Exile, Banishment(al-Hashr)
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59:1 ALL THAT is in the heavens and the earth gives glory to God. He is the Omnipotent, the Wise One.
59:2 He it was that drove the unbelievers among the People of the Book out of their dwellings into the first exile.¹ You did not think that they would go; and they, for their part, fancied that their strongholds would protect them from God. But God smote them whence they did not expect it, casting such terror into their hearts that their dwellings were destroyed by their own hands as well as by the faithful. Learn from their example, you that have eyes.
59:3 Had God not decreed exile² for them, He would have surely punished them in this world. But in the world to come the torment of Fire awaits them,
59:4 because they have set themselves against God and His apostle; and he that sets himself against God should know that God is stern in retribution.
59:5 It was by God‘s leave that you cut down or spared their palm-trees, so that He might humiliate the ungodly.
59:6 As for those spoils of theirs which God has assigned to His apostle, you spurred neither horse nor camel to capture them: but God gives His apostles authority over whom He will; and God has power over all things.
59:7 The spoils taken from the town-dwellers and assigned by God to His apostle shall belong to God, to the Apostle and his kin, to orphans, to the destitute and to the traveller in need; they shall not become the property of the rich among you. Whatever the Apostle gives you, take it; and whatever he forbids you, abstain from it. Fear God; God is stern in retribution.
59:8 They shall also be for the poor among the muhājirīn¹ who have been driven from their homes and their possessions, who seek God‘s grace and pleasure and who help God and His apostle; these are the true believers.
59:9 Those who stayed in their own city² and embraced the Faith before them, love those who have sought refuge with them; they do not covet what they are given, but rather prize them above themselves, though they are in want. Those that preserve themselves from their own greed shall surely prosper.
59:10 Those that came after them say: ‘Forgive us, Lord, and forgive our brothers who embraced the Faith before us. Remove from our hearts any rancour towards the faithful. Lord, You are benignant and compassionate.‘
59:11 Do but consider the hypocrites. They say to their fellow-unbelievers among the People of the Book: ‘If you are driven out, we will go with you. We will never obey any one who seeks to harm you. If you are attacked, we will certainly help you.‘ God bears witness that they are lying.
59:12 If they are driven out, they will not go with them, nor, if they are attacked, will they help them. Indeed, if they do go to their help, they will take to their heals and leave them in the lurch.
59:13 Their dread of you is more intense in their hearts than their fear of God: so devoid are they of understanding.
59:14 They will never fight against you in a body except in fortified cities and from behind walls. Great is their valour among themselves; you think of them as one band, yet their hearts are divided for they are surely lacking in judgement.
59:15 Like those who were but recently punished before them, they tasted the fruit of their own deeds. And woeful punishment awaits them.
59:16 They may be compared to Satan, who, when he ordered man to disbelieve and he did his bidding, said to him: ‘I do disown you. I fear God, Lord of the Universe.‘
59:17 They shall both end in the Fire and therein abide for ever. Thus shall the wrongdoers be rewarded.
59:18 Believers, have fear of God. Let every soul look to what it offers for the morrow. Fear God; God is cognizant of what you do.
59:19 Do not act like those who forgot God, so that He caused them to forget themselves. Such are ungodly.
59:20 The heirs of the Fire and the heirs of Paradise shall not be held equal. The heirs of Paradise alone shall be triumphant.
59:21 Had We brought down this Koran upon a mountain, you would have seen it humble itself and break asunder for fear of God. In such parables We speak to people, that they may take thought.
59:22 He is God, besides whom there is no other deity. He knows the unknown and the manifest. He is the Merciful, the Compassionate.
59:23 He is God, besides whom there is no other deity. He is the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, the Giver of Peace, the Keeper of Faith; the Preserver, the Almighty, the All-powerful, the Most High! Exalted be God above their idols!
59:24 He is God, the Creator, the Originator, the Modeller. His are the most gracious names. All that is in the heavens and the earth gives glory to Him. He is the Almighty, the Wise One.


   


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