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Sayyed Abbas Sadr-Ameli

at-Taubah (Repentance)
as rendered by Sayyed Abbas Sadr-Ameli

Sayyed Abbas Sadr-Ameli rendition of Surah Repentance(at-Taubah)
9:1 (This is a declaration of) immunity from Allah and His Messenger towards those of the polytheists with whom you made covenant.
9:2 So go about in the earth freely for four months, and know that you can not make futile Allah, and that Allah degrades the infidels.
9:3 And (this) is proclamation from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the great pilgrimage that Allah and His Messenger are quit of the polytheists. Yet if you repent, that will be better for you, and if you turn back, then know that you can not make futile Allah; and inform those who disbelieve of a painful punishment.
9:4 Except those of the polytheists with whom you made covenant, and who have not failed you in anything nor have supported anyone against you. Then fulfil their treaty with them until (the end of) their term; surely Allah loves the pious ones.
9:5 Then when the sacred months are drawn away, slay the polytheists wherever you find them, and seize them and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush. But if they repent and perform the prayer and pay the poor-rate, (zak?t) then leave their way free to them; verily Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
9:6 And if any of the polytheists seeks protection from you, grant him protection till he hears the Word of Allah; then do convey him to his place of security; that is because they are a people who do not know.
9:7 How can there be a covenant for the polytheists with Allah and with His Messenger? Except those with whom you made covenant at the Holy Mosque; so long as they stand faithful to you, then be you (too) faithful to them; verily Allah loves the pious ones.
9:8 How (can it be?) For if they prevail against you, they will observe towards you neither ties of relationship nor treaty. They please you with their mouths while their hearts do not conscent, and most of them are ungodly.
9:9 They have sold the signs of Allah for a small price, and have hindered (people) from His way. Surely evil was what they used to do.
9:10 They observe towards a believer neither ties of relationship nor treaty, and these are they who are the transgressors.
9:11 But if they repent and perform the prayer and pay the alms (zakat) , then they are your brethren in faith; and We explain the signs for the people who know.
9:12 But if they break their oaths after their covenant and revile your religion, then fight the leaders of infidelity. Verily there is no oath for them, so that they may desist.
9:13 Will you not fight a people who broke their oaths and aimed at the expulsion of the Messenger, and they did attack you first? Do you fear them? But Allah is most deserving that you should fear Him, if you are believers.
9:14 Fight them, (and) Allah will punish them at your hands and degrade them, and He will help you (to victory) over them and heal the (injured) breasts of a people (who) believe.
9:15 And He removes the rage of their hearts, and Allah turns (mercifully) to whomever He pleases, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
9:16 Or did you think (only with claim of Faith) you would be left (in peace) while Allah has not yet known those of you who have struggled hard and have not taken any one as an intimate friend besides Allah and His Messenger and the believers? And Allah is aware of what you do.
9:17 It is not for the polytheists to maintain the mosques of Allah, while they bear witness to unbelief against themselves. These it is whose deeds are null, and in the Fire shall they abide forever.
9:18 Only he shall maintain the mosques of Allah who believes in Allah and the Last Day, and performs the prayer, and pays the alms (zakat) , and fears none but Allah. They, hopefully, will be among the guided.
9:19 Do you make the giving of water to the pilgrims and the maintenance of the Sacred Mosque equal to someone who believes in Allah and the Last Day, and strives in the way of Allah? They are not equal with Allah, and Allah does not guide the unjust people.
9:20 Those who believed and emigrated, and strove in Allah�s way with their properties and their selves, have a greater rank with Allah, and these they are the triumphant.
9:21 Their Lord gives them good news of Mercy from Himself and (His) good pleasure, and of gardens wherein for them are lasting bounties.
9:22 Therein they will abide for ever, verily Allah has a great reward with Him.
9:23 O� you who have Faith! Do not take your fathers and your brothers for guardians if they prefer unbelief to belief, and whoever of you takes them for a guardian, those � they are the unjust.
9:24 Say: � If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your clan, your possessions that you have gained, commerce you fear may slacken, dwellings you are fond of, are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His way, then wait till Allah brings about His command; and Allah does not guide the transgressing people.
9:25 Certainly Allah has helped you on many fields, and on the day of Hunayn, when your multitude made you vain, but it availed you nothing and the earth, in spite of its breadth, became strait to you; then you turned back in retreat.
9:26 Then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers, and sent down hosts which you did not see, and He punished those who disbelieved, and that is the reward of the infidels.
9:27 Then, after that (escape) , Allah turns towards whomever He pleases, and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
9:28 O� you who have Faith! The polytheists are indeed unclean, so they shall not approach the Sacred Mosque after this year, and if you fear poverty, then Allah will enrich you out of His grace if He pleases; verily Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
9:29 Fight those who do not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day, nor do they prohibit, what Allah and His Messenger have prohibited, nor follow the religion of Truth, out of those who have been given the Book until they pay the (Jizyah) tributory tax with their hand and they remain subjected.
9:30 And the Jews say: � Ezra is the son of God �; and the Christians say: � The Messiah is the son of God �. That is the utterance of their mouths, conforming with the saying of those who disbelieved before. May Allah destroy them; how they are turned away!
9:31 They have taken their rabbis and their monks and Messiah, son of Mary, as (their) lords apart from Allah, while they were commanded to worship but One God; there is no god but He; Pure is He and Exalted is He from what they associate (with Him) .
9:32 They intend that they extinguish the Light of Allah with their mouths and Allah refuses but to perfect His Light, though the infidels detest it.
9:33 He it is Who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of Truth, that He may prevail it over all religions, though the polytheists may detest it.
9:34 O� you who have Faith! Verily many of the rabbis and monks consume the properties of the people in vanity and bar (them) from Allah�s way. And those who treasure up gold and silver, and do not spend them in the way of Allah; inform them of a painful chastisement.
9:35 On the Day (of Judgment) they (the coins) shall be heated in the Fire of Hell, and therewith their foreheads and their sides and their backs shall be branded, (the angels will tell them) : � This is what you have treasured up for yourselves, therefore taste you now what you were treasuring!�
9:36 Verily the number of months with Allah is twelve months in the Book of Allah, (since) the day He created the heavens and the earth, four of them are sacred. That is the established religion. So be you not unjust unto your selves during them. And fight polytheists totally even as they fight you totally, and know that Allah is with the pious ones.
9:37 Verily postponing (of the sacred month) is only an addition unto infidelity whereby the infidels go astray; they allow it (fight) one year and forbid it another year, that they may adjust the number of months Allah has forbidden, thus they allow what Allah has forbidden. The evil of their deeds has been made fair seeming to them. And Allah does not guide the unbelieving people.
9:38 O� you who have Faith! What (excuse) have you that when it is said to you : �Go forth in Allah�s way�, you should incline heavily to the ground? Are you contented with the life of this world instead of the Hereafter? But the enjoyment of the life of this world, compared with the Hereafter, is but little.
9:39 If you do not go forth, He will chastise you with a painful chastisement, and He will substitute in your place a people other than you, and you will not harm Him anything, for Allah is All-Powerful over everything.
9:40 If you do not help him, yet Allah has helped him already, when those who disbelieved expelled him, he was the second of the two, when they both were in the cave, when he said unto his companion: � Do not grieve, surely Allah is with us �. Then Allah sent down on him His tranquillity and strengthened him with hosts which you did not see, and He made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest; and the word of Allah is the highest, and Allah is the Mighty, the Wise.
9:41 Go forth light and heavy! and strive in Allah�s way with your possessions and your selves, this is better for you if you know.
9:42 Had there been a near gain, and an easy journey, certainly they would have followed you, but the distance was too far to them; yet they will swear by Allah: �Had we been able, we would certainly have gone out with you�, they destroy themselves. And Allah knows that verily they are liars.
9:43 May Allah pardon you! Why did you give them leave before you had found out those who spoke the truth and before you had known the liars?
9:44 Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day do not ask you for leave, (to be exempt) from striving with their possessions and their selves; and Allah is All-Knowing of the pious ones.
9:45 Only those ask leave from you who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and their hearts are in doubt, so they waver in their doubt.
9:46 And if they had intended to go forth, they would have certainly provided equipment for it, but Allah was averse to their going forth, so He withheld them and it was said (to them) : � Sit you with the sedentary! �
9:47 Had they gone forth among you, they would not have increased to you aught save corruption, and they would have certainly hurried about (to and fro) amidst you, seeking to stir up sedition between you; and some of you would listen to them; and Allah is All-Knowing of the unjust.
9:48 They certainly sought to stir up sedition already before, and turned matters upside down for you, until the truth came and Allah�s command appeared though they were averse.
9:49 And among them there is he who says: � Give me leave and do not tempt me.� Surely into temptation have they already fallen; and verily Hell encompasses the infidels.
9:50 If (any) good befalls you, it vexes them; but if an affliction visits you, they say: � We had taken care of our affair in advance�, and they turn away, rejoicing.
9:51 Say: � Never shall afflict us (anything) save what Allah has prescribed for us; He is our Master; and on Allah should the believers rely �.
9:52 Say: � Do you await for us but one of the two excellences? And we await for you that Allah will afflict you with punishment from Himself or by our hands. So await; we (too) are awaiting with you �.
9:53 Say: � Spend willingly or unwillingly, it shall never be accepted from you; (for) verily you have ever been an ungodly people.
9:54 And naught prevented that their spendings should be accepted from them, save that they have disbelieved in Allah and in his Messenger,and they do not perform the prayer but while they are sluggish, and they do not spend but while they are averse.
9:55 So let not their possessions and their issues astonish you; verily Allah only desires thereby to chastise them in the life of (this) world, and that their souls depart while they are infidels.
9:56 And they swear by Allah that they are most surely of you, while they are not of you. But they are a people that are afraid.
9:57 If they (the hypocrites) could find a refuge, or caves or a place to enter therein, they would certainly turn thereto, running away in all haste.
9:58 And some of them find fault with you regarding to the (distribution of) alms; so if they are given from them, they are pleased, and if they are not given from them, they are enraged.
9:59 And if they were content with what Allah and His Messenger gave them and they said: � Allah is sufficient for us; Allah will soon give us (more) out of His grace, and His Messenger too. Verily unto Allah do we eagerly turn �.
9:60 Verily alms are for the poor and the needy, and the officials (appointed) over them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free the captives, and the debtors, and for the cause of Allah, and (for) the wayfarer. (This is) a duty ordained by Allah; and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
9:61 And there are among them those who hurt the Prophet and say: � He is an ear!� Say: �An ear that is good for you; he believes in Allah, and believes the believers, and he is a mercy to those of you who believe. And those who hurt the messenger of Allah, there is a painful punishment for them �.
9:62 They swear to you by Allah, to please you; but Allah and His Messenger have a greater right that they should please Him if they are believers.
9:63 Do they not know that whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger verily for him is the fire of Hell to abide therein? That is the great abasement.
9:64 The hypocrites fear lest a � Sura � should be sent down against them apprising them of what is in their hearts. Say: � Mock on! Verily Allah will expose what you fear of
9:65 And if you question them (regarding their mockery) , they will certainly say:� We were only discoursing and sporting. � Say: Were you mocking Allah, His signs, and His Messenger?
9:66 Do not make excuses. You have disbelieved after your believing. If We forgive a party of you (because of repentance) , We will chastise (another) party for that they have been sinners.
9:67 The hypocrite men and the hypocrite women are as one another; they enjoin evil and forbid good, and they keep their hands shut. They have forsaken Allah, so He has forsaken them, (too) . The hypocrites are indeed the transgressors.
9:68 Allah has promised the hypocrite men and the hypocrite women and the infidels, the Fire of Hell, to abide in it forever. That is enough for them, Allah has cursed them, and for them is a lasting chastisement.
9:69 (O� hypocrites! You are) like those who were before you, they were stronger than you in power and more abundant in wealth and children; so they enjoyed their portion; thus do you enjoy your portion as those before you did enjoy their portion; and you indulge in vain discourses as they indulged. These are those whose works are null in this world and the Hereafter, and those are the losers.
9:70 Has not the news of those before them came to them, of the people of Noah and �?d and Tham?d, and the people of Abraham and the dwellers of Madyan and the subverted cities? Their Messengers came to them with clear arguments, so it was not Allah to do injustice unto them, but they unto themselves used to be unjust.
9:71 And the believer men and the believer women, they are guardians to one another; they enjoin good and forbid evil and they perform the prayer and they pay the alms (zak?t) , and they obey Allah and His Messenger. It is they on whom Allah will bestow His Mercy. Verily Allah is the Mighty, the Wise.
9:72 Allah has promised the believer men and the believer women gardens beneath which rivers flow wherein shall they abide forever, and goodly dwellings in garden of perpetual abode, yet Allah�s good pleasure is greater (than all these) ; that is the great success.
9:73 O � Prophet! strive hard against the infidels and the hypocrites, and be harsh with them, and their abode shall be Hell, and an evil destination it is.
9:74 They swear by Allah that they have said nothing, but they certainly have said the word of infidelity and disbelieved after their Islam, and they determined upon what they never attained to, and they did not find fault except because Allah and His Messenger enriched them out of His grace. Therefore if they repent, it will be better for them; and if they turn away, Allah will chastise them with a painful chastisement in this world and the Hereafter, and they shall not have on the earth any guardian or any helper.
9:75 And of them are those who have made a covenant with Allah: � If He gives us out of His grace, we will certainly give alms (zak?t) and we will certainly be of the righteous �.
9:76 But when He gave them out of His Grace, they were niggardly of it and they turned away, swerving aside.
9:77 So as a consequence He put hypocrisy into their hearts until the day they will meet Him, because they failed to fulfil unto Allah what they had promised Him and because of what they used to lie.
9:78 Do they not know that Allah knows their hidden (thought) and their secret whisperings, and that Allah is the knower of all unseen (things) .
9:79 Those who find fault with the voluntary givers of alms from among the believers, and those who find nothing (to give) but (to the extent of) their endeavour, and they scoff at them, Allah will scoff at them, and for them shall be a painful chastisement.
9:80 Whether you ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for them; if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will not forgive them; this is because they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger; and Allah does not guide the ungodly people.
9:81 Those who were left behind were glad on account of their sitting behind against (the command of) the Messenger of Allah, and were averse from striving with their possessions and their selves in the way of Allah, and said: �Do not go forth in the heat �. Say: � The Fire of Hell is much severe in heat, if only they could understand �.
9:82 Therefore they shall laugh a little and weep much (as) a recompense for what they used to earn.
9:83 So if Allah brings you back to a party of them and they ask your permission to go forth, say: � You shall never go forth with me and you shall never fight an enemy with me; surely you were pleased to sit (idle) the first time, then sit (now also idle) with those who stay behind �.
9:84 And never pray over any one of them who dies, nor stand by his grave. They indeed disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger, and died while they were ungodly.
9:85 And let not their possessions and their children astonish you; verily Allah only desires thereby to chastise them in this world, and that their souls depart while they are infidels.
9:86 And whenever a sura is sent down, saying � Believe in Allah and strive hard along with His Messenger �, those with abundant means among them ask leave of you, and they say: � Let us be with those who sit back.
9:87 They were content that they should be with those who stay behind, and a seal has been set upon their hearts, so they do not understand.
9:88 But the Messenger, and those who believe with him, strive hard with their possessions and their selves, and these it is who shall have good things and these it is who shall be successful.
9:89 Allah has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow wherein shall they abide forever. That is the great success.
9:90 And the dwellers of the desert came with their excuses, that permission might be given to them (to stay back) , and those who lied to Allah and His Messenger sat (at home) . Soon a painful chastisement shall afflict those of them who disbelieved.
9:91 There is no fault in the weak and the sick and those who find nothing to spend, so long as they are true to Allah and to His Messenger. There is no way (to blame) against the good-doers and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
9:92 Nor (is the task) on those unto whom, when they come unto you to provide them with mounts, you said: � I do not find means to carry you,� they turned back and their eyes overflowed with tears of sorrow, for they did not find that which they should spend.
9:93 Verily the way (to blame) is only against those who ask you permission (to stay behind) while they are rich. They are content to be with those who stay back, and Allah has set a seal on their hearts, thus they do not know (what they have missed) .
9:94 They will offer you excuses when you return to them. Say: � Do not make excuses. We will never believe you. Allah has informed us of tidings about you. And , Allah and His Messenger will see your work, then you will be returned to the Knower of the Unseen and the visible, and He will inform you of what you used to do �.
9:95 They will swear to you by Allah, when you turn back unto them that you renounce them (their sin) . So renounce them, for they are indeed filth and their abode is Hell, a recompense for what they used to earn.
9:96 They swear to you that you may be pleased with them. But even if you are pleased with them, yet surely Allah will not be pleased with the transgressing people.
9:97 The Bedouins are more hard in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more apt not to know the limits of what Allah has sent down to His Messenger, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
9:98 And of the Bedouins are those who take what they spend to be a loss, and they wait for calamities against you, on them shall be an evil calamity; and Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
9:99 And of the Bedouins are those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and take what they spend to be (means of) the nearness to Allah and the prayers (blessings) of the Messenger. Look! Surely they are means of nearness for them. Soon Allah will admit them into His mercy. Verily Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
9:100 And the foremost, the first of the Emigrants and the Helpers, and those who followed them in goodness, Allah is well-pleased with them and they are well-pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow wherein shall they abide forever. That is the great success.
9:101 And among the Bedouins around you there are hypocrites, and from among the people of Medina (there are also some who) have grown bold in hypocrisy. You do not know them, (but) We know them. Soon We will punish them twice, then they will be turned back to a grievous chastisement.
9:102 And (there are) othes who have confessed to their sins. They have mixed a righteous deed and an evil one. Maybe Allah will turn (mercifully) to them (and accept their repentance) . Verily Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
9:103 Take alms out of their possessions to cleanse them and purify them thereby, and pray for them, surely your prayers are a comfort for them, and Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
9:104 Do they not know that Allah is He Who accepts the repentance from His servants and takes the alms and that Allah is He Who is Oft-Pardoning, Merciful?
9:105 And say: � Act you (as you will) ! Allah will see your work and (so will) His Messenger and the believers, then soon you will be returned to the Knower of the Unseen and the visible, and He will inform you of what you used to do �.
9:106 And (there are) others expecting Allah�s decree: either He shall chastise them, or turn to them (mercifully) , and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
9:107 And those who built a mosque to cause harm (to Islam) and for unbelief, and to divide the believers, and (as) an ambush for those who fought Allah and His Messenger aforetime; and they will surely swear: � We purposed naught save good, � but Allah testifies that verily they are liars.
9:108 Never do stand therein (to pray) . Certainly a mosque founded on piety from the first day is worthier that you stand in it (for prayer) . Therein are men who love to purify themselves, and Allah loves the purified ones.
9:109 Is he, therefore, better who has laid his foundation on fear of Allah and (His) good pleasure, or he who has laid his foundation on the brink of a crumbling hollowed bank that tumbles with him into the Fire of Hell? And Allah does not guide the unjust people.
9:110 The building which they built will not cease to be (a source of) disquiet in their hearts unless their hearts be cut into pieces, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
9:111 Verily Allah has bought from the believers their souls and their Properties for Paradise to be theirs: they fight in the way of Allah, so they slay and they are slain, (this is) a promise binding on Him in the Turah, and the Evangel and the Qur�?n. And who is more faithful to his promise than Allah? Rejoice then in your bargain that you have made; and that is the great success.
9:112 (The believing strivers are those who) turn repentant (to Allah) , worship (Him) , make a journey, bow, prostrate (in prayer) , bid what is right and forbid what is wrong, and keep the limits of Allah, and give good news to the believers.
9:113 It is not (fit) for the Prophet and those who believe to seek forgiveness for the polytheists, after it has become clear to them that they are the inmates of Hell, even though they be (their) relatives.
9:114 And Abraham�s seeking forgiveness for his father was only because of a promise he had made to him. So when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself quit of him. Verily Abraham was tenderhearted and forbearing.
9:115 Nor is it Allah to lead a people astray after He has guided them, until He makes clear to them what they should beware of; verily Allah is aware of all thins.
9:116 Verily to Allah belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He gives life and causes to die, and, besides Allah, you have not any guardian or any helper.
9:117 Allah has turned (mercifully) towards the Prophet and the Emigrants and the Helpers who followed him in the hour of difficulty, after the hearts of a part of them were about to swerve. Then He turned towards them (mercifully) . Verily He is Full of pity, Merciful to them.
9:118 And to the three who were left behind, until when the earth, with all its expanse, became narrow for them, and their own souls were straitened for them and they knew that there was no refuge from Allah save toward Him, then He turned towards them (mercifully) that they might turn (repentant unto Him) . Verily Allah is Oft-Pardoning, the Merciful.
9:119 O you who have Faith! Be in awe of Allah and be (always) with the truthful ones.
9:120 It is not for the people of Medina and the Bedouins around them to offend against the (command of) the Messenger of Allah, and to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because there afflicts them neither thirst, nor fatigue, nor hunger in the way of Allah, nor do they receive (any thing) from the enemy but a righteous deed is written for them on its account. Verily Allah does not waste the reward of the good-doers.
9:121 And neither do they expend anything (in the way of Holy Struggle) , small or great, nor do they cross any land, but it is recorded for them, so that Allah may reward them with better than what they used to do.
9:122 And it is not for the believers to go out (to fight) totally; why should not then a group from every party of them go forth to become learned in religion, and to warn their people when they return to them. So that they may beware?
9:123 O � you who have Faith! Fight those of the infidels who are near to you, and let them find severity in you, and know that Allah is with the pious ones.
9:124 And whenever a Sura is sent down, there are some of them (the hypocrites) who say: � Which of you did this increase in belief? �. As for those who have Faith, it increases them in belief and they rejoice.
9:125 And as for those in whose hearts is a sickness, it (only) adds filth to their filth, and they die while they are infidels.
9:126 Do they not see that they are tried once or twice every year? Yet they neither repent, nor do they take admonition.
9:127 And whenever a Sura is sent down, they look at one another, (saying) : � Does anyone see you? � Then they turn away. Allah has turned away their hearts because they are a people who do not understand.
9:128 There has indeed come to you a messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is whatever afflicts you; he is full of concern for you (your guidance) , and most kind and merciful to the believers.
9:129 So if they turn away, say: � Allah is sufficient for me. There is no god but He. In Him I have put my trust and He is the Lord of the great �Arsh.


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