The three articles ' a, an, the ' are a kind of adjective. "The" is called the definite article because it usually precedes a specific or previously mentioned noun; a and an are called indefinite articles because they are used to refer to something in a less specific manner (an unspecified count noun). These words are also listed among the noun markers or determiners because they are almost invariably followed by a noun (or something else acting as a noun).
Nouns: A noun is the
name of a person, place, thing, or idea. Whatever exists, we assume, can be
named, and that name is a noun. A proper noun, which names a specific
person, place, or thing (Carlos, Queen Marguerite, Middle East, Jerusalem,
Malaysia, Presbyterianism, God, Spanish, Buddhism, the Republican Party), is
almost always capitalized. A proper noun used as an addressed person's name is
called a noun of address. Common nouns name everything else,
things that usually are not capitalized.
Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles ' a, an, and the ' are adjectives.
Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text. For instance, we are bewildered by writers who claim something like
A linking verb connects a subject and its complement. Sometimes called copulas, linking verbs are often forms of the verb to be, but are sometimes verbs related to the five senses (look, sound, smell, feel, taste) and sometimes verbs that somehow reflect a state of being (appear, seem, become, grow, turn, prove, remain). What follows the linking verb will be either a noun complement or an adjective complement:
A sentence is a group of words containing a subject and predicate
Personal pronouns can also be characterized or distinguished by person. First person refers to the speaker(s) or writer(s) ("I" for singular, "we" for plural). Second person refers to the person or people being spoken or written to ("you" for both singular and plural). Third person refers to the person or people being spoken or written about ("he," "she," and "it" for singular, "they" for plural). The person of a pronoun is also demonstrated in the chart Cases of the Personal Pronouns. As you will see there, each person can change form, reflecting its use within a sentence. Thus, "I" becomes "me" when used as an object ("She left me") and "my" when used in its possessive role (That's my car"); "they" becomes "them" in object form ("I like them") and "their" in possessive ("That's just their way").
the demonstratives (As determiners) adjectivally modify a noun that follows. A sense of relative distance (in time and space) can be conveyed through the choice of these pronouns/determiners:
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