Method of Prayer
The method of performing salaah is::
After performing wuduu', stand upright facing the Qiblah (Kabbah) at a clean place, dressed in neat and clean clothes.Then say niyyah (intention), raise both hands up to the ears and say Allaahu akbar, then cross them on the belly below the navel. Put the right hand on top of the left one. Do not look hither and thither while saying prayers. Stand with respect and full attention to Allah. After crossing the hands, recite thana, then ta-'awwudh and tasmiyah. Then recite al-Faatihah. After finishing al- Faatihah, say softly 'aameen.' Then recite another surah that you know. Then say Allaahu akbar and bow for ruku'. In the ruku', catch hold of the knees with your hands and say the tasbeeh for ruku' three or five times. Then, saying tasmee'a stand upright again and also say tahmeed. Then, saying takbeer, prostrate for sajdah. Put your knees on the ground first, then hands and then place your nose and then forehead on the ground. Say tasbeeh of sajdah three or five times. Then say takbeer and get up and sit upright. Sit for a few moments and then say takbeer and perform the second sajdah in the same way. Then say the takbeer again and stand up without putting your hands on the ground. This is one complete rak'ah and the next one begins. After tasmiyah, recite al-Faatihah again and add another surah. Then perform ruku', qaumah (standing up), and the two sajdah. Get up and sit upright from the second sajdah and recite tashah-hud, then darood shareef and du'a and then perform the salaam ' first turning your face to the right and then towards the left. Two rak'aat have been completed. After the salaam, recite the du'a:
The names of the expressions in salaah are:
Qiraa'at : Faatihah and another Surah or aayaat
Tas-beeh of ruku'
Tas-mee'a of ruku' ( )
Tahmeed of ruku'
Tasbeeh of sajdah ( )
Du'a after darood
Thana: Subhaanakal-laahum-ma wa bi hamdika wa tabaarakas-muka wa ta'aalaa jad-duka wa laa ilaaha ghairuk O Allah! Glory and Praise are for You, and blessed is Your name, and exalted is Your majesty; and there is no god except You.
Ta-'aw-wudh: A'oodhu bil-laahi minash-shaitaanir-rajeem I seek refuge with Allah from the condemned Shaitaan.
Tasmiyah: Bismillaahir-rahmaanir-raheem In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Tasbeeh of ruku': Subhaana rab-biyal-'azeem Glory be to my Lord, the Great
Tasmee'a of ruku': Sami'al-laahu li man hamidah Allah hears the one who praises Him
Tahmeed of ruku': Rab-banaa lakal-hamd Our Lord, praise be to You
Tasbeeh of sajdah: Subhaana rab-biyal-a'laa Glory be to my Lord, the Highest
those seven conditions that must be observed
before saying salaah ?
A. They are:
' Taahir (clean) body;
' Taahir dress;
' Taahir place of prayer;
' Covering the satar (the private parts of one's body);
' The correct time of the salaah;
' Facing towards the qiblah; and
' Niyyah or intention of saying salaah.
Islamic Beliefs and Teachings For Beginners and Children English Version of Ta'leemul-Islaam by Allaamah Mufti Muhammad Kifaayatullah in Pdf format: